ugpa-an 1n Place, dwelling place, location, country Oghalin a pad to songo ugpa-an. I'm going to move to another location. Ko ogko-ongkoran ka sikan no ugpa-an, warad otow no ogdinogon ta no ogkakagi. If that place is abandoned, there will be no more people whom we will hear talking. 2n Dwelling place, country. Ko oghalin ki diò songo ugpa-an, mgo agpot ki rò. If we move to another country, we are just aliens. 3v To live or move into a house. Ka otow no nighimu to baloy rin, og-omotan din to oghiponga ka oghimu su ugpa-an din on. The person who is making a house will work hard to finish making it because he will move in.
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agbas v 1Pierce and go through, as a spear. Ko ogkapilak to mangayow, og-agbas ka kommag. If someone is stabbed by a raider, the spear will pierce and go through [the body]. 2To push something through (lit cause to go through) to the other side. Pa-agbason nu ka kawad diò to limang to timbabakal din. Push the fishhook through to the other side of his thumb. 3To penetrate through, as a pain which goes through one's body from one side to another. Og-agbas ka masakit to sosolobon woy ka poka ni Anggam. Uncle's pain penetrates from his chest to his back Ko dii ka nigligkat to tanò no oggoram ka to masakit no oglagbas, nalimuan ka to busow. If you have come in from outside (lit. from the ground) and you experience a pain which penetrates [through your body], you have been affected by an evil spirit. 4For a person to irregularly pass through something such as a village or a forest, passing where there is no path. Pang-agbas-agbas ki to ugpa-an to mgo otow. We are going back and forth while passing through the village (lit. dwelling place of the people).
agkap phr.: ma-agkap so bukod; phr.: goinawa no ma-agkap; phr.: ma-agkap ka pogdumaruma₂. 1adj Lightweight. Ma-agkap ka kabil ku. My backpack is lightweight. 2v To become easier. Ko moon-ing ka ayam ta, ogma-agkap ka pog-ugpò ta su konò kid ogkoirapan. If we have many animals, our living situation becomes easier because we won't experience hardship. 3v To feel unsafe or insecure. Ogka-agkapan ka og-ugpò to sikan no ugpa-an; ogkohonat ka tibò no oghalin su du-on igkahallok. The people living in that place feel unsafe; All of them will pack up and move at the same time because something is making [them] afraid. Nigkagi si Tirino, “Ka konò ogka-agkapan, konò og-awò kai to Kapugi. Ko ogka-agkapan, ogkohonat kow kunto-on diò to Maambago su ngilaman pad to mangayow.” Tirino said, “Those who don't feel unsafe, don't leave Kapugi. If [you] feel unsafe, leave together now for Maambao because there are warning of raiders for a while.” [If people in a given place feel unsafe they will often totally abandon a village. However, there are circumstances when not everyone feels unsafe and those may stay to attend their fields and not leave with the others.]
agpot 1n To be an outsider , that is, someone who is living in a location other than his own. Ko oghalin ki diò songo ugpa-an, mgo agpot ki rò. Agad duma ta no Manobò, mgo agpot ki rod su konò no ugpa-an ta. If we move to another place, we are just outsiders. Even if they are our fellow Manobos, we are still outsiders because it is not our place. ant: sakup 2. 2n Foreigner, that is, someone who resides in a country where he/she is not a citizen. Ogkohingaran to agpot kow kai to Pilipinas su sakup ka to songo ugpa-an. You are called foreigners here in the Philippines because you are subjects of another country. 3n A person who lives on someone else's property; displaced person. Ko warò tanò dan, mgo agpot sikandan. If they don't have land they are residing on someone else's land. [The Ata Manobo term agpot applies to a renter or someone who has permission to live on someone else's land. It does not have the negative connotation of the English term “squatter”. However, the people who dwell on a dump would be considered agpot because it is not considered that it is an appropriate place to live.] 4v To go somewhere for a short stay. Si Lita, nignangon ki Mery to diò oghibat to kandin. Nig-agpot si Mery su nig-amut on to songo kausiloman dò. Lita told Mery to sleep (lit. lay down) at their place. Mery stayed a short time with them because she joined [them] for only one night. [In the following example, DB says the verbal form applies but Mary is not an agpot because she only stayed one night.] see: panumbaloy. 5n To be temporary residents of some place Mgo agpot ki rò kai to tanò. We are just resident aliens here on earth. Ko malayat ka pog-ugpò nu, sikan ka agpot su nig-amut ka. If your stay is long, that is the meaning of an resident alien because you have joined in [with those people]. [DB says the word can mean amut if it is in a temporary sense. See example. [original gloss: Mingle with.]] osyn: amut 1. 6v To stay somewhere for a short time Nig-agpot si Mery su nig-amut on to songo kausiloman dò. Mary stayed for a short time because she joined [them] for only one night. [In this case, a person does not become an agpot “alien” or “foreigner” because the intent is just a short visit.]
alam 1v To choose or pick out from other objects or people. Og-alam a to og-ugpa-an ku no baloy. Og-alam a to baloy no mamalu-ag ko warò otow no og-ugpò. Moon-ing ka baloy di sagboka rò ka ogkapurut. I'm going to choose a house to live in. I'm going to pick a house that is wider if it has no people living in it. There are many houses but just one which will be received. 2v To select as a day. Og-alamon ku ka allow to og-ulì a diò to Maambago su oghimu a to pinayag to agoloy. I'm going to select a day to return to Maambago. 3vs To have happened to chose, be able to chose something. Agad ogka-alam nu di ko subla ka buyù, konò ka ogpakapurut. Even though you should happen to choose [a house], yet if [the purchase price] requested is excessive, you will be unable to get it. 4v Be choosy.
alap v 1To bring something to a destination. Alap ka rò to sabun no mohomut. Just bring the fragrant soap. see fr.: ganuy 1; see fr.: baniwal 4. 1.1To take something somewhere. Ko du-on "jeep" no nasirà no awos no og-alapon diò to "shop" oyow ogdoyroyawon, songo igpaganuy rod to dangob no jeep. If there is a jeep which is broken down which need sto be taken to the shop to be repaired, it is also pulled by another jeep. spec: sakopu, utuk 1, baba, pangkul, ti-ang 1, bitbit 1, soy-ung, layap; see: hatod 2. 2To move or propel as fins move a fish through water. Ka alongaping, ian ka ogbo-ot to og-alap to lawa to sikan no ngalap. The fin by the fish's ear, that is what determines the movement (lit. carrying) of the body of that fish. 3To be carried away, as by water. Ko ogsamba, du-on baloy no ogka-alap. When [the river] floods, there are house(s) which are carried away. spec: alus 1; see fr.: anlas 3. 4To have someone to take something somewhere; send. 5(Fig) To be under someone's authority. Ko du-on diò to songo barrio on ka ogka-alap, inat to mgo sakup din tibò. If there are those in a some village who are under [someone's] authority (lit. carried by someone), it seems that they are all his subjects. 5.1(Fig) To carry a responsibility or hold authority. Si Joaquin pad ka naka-alap to katondanan to kapitanto Baranggay Gupitan. Joaquin is still the one who has held the position (lit. authority) of captain of Baranggay Gupitan. 5.1.1To be under someone's authority Ko du-on diò to songo barrio on ka ogka-alap, inat to mgo sakup din tibò. If there are those in a some village who are under [someone's] authority (lit. carried by someone), it seems that they are all his subjects. 6For something to be brought to someone. 6.1To be transmitted to, as an illness. Ko og-uma ka dalu no tiklas diò to songo ugpa-an, ko du-on ogpanumbaloy no ogligkat to sikan no ugpa-an, ogka-alapan ki to dalu. If an illness comes to some place, [and] if someone visits from that place, the illness will be transmitted (lit. inadvertantly carried) to us. see: halin 2.1. 6.2To be used in a certain way, as a word. Ian dò ogka-alapan no kinagian ko du-on duma ta no oghinggat to ogparigus no ogkagian ku to, “Alap ka rò to sabun no mohomut.” The only way the word is used (lit. the only [meaning] carried by the word) is if we have a companion whom [we] invite to go bathing with us and I say, "Just bring the fragrant soap".
alawat v 1To collect something from one place to take somewhere else, such as seed or a souvenir. Ka bogas to mauganì no ungod ku og-alapon diò to Maambago, songo nig-alawat ku dii to Nasuli. As for the seed(s) of the mahagoni which I am always taking to Maambago, I have likewise collected from Nasuli [to take to Maambago]. Ko oghondiò kid to songo ugpa-an, ko du-on bonì no ogko-iniatan ta unawa to homoy, ko warò diò to kanta ka sikan no homoy, ogbuyù ki to ogboni-on ta no og-alawaton ta oyow du-on on homoy diò to kanta. Unawa to nakabobonì kid on su nigbunanat tad. If we have gone to another place, if there is [a kind of ] (rice) seed which we desire, we will collect and transport it so that we will have [that kind of] rice at our place. It's like we have been able to get seed because we have propagated it. 2Marry someone from a far place. [Usually, a man will live in the village of the woman he marries. If he desires to bring her back to his own village, generally an additional brideprice will be requested by her relatives.]
alimotow 1v To miss someone, especially after a person has died. 2v To be homesick. Ko mananoy ogpakakita to duma ta, ogka-alimotow ki to ugpa-an ta. If we are unable to see our companions for a long time, we become homesick for our home place. 3vs To have had loneliness triggered. Du-on kai no ogko-ilingan to hari ni Elena no nigkita ku ka nigbayò diò to kalasara. Na-alimotow a su ogko-iling to hari ni Elena ka hinipanawan din woy ka langlanguan din. There was someone here who resembled the younger sister of Elena and I saw her pass by the road. It triggered loneliness in me because her walk and her face resembled Elena's younger sister. [If one sees someone who greatly resembles someone one knows, he is caused to think about that person. This can cause a mistake in identity and then surprise. If a song or an item of clothing causes us to think of a friend or relative who is deceased, the association can trigger the strong emotional pain of loss.] 4v To trigger grief. Tongod ko du-on amigu ta no maroyow to pogdumaruma ta di ko du-on kanta rin to Magbobo-ot di warad sikandin kai to tanò, ogka-alimotow ka ko ogpakarinog ka to sikan no kanta ko manokal pad kandin. Regarding if we have a friend with whom we had a good relationship (lit. our accompanying was good) but then if someone sings his song about God but he is no longer here on the earth, loneliness/grief will be triggered in you when you hear that song [which he sang] when he was still alive. Ogka-alimotow ki no lagboy no ogmasakit so goinawa ta. Memories of someone will be brought back and we will feel very sad (lit. our breath will hurt very much). [If one sees someone who greatly resembles someone one knows, he is caused to think about that person. This can cause a mistake in identity and then surprise. If a song or an item of clothing causes us to think of a friend or relative who is deceased, the association can trigger the strong emotional pain of loss.] 5v That which triggers grief. Ian ingkalimotow to inoy to batò no namatoy ko nigkita rin ka “ID” to anak din. That which triggered grief in the mother of the child who had died was when she saw the ID of her child.
anak phr.: anak to dalan; phr.: anak to pamubungon₂. 1n A male or female offspring of an animal or human; son or daughter. 2v To give birth. Ko ogkapanoy ogkatapid ka batò diò to diralom to gotok, oglomulan ka inoy ko og-anak. If the baby (lit. child) in the abdomen has been properly positioned ahead of time, the mother will have it easier when she gives birth. Gabi-i pad nig-anak on ka kuddò ku. Just yesterday my horse gave birth. cf: agud. 2.1v To give birth in some place. - Ogdurugmun ka babuy to og-anakan din. A pig makes a bed for [a place where] she will give birth. 2.2v To give birth to multiple offspring. Ka karpa no ngalap, woy ogpanganak ko ogsilò ka bulan. Carp fish don’t give birth to multiple offspring until the moon comes out. 2.2.1v To give birth multiple times; give birth frequently. Ko du-on og-anak no warò pad nigtu-ig ka anak din no ogpanganak man dò sikandin, oghingaranan no mahariharion no manggianak su malasi og-anak. If someone gives birth when her child is not yet a year old so she is giving birth again, she is called a mother who produces siblings [one after another] because she frequently gives birth. 2.2.2v To reach birthing time. Ko du-on og-insò ko kon-u nanganak ka amboy nu, kagi to songo otow, “Ka ligad dò no allow ka pogpanganak.” If someone asks when your daughter-in-law delivered [her baby], another person will answer, “The previous day was her birthing time”. 2.2.3v Those which are birthed. Ka po-it, ka alu-an, woy ka pantat, ogparagas ogko-otow ka igpanganak dan. The po-it, mudfish and the catfish, are birthed alive (lit. directly live, when it is the time for them to be born [lit. the ones being birthed]. 3deriv n Uterus Ka a-anakan, sikan ka ugpa-an to batò diò gotok to inoy. The uterus, that is the dwelling place of the child in the abdomen of the mother. 4deriv n An adopted child. Ogko-iling ki Ugalinga no nig-uyamu to mgo batò, ogkoimu no anak-anak ran. It’s like Ugalinga who is caring from the childen, they have become heir adopted children. see: uyamuan. 4.1deriv n A stepchild. [A stepchild, that is the child of one's spouse is an anak-anak but not considered to be an uyamuan which is used of an adopted or foster child] 5deriv n Nephew or neice, also a cousin’s child. Si Binitu, songo maka-amung ku rod su anakon ku si Angelina. As for Binitu, he has also become my son-in-law because Angelina is my neice. 6deriv n Anything that has a young offspring; a mother, but especially a nursing mother. Ka mgo ngalap to woig no poit maroyow ka sabow rin to duon iam no manggi-anak su oggatasan. As for the po-it fish [lit. creatures of the water which are po-it], its soup is good for the nursing mother because [her breasts] will produce milk . [Also applies to female animals with young.] 6.1vs To become a nursing mother. Ka ogkamanggi-anak on no boi, sikan ka iam nig-anak no du-on on ogtago-uro-on no batò. Sikan ka ungod din oggibo-on, ogpasusuon, ogsakopuon woy og-uahon. A woman who has become a nursing mother, that is the one who has has newly given birth and now has a a child to care for. [Also applies to female animals who newly give birth] 7deriv n Parent and child doing something together; from parent’s standpoint. 8deriv n A child accompanied by his/her parent or parent accompanying his/her child. Ka tag-anak, ka amoy nigduruma to anak din. A child accompanied by its father, [that is when] the father has accompanied his son/daughter (lit. offspring). Ka amoy no nighondiò to lunsud, tag-anak ka nigduruma to du-on ogbolion dan diò to lunsud. The father who went to town, they are the child with his parent who accompanied each other to buy [something] in town. 8.1n A mother and her child. 9deriv v To hunt for frogs by searching for the frog eggs. Ogpaki-anak ki. We search for the offspring [of frogs]. Ogpakianak ki, ko ogkita ki to atolug to bakbak, du-on ta rò ogpamitawon ka inoy su du-on dò ian to marani ka og-olon. When we hunt for frogs, when we see the eggs of the frog, we will just find the mother [frog] because she will be there closely watching over [her eggs]. 10n Descendent of recent past [That is, descendants who were known andcan be recounted by one’s relatives in contrast to kapunganan which would refer to decendants a long time removed.] see: kapunganan 1.
anggò 1v To deliberately withhold food or sustenance. 2v To abandon or neglect someone. Ko du-on batò no in-anak diò to awayan no nig-ongkoran to inoy, nig-ang-angga-an din on. If there is a child who was born outside the village who is [deliberately] left behind by the mother, it has been abandoned by her. [This can apply to either a child or an older person who is not being cared for even though he/she may have a house to live in but is unable to care for his/her own needs.] 3vs To have been abandoned or neglected. Ka batò no ogka-ang-angga-an, ogkulang to pogko-on, sabinit, pogparigus woy warò baloy no ogko-ugpa-an dan. As for the child who has been neglected, he/she is lacking food, clothing, bathing and has no house to live in. see: uwang 7.
balak v To come over to meet someone. Du-on nigbalak kanami to nigdatong koy diò to songo ugpa-an. There were [some] who came to meet us when we arrived at another place. Ko dii koy ogpu-un ka oghipanow, ogbalakon koy to mgo otow ko og-ulì koy ko du-on bag ogka-alap noy. If we-excl leave from here,on a trip, [some] will come to meet us when we -excl return home [to see ] if we have brought something with us. [such as when one arrives as a guest or when one returns home from a trip. (Contrasts with lambag come out to meet which could apply to people or a pet.)] see fr.: dagap 1.1; see: tagbu.
bogbog 1n A warning Ka otow no Igbuyag to ugpa-an, noumaan to bogbog to sulat to mgo sundalu to, “Nangoni ka mgo sakup now to warò pad oghilit su ogmanguroik ka mgo sundalu ka ogpitow to mgo ugpa-an.” The person who was the leader of a [certain] place received (lit. was reached by) a written warning [which said], “Tell your subjects not to go to the outposts because the soldiers will be coming upriver to see the villages.” see fr.: bohog; see: bohog. 2adj Wealthy, as a person with money or possessions. Ka tala-ayamon no otow, ogngaranan no mabogbog. The person who has a lot of animals, is called wealthy. education. 2.1adj Powerful due to wealth or status. 2.2adj Important due to status or education 2.3adj Imprtant, as a person or city Mabogbog ka Maambago su ogkabantugan su maroyow ka mgo otow. Maambago is important because it is admired because the people are good. 33.1deriv n Political power. Du-on kabogbogan to igbuyag to lunsud su ogpakasugù sikandin. The leader of a village has political power because he is able to give orders. 3.2n Power, natural Du-on kabogbogan to kilat su ogpakasilab to kayu. There is power in the lightening because it is able to set trees on fire. 3.3n Supernatural power. Ka Magbobo-ot, ian ka du-on dakol no kabogbogan. God is the one who has the greatest power.
bugal 1adj Prolific, have a lot of offspring, whether animals or human. Kabugal on ka babuy su ogmoon-ing on ka og-anak. The pig is prolific because it has many offspring when it gives birth. 2v To progate or cause to increase, whether of animals, seed, or fish in a fishpond. Ko ogbugalon, og-ayamuon pad ka babuuy oyow ogkabugal on ka ogmoon-ing. Ungod ogpanganak. If we propagate [pigs] we take care ofthem so that they will be prolific as they become many. They will always bear many offspring. Ko du-on boni ligkat to songo ugpa-an no warò dio to kananami, ogbunanat oyow du-on diò to kanami no ogkabugal on. If there is a kind of seed in another place which is not in our place, we carry it to our place and propagate it so that it will be increased.
bunanat 1v Propagate as rice brought from another area. Ka sikan no bunanat, ogmoon-ing on no ogtangkap on diò to kanta no ugpa-an. That [word] propagate, it will become many and spread there in our place. Kagi to songo otow, “Hondo-i ka nig-alawat to sikan no bonì?” Kagi ku, “Diò to Maguimon. Ogbuyù sikandan to sikan no bonì no songo ogbunanaton dan” One person says, “From where did you transport that seed” I say, “From Maguimon. They asked for that seed which they will also propagate.” 2v give birth to a mixed breed ?? Pakabunanat [ka mgo ambow]; oghilabot to konò no unawa rin. [The rats] will propogate; it mated with [another rat] which was not the same as itself. Ogpakabubunat kid to ambow no songo lo-in. We happened to have propogated another kind of rat. 3 4 5 6
buoy v Usually expressed with negative: To do something with very little lapse of time, quickly; not very long. Ka otow no nanumbaloy diò to songo ugpa-an, wà dò nigbuoy no nig-ulì on. Ko tatolù no allow rin to ogpanumbaloy no niglibong on. A person who visited another place, didn’t stay very long then he returned home. If he stayed three days then he returned. Ka otow no manokal no wà dò nigbuoy no nakaponga on to kamot din. A person who was strong with little time elapse, he was able to finish his field. see: maga-an.
datong v 1To arrive at a certain house with intent to stay for a while. Ko ogdatong ki to sikan no ugpa-an, ogpakatago-od ki pad og-ugpò. If we arrive at that place, we stay for a temporary period of time. [The expectation is that a person will stay at the house where he arrives for a visit.] see fr.: uma 3; cf: dampot 2. 2To get to or arrive at a destination, whether it is one's own village or another's village. Ko ogkasaklupan ka to mausilom, mohirap nu to ogdatong to ugpa-an nu su mausilom on ka ogbaya-an nu. If you have been caught by darkness, it will be difficult for you to arrive at your dwelling place because where you travel (lit. you are passing) is dark. 3To go to a destination. Ko ogkasagboka-an kid on, ogparagas kid to tu-tu-u no ogdatongan ta. When we have been there for a day, we will continue on to our true destination (lit. where we are truely destining [to go]. [In Manobo, this is a verb whereas in English the concept is expressed as a noun because the verb “destine” has a different meaning sense.] 4To make sure that something reaches someone. Maroyow sikandin no otow su igparatong din ka salapì diò to tagtu-un to agoloy. He is a good person because he makes sure that the money reaches the owner of the corn.
diù 1adj Far, far away (distance and time). Mariù ka ugpa-an to duma ta. The dwelling place of our companion is far away. 2v Distance 3v To be far away from; separated by distance Nakamariù a to pamilia ku su dini a to songo ugpa-an. I am far away from my family because I am in another place. 4v Too far away for someone to travel. Ko mariù ka ugpa-an to duma ta, ko ogpanumbaloy a poron, ogkariu-an ad. Konà ad og-aguanta no oghondiò to ugpa-an din su subla no mariù. If the place of our companion lives is far away, and if I would have liked to visit, it will be too far for me to go. (lit. I will be out distanced). I won't be able to manage to go to that place because it is too far. 5n An herbal preparation to prevent conception. Ka pandiù, sikan ka katu-onan. Ko hontow ka konò ogko-iniat no og-anak pad, ogkuò to pandiù The pandiù [medicine], that is a secret remedy. Whoever doesn't want to bear a child yet, she will get [a medicine called] pandiù. [The knowledge about this herbal medicine is called katu-onan (something that is “pointed out”) because the not many people know about it This knowledge is kept secret among just a few people such as a few relatives and will only be shared for a price which may be as much as one horse.] 6v To utilize or apply the special secret knowledge to produce a cure.??
gubat 1n To attack. Ko ogmangayow, sikan ka oggubat no ogmanhimatoy to mgo otow. When there are raiders, those are the ones who attack and kill people. 1.1v To attack. Ka songo ugpa-an, ogpanggubat to ogsulung to dangob no ugpa-an. see: lusud₂; see: sulung 1. 2v To fight, or be at war, with each other as two countries. Ogpabubgubatoy ka darua no ugpa-an. The two countries are at war with each other. see: usig 3.
gugud 1v To tell or relate something to someone. Ogguguran ku sikaniu to so-ini no nangnangonon. I’ll relate this story/information to you. see: nangon 2. 1.1v To tell or relate multiple kinds of news or information such as how the people in one’s village are doing. Panggugud ka ko nokoy ka kaniu no pog-ugpò. Tell things about your living situation. 2deriv n News; general information. Ogtabak to, "So-ini ka igkanangonnangon ku no guguron diò to kanami no ugpa-an." He would answer, “This is the news which I have to tell about our place. see: nangon 1; see: batbat.
halin 1n The kind or type of exchange used to purchase some commodity such as money or item used to barter. Nokoy ka halin to babuy? Salapì. What will be the type of exchange [given] for a pig? Money. 2v To move from one place to another; transfer. Oghalin a pad to songo ugpa-an. I will move to another place for a while. see fr.: kopit 1. 2.1v To transfer or transmit as a disease. Oghalin ka sikan ko oghulid ki to otow no alap-apon. That [disease] will be transmitted if we lay side by side with a person who has the alap-ap [white skin fungal disease]. see fr.: alap 6.1. 3vs Become changed or be transferred as a person's love. Ko konò ogkahalin ka goinawa nu to lo-in no lukos, ogkato-oran ku sikoykow to ogka-asawa. If your love (lit. breath) does not become transferred to another man, I will be able to follow through to marry you.
hirap 1adj Difficult; dangerous. Ko ogkasaklupan ka to mausilom, mohirap nu to ogdatong to ugpa-an nu su mausilom on ka ogbaya-an nu. If you are caught on the trail at nightime, it is difficult for you to get to your place because your pathway is dark. 2v To be in great difficulty or danger. Ko du-on ogkoirapan no otow no oghondiò to songo baloy, nigpabulig sikandin. When there was a person who was in difficulty who was going to another house, he [asked] for help.
honat 1v To lift up. 2v (Fig.) To be able to manage, such as to be able to carry a responsibility. see fr.: aguanta 4. 3v To ascend, be lifted up as an airplane. 4v Put food on the table; set the table. [In traditional Ata Manobo culture, guests were not called until the food is already served out on a winnowing tray or leaves. ] see fr.: ho-un 1; see fr.: dat-ag. 5vs To pick up everything and everybody and leave a village at the same time Ogka-agkapan ka og-ugpò to sikan no ugpa-an; ogkohonat ka tibò no oghalin su du-on igkahallok. Ko ogkohon-at, ogdorongan ka tibò no og-awò. The people living in that place feel unsafe; they will pick up everything and move because something is making them afraid. If they pick up and leave, everyone will leave at the same time. Sikan ian nohonat on ka pog-ugpò to sikan to Mansalinao su nanhalin on diò to Maambago su nighimu to iam no landingan. That's why they packed up and left Mansalinao because they were moving to Maambago because they had made a new airstrip. Di konon samuk ka pogkohonat to pog-ugpò. But their packing up and leaving was not due to trouble. [Particularly at a time when raiders are expected and people are afraid, they will pick up all of their things, people and animals and all will leave together.] 6One who serves food. 7Ascend, as airplane. 8Hospitable.
kanggò n The pupa of various insects such beetles, bees, flies or cicadas. Ka kanggò, ogtotongos to ogko-ugpa-an. The pupa wraps [itself] up in a dwelling-place. [This is the stage where the creature usually has some kind of casing or as the beetle larva which wraps itself in a leaf.] gen: alibutod; spec: katod, langgi-on.
katal 1n Rattan snare for wild rooster. Ko ogtugalon noy ka kalasanon, oglingut noy ka katal to sikan no apu-an no manuk. Ko ogsulung on ka kalasanon to apu-an, ogkohikotan on ka pa-a to katal ko ogsangkub on. When we lure a wild chicken, we surround a [rooster] with a snare trap of loops. When the wild rooster attacks the lure, its foot will be [caught in the loops] 2v To throw a tantrum, such as a monkey that sits on a branch and shakes it violently while scolding. Ka ubal, ko og-ogot to otow, ogkakatal on ka oglunggaton din ka nig-ugpa-an din. When a monkey scolds a person, he throws a tantrum as he shakes [the branch] where he lives. 2.1v Also said of an adult woman’s throwing a temper tantrum.
katondanan n 1Authority. Si Joaquin pad ka naka-alap to katondanan to kapitan to Baranggay Gupitan. Joaquin is still the one who has [lit. carries] the authority of [being] captain of the Gupitan Baranggay. Ko dakol ka katondanan to otow woy ko dakol ka katagaanan, ogngaranan to dakol no otow. If a person has great authority or great knowledge, [he/she] is called a great [lit. big] person. 2Responsibility Ka mgo manigo-on no mgo buyag on, kandan ka du-on katondanan to mgo ugpa-an. The elders who are leaders [lit. old already], there are the ones who have the responsibility for the various areas [lit. dwelling place].