agho [ágho/agúho] n Tree species; pine tree. [The bark is used medicinally.] Casuarina Equisetifolia (sem. domains: 1.5.1 - Tree, - Medicinal plants.)

alibotbot [alibótbot] n Tree species of which the juice of the fruit has medicinal properties. [The juice of the unripe egg sized fruit is used to clean, heal and dry up cuts or skin infections. ] (sem. domains: 1.5.1 - Tree, - Medicinal plants.)

alubera [alubéra] n Plant species; Aloe vera which has medicinal properties. [The juice of the plant is used to relieve burns and encourage healthy growth or regrowth of hair.] (sem. domains: - Medicinal plants.)

amorsíkos [amorsíkos] n Plant species with prickly burrs and which has medicinal uses. marisekos [The entire plant is made into a drinkable liquid that promotes the passing of urine.] Andropogon Aciculatus (sem. domains: - Medicinal plants.)

badabas [badábas] n Tree, fruit species; guava. bayabas Abang ramong bitamina C kag mababaoy sa badabas. You can get plenty of Vitamin C from guavas. [This is a 2-3m. high shrub that bears lots of 1-3cm. round fruit with lots of edible seeds. They are a favorite with children. They make good jam or jelly. They are used for many medicinal purposes. One is to clean wounds and another to make a poultice with the leaves.] (sem. domains: - Food from fruit, - Medicinal plants.) der. pambadabas

badyang₁ [badyáng] n Plant species which has ornamental and medicinal uses. malabiga [These plants are used ornamentally, for food and medicinally to remove pain.] Alocasia Macrorrhiza (sem. domains: - Food from plants, 1.5.2 - Bush, shrub, - Medicinal plants.)

bangkay-bangkay [bangkay-bangkáy] n Plant species whose bark has medicinal uses in treating rheumatism. Maadong buyong sa rayuma kag bangkay-bangkay. Its good for rheumatism this medicinal plant. [One first grills, broils the bark then crushes it and mixes it with warmed oil. This is wrapped around sore joints overnight.] (sem. domains: - Medicinal plants.)

banlos [bánlos] 1n Medicinal item rubbed on the skin of somebody (as of ointments, oils, lotions or leaves whose sap, juice are rubbed on skin to relieve fevers). (sem. domains: 2.5.7 - Treat disease, - Medicinal plants.) 2v To rub the skin with medicinal items (as of ointments, oils, lotions or squeezed leaves of plants that exude sap or juice). pahiran Ingbanlusan ni Merry it rahon it sili si Karen tong sida’y ingsagnat. Merry rubbed chili leaves on Karen’s skin when she got sick. [ Plants used like this are síli "chili", átis "sugar apple/small custard apple" or malúnggay "tree species with small edible leaves".] syn: tampoy, tapay. (sem. domains: 2.5.7 - Treat disease, - Medicinal plants.) der. pabanlos , der. pangbanlos

biba [bíba] n Plant species with leaves that are crushed and used as a poultice to soothe the breasts of nursing mothers. (sem. domains: - Medicinal plants.)

bubituon [bubitu-ón] (der. of bituon) n 1Fruit species; Star fruit. (sem. domains: - Food from fruit.) 2Animal species; Starfish. (sem. domains: - Fish.) 3Herbal medicine with a leaf that is shaped somewhat like a star with many points. [This is used to relieve pain in the head or stomach.] (sem. domains: - Medicinal plants.)

budo₂ [búdò] n Vine species; betel pepper whose leaf has medicinal properties, and which is also chewed with betel nut. [The leaves, together with lime and betel nut, constitute a masticatory and are used as a preservative of the teeth and a prophylactic against certain complaints of the stomach. The leaves have a pleasant odor. When greased with lard or sesame oil they are much used as a carminative medicine applied to the abdomen of children suffering from gastric disorders. They are also shredded and used to alleviate headaches.] (sem. domains: 5.2.5 - Narcotic, 1.5.3 - Grass, herb, vine, - Medicinal plants.)

buga₁ [bugá] 1n Toad's poisonous secretion (as of from the glands on its head which blow, spit out the poison). (sem. domains: - Parts of small animals.) 2v To squirt, spit poisonous secretion (specifically of toads from the glands on the head). dura Ingbugahan kag iro it paka. The frog squirted saliva on the dog. syn: bugwak 1. (sem. domains: - Animal movement.) 3v To squirt, spit out something harmful (as of fire flaring from bamboo canons, guns etc.). (sem. domains: 7.3.2 - Move something in a direction.) 4n Chewed leaf medication, poultice blown, placed on the skin in traditional healing (as of ginger and rice chewed with medicinal leaves etc.). [This is seen to allow both the healing power in the juices of the leaves and in saliva to become part of the medication. It is used as a herbal remedy as well as in traditional spirit healing rituals performed by mediums, spirit healers. Such chewed material is often placed on the top of the head.] (sem. domains: - Traditional medicine, - Sorcery, - Medicinal plants.) 5v To blow saliva, put chewed leaves on someone as a traditional medication or in a healing ritual (as of a type of poultice made from ginger, rice and leaves etc., or a symbolic healing gesture performed by a medium, spirit healer). (sem. domains: - Traditional medicine, - Sorcery.)

bunga₂ [búnga] 1n Fruit; nut (as of the general term for any fruit a tree bears). búnga (sem. domains: - Food from fruit, - Growing fruit, 1.5.5 - Parts of a plant.) 2v To bear fruit, nut (as of the general term for bearing fruit on trees). Nagbunga it karamo kag mga mangga. The mango tree bore much fruit. (sem. domains: - Food from fruit, - Growing fruit, 1.5.6 - Growth of plants.) 3n Nut species; Betel, Areca nut which has medicinal properties and narcotic uses. It grows on a palm and is green in color. [This is chewed with lime and leaves of the betel pepper, locally known as ikmo. It is also used as a red and black dye. The bud is edible either raw or cooked.] Areca catechu (sem. domains: 5.2.5 - Narcotic, 1.5.5 - Parts of a plant, - Medicinal plants.) 4v To bear betel nut, areca nut. (sem. domains: 5.2.5 - Narcotic, 1.5.6 - Growth of plants.) comp. bunga di tsina , comp. bunga it adlaw , der. mabinungahon

buyna [búynà] n Plant species which is a medicinal herb used for treating fever in children. (sem. domains: - Medicinal plants.)

gapas₂ [gápas] n 1Plant species; wild cotton which produces soft cotton fibres in a pod, and whose leaves etc. have medicinal uses. bulak-kastila [The leaves of this plant are used medicinally. The Arabs use the juice for colic and act as a lactagogue. In India the leaves are used for dysentery, and in Cambodia for fevers. The roots are diuretic and are more active than the leaves. It is said to be an excellent emmenagogue, and can take the place of ergot in childbirth, which it accelerates. It is also an abortifacient. The leaves are made into cloth.] Gossypium Brasiliense (sem. domains: - Medicinal plants.) 2Cotton; cotton wool, dressing (as of the soft material used to apply medicines, clean and pad wounds, and to clean one's skin of makeup etc.). (sem. domains: 2.5.7 - Treat disease, - Plant product, 5.6 - Cleaning.)

hagimit [hagímit] n Tree species; a herbal plant which is thorny. It has to be cut at night so the sweet sap flows out. [A medicinal tree which is used to treat sickness called pasma.] (sem. domains: - Medicinal plants.)

hagunoy [hagúnoy] n Herbal vine for medicine. (sem. domains: - Medicinal plants.)

hilba [hílba] (sp. var. helba) n Plant species; herb like oregano with medicinal properties. (sem. domains: 1.5.3 - Grass, herb, vine, - Medicinal plants.) comp. hilba buyna , comp. hilba maria , comp. hilbang malimon

hilba buyna [hilba búyna] (sp. var. helba buyna) (comp. of hilba) n Plant species which is a small herb like oregano with medicinal properties. It has a thin perfumed leaf 2.5-4cm in diameter. (sem. domains: 1.5.3 - Grass, herb, vine, - Medicinal plants.)

hilba maria [hílba maría] (fr. var. hilba santa maria; sp. var. helba maria) (comp. of hilba) n Plant species of aromatic grass like oregano with medicinal properties. (sem. domains: 1.5.3 - Grass, herb, vine, - Medicinal plants.)

huda-huda₂ [huda-húdà] (der. of huda) n Plant species with medicinal qualities and with a lot of small leaves that close up when touched. makahia, damong-hiya [The entire plant in decoction is considered as an alterant and antiasthmatic. The leaves, placed under the pillow, act as a soporific. Seeds in the form of powder are used as a vulnerary. The roots in the decoction are administered in cases of gonorrhoea and of stones in the bladder.] Mimosa Pudica, Biophytum Sensitivum (sem. domains: 1.5 - Plant, 1.5.3 - Grass, herb, vine, - Medicinal plants.)

iba₃ [ibâ] n Tree and fruit species with a tangy edible fruit. iba [The fruit is rounded, fleshy, acid, edible, and contains a hard, boney, six-to eight-grooved stones. The bark yields a decoction which is employed in bronchial catarrh. (Calatrava)] Cicca Acida (sem. domains: - Food from plants, - Medicinal plants.)

ipabuyong [ipabuyóng] (der. of pabuyong, buyong) n 1Someone who needs medical treatment. (sem. domains: - Traditional medicine, - Medicine, - Medicinal plants.) 2To have somebody taken for medical treatment to a doctor or spirit healer etc.. (sem. domains: 2.5.7 - Treat disease.)

karambuyan n Herbal medicine species; Sambong shrub. sambong [The leaves are used locally for poisoning fishes, and medicinally for a number of purposes. The roots are also utilized medicinally. The roots are used locally as a cure for colds. The leaves are applied to the forehead to relieve headache. An infusion is used as antidiarrhetic and antigastralgic. The decoction is used for aromatic baths in rheumatism.] Blumea Balsamifera (sem. domains: - Medicinal plants.)

kasúbhà [kasúbhà] n The dried red seeds of a medicinal tree; food coloring. (sem. domains: - Cooking ingredients, - Medicinal plants.)

katas [katás] n Resin, gum of trees. Kag katas it pilang bilog nak kahoy ay kaadong buyong. The resin of some trees is good for medicine. (sem. domains: 1.5.5 - Parts of a plant, - Medicinal plants.)

kusoy [kusóy] n Medicinal plant that covers the ground (with medium sized round leaves). Kaempferia galanga (Linn.) (sem. domains: - Medicinal plants.)

kutsaríta [kutsaríta] n Plant species; a small medicinal plant with tiny white flowers. (sem. domains: 1.5.2 - Bush, shrub, - Medicinal plants.)

kutsay [kútsay] n Plant species; herbal medicine. Allium tuberosum (sem. domains: - Medicinal plants.)

lampunaya [lampunáya] n Medicinal plants. Ingtampuyan yang ni Vilma tong ida ugar it lampunaya ay nag-adoy. Vilma just applied medicinal plants on her wound and it healed. (sem. domains: - Traditional medicine, - Medicinal plants.)

lawrel₁ [lawrél] n Dried laurel leaves used to flavour food (as of resembling bay leaves). [Laurel trees, including camphor laurel trees provide various useful items e.g. laurel leaves (like bay leaves) used in cooking, camphor balls used to repel insects and camphor oil used medicinally.] (sem. domains: 1.5.1 - Tree, 5.2 - Food, - Medicinal plants.)

madri kakaw [mádri kakáw] n Tree species; a herbal medicine tree (used to shade coffee) which is also harvested for lumber. Nagtanom sinra it madri kakaw sa habig it bayay. They’ve planted a madri kakaw tree beside the house. (sem. domains: 6.5.3 - Building materials, - Medicinal plants.)

makabuhay [makabuhay] n Vine species; sometimes hung in the doorway to ward off evil spirits. An aqueous extract is widely used as a treatment for stomach trouble, indigestion, diarrhoea, and various other complaints, and for restoring hair. It is the basis of a popular cordial which is used as a cordial, a tonic, or as an ingredient of cocktails. makabúhai Tinospora rumphii (sem. domains: 1.5.3 - Grass, herb, vine, - Medicinal plants.)

malunggay [malúnggay] n Plant species;a kind of vegetable with small leaves, used in soups; herbal medicine. malunggay Gingtaw-an ni Tang Igo si Gail it malunggay. The old man, Igo gave Gail the leaves used as a vegetable. (sem. domains: - Food from plants, - Medicinal plants.)

mansanilya [mansanílya] n Flower species; Chrysanthemum which has medicinal uses in relieving colic, gas or wind pain in the stomachs of babies. Inghibuan ni Ciany it mansanilya kag ida anak sa buha. Ciany rubbed oil of chrysanthemum the crown of her child’s head. (sem. domains: 1.5.2 - Bush, shrub, - Medicinal plants.) comp. asyeti di mansanilya

marabilos [marabílos] n Plant species; herbal plant, the leaves of which are boiled (bitter taste) and drunk to cause an abortion. marabilos (sem. domains: - Medicinal plants.)

pako₂ [pako] n When cooked, can be eaten as a salad or as a substitute for asparagus. Leaves are made into a poultice for skin complaints. TAGALOG! pako Ceratopteris Thalictroides (sem. domains: - Food from plants, - Medicinal plants.)

palitis₁ [palítis] v To treat a nail wound with local medicine (as of made from tobacco dipped in oil which is heated and dropped into a wound from rusty metal to prevent tetanus). Kag suag ni Doming ay gingpalitisan it tabako ag lana para indi sida matitanus. The hole were something dug into Doming was treated with tobacco and oil medication so he wouldn’t get tetanus. (sem. domains: - Medicinal plants.)

palutsina [palutsína] n Herbal plant for medicine. (sem. domains: - Medicinal plants.)

pamughat [pamughat] n Leaves boiled in water in which a woman bathes about one week after childbirth. (sem. domains: 2.6.3 - Birth, - Medicinal plants.)

pansit-pansitan [pansit-pansítan] n Herbal plant used as a medicine. (sem. domains: - Medicinal plants.)

patsi [pátsi] n Medicinal patches on temple. Si Norma ay karamong patsi pagkatapos it anak para indig sulitan it hangin. Norma put many patches on her temples after she gave birth so that air wouldn’t get inside her head. (sem. domains: - Medicinal plants.) der. patsihan

pinggan-pinggan [pinggan-pinggán] n A shrub with tiny pink and white flowers; its roots have medicinal uses. (sem. domains: - Medicinal plants.)

san pedro [san pédro] n Tree species with medicinal properties. The seeds are roasted and ground, and used as a substitute for coffee. It is a very valuable firewood crop, and useful in reafforestation work. ipil-ipil Leucaena Glauca (sem. domains: - Medicinal plants.)

seriritan [serirítan] n Herbal plant which is also used as a vegetable. (sem. domains: - Food from vegetables, - Medicinal plants.)

sibukaw [sibukaw] n Tree species; medicinal uses include strengthening one's blood and the cure of urinal problems. The most extensively used (red) dye wood in the Philippines is sappanwood. sibukau Caesalpinia Sappan (sem. domains: - Change color, - Medicinal plants.)

sinigwerlas [sinigwérlas] n Fruit species which is oval with dark purple or yellowish, thin smooth skin and a large seed surrounded by a soft, sweet, aromatic juicy pulp. sineguelas [This has a tendency to cause stomachache, especially when eaten in large quantities on an empty stomach. A decoction of the bark is an efficacious antidysenteric and is also used in cases of infantile tympanites.] Spondias Purpurea (sem. domains: - Food from fruit, - Medicinal plants.)

starapple [starapple] n Fruit species; star apple tree. Fruit and medicine; fruit is greenish, smooth, rather shiny and edible. caimito Chrysophyllum (sem. domains: - Food from fruit, - Medicinal plants.)

sugkabayo n Plant species; medicinal shrub used as tincture of iodine. suob-kabayo [A decoction of the roots is valued as an appetizer. This plant is used for affections of the uterus. The root in decoction is said to be emmenagogue, and a stimulant if employed in rheumatism.] Hyptis Suaveolens (sem. domains: - Medicinal plants.)

talingag [talíngag] n Tree species; medicinal properties; spice: cinnamon and cloves substitute. kalingag [The bark is used locally as medicine and, on account of its strong sassafras odor and taste, would probably make a good ingredient for root beers. The bark has rubefacient properties and a remedy for headaches and rheumatism. It is also chewed for toothache, stomach troubles, and tuberculosis. Sometimes substitute for cinnamon as a condiment.] Cinnamomum Mercadoi (sem. domains: 1.5.1 - Tree, - Medicinal plants.)

tsiko [tsíko] n Fruit species; fruit tree with gritty fleshed yellow fruit and medicinal properties. chico [The unripe fruit is full of tannin and is therefore astringent, but is absorbed during ripening. The seeds contain saponins and quercetin. The seeds are diuretic. The leaves also contain a weak alkaloid. The flowers are one of certain ingredients pounded together to make a param or powder rubbed over the body of a woman after childbirth. When mature it contains enough tannin to be used for tanning ships sails and fishing tackle. This tannin gives it a medicinal use employed to cure diarrhoea and given also in fever. It is extensively grown for its edible fruit. The fruit is deficient in calcium and only fair in iron.] Achras Zapota (sem. domains: - Food from fruit, - Medicinal plants.)

tuba₅ [túba] n Tree species; fruit tree whose bark is used medicinally (and can be poisonous). balat ng tuba Nagbaoy si Laning it anit it tuba para ibuyong sa ugar. Laning got a bark of a tree to be applied as medicine for the wound. [Medicinal bark.] (sem. domains: - Medicinal plants.)

yugrugay [yugrugáy] n Medicinal prickly plant with hard shelled fruit. (sem. domains: - Medicinal plants.)