ubus 1v To use up all of something; to be all gone. Kagi to otow to, “Konò kad ogparagas su warò homoy diò to Patil su no-ubusan.” The person said, “Don't continue because there is no rice in Patil because it has been consumed. Ka nasalapi to bulu rin, no-ubus to otow no nigsaligan din. The money earned from his bamboo was used up by the person whom he had entrusted [with the sale]. [In the following example, the rice was consumed because it had all been purchased.] see fr.: tibò 5. 2v With negative: Finish, as weeding or cutting a field. Ogkagi rin to ogkara-at ka homoy rin su konò ogko-ubus no oghilamonon. She would say that her rice will be wasted because she cannot finish weeding [her field]. Ko banta-an to tagtu-un to kamot no ogpabuligan din to moon-ing no mgo otow oyow mgo tatolu no allow ogko-ubusan on to ogga-ani. When the owner is about to begin [harvesting his] field, then he has many people helping him so that in about three days [they] can finish harvesting it. [For other tasks, as washing dishes, the term would be kapongaan “complete”.] see: ponga 1. 3v All without exception; completely. Ogpatokawan to og-alamaraan oyow ogko-ubus dan oghimatoy They cause [the house/village] to be taken by surprise when they have banded together in mass to attack so that they can kill all without exception. Ogsulungan dan ka songo baloy no og-ubuson on ogpanhimatoy. They will attack a house and then they will completely kill off [everyone]. Agad to nataga ka mgo otow to koddì ka tagtu-un to sikan no pinamula, pig-ubus dan abata ka impamula ku no bontung. Even though the people knew that I was the owner of those plants, they totally cut down [all] the bamboo which I had planted. Woy ogkohingarani to og-apu-ung ka Liboganon ko ogpangubus to napù to pogsamba. One wouldn't say the Liboganon River was at high tide unless all of the flat area has been completely [covered] by flooding. see: tibò 1. 4At least a hundred. 5v To be used up befoe one gets something. Ubusan ka. It will be used up before you get any. 6Take all.
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ponga 1v To be finished, completed. Ko ogkapongaan to poghimu to darua no allow, bali ogkako-on ka sikan no agkud. When two days of [this] process has been completed, finally that agkud can be eaten. see fr.: kampus; see fr.: ubus 2; see fr.: tapus 1. 2v To deliberately finish or complete, something. 3Hipongoi nu ka baloy. You complete the house.
tibò phr.: tibò dò. 1adv All. Tibò ayam du-on agasan di ka manuk, warò su kai to kiliran ka pa-a ran. All domesticated animals have hips but as for chickens, they don't because their lets are on their sides. Ogkohonat ka tibò no oghalin su du-on igkahallok. Everyone will pack up and leave because there is something of which they are afraid. see fr.: ubus 3; see fr.: tibulus 3. 2v For all or everyone to be doing something Katibò ogsinogow. Everyone is crying. Natibò dan oghipanow. They all left. 3v To have all of something. Ko ogkatibò on ka igbayad nu, ogpakapurut kad on to kuddò. When you have all of your payment [in hand], you can take the horse. 4v To do or to include all of something. Tiba-a nu ka darua. [Take] both of them Tiba-an ogbukusi ka lison. Both her legs are enveloped. 5v To have happened completely. Natiba-an natutung ka kamot? Was the field burned completely? see: ubus 1.
alamara 1n Armed warriors or [band of] armed warriors. Ka alamara dongan, maro-ot su ogpanhimatoy to warò salò. Di ka kunto-on no alamara, noimu on no kaponongan to maroyow no alamara su ogbuligan on to mgo sundalu. The armed band(s) in the past were bad because they killed [people] who had no fault. But the bands of armed warrior(s) today have become groups of good warriors because they now help the soldiers. [Formerly, used of a band of raiders. Currently used of a local armed defense unit.] osyn: mangayow 1. 2v To raid, band together in mass to attack and kill people. Ogpatokawan to og-alamaraan oyow ogko-ubus dan oghimatoy. They cause [the house/village] to be taken by surprise when they have banded together in mass to attack so that they all can, without exception, kill [everyone]. Og-a-alamaraan to ogsulungan ka songo baloy. Ka sikan no a-alamaraan, moon-ing lagboy ka oglusud ka sikan no usig dan. They band together to attack a certain house.As for that raiding, there are very many who will come against those enemies of theirs. [The intent of the attack is to kill. Whole villages have been known to be massacred by such an attack.]
ampow 1prep Up, above. Ampow ta ka ilawan. The lightbulb is above us. 2v To stack one item on top of another. 3v For one item to be on top of another. Naka-ampow ka harayu to lamisaan. The radio is on top of the table. [This implies that the tem is actually touching in contrast to the example of the lightbulb which was overhead but not touching anyone.] 4vs To be stacked one on top of another as books Ogpokog-ampow-ampow ka so-i diblu. These books are stacked on top of each other. 5v (Fig.) Usurp the rights of someone else. Pig-ubus dan abata ka impamula ku no bontung no warò nigpataga to nigbuyù. Ka sikan no batasan dan, igpa-ampow-ampow to duma ran. They completely cut down all of the bamboo for weaving which I had planted without letting it be known by a request. That conduct of theirs usurped the rights of their companion. 6v ( Fig.)To override as when someone overrides the speech of someone else. Ko ogkagi a no du-on otow no ogtampod to kagi ku, ogbugsong. Ko og-ampawan din ka kagi rin, igdo-isok. If I am speaking and there is a person who cuts off my speech, he interrupts. If someone overrides [another's words] with his words, it is disrespectful of (lit. belittles) [the other person].
aras 1vs To be frustrated . Ogka-aras si Inò to kamot din su dakol ka hilamonon to homoy rin. Ogkagi rin to ogkara-at ka homoy rin su konò ogko-ubus no oghilamonon. Mother is frustrated because she has a lot of rice to weed. She says her rice will be wasted if she cannot finish weeding. [In the above example, there is frustration but no anger.] see fr.: anumpul; see: sasow 2; see fr.: ulingol 3. 2v To be provoked or to express irritation about something. Og-arasan koy to pokoipanow koy. We’re irritated because we have to walk. Ka otow no og-arasan, agad maintok ka ogkagion ta, maga-an ogkabolù. The person who gets provoked, even if what we say is small, he/she will be quick to become angry. Og-arasan ki to kuddò no naruad no konò ogkabayaran. We are provoked that the horse was sold and so it won't be paid for. [DB says the following example would fit a situation where some people got to ride on a raft and others had to walk. Those having to walk would be irritated because they didn't get to ride. There is some anger here resulting in grumbling.] see: kabolù. 3v To give vent to ones frustration. Og-aras-aras si Igì su warò ogtamong to anak din no konò ogpakapangali. Igì is venting [her] frustration because there is no one to watch her children and so she cannot go dig camotes.
bunuli v Return empty-handed, not having accomplished purpose. Ka otow no ogboboli to bogas diò to Patil no warò bogas su no-ubusan ka mgo tindahan, bunuli rò ian ka nighondiò no warò naboli rin no bogas. As for the person who is going to buy rice in Patil when there is no rice because the stores sold out, he just returns empty handed having gone to buy when there wasn't any rice.
bus-ug 1v To tip out, pour or dump. Ko ogko-ubus din on to pogbus-ug to batu, ogko-ug-ug on. When he has finished dumping the rocks, they fall [to the ground]. [Can apply to liquids, grain or items. bus-ug implies that a large amount will come out, usually emptying the container.] 2v To pour on, as water; douse. Ko nigbinulan si Elena diò to Davao, pigsugù sikandin to ogpabus-ugan to woig ka bulak. When Elena worked as a housegirl in Davao, she was given instructions to pour water on the flowers. No pogbus-ug din to woig, no nasubid ka baloy to lapinid no na-antog to woig no pigsogod sikandin. And as she was pouring the water [on the flowers], a lapinid wasp nest got wet and so she was stung. osyn: ug-ug 2; see: itis 1; see fr.: busbus 1; see fr.: itis 2. 3v Pour out, dump. Pambus-ug nu. Dump [all of them]. 4vs To spill out, be dumped accidently. Ko ogkapolod ka bardi, ogkabus-ug ka woig no warad ogkasamò. If the barrel tips over, the water will spill out and no more will be left. Ko du-on og-alapon ta no homoy no ogpakarogpak ki, ogkara-at ka homoy su ogkabus-ug. If we have rice which we are carrying and then we happen to stumble, the rice will be wasted because it will be accidently dumped. see fr.: boya.
gamak 1n One large fistful of something, especially food. Ka gamak, dakol no pogpurut to ko-onon. A fistful is taking a large handful of food. 2vt To take a large fistful of something, especially food but can apply to taking other items as marbles or jacks. Maniò to piggamak nu ka ko-onon to moon-ing ki man. Why did you take a huge fistful of rice when we are really many? Amana to ogko-ubusan ki su oggamakon on ka ko-onon. It isn’t fair that [the food] is being consumed [so we won’t have enough because [someone] takes a huge fistful of rice.
hanhan deriv n A greedy person as someone who would eat up leftovers and not think of someone else's needs. Hanhanon ka sikan no boi; pig-ubusan din ka asawa rin to ko-onon. That woman is a greedy person; she ate up all the rice and didn't leave any rice for her husband. (lit. ...she finished up all the rice on her husband.) see fr.: hagamhagam.
hilamon 1v To cut grass, clear ground of weeds. [ck if cutting grass is the same word. Maybe it depends whether one is attempting to remove the grass by cutting it at the ground?? Also, does this word mean to remove weeds or just to cut them down??] 2n weeds Ogka-aras si Inò to kamot din su dakol ka hilamonon to homoy rin. Mother is frustrated with her field because her rice has many weeds. 3v To weed as a garden or field. Ogkagi rin to ogkara-at ka homoy rin su konò ogko-ubus no oghilamonon. She says that her rice will be wasted because she cannot finish weeding [the field].
lanog v To flood over beaches. Ko oglanog ka woig, songo kausiloman ka og-uran no ogpangubus to pantad. When the river floods, it rains for one night and then the entire riverbed is underwater. Oghun-a ogduhù ka woig woy oglanog. The water rises first before [the river] floods." see fr.: lapoy 1; see: samba; see fr.: samba; see: lapoy 1.
lop-ang₂ v 1To skip, step over, step across something. 2Jump over an object Ka langkotow, ko ogpalaguy ki, oglop-angan ta ko du-on atang. As for the broad jump, when we run, we will jump over [an object] if there is an obstacle. 3To disobey. Ko du-on udling to mgo buyag no konò ogtumanon, sikan ian ka niglop-ang ka otow to balo-od. 4To skip, as doing something every other day Inuma nu ka so-ini no tambal no songo allow ka igsal'ang nu no og'inum ka man dò taman to ogko-ubus on. Take this medicine every other day until it is gone.
salig 1v To rely on; trust, entrust Ko du-on ogkito-on ta no duma ta no warò ta pad tila-a, ma-agkap so goinawa ta kandin. Ma-awang ka goinawa ta. Ogpakasalig ki kandin. If we see someone to whom we are related (lit. companion) whom we have not yet met, we feel confident toward him. We feel an openness [between us]. We are able to trust him. No-ubatan ka goinawa nu to pogsalig now. Your trust deceived you. [This word can be used in either a positive or negative sense. When one can trust in a person, they can rely on that person to carry out a duty or trust him/her because that person does not steal. However, if a person is lazy or angry, he/she may shirk responsibility by allowing or making others to do his/her work. Then the sense can be quite negative.] see fr.: pulus 3. 2v To be able to rely on or entrust with responsibility; to be reliable Dakol ka pulus ku ki Niya su kandin ka ogkasaligan ku. Niya is of great value to me because he is the one to whom I am able to entrust [with my field work]. 3To be reliable, trustworthy Du-on otow no konò ogkasaligan no ogpammurut to kalaglagan ku. There are [some] people who cannot be relied upon who will pilfer my things. [With negative, to be unreliable.] 4v To rely on/entrust someone with responsibility Ka nasalapì to bulu rin noubus to otow no nigsaligan din. The money from his bambamboo was used up by the person whom he had entrusted with responsibility [to sell it]. 5v To ely on, as to put a responsibility on someone else. Warò koy nigsalig kaniu. We didn't rely on you. [This can be used in a negative sense as when someone puts a responsibility on someone else’s shoulders.] 6v To shift responsibility to someone else, to take advantage of see: paginpulus. 7adj mature, reliable 8v 9v To rely on someone, toreally count on that person to do something. Salsaligan ta si Alikas. We are relying on Alikas. or “We are counting on Alikas!” [Taganay says this would be a compliment because the young woman can really be relied on. Sept. 10, 2008.] 10n Someone who carries responsibility on behalf of another as a steward 11v To rely on one another
tokow 1v To do something suddenly. Du-on allow no nigsulungan a to darua no tabu-uan no nigtokow nigsogod koddì. There was a day when I was attacked by two wasps which suddenly stung me. [In the intentive mode, this is used more often of taking someone by surprise or deliberately startling them. In non-intentive mode we can be startled such as when someone enters a room without our having heard them.] see fr.: bokas 4. 2v To be taken by surprise. Ogkatokawan ki to nigkita ta ka songo otow Ogkatokow ki rò du-on. We are taken by surprise that we have seen someone. We are simply surprised, that's all. Natokow ki su warò ki no-inso-i. We were taken by surprise because we had not been asked [about it]. 3v To surprise each other. Ko nokogtagbu koy to tikù no dalan, nokogtokow koy. Nokogdongan koy to nigkagi to, "Otow"! When we happened to meet each other at the curve of the path, we happened to take each other by surprise. We simultaneously said, “People!” 4v To deliberately take someone by surprise as in a surprise attack Ogpatokawan to og-alamaraan oyow ogko-ubus dan oghimatoy They cause [the house/village] to be taken by surprise when they have banded together in mass to attack so that all can, without exception, kill everyone. 5Natokow ki ki Amutatoy to’gpanumbaoy to bigtas to kausiloman. We were surprised at Amutatoy, that he came visiting at midnight.
ug-ug 1v To dump, as dirty laundry, trash. Ka mgo otow no ogmangali to mundu, og-ug-ug to mundù diò to woig su oglu-an dan pad The people who digs sweet potatoes, will dump the sweet potatoes into the water because they will wash them first. Ko ogkabus-ug ka sabow, ogko-ug-ug ka tagù. When soup spills, the contents fall out. see fr.: busbus 2. 2vs Spill, drop out, fall, as from a container. Ogmaligoton [ka bo-bò to tagu-anan] no du-on galow oyow ko ogtagù ka ngalap, konò ogko-ug-ug. The [mouth of the container] is made to be narrow and has sharp points so that when water-creatures go inside, they cannot drop out. Ko ogko-ubus din on to pogbus-ug to batu, ogko-ug-ug on. When he has finished dumping the rocks, they fall [to the ground]. osyn: bus-ug 2. 3Valley with a small stream
ulit v 1To repeat the exact words over and over. Du-on otow no og-ul-uliton din to ogbasa oyow ogko-indanan din. There is someone who reads something over and over so that he/she can memorize it. 2To repeat something, such as something which was said or taught Ka nato-uan noy to nigsiminal koy, songo ig-ulit noy ka natagaan noy diò to mgo otow no ogbogayan to mgo dimanu. That which we-excl. learned as we attended the seminar, we likewise will repeat that which we know to the people to whom the hand-operated [players] will be given. Ko hondo-i ka an-anayan no palì, du-on dò ian ig-ulit to ogpilak. Wherever the first wound was, that is where one will repeat the action of spearing. 3To something repeatedly. Kagi to otow no nigbuyu-an to asin, “Amana sikaniu no ogko-ulitan ki ka ogbuyù no ogko-ubusan kid atag.” The person from whom the salt was being requested said,“??”