agok vs 1Inadequately cooked. Ka mundù no nigsugba, ko kulang ka tomog, ogka-agok; ogmakogal su ogkamo-ilow pad. When sweet potatoes are cooked, ig there is inadequate fuel, it will be hard; it will be hard because it is still raw. see: mo-ilow; see fr.: kosol 3. 2(Fig.) Lazy. Ka otow diò to kanami no poguon, ogngaranan noy no na-agok no otow su warò nato-uan no talabao. Du-on ogkato-uan din di konò oggamiton. A person in our place who is lazy, we call a lazy (lit. inadequately cooked person because there isn’t any work he knows how to do. He has ability but doesn’t use it.
Search results for "ial"
bandoy v To clear field old rice plants, especially rice, to clear field for planting camotes. Ka otow no nigtobas on ka nigga-ani, ogbabandoy on to lawa to homoy ka oghilamonon on The person who has finished harvesting, he removes the old plants as he weeds. [plants are left in the field to rot and provide nourishment to soil.] see fr.: kamot 2.1.
bokal v 1Expand as a flower; widen as an opening, enlarge, spread, burst forth as sunshine. Ka homoy, tahan on ogbokal diò to diralom. As for the rice [plant], it naturally spreads out at the base. Ogbokkal ka allow. The sun is bright (bursts forth). see fr.: bukakang. 2Sit with legs spread out. [It is considered to be not appropriate, or modest, for a woman to sit in this manner.]
dagmoy 1n A woven material. made of strands of abaka fiber (lanut) dyed in different colors and woven into a colorful pattern; a skirt made of the abaka fiber material. [This was a long, tubular skirt (logkak) made by Manobo people years ago. It is now rare or non-existent. It may still exist in upriver villages where abaka is still grown and sold. It has been replaced by the cloth malong which is like a long, tubular skirt which is sold by the Moslem people. The latter is generally put on and used for sleeping.] 2v For many to put on abaca fiber skirts.
kiwì v Unsymmetrical, crooked, uneven especially of person’s mouth that is crooked in which one side is pulled up. [This condition may be a result of illness or a form of palsy but in the mountains it is believed to have been caused by evil spirits.]
sabal v To lay a body “in state” such as to leave the body of the deceased in the house instead of burying it [This practice has largely given way to burial, but is still done in the case of a well-beloved child. DB said the same term would apply to laying a body in a cave a house or other location, as a mausoleum if it is not buried and covered with dirt. The Ata Manobo custom was to place the body on a piece of wood to ig-angkoy “prop” it up. The government has discouraged this practice as being unsanitory but it is still often practiced in mountain locations, especially if they don't have anything with which to dig a grave.]
sial 1n sharpened slivers of bamboo Aboy ki sogbayò dokad di sial. We assumed this was [a good place] to pass however there were sharpened pieces of bamboo. [Sharpened small pieces of bamboo stuck in the ground as protection against raiders; make a deep puncture wound when stepped on. (TL says they may be 4 or 5 inches long.)] 2Punctured (foot) by sial 3n Name of a man’s dance to kuglung accompaniment.
agasan n 1The hip, especially of the fleshy part but not the joint. Tibò ayam du-on agasan di ka manuk, warò su kai to kiliran ka pa-a ran. All domesticated animals have hips but chickens don't because their legs are attached to (lit. are here on) their sides. 2The boney structure of the hip which includes the pelvic bones. Restrictions: Noemi ck]
agum 1n The pattern formed during the intial stage of weaving a basket. Ka pogbatokbatok, sikan ka agum. The forming of the pattern [of a basket], that is the agum. 1.1v The initial stage of beginning to weave a basket which includes the formation of the pattern of the basket. Ogbunsud to oghimu to liang. Agad nokoy kalasia no liang, sikan ka og-agumon. One begins to make a basket. Whatever kind of woven basket, that is the initial stage of weaving a basket. [One takes certain strands with each hand and begins to weave them together. This term apparently applies to any type of basket but it is at this stage that the pattern is set.] 2v To teach someone how to weave a basket. Og-a-agum si Buntit to liang no ogpabantayon din ka og-anaron din. Buntit is teaching someone how to weave a basket and she is watching the one she is teaching,
aku v 1To commit oneself to revenge, or to get back at someone. Ko du-on ogpa-agad-agad to og-aku to ogpohimatayan to songo otow, sikan ka og-aku no og-sulì to usig. If there is someone who agrees to commit himself to kill someone else, that is the one who will be brave enough to take revenge against an enemy. [This can be used in either a good sense or a bad sense as the examples that follow show. The first example actually uses two senses of aku in the same sentence.] see: tu-ud 1. 1.1To be committed to something, especially to have committed oneself to revenge. Ko du-on ogsugù, no og-aku ka dangob to ogpohimatayon no ogtuman sikandin, sikan ka og-akuon din to og-atu to usig. If there is someone who gives a command and someone else commits to kill [someone] and carries it out, that is the enemy against whom he has committed himself to take revenge. 2To be brave enough to do something; not to be afraid to do something. Ko du-on problima ku, konò a ogkasipod to og-aku no ognangon to ogpabulig a. If I have a problem, I am not afraid to ask for help. [In combination with a negative and the word for shame, it can mean not to be afraid to do something.] see: langob.
alig 1n Attraction, especially toward someone of the opposite sex. Ko ogko-iniat ki to boi to sikan ki pad nigkita, sikan ka alig pad to mata su ko konò tad ogkito-on ka sikan no boi, ogkalingawan ta sikandin. If we desire a girl when this is the first time we have seen her, that is the attraction of the eye(s) because if we don't see that girl [any more], we will just forget about her. Ka sikan no alig, konò no maro-ot su ko ogkita ki to boi no du-on goinawa ta kandin di mangkuan ogkasipod ki no ognangon to du-on goinawa ta kandin. Konò no ian ta ig-alig su oghimu ki to maro-ot. That [kind] of attraction isn't bad because when we see a girl and we like her (lit. have breath toward her), yet later on we will be shy to say that we like her. Our attraction isn't a means of attraction to for doing (lit.because we will do) something wrong. [The unreduplicated form of the word alig is described as not a bad emotion because a person is just interested in that person, but the initial interest may pass. That interest can grow into an appropriate relationship leading toward marriage. However, a person who is described as aligon is someone whose interest goes beyond the appropriate. Those people may desire someone who is married and may not be limited to one relationship.] 2v To be drawn to someone, as to God. Ko nig-alig ki to Magbobo-ot, indakoli ki to goinawa to Magbobo-ot. Kandin dò ka nig-alig. When we were drawn to God, our love (lit. breath) for God was increased. He alone was the one who drew us [to Himself]. 3v Affection for someone. Natapid ka pog-alig din no du-on on dakol no goinawa rin. Ka sikan no alig, sagboka rò no boi ka indakoli rin. Sikan ka ligkatan to og-asawo-on din. His affection for someone has become focused (lit. arranged). As for that affection, there is just one girl whom he loves. That is the source of his getting married [to her]. 4vs To be attracted by something such as a pretty design. Ogka-aligan ta ka maroyow no batok. We are attracted by the pretty design. 5v To make a commitment to one another as two who decide to get married. Nig-a-alig sikandan su nokog-un-unawa goinawa ran. Nokogsabut ka sikan. Nokog-iniatoy. Nokogso-ob ka alig dan no darua. They have made a commitment [to each other] because their feelings (lit. breath) werere the same. They have come to an agreement with each other. They desire each other. The attraction of the two [of them] is mutual. 6deriv n A lustful person. Ka otow no ogko-iniat to moon-ing no boi, sikan ka aligon. The person who desires many women, that is a lustful person. 7v To lust after others of opposite sex, not one's spouse. Ko du-on asawa woy ko dalaga, tibò din og-aligon. Whether it is a person who has a spouse or an unmarried lady, he lusts after all [of them].
alimotow 1v To miss someone, especially after a person has died. 2v To be homesick. Ko mananoy ogpakakita to duma ta, ogka-alimotow ki to ugpa-an ta. If we are unable to see our companions for a long time, we become homesick for our home place. 3vs To have had loneliness triggered. Du-on kai no ogko-ilingan to hari ni Elena no nigkita ku ka nigbayò diò to kalasara. Na-alimotow a su ogko-iling to hari ni Elena ka hinipanawan din woy ka langlanguan din. There was someone here who resembled the younger sister of Elena and I saw her pass by the road. It triggered loneliness in me because her walk and her face resembled Elena's younger sister. [If one sees someone who greatly resembles someone one knows, he is caused to think about that person. This can cause a mistake in identity and then surprise. If a song or an item of clothing causes us to think of a friend or relative who is deceased, the association can trigger the strong emotional pain of loss.] 4v To trigger grief. Tongod ko du-on amigu ta no maroyow to pogdumaruma ta di ko du-on kanta rin to Magbobo-ot di warad sikandin kai to tanò, ogka-alimotow ka ko ogpakarinog ka to sikan no kanta ko manokal pad kandin. Regarding if we have a friend with whom we had a good relationship (lit. our accompanying was good) but then if someone sings his song about God but he is no longer here on the earth, loneliness/grief will be triggered in you when you hear that song [which he sang] when he was still alive. Ogka-alimotow ki no lagboy no ogmasakit so goinawa ta. Memories of someone will be brought back and we will feel very sad (lit. our breath will hurt very much). [If one sees someone who greatly resembles someone one knows, he is caused to think about that person. This can cause a mistake in identity and then surprise. If a song or an item of clothing causes us to think of a friend or relative who is deceased, the association can trigger the strong emotional pain of loss.] 5v That which triggers grief. Ian ingkalimotow to inoy to batò no namatoy ko nigkita rin ka “ID” to anak din. That which triggered grief in the mother of the child who had died was when she saw the ID of her child.
alipolong v To be dizzy, especially to experience vertigo. Alipoongan. He/she is dizzy. Ko og-alipolongan ki, ogkaligot ka baloy ko ogpitow ki. If we have vertigo dizziness, the house goes around when we look. [If severe, this kind of dizziness can cause nausea or cause a person to grab something to keep from falling over. This kind of dizziness is described as the kind that causes ones environment to spin which is vertigo. The word katabolog means dizzy but differs in that it is the person's himself, rather than the environment which seems to be going around.] osyn: tabolog 1; see fr.: tabolog 2.
alunggun 1n A married couple, man and wife. Ka sikan no alunggun, sikan ka iam no nig-asawa di warò pad anak. As for that married couple, that is the one which has newly been married but does not yet have an offspring. see: lunggun 1. 1.1deriv n Just a married couple, no children. Ko du-on pad og-insò ko hontow ka duma nu, ogkagi sikandan to, “Al-alunggun koy rò. Warò pad anak noy”. If there would be someone who would ask who your companion is, they would say, “We are just a married couple. We don't have any children (lit. offspring) yet.” [This form may be used when asking or responding to a question. The form applies whether the couple is newly married or has been married for a long time but does not have children.] 2deriv n Family. 2.1deriv n Families, especially speaking of them as a group. Du-on og-insò ko pila no mal-alunggun ka nig-ugpò to sikan no baranggay. Ka tabak, “Moon-ing ka mal-alunggun ka nig-ugpò kai.” There is someone who asks how many families live in that baranggay. The reply is, “There are many families who live here.” [This form is used when asking a question as the preceding example.]
amin v 1To show respect by lifting an elder\\\'s hand to one\\\'s forhead 2The “amen” at the end of a prayer [The Cebuano use this term to show respect, especially by children to adults where the hand is touched to the forehead. However, the word from Greek meant to agree with, or in Manobo, ogho-oan to inampù.] 3Finished, done, especially of a prayer that is finished.
amung 1deriv n Son-in-law. Ka asawa to anak ku no boi, maka-amung ku. The wife of my daughter (lit. female offspring) is the one who has become my son-in-law. 1.1v For a man to be included, like a son-in-law in someone's family through marriage to a relative. Si Binitu, songo maka-amung ku rod su anakon ku si Angelina. Si Lano woy si Junjun, sikan dod. As for Binitu, he has also become my son-in-law [by marriage] because Angelina is my neice. [My relationship with] Lano and Junjun is the same. 2v To be included, involved in some situation; having the responsibility of another person’s actions, especially a child. see: labot 1. 3v To involve oneself in someone else's affairs, butting in Maniò to og-am-amungan a nu? Why are you butting into my affairs? [In the following example, the involvement is direct and the persons involved hear the words spoken.] see fr.: labot 2. 4v To make an issue about the affairs of someone else. Maniò to og-am-amungon now ka ogsimba no warò kow man monua nikandan? Why are you making an issue about the affairs of those who attend church when they haven't done anything to you? [The following example is made out of the hearing of those being criticized.] see: do-isok 1; see: samilì.
anak phr.: anak to dalan; phr.: anak to pamubungon₂. 1n A male or female offspring of an animal or human; son or daughter. 2v To give birth. Ko ogkapanoy ogkatapid ka batò diò to diralom to gotok, oglomulan ka inoy ko og-anak. If the baby (lit. child) in the abdomen has been properly positioned ahead of time, the mother will have it easier when she gives birth. Gabi-i pad nig-anak on ka kuddò ku. Just yesterday my horse gave birth. cf: agud. 2.1v To give birth in some place. - Ogdurugmun ka babuy to og-anakan din. A pig makes a bed for [a place where] she will give birth. 2.2v To give birth to multiple offspring. Ka karpa no ngalap, woy ogpanganak ko ogsilò ka bulan. Carp fish don’t give birth to multiple offspring until the moon comes out. 2.2.1v To give birth multiple times; give birth frequently. Ko du-on og-anak no warò pad nigtu-ig ka anak din no ogpanganak man dò sikandin, oghingaranan no mahariharion no manggianak su malasi og-anak. If someone gives birth when her child is not yet a year old so she is giving birth again, she is called a mother who produces siblings [one after another] because she frequently gives birth. 2.2.2v To reach birthing time. Ko du-on og-insò ko kon-u nanganak ka amboy nu, kagi to songo otow, “Ka ligad dò no allow ka pogpanganak.” If someone asks when your daughter-in-law delivered [her baby], another person will answer, “The previous day was her birthing time”. 2.2.3v Those which are birthed. Ka po-it, ka alu-an, woy ka pantat, ogparagas ogko-otow ka igpanganak dan. The po-it, mudfish and the catfish, are birthed alive (lit. directly live, when it is the time for them to be born [lit. the ones being birthed]. 3deriv n Uterus Ka a-anakan, sikan ka ugpa-an to batò diò gotok to inoy. The uterus, that is the dwelling place of the child in the abdomen of the mother. 4deriv n An adopted child. Ogko-iling ki Ugalinga no nig-uyamu to mgo batò, ogkoimu no anak-anak ran. It’s like Ugalinga who is caring from the childen, they have become heir adopted children. see: uyamuan. 4.1deriv n A stepchild. [A stepchild, that is the child of one's spouse is an anak-anak but not considered to be an uyamuan which is used of an adopted or foster child] 5deriv n Nephew or neice, also a cousin’s child. Si Binitu, songo maka-amung ku rod su anakon ku si Angelina. As for Binitu, he has also become my son-in-law because Angelina is my neice. 6deriv n Anything that has a young offspring; a mother, but especially a nursing mother. Ka mgo ngalap to woig no poit maroyow ka sabow rin to duon iam no manggi-anak su oggatasan. As for the po-it fish [lit. creatures of the water which are po-it], its soup is good for the nursing mother because [her breasts] will produce milk . [Also applies to female animals with young.] 6.1vs To become a nursing mother. Ka ogkamanggi-anak on no boi, sikan ka iam nig-anak no du-on on ogtago-uro-on no batò. Sikan ka ungod din oggibo-on, ogpasusuon, ogsakopuon woy og-uahon. A woman who has become a nursing mother, that is the one who has has newly given birth and now has a a child to care for. [Also applies to female animals who newly give birth] 7deriv n Parent and child doing something together; from parent’s standpoint. 8deriv n A child accompanied by his/her parent or parent accompanying his/her child. Ka tag-anak, ka amoy nigduruma to anak din. A child accompanied by its father, [that is when] the father has accompanied his son/daughter (lit. offspring). Ka amoy no nighondiò to lunsud, tag-anak ka nigduruma to du-on ogbolion dan diò to lunsud. The father who went to town, they are the child with his parent who accompanied each other to buy [something] in town. 8.1n A mother and her child. 9deriv v To hunt for frogs by searching for the frog eggs. Ogpaki-anak ki. We search for the offspring [of frogs]. Ogpakianak ki, ko ogkita ki to atolug to bakbak, du-on ta rò ogpamitawon ka inoy su du-on dò ian to marani ka og-olon. When we hunt for frogs, when we see the eggs of the frog, we will just find the mother [frog] because she will be there closely watching over [her eggs]. 10n Descendent of recent past [That is, descendants who were known andcan be recounted by one’s relatives in contrast to kapunganan which would refer to decendants a long time removed.] see: kapunganan 1.
antuk 1v To use another name for an in-law, avoiding the use of the person\\\\\\\'s actual name, the use of which is believed to cause a curse. [ogbusungon]. 2n Something with a hidden meaning; a riddle. Nahan ku ko ian tu-ud to antuk din ko og-ugpò a to malayat pad no allow. Dokad di lo-in ka tu-ud din. Ogbogayan a poron to boi. I supposed that the meaning of his riddle [was] that I would stay for several days (lit. a long day). However his purpose was different. He wanted to give me a girl. 3v To make up riddles, especially at a vigil for the dead. [It is believed to be pamalii "bad luck" to tell riddles at any other time.] 4deriv n A riddle, especially that told at a wake. [To make up riddles at any other time than a death is believed to be bad luck. The purpose seems to be to distract the grieving from the reality of the grief over the loss of a loved one. Someone gives a characteristic of a balubatò "bachelor" or a dalaga "maiden" and others make guesses as to the meaning. An example might be a "maiden covered with eyes" which turns out to be a pinapple. ]
asawa 1n Spouse, husband or wife. 2v To marry, especially for a man to marry a woman. Og-asawa. [He] will get married [to a woman]. Konò ku igbogoy ka so-ini no mgo ayam ku su maga-an ad ogkita to og-asawo-on ku. I won't give these domestic animals [to you] because I will soon find the [one] whom I will marry. [If the man takes the initiative to marry, he will og-asawa. The woman will be ogka-asawa. If the woman is the subject in the intentive mode, it implies that the woman has taken the initiative which has a bad connotation in the culture.] see fr.: kasal 1. 2.1v For a girl to be married. Ko-iling ki Arlyn ko na-asawa dii to Bukidnon, agpot on sikandin. It’s like Arlyn when she was married here in Bukidnon. She became a [resident] alien. 2.2v For two to get married. Ko du-on ogko-iniatan no ogpangasawa, og-abalangon. Og-alukuyon ungod ka amoy taman to ogho-o on. If [a man] wants to get married, [he] will pursue it. He will keep on discussing it with the father [of the girl] until he says yes. Pangasawa. To make marriage arrangements. Igpangasawa. The one for whom marriage arrangements are made. 3deriv n Discussion of marriage arrangements. Inasawo-oy. Discussion of marriage arrangements.