mangayow 1n Raider. Ko ogkapilak to mangayow, og-agbas ka kommag. If someone is stabbed by a raider, the spear will pierce and go through [the body]. osyn: alamara 1. 2v To go on a raid; go out with intention to kill someone. Ka ogmangayow, songo kuò ko hon-om, lalimma woy ko hop-at no otow su ko du-on ogkahawiran kandan, du-on ogpoko-ulì no duma. As for those who go on a raid, sometimes there will be six, five or four people because if there is someone who will dissuade them there will be some of them who return home. 3A kobbiung tune.
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alamara 1n Armed warriors or [band of] armed warriors. Ka alamara dongan, maro-ot su ogpanhimatoy to warò salò. Di ka kunto-on no alamara, noimu on no kaponongan to maroyow no alamara su ogbuligan on to mgo sundalu. The armed band(s) in the past were bad because they killed [people] who had no fault. But the bands of armed warrior(s) today have become groups of good warriors because they now help the soldiers. [Formerly, used of a band of raiders. Currently used of a local armed defense unit.] osyn: mangayow 1. 2v To raid, band together in mass to attack and kill people. Ogpatokawan to og-alamaraan oyow ogko-ubus dan oghimatoy. They cause [the house/village] to be taken by surprise when they have banded together in mass to attack so that they all can, without exception, kill [everyone]. Og-a-alamaraan to ogsulungan ka songo baloy. Ka sikan no a-alamaraan, moon-ing lagboy ka oglusud ka sikan no usig dan. They band together to attack a certain house.As for that raiding, there are very many who will come against those enemies of theirs. [The intent of the attack is to kill. Whole villages have been known to be massacred by such an attack.]
agbas v 1Pierce and go through, as a spear. Ko ogkapilak to mangayow, og-agbas ka kommag. If someone is stabbed by a raider, the spear will pierce and go through [the body]. 2To push something through (lit cause to go through) to the other side. Pa-agbason nu ka kawad diò to limang to timbabakal din. Push the fishhook through to the other side of his thumb. 3To penetrate through, as a pain which goes through one's body from one side to another. Og-agbas ka masakit to sosolobon woy ka poka ni Anggam. Uncle's pain penetrates from his chest to his back Ko dii ka nigligkat to tanò no oggoram ka to masakit no oglagbas, nalimuan ka to busow. If you have come in from outside (lit. from the ground) and you experience a pain which penetrates [through your body], you have been affected by an evil spirit. 4For a person to irregularly pass through something such as a village or a forest, passing where there is no path. Pang-agbas-agbas ki to ugpa-an to mgo otow. We are going back and forth while passing through the village (lit. dwelling place of the people).
agkap phr.: ma-agkap so bukod; phr.: goinawa no ma-agkap; phr.: ma-agkap ka pogdumaruma₂. 1adj Lightweight. Ma-agkap ka kabil ku. My backpack is lightweight. 2v To become easier. Ko moon-ing ka ayam ta, ogma-agkap ka pog-ugpò ta su konò kid ogkoirapan. If we have many animals, our living situation becomes easier because we won't experience hardship. 3v To feel unsafe or insecure. Ogka-agkapan ka og-ugpò to sikan no ugpa-an; ogkohonat ka tibò no oghalin su du-on igkahallok. The people living in that place feel unsafe; All of them will pack up and move at the same time because something is making [them] afraid. Nigkagi si Tirino, “Ka konò ogka-agkapan, konò og-awò kai to Kapugi. Ko ogka-agkapan, ogkohonat kow kunto-on diò to Maambago su ngilaman pad to mangayow.” Tirino said, “Those who don't feel unsafe, don't leave Kapugi. If [you] feel unsafe, leave together now for Maambao because there are warning of raiders for a while.” [If people in a given place feel unsafe they will often totally abandon a village. However, there are circumstances when not everyone feels unsafe and those may stay to attend their fields and not leave with the others.]
anam v To pay attention to something such as to listen for breaking sticks in case there are raiders or prowlers in the village. Ko ogkulasan ta, og-anamon ta ko du-on otow -- sikan ka ogpansobon to du-on mangayow no oggogopù, ogkagi ki to "rrrrr". When we give a warning signal, we pay attention to whether there are people -- that is when those who are suspected to be raiders no step on sticks [as they prowl]. We say, “rrrrrr”. see: sagman 1; osyn: ngilam 1.
atol v 1To be sheltered or protected. Ka bogas to mundù, naka-atol to lobut to kayu no moon-ing dalig; konò ogka-ayunan to ogpurut. The tubers (lit. fruit) of the camote are protected under the tree where there are many root; one can't get at them to take [them]. [such as camotes growing under a stump.] 2To take refuge. Ko ogpangilian, nig-ugpò koy on diò to bubungan. Og-atolan noy ko du-on mangayow. “When [someone] holes-up, we-excl. stay there in the mountain(s). We take refuge [there] when there are raiders.” [such as on a mountain with one path that can be protected from above.] see: ili.
bagtù 1n Good or bad omen. Ko maro-ot ka bagtù to otow, konò din ogto-od su ogkahawiran sikandin. If the person's omen is bad, ge will not proceed because he is being held back. Ko maroyow ka nigdinog to otow no kutol to limukon, ogto-od sikandin ka ogmangayow su ogbagtu-an. If a person has heard a good call from a dove, he will be successful in raiding because he has a good omen. [Where the dove is in relation to a person when it calls determines whether the call is a good or bad omen.] 2v Bagtu-an ki. We have received a [good] omen.
bangan 1n Flint stone used for starting fire. Malalab ka batu no bangan. Oghimuon noy no tingkikan. The flint is a red rock. We make it into a device for starting a fire. 2v To intercept, as a guard intercepts an enemy or as one missel would intercept another, preventing it from reaching its target. Ka otow no ogbangan, ogbantoy to dalan no ogkabaya-an to igbuyag dan. The person who intercepts [an enemy] watches the path where their leader will pass. see: gopas 1. 3v To be intercepted, as by the raiders if they got to the trail first, or as one airplane might be intercepted by another. Ko ogbanganan, og-atangan ka ogbaya-an to mangayow. If [one] is intercepted, you are blocked when you pass by way of the raiders. 4n A body guard Ko du-on igbuyag noy no oghipanow, du-on ka hon-om no talagpamangan. Du-on ka oghun-a woy du-on ka ogmourian. Ogpataliwarò ka igbuyag dan. Ko du-on ka oggopas to sikan no igbuyag, ian ogpangabang ka talagpamangan. If we have a leader who is traveling (lit. walking), there are six bodyguards. There are those who precede and those who are last. They have their leader in the middle. If there are those who ambush that leader, it is the bodyguards who defend/rescue him.
gubat 1n To attack. Ko ogmangayow, sikan ka oggubat no ogmanhimatoy to mgo otow. When there are raiders, those are the ones who attack and kill people. 1.1v To attack. Ka songo ugpa-an, ogpanggubat to ogsulung to dangob no ugpa-an. see: lusud₂; see: sulung 1. 2v To fight, or be at war, with each other as two countries. Ogpabubgubatoy ka darua no ugpa-an. The two countries are at war with each other. see: usig 3.
gulò 1vt To get a bonzana as a huge catch of fish or a jackpot in gambling. Du-on otow no niggulò to dakol no ngalap no no-utol to namyala. There was a person who got a bonzana of a large amount of fish which he caught with a net. Ko malasi ogturas to baraha, ungod oggulò. If one frequently wins at gambling, he always hits the jackpot. 2v To massacre;die or perish (as of many). Ko du-on nighimatoy to songo lunggunan, nagulò to mangayow no natibò namatoy. When there was someone who killed a family, the raiders massacred [them] and everyone died.
hawid v 1Hold back, dissuade from doing something Ka ogmangayow, songo kuò ko hon-om, lalimma woy ko hop-at no otow su ko du-on ogkahawiran kandan, du-on ogpoko-ulì no duma. As for those who go on a raid, sometimes there will be six, five or four people because if there is someone who will dissuade them there will be some of them who return home. [such as to keep a person from leaving or dissuade a person from going on a raid.] 2To kill someone to prevent him from arriving home safely. Ka nigmangayow no nigsulungan ka tagbalu ran to pogpusil no niglikid to pog-ulì dokad di to nagopasan on sikandan, nahawiran on sikandan no darua no lawa ran no namatoy. The raiders who attacked and shot their in-law [whose companion] had been widowed and then turned around to return home but instead were ambushed, they were prevented from returning home and there were two of them (lit. two bodies) who died. [Such as when an in-law has killed someone over an unmet demand for a widow-hood price.]
indan phr.: Indanan nu man... 1v To remember Og-indanan to mgo batò ko hondo-i ogtugpa ka batu no intugdò dan. The children remember where the stone went down that they threw. see fr.: maningkalagan 2; osyn: pulù 5; see fr.: maningkalagan 1; see fr.: abin 1.1; see fr.: igmaganangon. 2v To reserve. Ko du-on og-indanan ku no kuddò, ogbogoy a to babuy no igpohun-a ku. Sikan ka igmaganangon ku to og-indanan kud on. If there is a horse which I will reserve, I will give a pig as a downpayment (lit. that which I [give] ahead of time). That is my guarantee that I have reserved it. see fr.: hikot 3; see fr.: bakos. 3v establish Ka inggasap no bulu no malintok, sikan ka igsokod to baloybaloy oyow ogko-indanan ko hondo-i ka mgo sinabong woy ka balokun woy ka pusina. The small [pieces of] bamboo which were cut, those were used to measure the diagram of the house to establish where the rooms, the porch and the kitchen will be. 4v set, as a date Ko ogkabatukan ta ka pitsa no du-on liwak, og-indanan ta ka sikan no allow no oglibulung. When we have discovered the date which is open (lit. has room), we set that day for gathering together. [Although the example of reserving a horse and setting a date seem similar, DB sees them as different because one chooses a date because of something important. Also, to reserve a horse is like “putting dibs on” that horse - there is a payment and if the terms of agreement are not met, you won't get the horse. There is no payment involved in setting a date (or “reserving” a day)] 5v That which is used to guarantee. Woy nu ogkapurut ko du-on on ka ig-indan no oghimu to sabut ko kon-u ogkagampusi -- ka ogkatibò on ka igbayad. You won't be able to take it until there is something to use as a guarantee which makes the agreement about when you will pay the remainder -- when [you] pay in full. see: maganangon 1. 6v To promise 7v signify Du-on uran no ogngaranan noy no saginwalu. Sikan ka indanan noy no wawalu no allow ka ungod og-uran. There is [a kind of rain] which we call saginwalu. That signifies to us that it will constantly rain for eight days. 8v To reserve or engage. 9n A sign, something used to signify something Ko du-on sagboka no batò no ungod ogsinogow, sikan ka pog-indan to du-on ogpoko-uma no mangayow. If there is a child who is always crying, that is a sign that raiders will arrive.
kulasan 1n Any kind of warning signal to alert people of danger, such as a trill,, sounding an animal horn, banging or an alarm to warn such as of intruders, raiders or fire. Pamminog ki to kulasan. Let’s listen for the warning signal. 2v To give a warning signal to alert people of danger, such as a trill,, sounding an animal horn, banging or an alarm to warn such as of intruders, raiders or fire. Ko ogkulasan ta, og-anamon ta ko du-on otow, sikan ka ogpansobon to du-on mangayow no oggogopù, ogkagi ki to "rrrrr". When we give a warning signal, we pay attention towhether there are people, those are the ones who are suspected to be raiders who step on sticks. We say, “rrrr”
labak n Warning of death by two dove calls simultaneously on both sides of a person so that the people return to or remain at home. Ko du-on ogbottolbottol no limukon no ogpokoglimang kanta du-on to kawanan woy gibang, sikan ka ogpakadoropa ki. Sikan ka labak. Ka lituk to labak, ogpakasagad ki to mangayow ko ogparagas ki. If there is a dove by an omen dove on our left and our right which happens simultaneoulys to our [doing something /going somewhere], that is when we have to stretch out our arms. That is the labak omen. The meaning of labak is that we will be caught by the raiders if we continue.
nangon 1n A message, especially by word of mouth. Du-on nigbogoy koddì to sulat. Kagi to sika otow no nigtilala ku, “Igpa-alap ku bag no nangon to og-uroik a diò to Maambago.” Someone gave me a letter. That person whom I knew said, “I'm sending a message please that I will travel upriver to Maambago.” Ko nigbogoy to sulat, nigpatimul to nangon no igpasiguru no ogpasabuk bag to agoloy. When he gave the letter [to me], he instructed (lit. caused) [me] to add to it by word of mouth to insure that [the person] would set aside some corn [for him]. see fr.: gugud 2; see fr.: lalag 2. 2v To tell, say, speak Di du-on og-abalang no konò ogpoko-uwang ko ognangon. But there are those who keep coming back with their request who cannot express what they [want to] say. Og-agbotan nu to ognangon oyow lagboy ogpakarinog ka duma. [Speak] louder when you speak so that the others can hear. see fr.: gugud 1. 3Si Lita, nignangon ki Mery to diò oghibat to kandin. Lita told Mery that she would sleep at her [place]. 4Agad nokoy ka ignangon ku, konò ogpa-agad-agad no og-ugpò diò to dangob no anak din. No matter what I say, [my mother] won't agree to stay with her other offspring. 4.1Warò ikanangon dan to duma no kinagian. They weren't able to tell me another word [for the word aguanta “endure”.] 5Tell. [This word can be used in direct or indirect speech, with or without an object. The English word “tell” requires an object and is also used in indirect speech.] 6Ognangonan kow rò ko ogkapalusan on. You will be told when [the grains] have filled out. 7v Repeatedly ?? tell Si Apù Amasig ka nignangonnangon kanak to ogngilam ki su du-on ogpoko-uma no mangayow. Grandfather Amasig was the one who was repeatedly telling me that we will be alert because raiders would come. 8To plan. 9n guarantee (lit. something used to tell) Ko du-on og-indanan ku no kuddò, ogbogoy a to babuy no igpohun-a ku. Sikan ka igmaganangon ku to og-indanan kud on. If there is a horse which I will reserve, I will give a pig as a downpayment (lit. that which I [give] ahead of time). That is my guarantee that I have reserved it.
nasì adv contrary to what one might expect, surprisingly, anyway; in spite of Nabaliung ka pogbantoy to buyag no ubal su ian nasì ogbantoy kandan ka anak dan no pilas. The watching of the older monkeys is turned around because surprisingly it is their offspring, [the] baby monkey, which is the one to watch out for them. Ka otow no konò ogbayad to utang din, nasì ki og-ubati to ogbayad kun kandin. The person who doesn’t pay his debt, he contrary to [our] expectation, he lies to us saying that he will pay. Agad to nigbolog ta to konò oghondiò to kamot din ko og-angoy to ogkako-on dan su mabogbog lagboy no bolog, nasì on man nighondiò no nigsagad on to mangayow. Nigpupusil. Even though we warned [that person] not to go to his field to fetch something for them to eat because there was a strong warning, he went anyway and was hit by the raiders. He was shot.
ngilam 1v To be alert, prepare for attack. Si Apù Amasig ka nignangonnangon kanak to ogngilam ki su du-on ogpoko-uma no mangayow. Grandfather Amasig was the one who was repeatedly telling me that we will be alert because raiders will come. osyn: anam. 2n Time to be alert Ko ogka-agkapan, ogkohonat kow kunto-on diò to Maambago su ngilaman pad to mangayow. If [you] feel unsafe, pick up everything and leave now for Maambago because it is a time to be alert for a while for raiders.
olot v 1To obstruct Nig-olot koy to mgo sundalu. We were obstrcted by the soldiers. [such as in an ambush to kill or catch someone.] gen: atang 1; see fr.: sagop 4. 2To be obstructed Kunto-on, konò a oghondiò to kamot ku su og-oloton ki to mangayow. Today, I won't go to my field because we are being obstructed by the raiders. see: gopas 1. 3To obstruct Ka library, ian naka-olot to woig to kanta no baloy. The library was what blocked the water. gen: atang 1; see: sagop 1.
pad part 1Just, for a while, next, first Songo buan pad niglosut? Were they born just a month ago? Ka mgo otow no ogmangali to mundu, og-ug-ug to mundu dio to woig su oglu-an dan pad As for the people who dig comotes, they dumpt the comotes into the water because they will wash them first. [Such as in this recent span of time.] 2With negative: [Not] yet Wà pad matapid. They are not arranged yet. Kò pad. Don’t do it yet. 3First Manhirogò kow pad. You sleep first. Nig-utang ku pad ka kuddò nu no ka sukut, og-inso-on nu ka bayad to kuddò nu. I credited your horse first and then [as for] collecting, you will ask about the payment for your horse. [To do first or to do next before doing something else.] 4For a while Oghalin a pad to songo ugpa-an. I'm going to move to some other place for a while. Ko ogka-agkapan, ogkohonat kow kunto-on diò to Maambago su ngilaman pad to mangayow. If [you] feel unsafe, leave together now for Maambao because it is a time to be alert for raiders for a while. 5just, as respecting time Kunto-on pad. Just now. Oghun-a a ogpurut to kuddò nu no asolom ka pad on oghondiò to baloy ku no og-insò ko du-on igbayad ku. I will take your horse ahead of time and then the next day you will just go to my house and inquire whether I have something to use for payment.
pantow 1v To look out at [such as to down out of a window, or look across or peer over a river bank. It contrasts with ogpandomoldomol in that pantow implies a briefer looking.] gen: pitow 1; see fr.: sulow 1; gen: pitow 2; see fr.: dolmol₂ 1; osyn: domol 1; osyn: domol 2. 2To project beyond a certain point. Pakapantow ka talipid, du-on mangayow. If the spear projects (beyond the hand when measuring it), there’s a raider around.
pilak v To spear, or thrust through by a spear or sharp bamboo. Ko ogkapilak to mangayow, og-agbas ka kommag. If someone is speared by a raider, the spear will pierce and go through [the body]. [The following form implies a single strike with spear or sharpened bamboo which will pierce and go through a body. In a figurative sense, death is sometimes attributed to having been “speared” by an evil spirit. Adults will sometimes threaten a disobedient child by gestering and saying something like, “You’re going to get speared.”] see fr.: buntug 1.