gamut n 1Poison used to harm or kill an enemy. Ka gamut, agad nokoy ka ogpokohilu, unawa to tayuran [commucial poison.] Ka duma, ogkagamut ka ighilu to ambow. As for poison, whatever is able to poison such as tayuran [a commercial poison]. As for other, rat poison can poison [an enemy]. [This poison may be an actual poison or something which someone has performed using witchcraft. An attack by bees or a severely dehabilitating illness with a sudden onset such as cholera may be suspected to be due to witchcraft. A cure or an antidote will be sought. If a person suddenly dies of illness after visiting another village, witchcraft may be assumed and a revenge killing may follow. ] ant: tokas; ant: alang 1; osyn: hilu. 2Hex, as a sickness or death brought on by use of a fetish or witchcraft. Ka gamut, ogsabukan ki oyow maga-an ki ogkamatoy. As for a hex it is placed on us so that we will quickly die. Gamutan ki. We’ll be poisoned/hexed. see fr.: busung 1.
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tokas v An antidote for gamut poisoning, often carried in one’s kabil. Nigtokasan ni Sanglit si Ana-ay, porom. Sanglit would have given Ana-ay an antidote. Kagi ku, “Warò natagaan ku no og-alang woy ogtokas ko du-on gamut.” I said, "I don't know anyone who treats or gives an antidote if there is a hex." ant: gamut 1.
alang 1n A ritual performed to remove a charm, spell or hex. Ka so-ini no alang to taloy-u, igtubad to mgo busow. This ritual to remove a charm, it is [performed by] sacrificing to the spirits. ant: gamut 1; spec: kunakun. 1.1v That which is used as a means of treatment to remove a spell, charm or hex. Du-on ogtutungon dan no ig-alang ka ig-awò to sikan no taloy-u. There is something which they burn as a means of treatment to remove that love charm. [If a man has used a charm to cause a woman to fall in love with him, he will later use something to treat her to remove the love charm so that she will be freed from lust and able focus on her husband and family. However, with that release she may then react negatively and hate her husband for having used the charm to force her into this now unwanted relationship.] 1.2v For someone to be released from the effects of a charm by use of a ritual. Ko og-alangan din on to taloy-u ka asawa rin, ogmaro-ot on ka goinawa to boi to sikan no lukos su napogos ka goinawa rin to na-asawa sikandin. When his wife (lit. spouse) has been released from the charm by means of a ritual, the woman's attitude toward that man will become bad because her love (lit. breath) had been forced when she was married [to him]. 1.3v To have someone perform a ritual to remove the effects of a charm or a spell which has been cast by using witchcraft. Pa-alang ka su gamut so-ini no goramon nu. Have someone treat you because this ailment is [from] witchcraft. 2n A treatment such as that used to kill insects which damage a crop. Ka alang to mgo pinamula, warò nigligkat to igtubad. The treatment for a field does not come from a prayer/sacrifice [to the spirits]. [Although both uses of alang have to do with treatment, they are interpreted by some to be different in that the ritual to remove the effects of a charm involves invoking the supernatural, whereas treating a crop involves the burning of any of various kinds of wood or vines which produce toxic smoke which kills insects which are damag crops such as corn. The insects die and are eagerly eaten by the birds.] spec: kunakun, gisois, banga; see: bulung 1. 2.1v That which is used as a means of treating something, such as a crop 2.1.1n Something used for a treatment such as a kind of wood or vine. Ka ig-alang noy, mgo kayu, banga, anohow, pangamoton, mgo bunal no ian ka mgo a-alangoy to mgo pinamula. That which we use to treat [crops] are plants, banga palm, fan palm, plants of the field, vines which are the treatments of plants.
busung 1n A curse. gaba see fr.: gabà; see: gamut 2. 2v To curse someone. 3vt To be cursed. Konò ki ogbaloybaloy to mgo boi. Ogbusungon ki. Let's not take up residence with women. We will be cursed. [This may be a result of being angry at an elderly person or may be a result of bad morals as in the following example.] see: tunlun; see: panungayow 1; see: tunlapay; see: kulap 1.
alimpulus n A whirlwind or tornado. Ko diò a to pantad, nasalanganan ad to pogkalamag to ma-agbot no alimpulus. Nabarut ka pangamuton no nagangu diò to pantad no naligot ka na-alap diò to ampow. When I was on the beach, I was caught by the wind of a strong whirlwind. Dried out plants on the beach were pulled up by the roots and whirled around as the were carried upwards. Ko diò to kanami, du-on ka ma-agbot no kalamag no ogka-alap to alimpulus no ogpakahiab to atop. In our place, there are strong winds which are carried by whirlwinds which are able to lift off a roof. [This is what Punsia called a funnel shaped cloud which someone had spotted in the sky here at Nasuli and called a tornado. Apparently, the difference is a matter of size but the same word would be used in Ata Manobo regardless of size.]
allow 1n sun Ogsilò ka allow to masolom. The sun rises in the morning. 2n day Du-on papitu no allow to songo simana. There are seven day(s) in a week. 3n Time or season for some activity, or for something to happen. Di mangkuan, ko allow on to pogsanggì, warò nakasanggì ka nig-orok. But later on, when it was time to harvest [the corn], the people who had planted didn't get to harvest. 4adj Daytime. Ko ma-allow, ogmatikang on ka allow. If it is daytime, the sun is high. 4.1n Bright daylight. Og-iling ka inoy to, “Onow kow on su ma-allow on.” Ogmalayag on ka allow. The mother says something like, “You-pl. get up because it is bright daylight already.” The sun is shining brightly already. 5deriv n A sunny period of time or season. guabung Ko tig-allow on, ogtokoron ta no du-on gulabung su ogko-otian ka mgo bo-ugan woy ogpanlanos ka mgo apusow, payow woy mgo pangamuton. When it is already summer (lit. a sunny period of time), we recognize that is dry season because the streams dry up and the apusow, payow and [other] plants wither. [A sunny period of time is also understood to be dry as rain is limited or absent.] see: gulabung 1. 6v The sun comes out as after a rain. Ko ogpanomsolom no og-uran di mangkuan ogtilotò dò, og-aldow. When it is very early and it is raining but later [after] the rain quits, the sun comes out. 7deriv n A day of the week, when asked as a question. Ko du-on og-insò, “Nokoy aldowa asolom?” Ian ig-insò su warò mataga ko nokoy ka asolom ko Lunis woy ko Mierkulis bua. If someone asks, “What day is tomorrow?” The reason he is asking is because he does not know whether the next day (lit. tomorrow) might be Monday or Wednesday. 8deriv v To do anything in the sun, esp. to walk or travel in the sun. Sagpit kow pad woy inum kow no amana to nigsingallow kow to subla no mo-init. Stop by for a while and drink something -- for pity sakes that you were walking in the sun when it is too hot.
barut v 1Uproot, pull up. Nabarut ka pangamuton no nagangu diò to pantad no naligot ka na-alap diò to ampow. Dried out plants on the beach were uprooted and whirled around as the were carried upwards. see fr.: bagnus. 2To pull out as a tooth. Ko ogsilsilon, ogmo-omul no ogkabarut ka ngipon. If [a tooth] is chipped off, it will be made easier to pull out the tooth.
lanos v To wither, as a leaf. Ko oglanos on ka tibolus to agoloy, ogpatokod to ogtasikan ka agoloy. If the flower(s) [of the corn] wilt, it indicates (lit. causes to be recognized) that the corn is being blighted/diseased. Ko tig-allow on, ogtokoron ta no du-on gulabung su ogko-otian ka mgo bo-ugan woy ogpanlanos ka mgo apusow, payow woy mgo pangamuton. When it is already summer (lit. a sunny period of time), we recognize that is dry season because the streams dry up and the apusow, payow and [other] plants wither. see fr.: lay-obon; see fr.: kopis.
malogot 1adj True, correct Ko nalugoy on no ungod kandin ogpanakow, natagaan on to mgo otow no malogot to kandin ka nigpurut. When it had been a long time and he was repeatedly stealing, it became known by the people that it was true that he was the one who had taken [things]. [This is often used as a response to verify that something stated is true or correct. It is also used when evidence has shown something to be true as in the following example.] see fr.: tigus 1. 2v to verify, witness to, or testify that something truly happened, or was done Ogpakanangonnangon koy to igmalogot. We have to tell that which will verify [that something is true]. Ogpakapamalogot ko tu-tu-u to pigsabukan to gamut. [One needs] to prove whether it is ture that someone was poisoned. 3v to use something as a token or guarantee [Buntit gave a bolo to Buliung to verify that she was having him build her house and to guarantee that she would pay him for that task. ck LA re interpretation of text. (text BB Sent. 28 uses andal but it is in same context. ck TA)] see: igmaganangon.
tu-u 1v To believe. Ka otow no konò ogtu-u to bohog to du-on mangayow, ogsagad to maro-ot su ogkabunù sikandin. [As for] the person who doesn't believe a warning that there are raiders, [he] will be ensnared by [something] bad because he will be murdered. 2v To be able to believe something. Ogpakatu-u ka ko ogkatagaan nu. You are able to believe something when you know about it. 3v To cause some one to believe something. 4adj True, real. Konò no tu-tu-u no agpot si Mery su tigbal dò nighirogò to songo mausilom. Mary wasn't a true foreigner because she mearly slept [somewhere] for one night. Ka amoy-amoy, konò no tu-tu-u no amoy. As for a step-father, he isn't the real father. 5adj true Ogpakapamalogot ko tu-tu-u to pigsabukan to gamut. One has to prove whether it is true that someone was poisoned (lit poison was placed). 6v To check out or verify information. Ogpagintu-tu-u a ko malogot ka sikan no narinog ku. I am checking [to see] whether that which I I have heard is true. Pagintu-tu-u ka kagi nu. You should to find out the truth of what you say.