ugpò 1v To live somewhere, that is to dwell there. Ka abu-on, dakol no manukmanuk no og-ugpò to koilawan The abu-on is a large bird which lives is the forest. Og-alam a to baloy no mamalu-ag ko warò otow no og-ugpò. I will chose a wider house if no one is living [there]. see fr.: tolon 3. 2v stay Ko malayat ka pog-ugpò nu, sikan ka agpot su nig-amut ka If your stay is long, that is [the meaning of the word] “alien” because you have joined [them]. 3v living situation Di ko du-on ka igpangalasag, konò ki ogka-agkapan ka og-ugpò su ogmabogat ki to og-ugpò. But if there is a means of defense, we who are living there won't feel insecure because our living situation will be secure (lit. heavy). 4n Dwelling place, country. 5To occupy oneself in the house. 6v To sit in a row. Manuk no mangu-ugpò to hantal din. The chickens are all lined up on the roost.
Search results for "ugpò"
tolon 1v Stay in one place or one position. Ka batò no ogkawo-kawò, konò ogkatolon ko ogpinnu-u. The child who is wiggley can’t sit still (lit. cannot stay if sitting). Tolon ka! Stay put (That is, stay near the house.)! 2vs To stay with something. Sagboka ka ogkatoon no ogbantoy to kalaglagan ta. One person will stay with our things. 3adj Characteristic of someone who stays at home; doesn't wander around. Kagi to batò, "Anggam, matoon ka amoy ku diò to baloy. The child said, “Uncle, my father is staying in the house see: ugpò 1.
agad phr.: agad pila. adv 1Even. Ko du-on ogbuyù to asin, agad do-isok, warò asin din. If someone requests salt, even a little, he doesn't have any. (This means he won't give any salt.) 2Even though. Agad to du-on mgo koirapi to mgo pog-ugpò ta, di igsalig ta rò to Magbobo-ot. Even though there are difficulties in our life situations, yet we just trust them to God. (dial. var. amag₁)
agad nokoy phrase 1Anything; anything whatever. Ko du-on ogsukut to kuddò di naruad, agad nokoy ka igbogoy ka nakapurut to kuddò. If someone collects payment for a horse but it has been sold on credit, the person who has gotten the horse can use anything whatever for payment. 2No matter what; no matter. Agad nokoy ka ignangon ku, konò ogpa-agad-agad no og-ugpò diò to dangob no anak din. No matter what I said, [she] wouldn't agree to stay with her other daughter.
agkap phr.: ma-agkap so bukod; phr.: goinawa no ma-agkap; phr.: ma-agkap ka pogdumaruma₂. 1adj Lightweight. Ma-agkap ka kabil ku. My backpack is lightweight. 2v To become easier. Ko moon-ing ka ayam ta, ogma-agkap ka pog-ugpò ta su konò kid ogkoirapan. If we have many animals, our living situation becomes easier because we won't experience hardship. 3v To feel unsafe or insecure. Ogka-agkapan ka og-ugpò to sikan no ugpa-an; ogkohonat ka tibò no oghalin su du-on igkahallok. The people living in that place feel unsafe; All of them will pack up and move at the same time because something is making [them] afraid. Nigkagi si Tirino, “Ka konò ogka-agkapan, konò og-awò kai to Kapugi. Ko ogka-agkapan, ogkohonat kow kunto-on diò to Maambago su ngilaman pad to mangayow.” Tirino said, “Those who don't feel unsafe, don't leave Kapugi. If [you] feel unsafe, leave together now for Maambao because there are warning of raiders for a while.” [If people in a given place feel unsafe they will often totally abandon a village. However, there are circumstances when not everyone feels unsafe and those may stay to attend their fields and not leave with the others.]
agpot 1n To be an outsider , that is, someone who is living in a location other than his own. Ko oghalin ki diò songo ugpa-an, mgo agpot ki rò. Agad duma ta no Manobò, mgo agpot ki rod su konò no ugpa-an ta. If we move to another place, we are just outsiders. Even if they are our fellow Manobos, we are still outsiders because it is not our place. ant: sakup 2. 2n Foreigner, that is, someone who resides in a country where he/she is not a citizen. Ogkohingaran to agpot kow kai to Pilipinas su sakup ka to songo ugpa-an. You are called foreigners here in the Philippines because you are subjects of another country. 3n A person who lives on someone else's property; displaced person. Ko warò tanò dan, mgo agpot sikandan. If they don't have land they are residing on someone else's land. [The Ata Manobo term agpot applies to a renter or someone who has permission to live on someone else's land. It does not have the negative connotation of the English term “squatter”. However, the people who dwell on a dump would be considered agpot because it is not considered that it is an appropriate place to live.] 4v To go somewhere for a short stay. Si Lita, nignangon ki Mery to diò oghibat to kandin. Nig-agpot si Mery su nig-amut on to songo kausiloman dò. Lita told Mery to sleep (lit. lay down) at their place. Mery stayed a short time with them because she joined [them] for only one night. [In the following example, DB says the verbal form applies but Mary is not an agpot because she only stayed one night.] see: panumbaloy. 5n To be temporary residents of some place Mgo agpot ki rò kai to tanò. We are just resident aliens here on earth. Ko malayat ka pog-ugpò nu, sikan ka agpot su nig-amut ka. If your stay is long, that is the meaning of an resident alien because you have joined in [with those people]. [DB says the word can mean amut if it is in a temporary sense. See example. [original gloss: Mingle with.]] osyn: amut 1. 6v To stay somewhere for a short time Nig-agpot si Mery su nig-amut on to songo kausiloman dò. Mary stayed for a short time because she joined [them] for only one night. [In this case, a person does not become an agpot “alien” or “foreigner” because the intent is just a short visit.]
alam 1v To choose or pick out from other objects or people. Og-alam a to og-ugpa-an ku no baloy. Og-alam a to baloy no mamalu-ag ko warò otow no og-ugpò. Moon-ing ka baloy di sagboka rò ka ogkapurut. I'm going to choose a house to live in. I'm going to pick a house that is wider if it has no people living in it. There are many houses but just one which will be received. 2v To select as a day. Og-alamon ku ka allow to og-ulì a diò to Maambago su oghimu a to pinayag to agoloy. I'm going to select a day to return to Maambago. 3vs To have happened to chose, be able to chose something. Agad ogka-alam nu di ko subla ka buyù, konò ka ogpakapurut. Even though you should happen to choose [a house], yet if [the purchase price] requested is excessive, you will be unable to get it. 4v Be choosy.
aligbat adv 1Ever since. Aligbat a no batò a, tahan ad on ka nig-ugpò kai to Mansalinow. Ever since I was a child, I have always lived in Mansalinao. syn: anoy₁ 2. 2With negative: never ever. Ko du-on ka niglanowlanow no woig no konò ogko-oti-an, sikan ka bala-as su warò pad aligbat makamoti. When there is a shallow mini-lake of water which doesn’t dry up, that is a swamp because it has never ever (lit. not yet ever ) been cut. see: anoy₂.
alunggun 1n A married couple, man and wife. Ka sikan no alunggun, sikan ka iam no nig-asawa di warò pad anak. As for that married couple, that is the one which has newly been married but does not yet have an offspring. see: lunggun 1. 1.1deriv n Just a married couple, no children. Ko du-on pad og-insò ko hontow ka duma nu, ogkagi sikandan to, “Al-alunggun koy rò. Warò pad anak noy”. If there would be someone who would ask who your companion is, they would say, “We are just a married couple. We don't have any children (lit. offspring) yet.” [This form may be used when asking or responding to a question. The form applies whether the couple is newly married or has been married for a long time but does not have children.] 2deriv n Family. 2.1deriv n Families, especially speaking of them as a group. Du-on og-insò ko pila no mal-alunggun ka nig-ugpò to sikan no baranggay. Ka tabak, “Moon-ing ka mal-alunggun ka nig-ugpò kai.” There is someone who asks how many families live in that baranggay. The reply is, “There are many families who live here.” [This form is used when asking a question as the preceding example.]
antuk 1v To use another name for an in-law, avoiding the use of the person\\\\\\\'s actual name, the use of which is believed to cause a curse. [ogbusungon]. 2n Something with a hidden meaning; a riddle. Nahan ku ko ian tu-ud to antuk din ko og-ugpò a to malayat pad no allow. Dokad di lo-in ka tu-ud din. Ogbogayan a poron to boi. I supposed that the meaning of his riddle [was] that I would stay for several days (lit. a long day). However his purpose was different. He wanted to give me a girl. 3v To make up riddles, especially at a vigil for the dead. [It is believed to be pamalii "bad luck" to tell riddles at any other time.] 4deriv n A riddle, especially that told at a wake. [To make up riddles at any other time than a death is believed to be bad luck. The purpose seems to be to distract the grieving from the reality of the grief over the loss of a loved one. Someone gives a characteristic of a balubatò "bachelor" or a dalaga "maiden" and others make guesses as to the meaning. An example might be a "maiden covered with eyes" which turns out to be a pinapple. ]
atol v 1To be sheltered or protected. Ka bogas to mundù, naka-atol to lobut to kayu no moon-ing dalig; konò ogka-ayunan to ogpurut. The tubers (lit. fruit) of the camote are protected under the tree where there are many root; one can't get at them to take [them]. [such as camotes growing under a stump.] 2To take refuge. Ko ogpangilian, nig-ugpò koy on diò to bubungan. Og-atolan noy ko du-on mangayow. “When [someone] holes-up, we-excl. stay there in the mountain(s). We take refuge [there] when there are raiders.” [such as on a mountain with one path that can be protected from above.] see: ili.
babaloy, og=, nig= phr.: songo baloy; deriv.: baloy. 1v To build a house. Ko ogbabaloy, ogbunsud pad no oghimu. If [one] builds a house, he begins to make [it]. 2v To find someone at home. Ka nigpanumbaloy ka diò ki Lillian, no-uma nu pad sikandin diò to baloy din, nabaloy nu pad. When you went to visit Lillian, you reached her while she was still at home, you found her at home. see: umaan; see: sapon 1. 3n A person who is a chronic visitor Du-on otow no sumbalayon. Sikan pad ian og-onow to kasoloman no diò tad ogkito-on to songo baloy. There are people who iare a chronic visitors. As soon as one gets up in the early morning, we see them over at someone else's house. [that is, one who is always at someone else's house.] 4n Kobbiung tune. 5v To visit at someone's house. 6v To sexually abuse women who live in the same household. Ka lituk to ogbalbalayon, ogpan-ian-ianan ka mgo boi. Ogpanhilabot dò du-on ka nig-ugpò. The meaning of the term ogbalbalayon, the women are taken advantage of. [A person] simply [sexually] uses [the women] who live there. [This is not by consent of either a spouse or the persons abused and is not accepted by Manobo culture. In the past, such a person might be put in a sack and drowned.]
balitì n Balete tree. Ka ogngaranan no talabubung, ka tagbanua no og-ugpò to bubungan, balitì, dalama, sampow. Ka sikan, karumaan to mgo busow. The [spirit] which is called mountain resident is the owner which dwells in the mountains, balete trees, cliffs [and] waterfalls. Those are of the same nature (lit. companions) of the busow [spirits of the dead]. [This tree is actually a complex of vines grown around a host tree which is believed to be the home of spirits.] 1.1n A spirit believe to reside in the balete tree.
baloy deriv. of: babaloy, og=, nig=. 1n House, building. spec: bakalag, pinayag 1. 2deriv n Household. Agad hontow ka ogpoko-ugpò to kandin no baloy, songo balayan on. Whoever lives at his/her house, [they are] one household. 3deriv v Domesticated, as a pig in the village in contrast to magintalunan which would refer to a wild pig. 4deriv n Old house; one that is becoming old. Ogkabinalayan on ka baloy. The house is getting old. 5deriv n Home owner including family members but not guests; master of household. see: tagbanwa. 6deriv n A request on the basis of a relationship as that of being a neighbor or friend who has previously done a favor for the person from whom the request is made. Tagibaloy to nasagman a nu rò su si Unisimu ka oghinguma on diò to baloy nu. ??? that you just showed hospitality to me because Onisimus is the one who arrived at your house. Tagibaloy (unawa ??) to nigsagman si [Pablo] ko nigdatong [si Unisimu] diò to baloy ni Pilimun su ligkat diò ki Pablo ka pogtokod din. It was like [Paul] was welcomed when Onisimus arrived at the house [of Philemon] because his acknowledgement [of Onisimus] came from [his relationship with] Paul. [DB comment regarding what Paul had proposed to Philemon regarding receiving Onisimus in his stead.]
bogat 1adj Heavy. 2adj expensive, as a bride 3adj To be difficult, as a problem. Konò og-aguanta si Joaquin no oghusoy to so-ini no problima su mabogat on lagboy. Joaquin cannot manage to resolve this problem because it is very difficult (lit. heavy.) 4adj secure, as a village which is protected Di ko du-on ka igpangalasag, konò ki ogka-agkapan ka og-ugpò su ogmabogat ki to og-ugpò. But if there is a means of defense, we who are living there won't feel insecure because our living situation will be secure [lit. heavy]. 5n weight Daruwa no kilo ka kabogati rin. [The bird's] weight is two kilos. 6adj Heavier, heaviest. 7adj Difficult Ian to ogmabogat ka oggabas su dakol ka kinotkot to gabas. The reason it becomes difficult (lit. heavy) to saw is because there is a lot of sawdust (lit. chewed up pieces of the saw).
bubung phr.: anak to pamubungon₁. n 1A ridgepole. Liliungan to baloy. Ridgepole of a house. see: liliungan. 2Sky. see: langit. 3A kind of spirit which claims ownership of mountains, baliti trees, cliffs and waterfalls; also familiar spirits which claim those roles. Ka talabubung, karumaan to mgo busow. Ian ka tagbanua no og-ugpò to bubungan, balitì, dalama, sampow. The talabubung, they are companions of the evil spirits. [Those] are the ones who are owners who live in the mountains, baliti trees, cliffs and waterfalls. Ka mgo otow no du-on bantoy ran no talabubung, ian dan im-imanan ka ogbatunon diò to langit. People who have talabubung familiar spirits anticipate that they will be transported to heaven. [If a couple has this kind of a familiar spirit, it is believed that if one spouse dies, the other will also die.]
bugtung 1n To be the only offspring of a certain sex or to be an only child in a household. Ka bugtung no lukos sagboka rò kandin kalukos. Ka boi no sagboka no anak songo bugtung dod kandin As for an "only" man, he is the only (lit. just one) male [in the household]. The woman who has just one offspring, he/she is an "only" child. 2adj Person who is deprived of her companion; alone, when supposed to be two or more. Bubugtung on. [He/she] has been left alone [without his/her companion]. 2.1deriv n Solitary thing, such as just one word of a language. 3v To withdraw to eat something alone. Ka otow no ogbubugtung to sagin, logoron. Konò ogpambogoy. The person who eats bananas by himself is selfish. He doesn't share [with others]. [The implication is that the person is unwilling to share.] see: nugun 1. 3.1v For a person to eat alone when there is no other choice. Ko du-on otow no ogpa-awoy-awoy to og-ugpò no sagboka rin dò, ko du-on ogkako-on din ogpakabubugtung dò to ogko-on su warò songo baloy rin no ogkatalaran din. Sikan ka konò no maro-ot su konò no logoron. If someone lives far away [from others] by himself, when he eats he has to eat alone because he doesn't have any neighbors with whom to share. That isn't bad because he is not selfish. [It is considered selfish for a person to withdraw to eat alone so that he/or she will not be seen and expected to share, but if one is living alone and has no companions, eating alone is without choice and the person is not considered to be selfish.] 4n Kind of banana. 5v Set aside by itself. Bugtungan ku rò, malintok. I’ll just set [it] aside by itself, it’s small.
dakol phr.: Dakol ka goinawa; phr.: ian dakol₂. 1adj Big; large in size. Ka abu-on, dakol no manukmanuk no og-ugpò to koilawan. A heron is a big bird which lives in the forest. see fr.: pagamayan. 2adj A lot, or large amount of something Dakol ka hilamonon to homoy ni Inò Mother has a lot of weeds in her rice [field]. 2.1adj many Ko dakol ka igko-untud to gakit, ogka-agod-od on. If many [people] get on a raft, it will become submerged. 2.2adj lot, or large amount of something. Ko dakol ka urang, ogkaponù ka luang to balutu. If there is a lot of rain, the interior of the boat will become full [of water]. 3adv Profuse. Dakol ka pogpasalamat ku ki Joaquin ka nigpangabangan a rin. My expressions of thanks to Joaquin were profuse for his having saved me. [DB says he would have expressed his thanks in words -- it implies many but also includes the emotion of joy.] 4adv Very much. Ka bogas to katumbal, dakol no ogpakabulig ko du-on turakan ta no agoloy no ogtasikan. [As for] the fruit of the red pepper, it helps very much if we have a corn field which has a tasikan blight/disease. see: lagboy 1. 5adj Forceful. No ko oghulid sikandan, ogdagsangan to dakol no lugung woy kilat. And then when they laid down next to each other [to sleep], they were struck by a forceful [clap] of thunder and lightning. see: agbot 2. 6v To increase, do something in greater measure; excessively. Ognangonan ta ka magaliug ta to, “Pango-on ka; hinalatoy ka,” oyow ogdakol ka ogko-onon din. We tell our guest, “Eat up; fill up”, so that he will eat more (lit. increase his eating). Nigdakol ka uran gabi-i su napawa-an no warò pad nigtilo-tò. It rained excessively yesterday because [it rained] all night until morning without stopping. 7v To increase Ogdakolon ta ka homoy to og-angoy diò to pinayag su ogka-atangan ki to oglanog ka Liboganon. We will increase [the amount of] rice which we fetch from the rice shelter because we will be blocked by the swollen Liboganon [river]. 8v To do something in great measure, such as to give a large amount of something. Bogayi nu si Tunin to homoy woy dakola nu to ogbogoy. Give Tunin some rice and give her a large amount [of rice]. see: timul. 9adj very large Ka ogbobol-og, ogpamusil to babuy no magintalunan, usa, ubal, ko manukmanuk no dagdakol. Those who go hunting with a weapon, they shoot wild pigs, deer, monkey(s), or very large birds. 10adj Forceful, very heavy (lit. very big), as rain Wà dò malugoy, nigdagsang ka ma-agbot no kilat woy lugung woy daddakol no uran. Not long later, a loud crack of lightning and thunder struck along with very heavy (lit. very big) rain. 11adj Very big; biggest Ka takubung, ngaran to ambow no daddakol no lukosan. Takubung is the name of the biggest of the male rodents. 12adj Bigger Dakoldakol ka lumansad no kalusisi to boian. The male love bird is bigger than the female. 13v Increase see: timul. 14Bigger, biggest, larger, largest. 15n Size, measurement Nigsokoran ku ka hawak to batò oyow ogkatagaan ku ka karakoli to hawak din. I measured the child's waist so that I would know the measurement of her waist. 16v To exalt, oneself or someone else. Maro-ot sikandin no ogpakabulig no igparakol ka batasan din. Maroyow poron ko duma no mgo otow ka ogparakol to ngaran din. That person is bad who has helped and then uses it to exalt his own conduct. It would be good if someone else was the one to exalt his name. 17To exalt oneself Ko ogparakoldakol ki to duma ta, sikan dod, songo og-ampow-ampow ki to duma ta. Ogdo-isokon ta ka duma ta. If we exalt ourselves over our companions, that is also, the same as making ourselves higher than our companions.
datong v 1To arrive at a certain house with intent to stay for a while. Ko ogdatong ki to sikan no ugpa-an, ogpakatago-od ki pad og-ugpò. If we arrive at that place, we stay for a temporary period of time. [The expectation is that a person will stay at the house where he arrives for a visit.] see fr.: uma 3; cf: dampot 2. 2To get to or arrive at a destination, whether it is one's own village or another's village. Ko ogkasaklupan ka to mausilom, mohirap nu to ogdatong to ugpa-an nu su mausilom on ka ogbaya-an nu. If you have been caught by darkness, it will be difficult for you to arrive at your dwelling place because where you travel (lit. you are passing) is dark. 3To go to a destination. Ko ogkasagboka-an kid on, ogparagas kid to tu-tu-u no ogdatongan ta. When we have been there for a day, we will continue on to our true destination (lit. where we are truely destining [to go]. [In Manobo, this is a verb whereas in English the concept is expressed as a noun because the verb “destine” has a different meaning sense.] 4To make sure that something reaches someone. Maroyow sikandin no otow su igparatong din ka salapì diò to tagtu-un to agoloy. He is a good person because he makes sure that the money reaches the owner of the corn.
duma 1n A companion, neighbor or other [persons]. Wà ki matagoy to ogpoko-uma ka duma. We didn't know that other(s) would arrive. Ko ogmarakdakoloy to goinawa to duma ta, songo du-on goinawa kanta. If we love our neighbors (lit. companion), they will also love us. osyn: tuluy 1; see fr.: tuluy 2. 2v To accompany someone or something. Nahan din no ogduma koykow diò to Nasuli. She assumes that she will accompany you to Nasuli. 2.1v To bring someone along with oneself. Tibò anak now, dumaan now kai... Bring all of your children here... see: hinggat, og= =an. 2.2v To take someone somewhere for some purpose such as work. Ko ogdumoon ka diò to dangob no talabau, ogka-ayat ka. If you are taken along to another work, you are drawn over to it. see: hatod 1. 3v Getting along with each other, companionship or interpersonal relationships. Ko warò ig-ogot nu to duma nu, ogma-agkap ka pogdumaruma ta. Warò problima ta. If there is nothing for which you would clash with (lit. scold) your companion, our interpersonal relationships (lit. accompanying) will be good. Natampod ka pogdumaruma ta su diò kid to mariù noko-ugpò. Our companionship (lit. accompanying) has been cut off because we live far [from each other]. 4deriv n A person belonging to a particular group such as a neighbor or belonging to the same ethnic or religious group. osyn: sungkud.
gopas v 1To lie in wait; ambush. as an enemy on the trail. see fr.: bantang 3.1; see fr.: gopasan 1; see fr.: olot 2; see fr.: bangan 2. 1.1To come out of hiding to attack something, as an person or animal. Ko kai og-ugpò ka magintalunan to taliwarò, oglinglingutan on to mgo otow ka oggopas. If the wild [pig] is here in the middle, the people will surround it as they come out of hiding to attack it 2To wait in readiness for something, as for a hoop that is rolled at which he/she will attempt to cast an object through the center as it passes. Ka sagboka no otow, oggopas to sikan no bangkalow no ogkalilid. As for one person, he/she waits in readiness [to spear] that hoop which will be rolling.
gugud 1v To tell or relate something to someone. Ogguguran ku sikaniu to so-ini no nangnangonon. I’ll relate this story/information to you. see: nangon 2. 1.1v To tell or relate multiple kinds of news or information such as how the people in one’s village are doing. Panggugud ka ko nokoy ka kaniu no pog-ugpò. Tell things about your living situation. 2deriv n News; general information. Ogtabak to, "So-ini ka igkanangonnangon ku no guguron diò to kanami no ugpa-an." He would answer, “This is the news which I have to tell about our place. see: nangon 1; see: batbat.
honat 1v To lift up. 2v (Fig.) To be able to manage, such as to be able to carry a responsibility. see fr.: aguanta 4. 3v To ascend, be lifted up as an airplane. 4v Put food on the table; set the table. [In traditional Ata Manobo culture, guests were not called until the food is already served out on a winnowing tray or leaves. ] see fr.: ho-un 1; see fr.: dat-ag. 5vs To pick up everything and everybody and leave a village at the same time Ogka-agkapan ka og-ugpò to sikan no ugpa-an; ogkohonat ka tibò no oghalin su du-on igkahallok. Ko ogkohon-at, ogdorongan ka tibò no og-awò. The people living in that place feel unsafe; they will pick up everything and move because something is making them afraid. If they pick up and leave, everyone will leave at the same time. Sikan ian nohonat on ka pog-ugpò to sikan to Mansalinao su nanhalin on diò to Maambago su nighimu to iam no landingan. That's why they packed up and left Mansalinao because they were moving to Maambago because they had made a new airstrip. Di konon samuk ka pogkohonat to pog-ugpò. But their packing up and leaving was not due to trouble. [Particularly at a time when raiders are expected and people are afraid, they will pick up all of their things, people and animals and all will leave together.] 6One who serves food. 7Ascend, as airplane. 8Hospitable.