tokow 1v To do something suddenly. Du-on allow no nigsulungan a to darua no tabu-uan no nigtokow nigsogod koddì. There was a day when I was attacked by two wasps which suddenly stung me. [In the intentive mode, this is used more often of taking someone by surprise or deliberately startling them. In non-intentive mode we can be startled such as when someone enters a room without our having heard them.] see fr.: bokas 4. 2v To be taken by surprise. Ogkatokawan ki to nigkita ta ka songo otow Ogkatokow ki rò du-on. We are taken by surprise that we have seen someone. We are simply surprised, that's all. Natokow ki su warò ki no-inso-i. We were taken by surprise because we had not been asked [about it]. 3v To surprise each other. Ko nokogtagbu koy to tikù no dalan, nokogtokow koy. Nokogdongan koy to nigkagi to, "Otow"! When we happened to meet each other at the curve of the path, we happened to take each other by surprise. We simultaneously said, “People!” 4v To deliberately take someone by surprise as in a surprise attack Ogpatokawan to og-alamaraan oyow ogko-ubus dan oghimatoy They cause [the house/village] to be taken by surprise when they have banded together in mass to attack so that all can, without exception, kill everyone. 5Natokow ki ki Amutatoy to’gpanumbaoy to bigtas to kausiloman. We were surprised at Amutatoy, that he came visiting at midnight.
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bokas v 1To initiate a conversation, or a discussion such as that of a marriage arrangement. Ka oghun-a ogkagi, sikan ka ogbokas to alukuyan. The person who is first to speak, that is the one who initiates the discussion. 2To release, as trigger of a trap. Ko ogkabokas on ka bagwanan to balatik, du-on on ogsagad no babuy. When the trigger of the pig trap is released, a pig which has been caught. see: basikal. 3To block as an inlet from a river so as to drain area and catch fish in traps. Ka otow no ogngangalap to siak to woig, ogbokason din ka og-atangan din ka siak oyow og-otì on. A person who is fishing on a tributary of the river blocks the tributary so that it will dry up. [The common thread of meaning may be that the blocking of the river initiates the trapping of the fish, someone walking into an ambush, initiates/sets in motion the act of spearing an enemy, and the person who speaks first, initiates the conversation. A person who is angry, lets loose with angry words and/or a physical attack. (In the latter case, ogtokow his words take others by surprise.] see: atang 1. 4To vent, as anger in such a way that people are taken by surprise. Ka otow no nabolù, nigbokas ka nigkagi; nigparagas nigkagi. Nigma-agbot to nigkagi su ogkatokow ki. The angry person, vented [his] anger; he went right ahead and spoke. He spoke loudly because we are taken by surprise. see: tokow 1. 5To be the recipients of an angry outburst. Moirap ko ogbokasan ki to kagi. It is difficult if we are the recipients of [someone's] angry outburst. 6To strike. Ka otow no oggopas, ogbokas to usig ka ogpilak. The person who is lying in ambush, strikes [his] enemy when he spears [him].
antog 1v To purposely disturb or jostle something or someone. Ogtu-uran ta to og-antog to duma ta su ogko-on kid on; ogpukawon ta. We purposely disturb our companion because we will eat now; we awaken him/her. [such as when wanting to awaken someone] see fr.: dugnal 1. 2vs To be jostled. Ko ligad ki no ogkakois ta ka lamisaan, ogka-antog su nawo-il. If we brush against the table as we pass, it is jostled because it moved. 2.1vs To be disturbed as by a touch, a noise or a movement. Ko ogkoirogò ki to mo-ugtu no du-on ogkakagi, ogka-antog ki no ogkapukawan ki. Ka doromdom ta ka na-antog. If we sleep at noon and there are those who are talking, we will be disturbed and we will be awakened. It is our thinking which was disturbed. Na-antog ka lapinid to nabus-ugan to woig no pigsogod si Elena. The wasps were disturbed by having water poured on them and then Elena was stung. 3v To jog someone's memory; remind. Ko du-on utang to duma ta no konò ogbayad, og-antogan ta to og-insò. If one of our companions has a debt which [he/she] doesn't pay, we jog his/her memory by asking. Magi-insò ka igbogoy ku no babuy kaniu, ig-antog ku to doromdom nu ko kalingawan nu ka kanak? The pig which I am giving to you is being used to open the door to inquiry to jog your memory (lit. thinking) if you have forgotten that which is mine [that is, an unpaid debt for help with a bride price]? [such as when a debt has not been paid.] 4adj To disturb someone emotionally. Na-antog ka goinawa rin to bayungbayung dò kandin. Natokow ki su warò ki no-inso-i. His emotions (lit breath) were disturbed by those were were just making [false] accusations. We were taken by surprise because we had not been asked [about it]. [that is, to have negative emotions triggered by some incident]
bangì v To be afflicted with a sinus-like headache which is believed to be caused by someone withholding information such as an intention to marry. Ka otow no natokow to masakit ka kiloy rin, ogbangi-on sikandin. The person who is taken by surprise that his/her eyebrow hurts has a sinus-type headache.| Bangi-on a. I have a headache.caused by withheld information. [Pain may be on one side of one's forehead or shift to the other side,sometimes extending down over one's eye. The sufferer may attribute his/her pain as a sign that there is some circumstance, such as an unannounced intention to marry, of which he/she has not yet been informed. If he/she becomes aware of such a circumstance, he/she will request a coin or a button from that person to rub on the hurting forehead so the headache will go away.]
potung v To fall over dead. Ko ogkatokow ki to ogkapolod ka otow no ogparagas dò to ogkamatoy, sikan ka napotung. If we are taken by suprise that a person falls over and goes ahead [and] dies, that is [the meaning of] falling over dead. [Does not mean to simply become unconscious. It means to die.]
towkow 1v to take by surprise Ian ka ogkabalagad no igkabaybayari ka ogkatowkow su inat to du-on ogkalo-in on to ogkabalagaron woy to og-aguantoon. The only suffering which you can be ignored is that which takes one by surprise because it seems there is a difference between that which is ignored and that which is endured (DB) 2v to startle someone, or be startled by someone. The following example is from heard conversation. Natokow a. I was startled. 3 4 5 6 7