iam 1adj New. Nanhalin on diò to Maambago su nighimu to iam no landingan. They moved to Maambago because [they] had made a new airstrip. Pogka-awò ka tahan no doun, ogliwan to iam no ogpangabukad on to bulak. When the old leaves have come off, they are replaced by new [leaves] and the [the] tree buds with flowers. 2adv Newly (Recently) Ka sikan no maistra, iam pad mamatoy. As for that lady teacher, she had just newly died. Ko iam on ogsilò ka allow, ka baloy, ogkasugat to layag to allow no ogmalayat ka along. When the sun has newly arisen, [as for] a house, it will be struck by the rays of the sun and the shadow will become long. 3v Make something like new; renew Na-iaman to manta. He made the cloth like new.
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alunggun 1n A married couple, man and wife. Ka sikan no alunggun, sikan ka iam no nig-asawa di warò pad anak. As for that married couple, that is the one which has newly been married but does not yet have an offspring. see: lunggun 1. 1.1deriv n Just a married couple, no children. Ko du-on pad og-insò ko hontow ka duma nu, ogkagi sikandan to, “Al-alunggun koy rò. Warò pad anak noy”. If there would be someone who would ask who your companion is, they would say, “We are just a married couple. We don't have any children (lit. offspring) yet.” [This form may be used when asking or responding to a question. The form applies whether the couple is newly married or has been married for a long time but does not have children.] 2deriv n Family. 2.1deriv n Families, especially speaking of them as a group. Du-on og-insò ko pila no mal-alunggun ka nig-ugpò to sikan no baranggay. Ka tabak, “Moon-ing ka mal-alunggun ka nig-ugpò kai.” There is someone who asks how many families live in that baranggay. The reply is, “There are many families who live here.” [This form is used when asking a question as the preceding example.]
anak phr.: anak to dalan; phr.: anak to pamubungon₂. 1n A male or female offspring of an animal or human; son or daughter. 2v To give birth. Ko ogkapanoy ogkatapid ka batò diò to diralom to gotok, oglomulan ka inoy ko og-anak. If the baby (lit. child) in the abdomen has been properly positioned ahead of time, the mother will have it easier when she gives birth. Gabi-i pad nig-anak on ka kuddò ku. Just yesterday my horse gave birth. cf: agud. 2.1v To give birth in some place. - Ogdurugmun ka babuy to og-anakan din. A pig makes a bed for [a place where] she will give birth. 2.2v To give birth to multiple offspring. Ka karpa no ngalap, woy ogpanganak ko ogsilò ka bulan. Carp fish don’t give birth to multiple offspring until the moon comes out. 2.2.1v To give birth multiple times; give birth frequently. Ko du-on og-anak no warò pad nigtu-ig ka anak din no ogpanganak man dò sikandin, oghingaranan no mahariharion no manggianak su malasi og-anak. If someone gives birth when her child is not yet a year old so she is giving birth again, she is called a mother who produces siblings [one after another] because she frequently gives birth. 2.2.2v To reach birthing time. Ko du-on og-insò ko kon-u nanganak ka amboy nu, kagi to songo otow, “Ka ligad dò no allow ka pogpanganak.” If someone asks when your daughter-in-law delivered [her baby], another person will answer, “The previous day was her birthing time”. 2.2.3v Those which are birthed. Ka po-it, ka alu-an, woy ka pantat, ogparagas ogko-otow ka igpanganak dan. The po-it, mudfish and the catfish, are birthed alive (lit. directly live, when it is the time for them to be born [lit. the ones being birthed]. 3deriv n Uterus Ka a-anakan, sikan ka ugpa-an to batò diò gotok to inoy. The uterus, that is the dwelling place of the child in the abdomen of the mother. 4deriv n An adopted child. Ogko-iling ki Ugalinga no nig-uyamu to mgo batò, ogkoimu no anak-anak ran. It’s like Ugalinga who is caring from the childen, they have become heir adopted children. see: uyamuan. 4.1deriv n A stepchild. [A stepchild, that is the child of one's spouse is an anak-anak but not considered to be an uyamuan which is used of an adopted or foster child] 5deriv n Nephew or neice, also a cousin’s child. Si Binitu, songo maka-amung ku rod su anakon ku si Angelina. As for Binitu, he has also become my son-in-law because Angelina is my neice. 6deriv n Anything that has a young offspring; a mother, but especially a nursing mother. Ka mgo ngalap to woig no poit maroyow ka sabow rin to duon iam no manggi-anak su oggatasan. As for the po-it fish [lit. creatures of the water which are po-it], its soup is good for the nursing mother because [her breasts] will produce milk . [Also applies to female animals with young.] 6.1vs To become a nursing mother. Ka ogkamanggi-anak on no boi, sikan ka iam nig-anak no du-on on ogtago-uro-on no batò. Sikan ka ungod din oggibo-on, ogpasusuon, ogsakopuon woy og-uahon. A woman who has become a nursing mother, that is the one who has has newly given birth and now has a a child to care for. [Also applies to female animals who newly give birth] 7deriv n Parent and child doing something together; from parent’s standpoint. 8deriv n A child accompanied by his/her parent or parent accompanying his/her child. Ka tag-anak, ka amoy nigduruma to anak din. A child accompanied by its father, [that is when] the father has accompanied his son/daughter (lit. offspring). Ka amoy no nighondiò to lunsud, tag-anak ka nigduruma to du-on ogbolion dan diò to lunsud. The father who went to town, they are the child with his parent who accompanied each other to buy [something] in town. 8.1n A mother and her child. 9deriv v To hunt for frogs by searching for the frog eggs. Ogpaki-anak ki. We search for the offspring [of frogs]. Ogpakianak ki, ko ogkita ki to atolug to bakbak, du-on ta rò ogpamitawon ka inoy su du-on dò ian to marani ka og-olon. When we hunt for frogs, when we see the eggs of the frog, we will just find the mother [frog] because she will be there closely watching over [her eggs]. 10n Descendent of recent past [That is, descendants who were known andcan be recounted by one’s relatives in contrast to kapunganan which would refer to decendants a long time removed.] see: kapunganan 1.
ayam 1n A toy, pet, or favored thing. 2n A domesticated animal or bird. Tibò ayam du-on agasan di ka manuk, warò su kai to kiliran ka pa-a ran. All domesticated animals have hips but the chicken doesn’t [have hips] because its feet are [attached] at the side. 3v To keep as a pet or domesticated animal; treasure or store up something. Ko kandila-on ka ikug to itù, konò og-ayam to mgo otow su nahan dan no pamalili. If the tail of a puppy is tipped with white [resempling the flame of a candle], people will not make a pet of it because they think it is bad luck. 3.1v To domesticate; make a pet of something. Ka otow duon salapi din no sasiam do pisus ka imboli rin to limukon no og-ayamon din. A person had just nine pesos with which he bought a dove which he [would] domesticate. 3.2v To give something, especially to a child, to play with or be preoccupied with such as a toy or pacifier. 4deriv n A treasure; something stored up as valuable to that person. 4.1v To hoard. Ka batò ko ogpako-on no mananoy ogtakas, og-ay-ayaman din ka ko-onon din. Igpoima to unawa rin no batò. The child who is slow to finish what he was given to eat, he is hoarding his food. He uses it to make other children like him jealous. see: nugun 1. 5deriv n Person who raises and takes care of animals. 6deriv n Person who has a lot of different kinds of favorite things.
bakuli v 1To allow to grow back, such as sweet potatoes whose old vines have been removed. Ko ogbuyugan on ka mundu-an, og-awo-on tad ka taan no lawa to mundù no ogbakuli-on tad ka tubu-an no iam no lawa to mundù. When the sweet potato field has become old, we remove the old sweet potato vines (lit. old bodies) and then we allow the sweet potatoes to grow back as they sprout new sweet potato vines. 2To be repaid. Ko naruad to buyag ka asu rin no warò pad bayad [botad], ko nakabayad on ka napurut to sikan no asu, oglibong on ka igbayad to sikan no asu no nabakulì dò diò to tagtu-un su nabayaran din on. When an older person sold his dog which wasn't yet paid for, [and] when the person who got that dog has paid for it, the dog's value has been returned and so the owner has been repaid because [the dog] has been paid for. 3To recover something. Ogbakuli-on ku ka mo-irob ku ko ogpisal a to agoloy. I will recover my knife when my corn is sold. see: lokat. 4Buy back; redeem. Ogbakuli-on ku rò ka asu ku su napogos a rò ka nigduad ku su warò ogkoimuan ku. I will buy back my dog because I was forced to sell it because there was nothing [else] I could do. cf: balukas.
balo-ug 1n A cross piece tied across the width to reinforce a raft or to attach the outriggers to a boat. Ko balutu, darua ka balo-ugan ka oghikotan to katig. For a raft, there are two cross pieces which are tied to the outriggers. [For a raft, number of cross pieces depends on length of raft.] 2v To tie cross pieces to a boat or raft. Ka otow no oghimu to gakit, ogkuò to kayu no ogbalo-ugan din no oghikotan to iggu-os. The person who makes a raft, gets a [piece of] wood with which to make a cross pieces which is tied on with that which is used for binding. 2.1v To reinforce, especially with cross pieces. Ko ogbalo-uganan, sikan ka ighiroson to gakit. If one reinforces with a cross piece, that is what strengthens the raft. [as a raft or a boat but rope can be used instead.] 2.2v To use something as a means of reinforcing a boat or raft. Du-on iam no igbalo-ugan noy. We have a new means of reinforcing [a raft].
banhow v 1To feel better; have feeling of sadness or worry lifted. Ka otow no ogmaro-ot so goinawa rin su iam nali-us ka anak din no namatoy, pogkapawò, nigbanhow on ka goinawa rin no nigma-awang on ka doromdom din. The person who felt badly because his child newly died, the next day he felt better and his thoughts cleared. see: ma-awang ka goinawa₁. 2Something that is able to make one feel better.
bongkag 1v To break up, turn over, as the soil in a field. Ka otow no an-anayan din pad nigbongkag to tanò din ka nigdaru, noirapan pad lagboy sikandin ka nigtalabau. The first time that a person broke up the soil as he plowed his land, he had great difficulty [doing] the work. cf: gulak 1. 2vs For something to be broken loose from something else such as blood clots that break loose and are discharged from the womb of a mother who has just given birth. Ka goti-an no agoloy, igpako-on to iam no nig-anak oyow ogkabongkag ka langosa no nigmalibuson to diralom. The roasted corn is fed to the [mother] who has newly given birth so that the blood clots will be broken loose [and be discharged] which were inside [her body]. see: pitas 1. 3v (Fig.) To be broken loose from a marriage relationship. Nabongkag on to inayon ka anakon din no iam pad na-asawa su nigtambag dò to ogpo-ongkoran din on ka asawa rin. The neice who had been recently married was broken loose [from her marriage relationship] by her aunt because she had simply advised her to desert her husband. 4v For something to inadvertently cause termination, as a pregnancy. 4.1v To be terminated, as a pregnancy resulting in a miscarriage. s Ka boi no ogpangiram, ko warò ogkako-on din no ogko-ibogan din, ogkabongkag ka batò su ogka-awa-an on. As for a woman who is newly pregnant, if she cannot eat what she is craving for, the [pregnancy] will be terminated because [the baby] will come out (lit. be removed). see: landan; see: tampod 2.
bunag 1To knead, as one would knead a mother's abdomen to stop bleeding after childbirth. Ko iam on og-anak ka boi no ungod oglangosa, ogbunagon ta ka bugtul oyow ogkonsong ka a-anakan no oghagtong on ka poglangosa. When a woman newly gives birth and is always bleeding, we knead the lower abdomen so that the uterous will contract and the bleeding will stop. 2v To pump, as a piglet pumps the mother's breast while nursing. Ka bakotin no ogsusu, ungud ogbunagon ka susu to inoy su oyowoggatasan. [When] a piglet nurses, it is always pumping the breasts of the mother so that they will fill with milk. 3v Ko ogdugmo-on ka babuy no ogkaboros, ogkabunag no ogka-awa-an ka ingkaboros. If a pregnant pig is rammed into [by another pig], it will miscarry and that with which it was prenant will be discharged. see: landan.
ganat 1v To band with metal; gold or brass trim, such as on spear. [When wire is wrapped around the end of a spear, if it is removed, it is like a spring because the coils remain and retract when spread apart, so the word is also used for a wire spring. (This type of decoration can also used on an elder person's cane or other articles.)] 2n A spring. Ko iam ka ganat, konò ogkakanat su mabogong. If/when a spring is new, it cannot be stretched because it is strong.
gotì 1v To roast separate kernels of corn in the fire so they pop like pop corn. The popped kernels are picked up with bamboo tongs and eaten after ashes are shaken off. [Popping corn in a pan would be considered sandagon or “fried” but when kernels pop, oggogoti-on. Popping corn in a pan would be called ogbobotubotu.] 2deriv n Roasted kernels, esp. of corn Ka goti-an no agoloy, igpako-on to iam no nig-anak oyow ogkabongkag ka langosa no nigmalibuson to diralom. The roasted kernels of corn is fed to the [mother] who has newly given birth so that the blood clots will be discharged [from her body.] [Roasted kernels of corn are fed to a new mother so that the clotted blood from her uterus will be discharge from her body.]
honat 1v To lift up. 2v (Fig.) To be able to manage, such as to be able to carry a responsibility. see fr.: aguanta 4. 3v To ascend, be lifted up as an airplane. 4v Put food on the table; set the table. [In traditional Ata Manobo culture, guests were not called until the food is already served out on a winnowing tray or leaves. ] see fr.: ho-un 1; see fr.: dat-ag. 5vs To pick up everything and everybody and leave a village at the same time Ogka-agkapan ka og-ugpò to sikan no ugpa-an; ogkohonat ka tibò no oghalin su du-on igkahallok. Ko ogkohon-at, ogdorongan ka tibò no og-awò. The people living in that place feel unsafe; they will pick up everything and move because something is making them afraid. If they pick up and leave, everyone will leave at the same time. Sikan ian nohonat on ka pog-ugpò to sikan to Mansalinao su nanhalin on diò to Maambago su nighimu to iam no landingan. That's why they packed up and left Mansalinao because they were moving to Maambago because they had made a new airstrip. Di konon samuk ka pogkohonat to pog-ugpò. But their packing up and leaving was not due to trouble. [Particularly at a time when raiders are expected and people are afraid, they will pick up all of their things, people and animals and all will leave together.] 6One who serves food. 7Ascend, as airplane. 8Hospitable.
ibog 1n A strong desire or craving for something. Ka miow, ko ogdatong ka ibog dan to lukos no ungud ogmasamuk ka ogmiawmiaw su sikan ka batasan to miow ko ogko-ibog to ogpa-anak. DB Dic Nt May/2006 As for a cat, when it's craving for a male [cat] arrives, it noisily miows because that is the conduct of a cat when it craves to have offspring. 2vs To be thirsty. Ogbuyù a to woig su ogko-ibog a. I’m asking for water because I am thirsty. see fr.: laklakalan. 3vs To stongly desire something such as to be hungry for some specific food or for merchandise in a store. Purut ka. Alam ka to ogko-ibogan nu. Take something. Choose that which you are hungry for (lit. which is craved by you). Ko nokoy ka ogko-ibogan din, ogbolion. Whatever he/she strongly desires, [he/she] buys it. 3.1vs (With negative)To not have an appetite or desire for food. Du-on allow no konò ki ogko-ibog. Og-alam ki to ogko-ibogan ta. There are days when we don’t have an appetite. We choose what we desire [to eat]. 3.2v To strongly crave for something such as a pregnant woman who craves for a particular food. Du-on ka iam no alunggun, ko ogpangiram ka boi, ogko-ibog-ibog to bogas to mangga no ogpogos to iglukos din to ogpakuò to mangga. Mangkuan ko du-on on, konad ogko-ibogan. There was a newly [married] couple, [and] when the woman was in the beginning of pregancy, she strongly craved the mango fruit and so she forced her spouce to get a mango [for her]. Later, when it was already there she was no longer hungry for it.
kogò, og== v 1To avoid, such as doing something that might cause a scandle. Ogkogò ki ko oglopow to baloy ko mgo boi na-an dò ka nig-ugpò. Ko du-on insò ta, konò kid oglopow to solod to baloy ko warò iglukos dan oyow konò ki ogkabayungon. We avoid going inside a house if women are the only ones staying there. If we ask [about it], we won't go inside the house if their men are not there so that we won’t be falsely accused [of doing something wrong]. 1.1To be hesitatant to do something, such as when shy or too embarrased to express oneself. Ka otow no ogkogò ka ogkagì, su ogkasipod to ognangon to duma rin ko du-on og-awos din. Ogkakono-konò ka ognangon. [Such as] a person who hesitates to speak because he is shy to speak to his companion if he has [something] he needs. He is unable to speak up. Ka otow no konò ogkogò, ogparagas ka ognangon to tu-ud din. Konò ogkasipod sikandin. The person who is unhesitant (lit. not hesitant) [in speaking], he goes ahead and states his purpose. He is not ashamed. see: ogkakono-konò. 1.2To be finicky about something. Ka otow no ogkogò, konò din oggongon to batò no iam pad niglosut su ogkaligsoman to langosa. A person who is finicky, won’t touch a baby (lit. child) who has been newly delivered because he will become contaminated (lit. dirtied) by the blood. 2To cause to avoid something, such as a law against touching something unclean or doing something that would be against the culture. see: sapad 1.
kupas 1v To become flavorless. Ka otow no nigko-on to biskuwit, songo pogkagat din nigluwò din su nigkupas on su warad on nanam. A person who was eating a cracker took one bite and spit it out because it had become tasteless because there was no more flavor. 2adj Faded in color. 2.1v To become faded Ka iam no manggad, kono ogkupas to batok din di ko ogkalugoy on no ungod ogkarampil to allow, kupas on su ogka-awò on ka batok din. As for new material, its design doesn't fade but after a long time of always being dried in the sun, it is faded already because its design is going away.
labung 1n Supper Ka sikan no sausaukilom, tongod to mgo balubatò no ogmanhipanow takas to labung no og-ulì to a las unsi. As for that night-time travel, its about the young men who leave (lit. walk) after supper and return at eleven o'clock. 2Eat supper. Iam a pad niglabung kunto-on. I have just now newly eaten [supper]. 3v For guests to arrive at any mealtime so that they are invited to eat with the family. 4deriv n Suppertime.
mata phr.: mata to ubud₁; phr.: mata to aldow (poet.). 1n Eye. Ko warò ka mata to lawa ta, konò ki ogkita to ka-awangan to kalibutan woy to kausiloman. If our bodies didn't have eyes, we could not see the light of the earth or night. 2v To wake. Ogpakoro-korò ki to kiloy ta ko sikan ki pad nighimata. We wrinkle our eyebrows when we first awaken. Ka otow no warò nakagimata no nig-onow, nigtalam sikandin. A person who gets up without awaking, he is sleep-walking. [To awaken someone else is pukow.] 3State a baby finds itself in immediately after birth. Ka iam no in-anak ka batò, ian din nagimata-an ka ka-awangan to kalibutan. As for the child who is newly birthed, what awakened him is the light of the world. 4To be awakened by something. Ka amoy, ian din nagimata-an ka anak din no ungod ogsinogow. As for the father, that which awakened him was the child who was always crying. Dic Nt 24/Aug/2006 5To see but not take notice; or to watch without lifting a finger to help. Ka du-on nalonod diò to pool, moon-ing kandan ka namataan no warò nakapangabang. Natonongan no warò nokowo-il. When there was someone who drowned at the pool, there were many people who saw but didn't go to therescue. They ignored it and didn't move. Ka an-anayan no nigkita nu ka batò diò to woig, namataan ka pad. Hongkai no nabalikid ka batò, warò ka namatoi su naragap nud on. [The reasons for the above could be that one is lazy or doesn't care, but in the case of a small child that entered the water, the person was initially unaware of an emergency.] ant: sagman 1; see: tonongan.
solod 1n Inside Songo oghingaran noy no ma-agul ka solod to so-i no baloy. We also call the inside of this building roomy. see fr.: lopow 1. 2v To go inside; enter. No nig-agpas ni Elena ka kiambù no nigsolod a oyow konò a ogkasogod. And then Elena hurried [to put up] the mosquito net and then I got inside so that I would not be stung. Oglinglingutan to mgo tamo-ing ka kiambù no nigsoloran ku. The bees were surrounding the mosquito net which I had entered. 3v Move in with someone. Ogsolod ad to amarikanu; ogbinuan ad. I’ll move in with the Americans [and] work for them. 4n Duration. Ka anugang ku, nighimu to sabut kanak to ogpananugang a to solod to songo tu-id ka pog-ugpò ku diò to kandin oyow ogpakabulig a to kandin no talabau. My parent-in-law made an agreement with me that I would live with my parent-in-laws for the duration of one year so that I could help [her] with her work. 5Moon-ing on no busow nigsood to baoy. Many evil spirits entered the house.
tupak v 1To patch. Tupakan ka manggad. The cloth will be patched. Igtupak ku ka lotibon. I’ll use the scraps for patching. Du-on otow no nagisì ka sabinit din no nigtupakan to nigtoì no manggad. There was a person whose clothing was torn and so he patched it by sewing on [a piece of] material. [As of wood, cloth or cement.] 2(Fig.) Add onto Ka taan no goinawa now, konò now igtupak to iam no goinawa now. As for your old attitudes (lit. breath), don't add them onto your new attitudes (lit breath).