Browse Vernacular - English



baliok n Pinkish wood used for spears and pestles. Ka kayu no baliok, malalab woy mabasag ka lawa rin no ighimu to subong to wasoy, doldog to kommag woy ka igtimul to baloy su konò ogbokbokon. The baliok tree is red and its body is very hard and is used to make axe handles, spear shafts and extentions to a house because it doesn't get holes from the bokbok insect. [It's leaf is similar to the guava bayabas tree but the wood is so hard that an axe cutting it gets hot and needs to be cooled in water.]
balisò v To splinter or be split up many times Du-on bulu no songo lobut no naro-ogan to kayu no lopuk no nabalisò. There was some bamboo on which a dead tree fell which was splintered because the whole clump was cracked. [like a piece of bamboo that has been crushed.]
balisusù n A new leaf which is still rolled up. Ka tubod, maroyow ka balisusù ko oggulayon. The new rolled up leaf of the taro plant is good as a vegetable. [especially apusow but term also applies to other plants in which the young leaf is rolled up.]
balitang n 1Rectum. Ka otow no du-on almuranas, ogloputan to ugat ka balitang no ogmasakit ko ogpoko-indos. As for the person who has hemorrhoids, the veins of the rectum become distended and then they hurt when one has to defecate. 2Anus. Ko og-indos ka otow, diò ogbayò to balitang. When a person defecates, [the fecal material] passes through the anus.
balitì n Balete tree. Ka ogngaranan no talabubung, ka tagbanua no og-ugpò to bubungan, balitì, dalama, sampow. Ka sikan, karumaan to mgo busow. The [spirit] which is called mountain resident is the owner which dwells in the mountains, balete trees, cliffs [and] waterfalls. Those are of the same nature (lit. companions) of the busow [spirits of the dead]. [This tree is actually a complex of vines grown around a host tree which is believed to be the home of spirits.] 1.1n A spirit believe to reside in the balete tree.
baliung 1v To turn around. 2vs To be reversed, inside out, as a dress, or to be backwards or behind oneself. Nabaliung ka pogbantoy to buyag no ubal su ian nasì ogbantoy kandan ka anak dan no pilas. The gaze of the older monkey was behind him (lit reversed) because they were watching their young offspring. Ka kinagian to Minonobù woy ka Inglis, nokogsubal. Nabaliung. The words of the Manobo and of English are opposite. They have been reversed (or turned around).
ballas dial. var. of bogas Kapugi
balo-i 1n The parent of a child’s spouse, or the aunt or uncle of a child’s spouse. Balo-i ku. He/she is the parent of my child's spouse. 2v Reciprocal relationship, between parents of a husband and parents of the wife or the relationship between the aunts and uncles of the couple. Ka amoy woy ka inoy to lukos woy to boi, ian ka lagboy no patalabalo-i. Ko du-on anggam woy ka inayon to boi, sikan ka igkarangob on no patalabalo-i dod to amoy woy inoy to lukos. The father and mother of the man and [of] the woman, those are the ones who are especially in the relationship between parents of spouses. If there is an uncle and also the aunt of the woman, that is another [couple] which is also in this relationship to the father and mother of the [married] man.
balo-ug 1n A cross piece tied across the width to reinforce a raft or to attach the outriggers to a boat. Ko balutu, darua ka balo-ugan ka oghikotan to katig. For a raft, there are two cross pieces which are tied to the outriggers. [For a raft, number of cross pieces depends on length of raft.] 2v To tie cross pieces to a boat or raft. Ka otow no oghimu to gakit, ogkuò to kayu no ogbalo-ugan din no oghikotan to iggu-os. The person who makes a raft, gets a [piece of] wood with which to make a cross pieces which is tied on with that which is used for binding. 2.1v To reinforce, especially with cross pieces. Ko ogbalo-uganan, sikan ka ighiroson to gakit. If one reinforces with a cross piece, that is what strengthens the raft. [as a raft or a boat but rope can be used instead.] 2.2v To use something as a means of reinforcing a boat or raft. Du-on iam no igbalo-ugan noy. We have a new means of reinforcing [a raft].
balod n Rattan trap for fox or small animal.
balos (dial. var. bagwos) v 1Echo. 2Do something in return, for something done to or for one. [This can be to do a favor for a favor, or to repay a deed done whether good or bad.] see: sulì 1.
balow v 1To welcome and gather information from a guest. Ka tagbanua, nig-agpas no nigtagbu to magaliug no nigdatong to baloy rin. No nigbalowbalow ka nigpanangnangonoy. The host hurried to meet the guest who arrived at his house and he welcomed and gathered information [from him] as they talked with one another. [which includes the initial gathering of information when a visitor first arrives such as finding out a person's name, where he/she has come from, whether he/she eaten, etc. Unless the guest is in a hurry, further discussion (alukuyon) about the purpose of the guest's visit will wait until after a meal has been served and eaten.] 2Repair, change, amend, redo.
baloy deriv. of: babaloy, og=, nig=. 1n House, building. spec: bakalag, pinayag 1. 2deriv n Household. Agad hontow ka ogpoko-ugpò to kandin no baloy, songo balayan on. Whoever lives at his/her house, [they are] one household. 3deriv v Domesticated, as a pig in the village in contrast to magintalunan which would refer to a wild pig. 4deriv n Old house; one that is becoming old. Ogkabinalayan on ka baloy. The house is getting old. 5deriv n Home owner including family members but not guests; master of household. see: tagbanwa. 6deriv n A request on the basis of a relationship as that of being a neighbor or friend who has previously done a favor for the person from whom the request is made. Tagibaloy to nasagman a nu rò su si Unisimu ka oghinguma on diò to baloy nu. ??? that you just showed hospitality to me because Onisimus is the one who arrived at your house. Tagibaloy (unawa ??) to nigsagman si [Pablo] ko nigdatong [si Unisimu] diò to baloy ni Pilimun su ligkat diò ki Pablo ka pogtokod din. It was like [Paul] was welcomed when Onisimus arrived at the house [of Philemon] because his acknowledgement [of Onisimus] came from [his relationship with] Paul. [DB comment regarding what Paul had proposed to Philemon regarding receiving Onisimus in his stead.]
baloy to talugabì phrase spider web see: lawo-lawò 1.
baloy to tamusan phr. of: tamusan. hive of a tamusan bee. [One may see a small amount of dark-colored bees’ wax at the entrance of the hive. [A tiny piece of pitch fastened to a strand of a baby’s hair.]]
baloybaloy n 1Miniature house, such as a doll house. [such as a doll house or even a playhouse for children.] 2A diagram of a small house such as that of a pinayag “rice house” which may be laid out on the ground with pieces of rattan. Ka dongan no mgo otow, oggasap to bulu no ogko-unawa to tarok no igsokod to baloybaloy oyow ogko-indanan ko hondo-i ka sinabong woy balokun woy ka gomawan din. Tigbal dò no mapa. The people long ago would cut a piece of bamboo which was about the size of a pole which was used to measure a diagram of a house in order to establish where the rooms, the porch and the doors will be. 3Framework of a house [such as seen near Sinuda.]
balò 1n A prediction based on some procedure or ceremony. Ka poghusud to natampod no songo banoy no bulu ko naponù to tanò, maroyow ka balò din su ogtuga ka homoy. When the single length of bamboo is pulled up, if it is full of earth, its sign is good because the rice will be plentiful. [Some predictions as from a test of the soil are not considered to be associated with sympathetic magic. However, predictions made in conjunction with ceremonies or sacrifices or the call of the omen bird are associated with traditional beliefs and involvement with the spirit world.] 2n With negative: Bad sign, as of bad luck Ogkagi to buyag, “Purut ka to manuk no igkuyab nu ig-awò to maro-ot no balò nu.” The older person will say, “Get a chicken to waver to remove your bad luck.” [especially that based on sympathetic magic] see: pamalii. 3v To use divination to determine the outcome or value of something. Ka mgo buyag, ogpanlo-uy to matosan no latì, no ogbabalo-an pad ko maroyow ka tanò no ogkamotan. The older people go out to a field of matured secondary growth and have a ceremony to determine whether it would be good to cut the growth on that piece of ground [for a field]. [It is based on sympathetic magic which may take various forms which are used by the Ata Manobo people to determine whether or not to cut a certain field. One method is to cut a piece of rattan the length of their cutting knife and then cut it again into lengths of the width of that same knife. From the pieces, they make a diagram on the ground of a rice house. If the pieces build a complete diagram with a ladder and an extra piece to fit in one of the rooms, the sign is good and they will cut that plot. However, if it comes out short, tor they have a tiny piece left over, they will not cut that field because they determine that the land will not produce a good crop. If there is a futhur extra long piece, it is put on the opposite end of the diagram which resembles a casket. Then they will not cut the field because they believe someone will die.] 4v To use something as a means to predict an outcome (??) 5v To have a resemblance to something Nabala-an to pogul su pogulon. He has a resemblance pogul wood because he’s lazy. [The following statement also seems to imply that that the lazy person was “destined” to be lazy. It is an insult by a parent who is angry because of the conduct.] 6v To treat by using sympathetic magic to bring about a desired result such as to rub bodies of an agressive wasp on a horse’s lips to make the horse agressive for a horse fight. Ka kuddò no nabalangitan, ogkabala-an to mgo ulod-ulod no songo ogmabulut. The horse which is being treated, [with something to make him fierce], he becomes like the creatures which are likewise fierce. 7deriv n Kind of bushy weed with long leaves which are tipped with red which could be used as a decorative plant.
balu 1n Widow, widower. 2v To become a widow or widower 3Owner of a widow, i.e. mother-in-law or brother-in-law. 4n Marry the widow of a deceased brother.?? [Is this leverite marriage??] 5n bachelor; unmarried man 6A widow who has gotten fat. Simbalu si Taganay. Taganay has gotten fat.
balugu₁ n A large, hard, round seed of a certain vine used as a decoration for a belt buckle.
balugu₂ v To be thundering when it is not raining. Ko ma-allow pad no ogpamalugu on, ogdinog ki to lugung no warò pad nig-ulan. When it is still daytime and it has begun to thunder without rain, we hear thunder when it is not yet raining. [This may happen in the morning and people will predict that a storm is coming. When it happens in the early afternoon, people will say that someone important has died.]
balukas cf: bakuli 4. v Ransom, redeem someone, esp a slave; recover upon payment. Woy kid ogkalipuas ko nigbalukas kid on. Ogligkat to imbalukas. We cannot be freed unless we have been redeemed/ransomed. It comes from that which was used as a ransom. [Used in the New Testament in the sense of being redeemed from the penalty for sin. DB says term also applies to what they do for a widow to free her from the obligations of her widowhood.] see fr.: lipuas.
balungilit 1adj Cheerful. A person who is quick to laugh. Ka otow no balungilit, maga-an ogpakangisi ko ogpakakita to duma rin. Layun ogma-awang ka goinawa rin. Ogko-iling to warò igkasasow. A person who is cheerful is quick to laugh if he/she sees his/her companion(s). It's like he/she has no worries. 2n Kind of millet. [the head of which is multi-colored with a black and red design though the grains themselves are yellowish. When the grains are ripe they split open resembling a laugh so that is why this type is called balungilit which distinguishes it from other kinds of millet.]
balungkag 1n The long hair at the back of the neck. Ko du-on ka malayat bulbul to tongol to otow, ogngaranan to balungkag to babuy. Ka lituk, ogpoko-utol to babuy no magintalunan. Ka dangob no lituk to sikan, ogsu-ut to babuy. If a person has [some strands of] long hair at the base of the neck, it is called the balungkag of the pig The meaning is that he will be able to get a wild pig. The other meaning is that he resembles a pig. [especially of a pig or goat] 2n A necklace or belt made with beads sewn or woven into hair. [This may be a chain-like necklace of human or animal hair but is often made from hair of a horse's talil.; May be made into a necklace or belt.] see: bagakis; see: siapid. 3v Have hair standing on end, as of pig or cat.
balun 1n A waterhole dug in the beach Ko ogbabalun ki diò to pantad, ogsabukan to bayokbok oyow ogkasalà ka mgo lagut. If we make a waterhole on the beach, we place sand there so that the debris will be filtered out. 2v To make a waterhole or well. 3adj Straight cut as of a dress without pleats and of uncarved horns of a comb.
baluntu n Rainbow. see fr.: bangow; see: bangow.