hun-a 1v Go first, precede. Ko ogmanggi-anak on ka manuk, oghun-a to mgo piak. When a chicken is a mother, it goes ahead of its chicks when it scratches as it looks for something to have [her] offspring eat. She goes first. see fr.: inagak 1. 1.1v The be in front or to be first. 1.2v To cause to precede or walk ahead of. Ko du-on hari ta no maintok pad, igpohun-a ta to igpoipanow ka batò. When we have a younger sibling who is still small, we have the child precede (lit. walk ahead) of us. 2v To do something ahead of time. Oghun-a a ogpurut to kuddò nu no asolom ka pad on oghondiò to baloy ku no og-insò ko du-on igbayad ku. I will take your horse ahead of time and then the next day you will go to my house and inquire whether I have something to use for payment. see fr.: panoy 1. 2.1v To give something ahead of time, such as a downpayment. Ko du-on og-indanan ku no kuddò, ogbogoy a to babuy no igpohun-a ku. Sikan ka igmaganangon ku to og-indanan kud on. If there is a horse which I will reserve, I will give a pig ahead of time [as a downpayment]. That is my guarantee that I have reserved it. 3Nighun-a ni Boyboy so-ini pamulingan to kò ki ogko-ibog to kanta no ko-onon. Boyboy started this changing things into something else because we didn’t like our food.
Search results for "hun-a"
inagak 1v To go ahead of (as hen with chicks) Ko ogmanggi-anak on ka manuk, og-inagak on to mgo piak din ko ogpangalkal no ogpamanghò to igpako-on to anak din. Oghun-a to mgo piak. When a chicken is a mother, it goes ahead of its chicks when it scratches as it looks for something to have [her] offspring eat. She goes first. [A dog will also go ahead of its owner on the trail.] see: hun-a 1. 2v to put someone in front of oneself, or have [someone] lead Og-inagakon dut kakoy ka hari. The older sibling has the younger sibling lead [on the trail]. Ka oghun-a oglosut, ka hari su og-inagakon to kakoy. The one to be born first is the younger-sibling because he is put in the lead by the elder-sibling. [When twins are born, the first born is considered the youngest because it is their custom to have the youngest go ahead, or lead, on the trail. The older sibling follows the younger apparently so that he is there to protect the younger one.] 3To follow around, to be led around.
panoy 1v to do something in advance or ahead of time Ko ogkapanoy ogkatapid ka batò diò to diralom to gotok, oglomuan ka inoy ko og-anak. If the baby (lit. child) in the abdomen has been properly positioned ahead of time, the mother will have it easier when she gives birth. Panayon noy to sabut, ko hontow ka og-aguanta to ogduma, kandin ka ogka-alam. Our agreement in advance was that whoever has stamina to come along, he/she will be chosen. see: hun-a 2. 2adv Prepare ahead of time. 3v prepare ?? Ogkapanoy ka goinawa ta. Inat to du-on boog taan to goinawa ta. We prepare ourselves ahead of time. It's as if we have had a intuitive warning. 4v precede ...oyow konò ogmaliwog. Ka kalitukan, konon igpanoy, namouri. [Switch sentence parts] so that [the meaning] won't be turned around. The meaning doesn't precede; it was last. 5v Congenital; from birth.
agap 1v To race, involving just two people. Darua ka og-agap no ulì diò to baloy. Two people will race [each other] to return home. Nig-a-agap ka darua. The two people were racing [each other]. 2v To race one another, esp. of three or more people. Ka sikan no ogpa-ag-agapoy, li-agan. Ogtagù to saku no ogpallaguy. Ka ogpakaponga, ian ogpakaro-og. That [word] race each other is a game. They get in sacks and run. The one who is able to finish [first] is the one who wins. Ogpa-ag-agapoy ka mgo kuddò. The horses are racing each other. [such as in a game with multiple participants or when racing horses.] 3v To chase and catch up with someone or something. Ko du-on darua no ogpalawod no ka sagboka oghun-a, og-agapan ka oghun-a. If two [people] are going downriver [by raft/canoe] and one gets ahead, the other will chase and catch up with the one which got ahead. [The term agapan “catch up” includes the components of the words gapun “chase” and ogko-umaan “overtake”.] osyn: liu 1. 4vs To be overtaken and passed so that the other person will reach a destination ahead of him/her; beaten to a destination. Ko du-on taga Maguimon no ogligkat to Patil di nig-ulì on sikandan, no du-on nasinundul no og-ulì diò to Maambago, kagi sikandin to, “Ogka-agapan ka Usì.” Ogtabak ka taga Maguimon to, “Balagad. Hun-a ka rò du-on.” If there is someone from Maguimon who is leaving from Patil but he has left to return home, and there are others who have followed later who are returning to Maambago, they will say, “Usì, you will be inadvertently passed up.” The person from Maguimon will answer, “Nevermind. You just go on ahead.” Darua ka og-agap no ulì diò to baloy. Kagi to sagboka, “Ko ogka-agapan ka, koykow ka ogsakaru. Two were racing to return to the house. One said, “If you happen to be beaten [to the destination], you will be the one to fetch water.”
agpas v 1To hurry. Og-agpas a oghondiò to Valencia su ogkausiloman a. I'll hurry to go to Valencia because I will be benighted. Agpas ka no ogsakoru su maga-an og-uran. Hurry and fetch water because it will soon rain. 2To make something happen faster or sooner; rush. Ig-agpas nu ighatod. Igpamaga-an ta igpahatod. Rush it to its destination (lit. you rush to take it). We will cause it to be taken quickly [to its destination]. Ko du-on igpatoì ta, ighun-a ta ibogoy ka igbayad su igpa-agpas ta to patoì. If we have something to be sewn, we give the payment ahead of time because we will rush its sewing (lit cause the sewing to be hurried). see: dagusu 1.
asolom adv Tomorrow; the next day. Ka ogparatongan no allow, ian ka asolom. The day which will arrive, that is tomorrow. Oghun-a a ogpurut to kuddò nu no asolom ka pad on oghondiò to baloy ku no og-insò ko du-on igbayad ku. First, I will take your horse and then the next day you will go to my house and ask if I have anything to use as payment.
bangan 1n Flint stone used for starting fire. Malalab ka batu no bangan. Oghimuon noy no tingkikan. The flint is a red rock. We make it into a device for starting a fire. 2v To intercept, as a guard intercepts an enemy or as one missel would intercept another, preventing it from reaching its target. Ka otow no ogbangan, ogbantoy to dalan no ogkabaya-an to igbuyag dan. The person who intercepts [an enemy] watches the path where their leader will pass. see: gopas 1. 3v To be intercepted, as by the raiders if they got to the trail first, or as one airplane might be intercepted by another. Ko ogbanganan, og-atangan ka ogbaya-an to mangayow. If [one] is intercepted, you are blocked when you pass by way of the raiders. 4n A body guard Ko du-on igbuyag noy no oghipanow, du-on ka hon-om no talagpamangan. Du-on ka oghun-a woy du-on ka ogmourian. Ogpataliwarò ka igbuyag dan. Ko du-on ka oggopas to sikan no igbuyag, ian ogpangabang ka talagpamangan. If we have a leader who is traveling (lit. walking), there are six bodyguards. There are those who precede and those who are last. They have their leader in the middle. If there are those who ambush that leader, it is the bodyguards who defend/rescue him.
bokas v 1To initiate a conversation, or a discussion such as that of a marriage arrangement. Ka oghun-a ogkagi, sikan ka ogbokas to alukuyan. The person who is first to speak, that is the one who initiates the discussion. 2To release, as trigger of a trap. Ko ogkabokas on ka bagwanan to balatik, du-on on ogsagad no babuy. When the trigger of the pig trap is released, a pig which has been caught. see: basikal. 3To block as an inlet from a river so as to drain area and catch fish in traps. Ka otow no ogngangalap to siak to woig, ogbokason din ka og-atangan din ka siak oyow og-otì on. A person who is fishing on a tributary of the river blocks the tributary so that it will dry up. [The common thread of meaning may be that the blocking of the river initiates the trapping of the fish, someone walking into an ambush, initiates/sets in motion the act of spearing an enemy, and the person who speaks first, initiates the conversation. A person who is angry, lets loose with angry words and/or a physical attack. (In the latter case, ogtokow his words take others by surprise.] see: atang 1. 4To vent, as anger in such a way that people are taken by surprise. Ka otow no nabolù, nigbokas ka nigkagi; nigparagas nigkagi. Nigma-agbot to nigkagi su ogkatokow ki. The angry person, vented [his] anger; he went right ahead and spoke. He spoke loudly because we are taken by surprise. see: tokow 1. 5To be the recipients of an angry outburst. Moirap ko ogbokasan ki to kagi. It is difficult if we are the recipients of [someone's] angry outburst. 6To strike. Ka otow no oggopas, ogbokas to usig ka ogpilak. The person who is lying in ambush, strikes [his] enemy when he spears [him].
bunggù 1v To break neck. Nigbunggù to boi ka ulu to alu-an no namatoy on. The woman pressed the head of the mudfish to break its neck and so it died. 2Du-on otow no nigparigus no nigtinugpù no nighun-a ka ulu rin no nabunggù ka li-og din su nakasungkul There was a person who went bathing and dove (lit. jumped in head first) and broke his neck because he hit his head [against something].
dogkit 1v Side by side, close together; adjacent, as two fields. Du-on darua no otow no nokogdogkit ka kamot dan. There are two people who have made their fields to be adjacent. [When people make fields side by side, they often leave a space between them both for an area of shade, but also to keep the fire of one field from burning into the other if one person burns first. However, DB says sometimes two people will clear a wide field together and then divide it at the time of sowing seed. Those fields are also considered nokogdogkit “adjacent”. Also, there are those with adjacent fields who will clear the fields up to the edge of the other field. In that case they will burn both fields at once and divide them later.] see: longod 1; see fr.: dagkit. 2v To be reached set on fire as a field which is caught on fire by the embers of another field which is being burned. Ko hontow ka oghun-a no ogsilab, konò ogdogkitan ka dangob no kamot to hapuy. Whoever is first to burn [their field], [the fire] will not reach and set the other field on fire . [This is a dialectual variant used in Kapugi. Maambago, has dakitan for this meaning.] see: ; see: . (dial. var. dakit) 3v To lay something side by side near each other. 4To be side by side.
dugsunan v For breasts to become engorged with milk such as when a nursing mother is away at her fields and was unable to nurse her baby and her breasts may drip with excess amilk. Nighun-a on nig-uli si ino su nigdugsunan on. Mother returned home first because her breasts were already engorged with milk.
dulung 1n Bow, or forepart, of a boat. Ka lawa to barku, ka dulung, sikan ka oghun-a. [As for] the body of a ship, the bow, that is what goes first. 2v To deliver something all the way to its destination. Ko [niglogsad on ka ariplano no] nigbulig ka mgo otow to ogpandulung to oghinatod ka mgo kalaglagan now diò to baloy, du-on dò ogkataman to baloy ka ighatod ka kalaglagan. Igparagas on no iglapow diò to ampow. [When the plane landed and the people helped deliver your things to the house, they [took them all the way to the house. They] took them directly upstairs. [This is considered an act of service for which there is no charge.]
gapon v 1To chase. Ko du-on darua no ogpalawod no ka sagboka oghun-a, oggapunon on ka nokohun-a no ogko-umaan din on. If there are two [people] who are going downriver [by raft] and one goes ahead [of the other], [the one left behind] will chase the one which got ahead and will catch up with him. 2Pursue, as someone fleeing. Ko du-on ka ogpalaguy, oggapunan ta oyow ogko-umaan ta. If someone is fleeing, we pursue them so that we will catch up with them. [There may be two or three who will join together to pursue the one(s) fleeing.] 2.1An order for someone to chase or pursue someone.
igmaganangon v Something used as guarantee Ko du-on og-indanan ku no kuddò, ogbogoy a to babuy no igpohun-a ku. Sikan ka igmaganangon ku to og-indanan kud on. If there is a horse which I will reserve, I will give a pig as a downpayment (lit. that which I cause to [give] ahead of time). That is my guarantee that I have reserved it. [such as a pre-payment for a service or a downpayment for an animal being purchased.] see fr.: malogot 3; see: indan 1.
ikul v 1To follow as a trail or path. Ka mgo buus woy ka mgo diip no ogbayò to kalasara, og-ikul to dalan dan The buses and jeeps which pass along the highway, follow their path. Kagi to amoy ku, “Pa-andalan nu ka koykow su oghun-a a woy ikul ka koddì ko hondo-i a ogbayò.” My father said, “Start your [motor] because I will go first and you will follow my [motorboat] wherever I go (lit. pass).” Ka lituk to ikul, og-unug ad. The meaning of ikul, I'll follow [what he does]. [It is implicit that they will stay within that path] see: unug 1. 2To retrace one's steps Ka nig-ulì kid diò to Patil, natagak ka bag diò to dalan, no niglibong kid ka namanghò no nig-ikul ta ka nigbaya-an ta oyow ogkito-on ta. When we returned to Patil, the bag dropped down onto the path so we returned looking for it and we retraced our steps so that we would see it. 3To follow a scent, as that of an animal or a person. Ka asu no ogpammu-ud to babuy, ogsungsungan din ka komos to babuy no og-ikulon din. A dog who is hunting a pig smells the footprints of the pig and then follows [the scent]. [DB sees a difference between the vehicles following a circumscribed path and a dog following a scent because in the latter case the animal is searching for something which is not true of a vehicle following path.]
indan phr.: Indanan nu man... 1v To remember Og-indanan to mgo batò ko hondo-i ogtugpa ka batu no intugdò dan. The children remember where the stone went down that they threw. see fr.: maningkalagan 2; osyn: pulù 5; see fr.: maningkalagan 1; see fr.: abin 1.1; see fr.: igmaganangon. 2v To reserve. Ko du-on og-indanan ku no kuddò, ogbogoy a to babuy no igpohun-a ku. Sikan ka igmaganangon ku to og-indanan kud on. If there is a horse which I will reserve, I will give a pig as a downpayment (lit. that which I [give] ahead of time). That is my guarantee that I have reserved it. see fr.: hikot 3; see fr.: bakos. 3v establish Ka inggasap no bulu no malintok, sikan ka igsokod to baloybaloy oyow ogko-indanan ko hondo-i ka mgo sinabong woy ka balokun woy ka pusina. The small [pieces of] bamboo which were cut, those were used to measure the diagram of the house to establish where the rooms, the porch and the kitchen will be. 4v set, as a date Ko ogkabatukan ta ka pitsa no du-on liwak, og-indanan ta ka sikan no allow no oglibulung. When we have discovered the date which is open (lit. has room), we set that day for gathering together. [Although the example of reserving a horse and setting a date seem similar, DB sees them as different because one chooses a date because of something important. Also, to reserve a horse is like “putting dibs on” that horse - there is a payment and if the terms of agreement are not met, you won't get the horse. There is no payment involved in setting a date (or “reserving” a day)] 5v That which is used to guarantee. Woy nu ogkapurut ko du-on on ka ig-indan no oghimu to sabut ko kon-u ogkagampusi -- ka ogkatibò on ka igbayad. You won't be able to take it until there is something to use as a guarantee which makes the agreement about when you will pay the remainder -- when [you] pay in full. see: maganangon 1. 6v To promise 7v signify Du-on uran no ogngaranan noy no saginwalu. Sikan ka indanan noy no wawalu no allow ka ungod og-uran. There is [a kind of rain] which we call saginwalu. That signifies to us that it will constantly rain for eight days. 8v To reserve or engage. 9n A sign, something used to signify something Ko du-on sagboka no batò no ungod ogsinogow, sikan ka pog-indan to du-on ogpoko-uma no mangayow. If there is a child who is always crying, that is a sign that raiders will arrive.
insò 1n question Woy ta rò ogkagi to igtabak ko du-on insò. We should not give an answer until there is a question. ant: tabak 1.1. 2v To ask, inquire about something. Oghun-a a ogpurut to kuddò nu no asolom ka pad on oghondiò to baloy ku no og-insò ko du-on igbayad ku. I will take your horse ahead of time and then the next day you will go to my house and inquire whether I have something to use for payment. Nig-utang ku pad ka kuddò nu no ka sukut, og-inso-on nu ka bayad to kuddò nu. I credited your horse first and then [as for] collecting, you will ask about the payment for your horse. ant: tabak 2. 3n Something used to open the door to an inquiry. Magi-insò ka igbogoy ku no babuy kaniu, ig-antog ku to doromdom nu ko kalingawan nu ka kanak? The pig which I am giving to you is being used to open the door to inquiry to jog your memory (lit. thinking) if you are unintentionally forgetting that which is mine [that is, an unpaid debt for help with a bride price]? [such as a pig that is given to someone to open the door to ask about an outstanding debt for help with a brideprice.] 4n question 5To investigate, interrogate. 6v Inquire around, investigate.
lanog v To flood over beaches. Ko oglanog ka woig, songo kausiloman ka og-uran no ogpangubus to pantad. When the river floods, it rains for one night and then the entire riverbed is underwater. Oghun-a ogduhù ka woig woy oglanog. The water rises first before [the river] floods." see fr.: lapoy 1; see: samba; see fr.: samba; see: lapoy 1.
maganangon 1v To signify or to use something as a guarantee. Ka abin, du-on igbogoy ta no igpohun-a no igmaganangon to og-indanan. DB Dic Nt 07/08/05 As for making a claim [on something], there is something which we give which signify that it is being reserved. [In contracting work or asking to purchase something for which one does not have payment, a person will give an item or payment to signify that one is seriously intending to hire someone or to make a purchase.] see fr.: indan 5; see fr.: maningkalagan 1; see fr.: maningkalagan 2. 2v [Ka babuy] ka igmaganangon ku to og-indanan kud on ka kuddò. [The pig] is my uarantee that I have reserved the horse. 3
minuna n A forefather, especially beyond the near past; Ancestor. Si Apù Amasig, woy ka mgo apù ni Amasig, sikandan ka minuna su kandan ka nokohun-a no mgo otow kai to tanò. Grandfather Amasig and the grandfathers of Amasig, they are the ancestors because they are the ones who preceeded the people here on the earth. [Minuna may apply to people who lived in the recent past, but especially of those who lived in ancient times beyond the memories of those still living. Ka-ap-apu-an can refer to “forefathers” or “descendants” -- either past or future perhaps because apù is used of either the grandparent or grandchild.] spec: Boybayan; see: ka-ap-apu-an; spec: Banlak.
nangon 1n A message, especially by word of mouth. Du-on nigbogoy koddì to sulat. Kagi to sika otow no nigtilala ku, “Igpa-alap ku bag no nangon to og-uroik a diò to Maambago.” Someone gave me a letter. That person whom I knew said, “I'm sending a message please that I will travel upriver to Maambago.” Ko nigbogoy to sulat, nigpatimul to nangon no igpasiguru no ogpasabuk bag to agoloy. When he gave the letter [to me], he instructed (lit. caused) [me] to add to it by word of mouth to insure that [the person] would set aside some corn [for him]. see fr.: gugud 2; see fr.: lalag 2. 2v To tell, say, speak Di du-on og-abalang no konò ogpoko-uwang ko ognangon. But there are those who keep coming back with their request who cannot express what they [want to] say. Og-agbotan nu to ognangon oyow lagboy ogpakarinog ka duma. [Speak] louder when you speak so that the others can hear. see fr.: gugud 1. 3Si Lita, nignangon ki Mery to diò oghibat to kandin. Lita told Mery that she would sleep at her [place]. 4Agad nokoy ka ignangon ku, konò ogpa-agad-agad no og-ugpò diò to dangob no anak din. No matter what I say, [my mother] won't agree to stay with her other offspring. 4.1Warò ikanangon dan to duma no kinagian. They weren't able to tell me another word [for the word aguanta “endure”.] 5Tell. [This word can be used in direct or indirect speech, with or without an object. The English word “tell” requires an object and is also used in indirect speech.] 6Ognangonan kow rò ko ogkapalusan on. You will be told when [the grains] have filled out. 7v Repeatedly ?? tell Si Apù Amasig ka nignangonnangon kanak to ogngilam ki su du-on ogpoko-uma no mangayow. Grandfather Amasig was the one who was repeatedly telling me that we will be alert because raiders would come. 8To plan. 9n guarantee (lit. something used to tell) Ko du-on og-indanan ku no kuddò, ogbogoy a to babuy no igpohun-a ku. Sikan ka igmaganangon ku to og-indanan kud on. If there is a horse which I will reserve, I will give a pig as a downpayment (lit. that which I [give] ahead of time). That is my guarantee that I have reserved it.
pad part 1Just, for a while, next, first Songo buan pad niglosut? Were they born just a month ago? Ka mgo otow no ogmangali to mundu, og-ug-ug to mundu dio to woig su oglu-an dan pad As for the people who dig comotes, they dumpt the comotes into the water because they will wash them first. [Such as in this recent span of time.] 2With negative: [Not] yet Wà pad matapid. They are not arranged yet. Kò pad. Don’t do it yet. 3First Manhirogò kow pad. You sleep first. Nig-utang ku pad ka kuddò nu no ka sukut, og-inso-on nu ka bayad to kuddò nu. I credited your horse first and then [as for] collecting, you will ask about the payment for your horse. [To do first or to do next before doing something else.] 4For a while Oghalin a pad to songo ugpa-an. I'm going to move to some other place for a while. Ko ogka-agkapan, ogkohonat kow kunto-on diò to Maambago su ngilaman pad to mangayow. If [you] feel unsafe, leave together now for Maambao because it is a time to be alert for raiders for a while. 5just, as respecting time Kunto-on pad. Just now. Oghun-a a ogpurut to kuddò nu no asolom ka pad on oghondiò to baloy ku no og-insò ko du-on igbayad ku. I will take your horse ahead of time and then the next day you will just go to my house and inquire whether I have something to use for payment.
pamulingan v 1To change one thing into something else; to transform. Nighun-a ni Boyboy so-ini pamulingan to kò ki ogko-ibog to kanta no ko-onon. Boyboy started this magic because we didn’t like what we had to eat. Ka otow no ogpokoimu to pamulingan, du-on kabogbogan din to ogpokoimu to mgo kabongbolonganan. As for a person who is able to do a miracle, he has power to do something amazing. Ka otow no nabutud no nigtambalan ni Hisus no nakakita on sikandin, no-iling to kabolbolonganan su nigpamulingan ni Hisus. The person who was blind whom Jesus treated and then he was able to see, it was like an amazing thing because Jesus did some miraculous. [AngL says the first example represents a “bad” sense of magic. The second is a good sense of a miracle, but this may not be different sense in most people's minds.] 2Kapamulinganon so-i allow The sun changed [from gold by Boyboy].