gitling [gitlíng] n A dash, hyphen in writing. Kailangan ra sa pagsuyat kag gitling. A dash is necessary when writing. (sem. domains: 8.4.6.1.4 - Until.)

hanggang [hanggáng] 1prep Until (as of pre-span-end time). hanggang Nagtiner ako ruto hanggang Lunes. I stayed there until Monday. 2conj Until when something happens. Ingbuyar ninra sa adlaw hanggang mauga. They dried it in the sun until dry. (sem. domains: 8.4.6.1.4 - Until.) 3conj While (as of simultaneous events). Indi ako magbakay hanggang nagbibisaya ikaw. I won’t buy while you are talking. Hanggang waya pa sinra it sarili nak bayay dili maistar sinra sa amo. While they still don’t have a house of their own here they will live at our place. Mabisaya ako hanggang indi sida magbakay. I will talk until she buys it (lit: ‘I will talk while she does not buy). syn: miyentras, habang, hastang 2, samantalang. (sem. domains: 8.4.1 - Period of time.) 4conj As long as something is happening. Hanggang nagtatrabaho sida waya ako’t mabibisaya. As long as he does the work I have no objection. (sem. domains: 9.6.3.1 - Markers of transition, 3.3 - Want, 3.5.1.4 - Speak with others.) 5conj Unless (as of unfulfilled condition giving rise to an unfulfilled result). Hanggang waya’t kwarta si Rosa, indi kita makakasuyor sa sine. Unless Rosa has some money we won’t be able to go to the movies. (sem. domains: 9.6.2.8 - Condition.)

hasta [hásta] adj An event happens or state exists until another event happens. (sem. domains: 8.4.6.1.4 - Until.)

kana₂ [kána] (der. of kang) case To, for people named; at, with people named (as of the goal or location of something with plural ownership). Mabakay ako raha kana Paa. I’ll buy there at Paa’s. (sem. domains: 8.4.6.1.4 - Until, 9.1.2.7 - Event propositions, 3.3.1.1 - Purpose, goal.)

kutob₂ [kútob] 1prep Up to specific time, point, place; until. hanggang Hinaey sida kutob sa pitsa diyes. He was there up to the 10th. Kutob sa Romano yang ka amo natatapos nak libro. We’ve only finished the books up to Romans. Hariin kutob kag baha sa bayay? Up to what part of the house has the flood reached? (sem. domains: 8.4.6.1.4 - Until.) 2adj To top a tree until a certain point. (sem. domains: 6.2.1.7 - Growing trees.)

parugay [parúgay] (der. of rugay) adj To extend the time; to make something last a long time. (sem. domains: 8.4.6.1.4 - Until.)