hanggang [hanggáng] 1prep Until (as of pre-span-end time). hanggang Nagtiner ako ruto hanggang Lunes. I stayed there until Monday. 2conj Until when something happens. Ingbuyar ninra sa adlaw hanggang mauga. They dried it in the sun until dry. (sem. domains: 126.96.36.199.4 - Until.) 3conj While (as of simultaneous events). Indi ako magbakay hanggang nagbibisaya ikaw. I won’t buy while you are talking. Hanggang waya pa sinra it sarili nak bayay dili maistar sinra sa amo. While they still don’t have a house of their own here they will live at our place. Mabisaya ako hanggang indi sida magbakay. I will talk until she buys it (lit: ‘I will talk while she does not buy). syn: miyentras, habang, hastang 2, samantalang₂. (sem. domains: 8.4.1 - Period of time.) 4conj As long as something is happening. Hanggang nagtatrabaho sida waya ako’t mabibisaya. As long as he does the work I have no objection. (sem. domains: 188.8.131.52 - Markers of transition, 3.3 - Want, 184.108.40.206 - Speak with others.) 5conj Unless (as of unfulfilled condition giving rise to an unfulfilled result). Hanggang waya’t kwarta si Rosa, indi kita makakasuyor sa sine. Unless Rosa has some money we won’t be able to go to the movies. (sem. domains: 220.127.116.11 - Condition.)
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kung [kúng] conj 1If (as of condition-consequence relations). kung Kung ako ikaw, indi nako sida gipahalinon dili. If I were you I wouldn’t let him leave here. Ataw-an ka nako’t kwarta kung imo ibakay it papel ag buko dulse. I’ll give you money if you’ll buy paper and not candy. Muyati raha kung hinaey kag dyip. Look and see if the jeep is there. (sem. domains: 18.104.22.168 - Clause conjunctions.) 2When, if (as of a condition which is also temporal). Matam-is kaling prutas kung mahinog. This fruit is sweet when it gets ripe. syn: pagka, kato 2. (sem. domains: 8.4.1 - Period of time.) 3Unless, if (as of an unfulfilled condition giving rise to an unfulfilled result). Indi sida gihahalin kung waya sida gisisilingga. She won’t leave unless she’s told to. (sem. domains: 22.214.171.124 - Condition.) 4What; who; when; why; where; for/from whom (as of a grammatical form linking nominal clauses beginning with interrogatives or pronouns etc). Nakita nako kung nio kag ingbaligya nida. I saw what he sold. Naayaman nako kung para kanin-o nida gibaligyaan kag karabaw. I know for whom he sold the water buffalo. comp. Aunhon pa kag hilamunon kung minatayey kag kabayo , id. kung kausa/kung kaamat , id. kung pwede/kung maaari/kung sarang , id. kung sabagay₂