pa-agad-agad v 1To obey or to submit to someone in authority, or to fulfill someone’s request Du-on dakol no pulus ko ogpa-agad-agad ki to innangon to amoy ta. There is great value if we obey our father. Du-on ogpa-agad-agad no ogkapogos ka goinawa rin, no du-on ogpa-agad-agad no ma-ali-alì. There are those who obey against their will (lit. whose breath is forced), and there are those who willingly obey (lit. who obey who are industrious). [The meaning of this word includes, but goes beyond the concept of obedience. It is used of children obeying parents but it is also used of spouses who fulfill the requests of their partners. It also used of taking, or not taking, the suggestions of others who are respected but not necessarily in authority.] see: pamminog 1; ant: labow 3; see fr.: babali; see: tuman 1; see fr.: dinog 2.1; see fr.: tuman 1; see fr.: pamminog 2. 2To agree, or to go along with a suggestion Agad nokoy ka ignangon ku, konò ogpa-agad-agad ka inoy ku no og-ugpò diò to dangob no anak din. No matter what I said, my mother would not agree to stay with her other daughter (lit. offspring). (or ...she would not [go along with the suggestion] that she stay with her other daughter). osyn: ho-o 2.
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dinog v 1To hear. Nigdinog si Apù Amasig to nasasow a to gabas. Grandfather Amasig heard that I was worried about my saw. Warad otow, warad ogdinogon ta no ogkakagi. There were no more people; there was no more talking which we could hear. 1.1To have someone hear what we have to say. Igparinog ta ko nokoy ka ignangon ta. We cause [people] to hear what we have to say. 2Listen. Kagi to inoy, “Kai ka su ogpamminog a to gotok nu ko maniò to og-o-oguk ka gotok nu.” [His] mother said, "Come here because I will listen to your stomach [to find out] why your stomach is growling. 2.1[With negative:] Won't listen, means won't obey. Ka otow no konò ogpamminog to bolog, ogkamula. The person who won't listen/obey a warning will get killed. see: pa-agad-agad 1.
labow 1v To exceed, as to be tallest in height. 2v To excel. 3v To disobey or go beyond someone's advice Konò oglabow to koykow no ignangon. [It's necessary] that [the girls] don't disobey what you have told. them. [The following was from advice given concerning young women who were staying in our home while attending school.] ant: pa-agad-agad 1. 4n 5n Middle finger.
tuman 1to carry out, as an order Ko du-on ogsugù no ogpanhimatayan, ogtuman sikandin. If someone orders [someone else] to kill [somebody], he will carry out [the order]. see fr.: pa-agad-agad 1; see: pa-agad-agad 1; see fr.: pamminog 2. 2v To respond to an invitation; to come when bidden. Nigtuman a to nighondini a to kaniu su nangonan a now to “Lunis ka.” I’ve come in response to what you said, “You [come on] Monday.” 3v fulfill, come to pass, such as a prediction 4Ogtumanon to dios.
agad nokoy phrase 1Anything; anything whatever. Ko du-on ogsukut to kuddò di naruad, agad nokoy ka igbogoy ka nakapurut to kuddò. If someone collects payment for a horse but it has been sold on credit, the person who has gotten the horse can use anything whatever for payment. 2No matter what; no matter. Agad nokoy ka ignangon ku, konò ogpa-agad-agad no og-ugpò diò to dangob no anak din. No matter what I said, [she] wouldn't agree to stay with her other daughter.
aku v 1To commit oneself to revenge, or to get back at someone. Ko du-on ogpa-agad-agad to og-aku to ogpohimatayan to songo otow, sikan ka og-aku no og-sulì to usig. If there is someone who agrees to commit himself to kill someone else, that is the one who will be brave enough to take revenge against an enemy. [This can be used in either a good sense or a bad sense as the examples that follow show. The first example actually uses two senses of aku in the same sentence.] see: tu-ud 1. 1.1To be committed to something, especially to have committed oneself to revenge. Ko du-on ogsugù, no og-aku ka dangob to ogpohimatayon no ogtuman sikandin, sikan ka og-akuon din to og-atu to usig. If there is someone who gives a command and someone else commits to kill [someone] and carries it out, that is the enemy against whom he has committed himself to take revenge. 2To be brave enough to do something; not to be afraid to do something. Ko du-on problima ku, konò a ogkasipod to og-aku no ognangon to ogpabulig a. If I have a problem, I am not afraid to ask for help. [In combination with a negative and the word for shame, it can mean not to be afraid to do something.] see: langob.
alì 1adj Industrious. Maroyow so-ini anak ku no moungangon woy ma-ali.̀ My child is good who has a good character and is industrious. osyn: basuk 1; ant: pogulon. 1.1v To be very industrious or entusiastic as a person who willingly performs a task. Du-on ogpa-agad-agad no ogkapogos ka goinawa rin, no du-on ogpa-agad-agad no ma-ali-alì. There are [children] who obey against their will (lit. whose breath is forced), and there are those who obey who are very industrious. Ka ma-ali-alì, ligkat to goinawa rin to ogbulig. Konò ogpasugù. Konò ogtagad to ognangonan pad. As for the enthusiatic person, he willingly helps (lit. comes from his breath to help). He doesn't have to be ordered [to do something]. He doesn't wait for someone to tell him [to do something]. 2v To watch, pay attention to, keep an eye on. Ian dò ogka-ali-an ka duma to ogbantoy; mangkuan konò ogka-ali-a ka kandin no goinawa. The only thing he/she pays close attention tor is watching his/her companions; but then [that person] doesn't pay attention to his/her own attitudes (lit. breath).
nangon 1n A message, especially by word of mouth. Du-on nigbogoy koddì to sulat. Kagi to sika otow no nigtilala ku, “Igpa-alap ku bag no nangon to og-uroik a diò to Maambago.” Someone gave me a letter. That person whom I knew said, “I'm sending a message please that I will travel upriver to Maambago.” Ko nigbogoy to sulat, nigpatimul to nangon no igpasiguru no ogpasabuk bag to agoloy. When he gave the letter [to me], he instructed (lit. caused) [me] to add to it by word of mouth to insure that [the person] would set aside some corn [for him]. see fr.: gugud 2; see fr.: lalag 2. 2v To tell, say, speak Di du-on og-abalang no konò ogpoko-uwang ko ognangon. But there are those who keep coming back with their request who cannot express what they [want to] say. Og-agbotan nu to ognangon oyow lagboy ogpakarinog ka duma. [Speak] louder when you speak so that the others can hear. see fr.: gugud 1. 3Si Lita, nignangon ki Mery to diò oghibat to kandin. Lita told Mery that she would sleep at her [place]. 4Agad nokoy ka ignangon ku, konò ogpa-agad-agad no og-ugpò diò to dangob no anak din. No matter what I say, [my mother] won't agree to stay with her other offspring. 4.1Warò ikanangon dan to duma no kinagian. They weren't able to tell me another word [for the word aguanta “endure”.] 5Tell. [This word can be used in direct or indirect speech, with or without an object. The English word “tell” requires an object and is also used in indirect speech.] 6Ognangonan kow rò ko ogkapalusan on. You will be told when [the grains] have filled out. 7v Repeatedly ?? tell Si Apù Amasig ka nignangonnangon kanak to ogngilam ki su du-on ogpoko-uma no mangayow. Grandfather Amasig was the one who was repeatedly telling me that we will be alert because raiders would come. 8To plan. 9n guarantee (lit. something used to tell) Ko du-on og-indanan ku no kuddò, ogbogoy a to babuy no igpohun-a ku. Sikan ka igmaganangon ku to og-indanan kud on. If there is a horse which I will reserve, I will give a pig as a downpayment (lit. that which I [give] ahead of time). That is my guarantee that I have reserved it.
ogot 1v To scold, get after someone verbally or physically. Ko og-ogotan, konò ogsagman. If he is scolded, he won't let it bother him. Ogpan-ogot to duma rin to konò ogpa-agad-agad. She will scold [all] of her companions since they won't obey [her]. Du-on ogpan-ogot no bo-bò dò. Du-on ogpanlampos ko og-ogot. There are some who scold only with their mouth(s). There are those who strike when they get after [someone]. 2To quarrel. 3To quarrel. 4Habitual scolding as prerogative of igbuyag, pokog-ogot-ogot ‘argue noisily, as men’.
pogos 1v To force or coerce someone to do something. Nabalowbalow ka sabut noy su nigpogos a rin on to ogpabayad. Our agreement was changed because he forced me to pay [an extra amount]. 2v With negative: Not to be able to force or coerce someone to do something. Konò ki ogpakapogos ka batò ko konò ogpa-agad-agad. We are unable to coerce a child if he won’t obey. 3vs To be coerced; against one’s will. Napogos ka goinawa rin to na-asawa sikandin. She was coerced (lit. her breath) was forced into marriage. Du-on ogpa-agad-agad no ogkapogos to goinawa rin, no du-on ogpa-agad-agad no ma-ali-alì. There are those who obey against their will (lit. whose breath is forced), and there are those who obey who are industrious. [In the following example, the woman was coerced by a charm into marriage but her willingness left when the charm was removed.] 4v To be forced, or coerced. Pogoson ki to ogbuyù. She’s forcing us [to give in] to her begging. (lit. We are being forced by [her] begging. 5v To pressure someone to do or allow something. Ko buyag ka og-ingol, ogpogospogos no ogduma. If it is an adult who cries to go along [with someone], he will pressure the person [into letting him] come.