bokas v 1To initiate a conversation, or a discussion such as that of a marriage arrangement. Ka oghun-a ogkagi, sikan ka ogbokas to alukuyan. The person who is first to speak, that is the one who initiates the discussion. 2To release, as trigger of a trap. Ko ogkabokas on ka bagwanan to balatik, du-on on ogsagad no babuy. When the trigger of the pig trap is released, a pig which has been caught. see: basikal. 3To block as an inlet from a river so as to drain area and catch fish in traps. Ka otow no ogngangalap to siak to woig, ogbokason din ka og-atangan din ka siak oyow og-otì on. A person who is fishing on a tributary of the river blocks the tributary so that it will dry up. [The common thread of meaning may be that the blocking of the river initiates the trapping of the fish, someone walking into an ambush, initiates/sets in motion the act of spearing an enemy, and the person who speaks first, initiates the conversation. A person who is angry, lets loose with angry words and/or a physical attack. (In the latter case, ogtokow his words take others by surprise.] see: atang 1. 4To vent, as anger in such a way that people are taken by surprise. Ka otow no nabolù, nigbokas ka nigkagi; nigparagas nigkagi. Nigma-agbot to nigkagi su ogkatokow ki. The angry person, vented [his] anger; he went right ahead and spoke. He spoke loudly because we are taken by surprise. see: tokow 1. 5To be the recipients of an angry outburst. Moirap ko ogbokasan ki to kagi. It is difficult if we are the recipients of [someone's] angry outburst. 6To strike. Ka otow no oggopas, ogbokas to usig ka ogpilak. The person who is lying in ambush, strikes [his] enemy when he spears [him].
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atang 1v To block. Og-atangan ku ka ig-abalangi din. I am preventing that which [someone] is relentlessly pursuing. [This word can be used of physically blocking. It can also be used of blocking someone's purpose.] see fr.: balabag 4; see fr.: sagop 4; spec: olot 1, olot 3; see fr.: bokas 3. 2vs To be blocked or closed off, as a porch or a path see fr.: bugsong 1. 3v With negative: Not closed off (=open) Warò atangi ka balokon. The porch is not closed off. 4To be shielded, such as to shield a child with one’s own body to prevent it from being killed or kidnapped.
tokow 1v To do something suddenly. Du-on allow no nigsulungan a to darua no tabu-uan no nigtokow nigsogod koddì. There was a day when I was attacked by two wasps which suddenly stung me. [In the intentive mode, this is used more often of taking someone by surprise or deliberately startling them. In non-intentive mode we can be startled such as when someone enters a room without our having heard them.] see fr.: bokas 4. 2v To be taken by surprise. Ogkatokawan ki to nigkita ta ka songo otow Ogkatokow ki rò du-on. We are taken by surprise that we have seen someone. We are simply surprised, that's all. Natokow ki su warò ki no-inso-i. We were taken by surprise because we had not been asked [about it]. 3v To surprise each other. Ko nokogtagbu koy to tikù no dalan, nokogtokow koy. Nokogdongan koy to nigkagi to, "Otow"! When we happened to meet each other at the curve of the path, we happened to take each other by surprise. We simultaneously said, “People!” 4v To deliberately take someone by surprise as in a surprise attack Ogpatokawan to og-alamaraan oyow ogko-ubus dan oghimatoy They cause [the house/village] to be taken by surprise when they have banded together in mass to attack so that all can, without exception, kill everyone. 5Natokow ki ki Amutatoy to’gpanumbaoy to bigtas to kausiloman. We were surprised at Amutatoy, that he came visiting at midnight.
bagwanan n Part of certain traps which is released by the trigger. Ko ogkapolis ka sa-id, ogkabokas ka bagwanan. When the trigger slips off, the lever [which kills or traps the animal] is released. [This can be a rope stick or lever as the part of a mouse trap which strikes and kills the animal.]