agbot 1adv To be strong, or forceful, as an earthquake or an ocean wave. Ma-agbot ka pogdinug. The earthquake is strong. Ma-agbot ka alimbual. The wave(s) are/were very strong. ant: himulung 1. 1.1adv To be [physically] strong, stronger, or strongest. Ko mgo batò koy pad, ogdogpak koy to batu diò to doipag to woig ko hontow ka ma-agbot to pogtugdò. When we were still children, we would throw a stone to the other side of the water [to find out] who had the strongest throw (lit. was strongest to throw). 1.2deriv v To become stronger, or more forceful, as the wind, an earthquake or waves. Ogma-agbot ka kalamag. The wind is getting stronger. 2adv Loud, loudly, as when a radio is loud or it is thundering loudly. Ka tatolu ku to pogligot to lubid no nigbotu to ma-agbot. I swung the rope around three times and then it made a loud snapping sound. Ma-agbot to poglugung. It is thundering loudly. see fr.: dakol 5. 3v To turn up (lit. make louder) the volume of something, as a radio; rev as a motor. Agboti nu to og-andal ka harayu. Turn up (lit. make loud the volume (lit operation) of the radio. ant: himulung 2.1. 3.1v Have someone turn up the volume or make something louder. 3.2v To make louder, or stronger, as one’s voice. Og-agbotan nu to ognangon oyow lagboy ogpakarinog ka duma. Speak louder (lit. make your speaking louder) so that the others can hear.
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dakol phr.: Dakol ka goinawa; phr.: ian dakol₂. 1adj Big; large in size. Ka abu-on, dakol no manukmanuk no og-ugpò to koilawan. A heron is a big bird which lives in the forest. see fr.: pagamayan. 2adj A lot, or large amount of something Dakol ka hilamonon to homoy ni Inò Mother has a lot of weeds in her rice [field]. 2.1adj many Ko dakol ka igko-untud to gakit, ogka-agod-od on. If many [people] get on a raft, it will become submerged. 2.2adj lot, or large amount of something. Ko dakol ka urang, ogkaponù ka luang to balutu. If there is a lot of rain, the interior of the boat will become full [of water]. 3adv Profuse. Dakol ka pogpasalamat ku ki Joaquin ka nigpangabangan a rin. My expressions of thanks to Joaquin were profuse for his having saved me. [DB says he would have expressed his thanks in words -- it implies many but also includes the emotion of joy.] 4adv Very much. Ka bogas to katumbal, dakol no ogpakabulig ko du-on turakan ta no agoloy no ogtasikan. [As for] the fruit of the red pepper, it helps very much if we have a corn field which has a tasikan blight/disease. see: lagboy 1. 5adj Forceful. No ko oghulid sikandan, ogdagsangan to dakol no lugung woy kilat. And then when they laid down next to each other [to sleep], they were struck by a forceful [clap] of thunder and lightning. see: agbot 2. 6v To increase, do something in greater measure; excessively. Ognangonan ta ka magaliug ta to, “Pango-on ka; hinalatoy ka,” oyow ogdakol ka ogko-onon din. We tell our guest, “Eat up; fill up”, so that he will eat more (lit. increase his eating). Nigdakol ka uran gabi-i su napawa-an no warò pad nigtilo-tò. It rained excessively yesterday because [it rained] all night until morning without stopping. 7v To increase Ogdakolon ta ka homoy to og-angoy diò to pinayag su ogka-atangan ki to oglanog ka Liboganon. We will increase [the amount of] rice which we fetch from the rice shelter because we will be blocked by the swollen Liboganon [river]. 8v To do something in great measure, such as to give a large amount of something. Bogayi nu si Tunin to homoy woy dakola nu to ogbogoy. Give Tunin some rice and give her a large amount [of rice]. see: timul. 9adj very large Ka ogbobol-og, ogpamusil to babuy no magintalunan, usa, ubal, ko manukmanuk no dagdakol. Those who go hunting with a weapon, they shoot wild pigs, deer, monkey(s), or very large birds. 10adj Forceful, very heavy (lit. very big), as rain Wà dò malugoy, nigdagsang ka ma-agbot no kilat woy lugung woy daddakol no uran. Not long later, a loud crack of lightning and thunder struck along with very heavy (lit. very big) rain. 11adj Very big; biggest Ka takubung, ngaran to ambow no daddakol no lukosan. Takubung is the name of the biggest of the male rodents. 12adj Bigger Dakoldakol ka lumansad no kalusisi to boian. The male love bird is bigger than the female. 13v Increase see: timul. 14Bigger, biggest, larger, largest. 15n Size, measurement Nigsokoran ku ka hawak to batò oyow ogkatagaan ku ka karakoli to hawak din. I measured the child's waist so that I would know the measurement of her waist. 16v To exalt, oneself or someone else. Maro-ot sikandin no ogpakabulig no igparakol ka batasan din. Maroyow poron ko duma no mgo otow ka ogparakol to ngaran din. That person is bad who has helped and then uses it to exalt his own conduct. It would be good if someone else was the one to exalt his name. 17To exalt oneself Ko ogparakoldakol ki to duma ta, sikan dod, songo og-ampow-ampow ki to duma ta. Ogdo-isokon ta ka duma ta. If we exalt ourselves over our companions, that is also, the same as making ourselves higher than our companions.
himulung 1adv For something to be performed gently. [Ka agud], ogko-iling to ighusung di mohimulung dò. [The manipulation of childbirth] is like pushing but just gently. ant: agbot 1. 1.1adj Soft, as a breeze. 1.2adj Faint, as of something that glows in the dark. Mohimulung ka layag to amag. The brightness of a glow is faint. 2v To do something gently or lightly. Ka asu no manggianak, ko ogmago-on ka anak din, ogli-agon din ka anak din. Oghimlungan to ogkagat ka anak din. The dog who is a nursing mother, when she playfully bites her offspring, she plays with her offspring. She gently bites her offspring. 2.1v To make a sound softer as to turn down the volume of a radio. Himulungi nu ka harayu. Turn the radio down. ant: agbot 3.
alimpulus n A whirlwind or tornado. Ko diò a to pantad, nasalanganan ad to pogkalamag to ma-agbot no alimpulus. Nabarut ka pangamuton no nagangu diò to pantad no naligot ka na-alap diò to ampow. When I was on the beach, I was caught by the wind of a strong whirlwind. Dried out plants on the beach were pulled up by the roots and whirled around as the were carried upwards. Ko diò to kanami, du-on ka ma-agbot no kalamag no ogka-alap to alimpulus no ogpakahiab to atop. In our place, there are strong winds which are carried by whirlwinds which are able to lift off a roof. [This is what Punsia called a funnel shaped cloud which someone had spotted in the sky here at Nasuli and called a tornado. Apparently, the difference is a matter of size but the same word would be used in Ata Manobo regardless of size.]
andal v 1To start as a machine or motor. 1.1To operate something such as to turn on, or play, a radio. Agboti nu to og-andal ka harayu. Turn up the volume (lit. operation of) the radio. 2To trigger, as a reaction or a memory. Inat to ogka-andalan ka doromdom ta. It is as though [something] triggers our thinking. see: ogka-alimotow. 3To get something started, such as to get a friend to come and eat Ko du-on magaliug noy, ko oghonatan to ko-onon, og-andalan ta to, “Usì, ogko-on kid on.” Oghinggaton tad to ogko-on kid. When we have guests, when the food is served, we get it started [by saying], “Friend, let’s eat now.” We are inviting [him] to come and eat (lit. that we-dual will eat). 4To release from mourning as to permit a widow to resume normal activities. Ko du-on ogkabalu, no tatolu on no allow no warò mokoipanow, ogkuò ki to manggad no igmaganangon ta to litos to oglo-ug kad on to so-in no manggad no ig-andal ku koykow to warò og-ogot koykow su nigbo-otan ku to nig-andal. If someone has become widowed and for three days has not been able to go out [of the house] (lit. walk), we get a piece of cloth/clothing by which we signify that it is OK now for you to run errands as this clothing is what I use to release you because I have decided to release [you]. [Typically, a widow is given something, such as an item of clothing to indicate that she is released from mourning and may resume her normal activities. Similar restrictions apply to widowers but are often less severe than those applied to widows.] 4.1To cause someone to be released from mourning. Og-andalan ta to manggad. We release [her] with [an item of] clothing to resume normal activity.
bansag 1n A yell. 2v To yell. Ka otow no nago-onan to kuddò din, nigbabansagon to ma-agbot no bansagon din to, "Maniò to ian a now ogkago-onan ka warò utang ku kaniu?" The person whose horse was confiscated for a debt, yelled with a loud yell, “Why is it that I am the one from whom you take something for a debt [when] I have no debt to you?” 3v Loudly brag. Ka igparakoldakol to songo otow, ko diò to alukuyon, ogbabansagon sikandin to ogkagi to, "Koddì ian no ngaran ka ogpokohonat to duma ta no ogkalonod to problima." As for a person exhalting [himself], when in a discussion, He loudly brags and says, “My own name is that which is able to lift up our companion who is overwhelmed by (lit. drowning in) a problem.” see: dayandayan 1; see: parakoldakol; see fr.: dayangdayang 1.
batuk 1v To find, discover. Inat konò ogpakabatuk. It's as if one cannot discover [the meaning]. Warò ki pad makabatuk to maroyow no dalan. We had not yet discovered the good path. Iglobong diò to tanò to daruwa no allow ka pogbatuk to sikan no agkud. [The mixture] is buried in the ground for two days [before]] finding [it to have become] the agkud delicacy. see fr.: tugul 3; see fr.: kita 2; see fr.: tolom 3. 2v To be effective. Ko nokoy no tambal no ogpakabatuk to masakit, ian ka ma-agbot no tambal. Whatever medicine is effective against an illness, that is strong medicine. 3v To identify, such as to narrow down to the one person whom one would marry. Ko konò ogkahalin ka goinawa nu diò to duma no boi, no ian nu ogbatukon ka sikan no boi no nasabutan nu. If your love (lit. breath) does not change to another girl, then you have identified the girl with whom you had an agreement [to be the one whom you would marry]. [The sense here seems to be that one's search is narrowed down to this one person so that one knows she is the one he is looking for.] see: tu-on 1. 4v To locate, or go to a specific place for a specific purpose. Ka kunto-on no tipouri no mgo otow, du-on batasan to du-on on indosanan no kasilyas no du-on dò ogbatuk ka og-indos. As for the present-day people who have come later (lit. last), there is a custom to have an outhouse for defecating and so that is [the only] place people will go to to defecate. [The following seems to mean that in contrast to the past when people defecated anywhere, now people go to only that specific location which has been made for that purpose.] 5v To find or locate Ko oglapas ki, ko konò ki ogpakabatuk to mababow su mabolbol ka woig, ogka-alus ki diò to maralom. If we cross [a river], if we cannot locate a shallow area because the water is swift, we will be carried away by the current to a deep area. 6v To get at, or be effective against, as an illness. Ko nokoy no tambal no ogpakabatuk to masakit, ian ka ma-agbot no tambal. Whatever the medicine is which gets at the illness, that is efficatious (lit. strong) medicine. see: tu-on ??. 7v To be passed down, as some characteristic or authority which is recognized in someone's descendant Sikan ka oghingaranan noy no batuk to anak. Ka katondanan ni Dabid, nigbatuk ki Husi. No ka katondanan ni Husi, nigbatuk man dò diò ki Hisus. That is [what] we call passed down to an offspring. The authority of David, it is passed down to Joseph. And the authority of Joseph, it is then passed down to/found in in Jesus. 8v to find to be [or to have become] something Iglobong diò to tanò to daruwa no allow ka pogbatuk to sikan no agkud. That which found to be agkud is buried in the ground for two days. [In the following example, the it takes two days for the mixture of ingredients to change into the food item called akud.] 9Retrieve food once cached away. 10Return. 11v find out, reveal 12Kabatukon ku so-i komos. ???
bokas v 1To initiate a conversation, or a discussion such as that of a marriage arrangement. Ka oghun-a ogkagi, sikan ka ogbokas to alukuyan. The person who is first to speak, that is the one who initiates the discussion. 2To release, as trigger of a trap. Ko ogkabokas on ka bagwanan to balatik, du-on on ogsagad no babuy. When the trigger of the pig trap is released, a pig which has been caught. see: basikal. 3To block as an inlet from a river so as to drain area and catch fish in traps. Ka otow no ogngangalap to siak to woig, ogbokason din ka og-atangan din ka siak oyow og-otì on. A person who is fishing on a tributary of the river blocks the tributary so that it will dry up. [The common thread of meaning may be that the blocking of the river initiates the trapping of the fish, someone walking into an ambush, initiates/sets in motion the act of spearing an enemy, and the person who speaks first, initiates the conversation. A person who is angry, lets loose with angry words and/or a physical attack. (In the latter case, ogtokow his words take others by surprise.] see: atang 1. 4To vent, as anger in such a way that people are taken by surprise. Ka otow no nabolù, nigbokas ka nigkagi; nigparagas nigkagi. Nigma-agbot to nigkagi su ogkatokow ki. The angry person, vented [his] anger; he went right ahead and spoke. He spoke loudly because we are taken by surprise. see: tokow 1. 5To be the recipients of an angry outburst. Moirap ko ogbokasan ki to kagi. It is difficult if we are the recipients of [someone's] angry outburst. 6To strike. Ka otow no oggopas, ogbokas to usig ka ogpilak. The person who is lying in ambush, strikes [his] enemy when he spears [him].
bulus₂ v 1To flow forcefully, as water under pressure from a faucet; or swift water in a stream. Ogbulus ka woig no ogma-agbot to oglibuas to gripu. The water flows forcefully as it forcefully comes out of the faucet. 2To be drawn together as people are drawn to a sale or celebration. Ka mgo otow, ogkabulusbulus ka og-amut to Kaamulan su du-on ogpitawon dan. The people are being drawn together to attend the Kaamulan celebration because there are things to see. see: limud 1; see: libulung 1.
dabokdabok v To stomp; stamp one's feet when walking. Ko du-on otow no ogma-agbot to oghipanow no ogdabokdabok, ogkapokow kid ka noirogò If someone walks heavily and stomps their feet, [those of] us who are sleeping will be awakened. Ko du-on kuddò no ogpallaguy, ogdabokdabok on. If a horse runs, it makes a galloping sound.
di-ok v 1To step down. Ko du-on otow no oghipanow no ogdabokdabok, ma-agbot ka pogdi-okdi-ok din no ogkapukow ki. If a person walks and stomps, his steps are loud (lit. his repeatedly stepping down is forceful) and we are awakened. Ogkohonat ka pa-a ta ka ogtakang ki woy ogdi-ok ki. Our foot is lifted up as we take a step and then we step down. [The word di-ok seems to mean “to step” in the sense of “putting ones' foot down.” The word takang also means “to step”, but in the process at ”each step one puts his/her foot down” which is di-ok.] see fr.: takang 1. 1.1To step on. Di-oki nu. Step on it. Ka ogdi-okan ta, ian ka katkat. What we step on, that is the step. 1.2Accidentally step on. Ko du-on ka mgo pinamula ta no mgo bulak, og-ayad-ayad ki ko ogdi-ok oyow konò ogkari-okan ka mgo bulak. If we have plants which are flowers, we will be careful when we step so that the flowers won't be accidently stepped on. 2To thresh any grains or beans by trampling underfoot. Ogdiri-ok ki to homoy no naga-ani oyow igkarampil pad ka lupogas to homoy. We trample the rice [stems] which have been harvested so that the grains of rice can be dried in the sun.
dogpak v 1Throw, toss. Ko mgo batò koy pad, ogdogpak koy to batu diò to doipag to woig ko hontow ka ma-agbot to pogtugdò. When we were still children, we would throw a stone to the other side of the water [to find out] who was the strongest to throw. spec: buntug 1; see: tugdò₁ 1; see fr.: banggal 4. 1.1Several throws. Ogpasoksokoroy ka mgo batò to ogdinogpak to batu ko hontow ka ogpoko-uma diò to do-ipag. The children will measure each other's stone's throws [to see] who can reach the other side [of the river with his stone]. 2To be thrown at. Takas man dò, ogdogpakan ki to batu woy basak. Again after that, rocks and dirt will be thrown at us. 3Throw away; toss aside. Ko igdogpak nu to lagut, ighatod nu diò to tagu-anan. If you throw away trash, you take it to the receptical. 4To have something thrown at oneself, as when playing dodge ball. Parogpakdogpak a. I'll have something thrown my way. Ko li-ag ki to mgo batò, ogpadogpakdogpak ki to bula. When we play with the children, we have them throw the ball at us. 5Fall down as from having slipped or tripped; trip and fall. Ko ogpakarogpak ka ogpakalangkob ka. If you fall [as a result of tripping/slipping] you fall on your face
gosì vi 1To crack as a tree when it is toppling so that it is splintering and also making a loud cracking sound. Ogbali-ag ka kayu ka ogkapori ka lawa no oggogosi-gosì on to ma-agbot ka daging din. A tree splits when its body makes a loud continuosly cracking sound. see: bali-ag; see: gotud. 2To tingle or prickle as though being poked by needles. Ka lawa ta, ogpanggosi-gosì no ogko-unawa to ogpantobokokon to dagum ka masakit din. As for our bodies, the pain of tingling is like the pain of being repeatedly poked by needles.
hiab [hiyab] vs To blow off, or be lifted off by the wind, such as a roof or heavy object. Ko diò to kanami, du-on ka ma-agbot no kalamag no ogka-alap to alimpulus no ogpakahiab to atop. In our place, there are strong winds which are carried by whirlwinds which are able to blow/lift off a roof. [This term applies to heavier objects such as a roof. If paper, leaves or lightweight objects are carried by the wind they are said to be layap to kalamag.] see: layap.
kutu to hapuy n Embers of fire. Ko ogsilab ki no ma-agbot ka kalamag, ogdakol ka kutu to hapuy no oglayap no ogtugpa diò to songo bubunganon no songo ogkasilaban on. "If we are burning [a field] and there is stong wind, there will be a lot of lembers of fire which will leap up and over to another mountain which will also be burned up. DB Nt 18/Feb/2006 When we burn [a field] and the wind is strong, there are a lot of embers of the fire (lit. lice of the fire) which will leap up and over to another mountain which will also be burned up.
na-asna-as v 1To whisper. 2The reason for whispering. Ka igna-asna-as ni Utù to alukuy rin to oyow konò ogkataga ka inoy rin woy amoy to ogduma sikandin to amigu rin no oghondiò to Manila. The reason Utù is whispering to to his friend is so that his mother and father will not know that he will accompany his friend to go to Manila. Ogsaparan ta to, “Nokoy ka igmanna-asna-asoy now? Hirogò kow on su matanob on no mausilom.” We rebuke them with, “What are you whispering about? Go to sleep now because it is already late at night.” 3To whisper to each other. Ka otow, ko du-on ignangon din to duma rin ogna-asna-as dò ka ogkagi to talinga to duma rin ko nokoy [ka] igholos dan no darua rò kandan ka nataga to sabut dan. A person, if he has something to tell his companion, he will just whisper what he is saying into the ear of his companion whatever it is they are hiding and just [the] two of them know about their agreement. Sikaniu, konò kow ogpa-agbot ka ogna-asna-as su du-on on noirogò. You, don't whisper so loudly because there are those who are sleeping. 4To make a whispery (soft hissing??) sound, such as that of the soft sound of grubs in a tree trunk. Ko moon-ing ka na-asna-as woy og-o-oguk no oggusi-on tad ka galung ta no pula no ogkito-on tad ka moon-ing no alibutod no og-aliboodbood on. When there are many [grubs] which are making whispery and gurgling [sounds], then we split knotched pula palm log and we see many grubs which are squirming.
nangon 1n A message, especially by word of mouth. Du-on nigbogoy koddì to sulat. Kagi to sika otow no nigtilala ku, “Igpa-alap ku bag no nangon to og-uroik a diò to Maambago.” Someone gave me a letter. That person whom I knew said, “I'm sending a message please that I will travel upriver to Maambago.” Ko nigbogoy to sulat, nigpatimul to nangon no igpasiguru no ogpasabuk bag to agoloy. When he gave the letter [to me], he instructed (lit. caused) [me] to add to it by word of mouth to insure that [the person] would set aside some corn [for him]. see fr.: gugud 2; see fr.: lalag 2. 2v To tell, say, speak Di du-on og-abalang no konò ogpoko-uwang ko ognangon. But there are those who keep coming back with their request who cannot express what they [want to] say. Og-agbotan nu to ognangon oyow lagboy ogpakarinog ka duma. [Speak] louder when you speak so that the others can hear. see fr.: gugud 1. 3Si Lita, nignangon ki Mery to diò oghibat to kandin. Lita told Mery that she would sleep at her [place]. 4Agad nokoy ka ignangon ku, konò ogpa-agad-agad no og-ugpò diò to dangob no anak din. No matter what I say, [my mother] won't agree to stay with her other offspring. 4.1Warò ikanangon dan to duma no kinagian. They weren't able to tell me another word [for the word aguanta “endure”.] 5Tell. [This word can be used in direct or indirect speech, with or without an object. The English word “tell” requires an object and is also used in indirect speech.] 6Ognangonan kow rò ko ogkapalusan on. You will be told when [the grains] have filled out. 7v Repeatedly ?? tell Si Apù Amasig ka nignangonnangon kanak to ogngilam ki su du-on ogpoko-uma no mangayow. Grandfather Amasig was the one who was repeatedly telling me that we will be alert because raiders would come. 8To plan. 9n guarantee (lit. something used to tell) Ko du-on og-indanan ku no kuddò, ogbogoy a to babuy no igpohun-a ku. Sikan ka igmaganangon ku to og-indanan kud on. If there is a horse which I will reserve, I will give a pig as a downpayment (lit. that which I [give] ahead of time). That is my guarantee that I have reserved it.
os-os v 1To recede as water when it goes underground, or as water from a flooded river recedes. Ko oglanog ka Liboganon no woig, maga-an dò og-os-os. When the Liboganon River floods, the water is quick to recede. Ogtulin ka dagat woy og-os-os. The ocean swells and ebbs. 2Os-os on ka woig. The water is returning to its place; receding. Ko og-os-os ka woig, du-on dod woig; oglibong diò to taan no lawa rin. When the water recedes, there is still water; it returns to its original body [of water]. Ko warò siak, ogtokoron ta ko og-os-os su dakol on ka pantad no ogko-ongkoran to woig. If there is no secondary channel, we recognize when the water is returning to its place because the beach becomes large as it is left behind by the water. 3To decrease in intensity, such as the wind. Ko ogma-agbot ka kalamag, og-os-os on ka ka-agboti rin. When the wind is strong, it's intensity will decrease