bunbun 1v Cover over; fill in a hole. see fr.: bugsong 2; see fr.: obuk 2; osyn: tol-ob 1. 2v Fill, as a hole. Bunbuni to tanò ka lungag. Fill the hole with earth. 3v To cover, as to occlude with darkness Ko ogsalop ka allow, ogkabunbunan to ogmausilom ka tanò. When the sun goes down, darkness covers the earth. 4v Erase, as footprints. Ka igbunbun to komos, ka uran. That which erases the footprints is the rain. 5v (Fig.) To hide, as a fault. Ka otow no ogbubunbun, ogpa-abin to songo otow ka salò din. The person who hides [a fault], transfers the blame to someone else. see fr.: poid 3. 6v To squelch someone. Ko du-on otow no ogkagi, konad ogkaparasan no ogkagi ko ogbunbunan to songo otow ka ogkagi. Ian ka og-ampow to kandin no kagi. If a person is talking, he cannot continue talking if another person squelches the one speaking. He is the one who overrides (lit. puts on top) his own speech. 7n Soft earth Ka mo-omul no tanò diò ilis to woig no napò no ogtubu-an to tibogow, sikan ka bagunbun no tanò su ko oglanog, kabunbunan man dò to tanò. The soft earth at the edge of a flat area where reeds grow, that is soft earth because when the river floods it will be covered again with earth.
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bunbungan 1n A smooth kind of bamboo similar to bulu which is good for weaving walls. 2n Kind of white, long-grained rice. 3deriv n The delayed moon-rise of the first quarter of moon at the when the moon delays to rise, considered to be a good time to start making fields. Ogka-atangan pad ka bulan ko an-anayan ogsilò. Sikan pad ka ogbagungbunan. Ogdoloman pad to malintok. Ognangaran noy to “magapiniongan to manuk.” The moon is still blocked [from shining] when it first comes up. That is [the meaning of] bagungbunan. It is still moonless for a short time. [in the evening] We call it “the blink of a chicken”. 4n To be a strong person, as one who to able to lift something heavy without help as if it were light-weight. 5v Manage easily as a strong person for whom a heavy item seems light. Ka otow no ogbagunbungon din to songo saku, konò ogpabulig to oghonat su manokal sikandin. A person who ilifts a weight easily does not have someone help him lift it because he is strong. see: dayagang 3; see: logon 1; see: nokal 1.
bugsong v 1To obstruct, as a path or one's view. [DB comment regarding having words and meanings jumbled/pass by too quickly. (ck TA) DB contrasted this with a view from a mountain top that is unobstructed, straight and clear.] see: atang 2; ant: taloytoy. 2To be hindered as by clutter. Ko oghipanow ki diò to dalan no du-on kayu no napolod no konò ki ogpakabayò, nabugsongan ka ogbaya-an ta. Nabugsongan ka dalan su konad ogkabaya-an to otow. If we are walking on a path and there is a tree which has fallen and we cannot pass by, our pathway has been obstructed. Our path has been obstructed because people cannot get through.; DB 24/Feb/2009 Ko ogkabugsong, konò ta ogkakita-an ka ogkabaya-an. If something is cluttered, one cannot see where he is going. see: bunbun 1; ant: taloytoy1. 3To interrupt. Ko ogkagi a no du-on otow no ogtampod to kagi ku, ogbugsong. Ko og-ampawan din ka kagi rin, igdo-isok. If I am speaking and there is a person who cuts off my speech, he interrupts. If someone overrides [another's words] with his words, it is disrespectful to (lit. belittles) [the other person]. [as when a person's speech is interrupted] 4To be interrupted as of speech, or cut off as of electric current if uf a line has been broken Nabugsong ko du-on kinagian no konò ogka-ayun. [The meaning] is jumbled when there are words which don't fit. Ko du-on abogaru no ogkaro-og no warad igkatabak din, ogkabugsong on sikandin. see: tampod 1. 5To initiate. Ko oghunno-on og-unuk ka langlanguan, no ogbugsongan ka batò ka ogtulin. When the face [of a baby] fills in, then the child's growth is initiated. see: bunsud 1.
bulang 1vs Wash out as a dam or bridge. Lapoy no ligkat to ponong no nabulang. A deluge/flood which came from a dam which had washed out. [When a dam breaks, the water spills over and if people live below the results can be disasterous.] see: tobal 1. 2v To be engulfed in a problem such as when a quarrel turns into a war with people killing each other. Ka otow no ogmabunbunu-oy, ogmabulbulangoy on ka ogpilpilakoy on. People who murder each other, they are already being engulfed [in their problems] as they are already spearing each other. [DB says it is like a dam which has broken and the people below are engulfed in a flood of destruction as they kill each other like when a dam breaks endangering those below.] see: pabunbuno-oy. 3deriv n A drain, such as a canal which is made to carry away water and drain water from a pool, usually for the purpose of catching the fish that will be trapped. However, the term would also apply to draining water from a river into a canal so that a highway can be made on either side. Ka bulanganan, ogtu-uran ta to og-oti ka lanow. Ogkutkutan ta ka ogpabaya-an to woig oyow dakol ka ngalap no ogko-utol. As for a drain, we purpose that the lake will go dry. We dig/scrape away the place where the water will flow (lit. pass) so that we can catch a lot of edible [fish and other] creatures. 4v To make a canal or other device to drain off water, as from a street or other area.
dayagang 1n Strength (physical). Niglibong ka maroyow no dayagang ku. My good strength returned. 2v To strain with much effort, as a woman in childbirth or someone doing a physically difficult task. Ko oggabas, ogkanokal ki ko ogpandayagang ki to oghusud. When we saw [a log], we exert effort when we strain to pull back [on the saw]. Ko hayod, ogpandayagang ka inoy. When in labor, the mother strains with much effort. 3n Someone who is strong, healthy. see fr.: bunbungan 5; see: manokal 1; see: nokal 1.
logon phr.: malogon so goinawa. 1adj To be difficult; dangerous. see fr.: bunbungan 5. 2v To seem difficult or burdensome. Ogkaloganan ki to oghipanow. Ogkapogul ki to oghipanow. Kò ki ogpakato-od ko ogkapogul ki. It is burdensome to travel. We don't feel like traveling (lit. feel lazy /weary to travel). We won't follow through if we feel weary 3v To be able to manage or lift something. (With negative: Not to be able to manage, or to lift, something [such as to start some work and continue until it is finished.] 4vs To have managed to do something difficult such as work or lifting something heavy. Nalogonan ta ka sikan no talabao. We managed that work. 5Ogkalogon nu so-i tanò? Can you lift this earth? (meaning to raise the spirits of the dead) 6v Fig. Carry or solve. Konò a ogpakalogon to sikan no mabogat no problima. I can't carry that heavy burden. (or “I cannot solve that difficult problem.”) 7adj To have a hard time as in a difficult birth. Ko malugoy ka og-anak, ogkagi to, “To! Ogloganan ka.” If it takes a long time for you to give birth, someone will say, “Goodness, you are having a hard time [delivering a baby].” 8v To exert one’s strength such as to lift by might or force.
nokal 1adj To be strong, healthy. Woy ogmanokal ko du-on ogli-ag He will not be strong unless he is playing. see fr.: bunbungan 5; see fr.: dayagang 3. 2adj To be alive. Tongod ko du-on amigu ta no maroyow to pogdumaruma ta di ko du-on kanta rin di warad sikandin kai to tanò, ogka-alimotow ka ko ogpakarinog ka to sikan no kanta ko manokal pad kandin. Regarding if we had a friend with whom we had a good relationship but if [someone sings] his song but he is no longer on earth, you will be caused to think about him when you hear that song [which he used to sing] when he was still alive. 3v To do something heartily, vigorously. Nokalnokal ka ogpango-on oyow maga-an ka ogmaroyow to dalu nu. Eat heartily so that you will soon become well from your illness. 4vs Be strong, exert effort. Kanokal ka to oghusud to gabas oyow ogka-anad ka oyow du-on ogkato-uan nu to oggabas. Exert effort to pull back the saw so that you will learn how to saw. [This advice is given to someone bearing a heavy load or doing something physically difficult. It seems to mean to exert effort.] see: pandayagang. 5v To boost one's strength. Agad ogmonuon ku to ognokalnokal, ogmalotoy ka goinawa ku ian. No matter what I do to boost [my] strength, I just continue to feel weak. (lit. my breath is really weak.).
poid v 1To intentionally spread or smear something on something else. Poiri nu to bulit ka kalisow. You-sing. smear some wet lime on the betelnut. see: bulit 2. 1.1To spread back and forth as peanut butter on bread. Du-on otow no ogpa-init to paan no ogkuò to mani no ogpoidpoiran din oyow ogmo-omis. There is a person who has a snack of bread and he gets peanut [butter] which he spreads back and forth on it so that it will taste good (lit. be sweet). see fr.: hidhid. 2To accidently smear something on something else as to get soot on one's clothing. Ko ogpakapoid ki to musong, ogmo-itom ka lawa ta woy ka kinabò. If we accidently smear soot on ourselves, our bodies and our clothes will become black. 3(Fig.) To do something to cover up (lit. smooth over/rub out) a fault. Ka sikan no nigpa-abin din diò to songo otow, impoid din ka salò din. That which he blamed on (lit. caused to be attributed to) someone else, was done to cover up his fault. [The language assistant said it is like when a person rubs his tracks on a trail so they cannot be seen.] see: bunbun 5.
bugsù v 1To plant by sticking plants in the ground in an upright position such as bananas or taro. Ko ogbugsù to sopa to saging, ogpahasindogan ta to igpamula no oghirosonan to ogbunbun to basak ka lobut. Ka u-ud ka diò to ampow. Ka lobut ka igbugsù diò to tanò. When someone plants the banana shoot in an upright position, we cause that which we are planting to be standing up and [we] pack (lit. cover tightly) the soil around the base [of the plant]. The tip is at the top. The bottom is that which is stuck in the ground. see: bagdak 2. 2To fall landing in sitting position.