Browse Vernacular - English


ko-id 1n disaster Ka mgo otow no nakasakoy to jeep no nokogdusmul to olin no sakayan, no-umaan to mgo pako-id to warò dan matagoi. The people who had ridden the jeep which had crashed with another vehicle, they were reached by a disaster about which they didn’t know. [Disasters and bad situations re often attributed to the spirit world or to bad psituations which come about as the result of someone forcing another person to do something against twill or heir better judgement. But the word also applies to disasters which cannot be attributed to having been forced as in the following illustration:] 2To cause to meet a disaster, often attributed to activity of an evil spirit or o someone having persuaded another person do do something against their better judgement. Du-on otow no nigpako-id to dangob no otow su ungod din hingati to oglaras dio to dibabo. Ko marani to Manikì, nabalikid ka nasakayan dan no namatoy on ka otow no nohinggat. Ka otow no namatoy, nigpako-iran on to dakaruma on sikandin. The person who died was caused to meet a disaster because he had accompanied [the others]. 3v To be brought into a bad situation as a result of being forced or persuaded to do something against one’s will. Ka anggam to balubatò, ian nakapako-id to anakon din su nigpa-asawa rin di warò pad goinawa to anakon din to to og-asawa. The uncle of the young man forced his nephew into a bad situation because he had his nephew marry someone for whom he did not yet have a desire to marry.
ko-omonu v How is/are.. [used when asking a person how he, she or someone else is doing.]
ko-on phr.: songo pogko-on. 1v Eat. 2v Eat up! Ognangonan ta to, “Pango-on ka” oyow ogdakol ka ogko-onon din [This is said to a new guest who is shy to take very much food.] 3v To have plenty to eat. Ognangonnangon on to mgo duma rin to dio to Nasuli, mako-onon atag kandan no kai to kanta, moirap ki to ogkako-on. He will tell his companions that at Nasuli, they have plenty to eat in contrast to us here who have a difficult time eating. Ka mako-on, oglituk to dakol ka ogkako-on kai to Nasuli woy to warò bitil. The [word] mako-on means that what is eaten is plentiful here at Nasuli and there is no famine. ant: bitil 1. 4v Many have begun to eat 5v (Of a group) To be in the process of eating. Pananglitan, ko nanumbaloy a, nakasalangan a to ogko-on, kagi a to, “Ogmangoko-on kow na-an.” For example, if I have gone to visit [someone, and] I happen to arrive as they are eating, I will say, “So you are in the process of eating. ” 6v To avail oneself of an opportunity to eat [at someone else's house]. Ko ogpakapango-on ka anak ku diò to songo baloy no warò nigpataga kanak to nigko-on, og-ogotan ku. If my child avails himself/herself of an opportunity to eat at someone else's house, I will scold him/her. 7vs to be edible; can be eaten Ko konò kow ogtamong, pamanghò kow to ogkako-on." If you won't take care [of the children], go look [elsewhere] for something to eat! Ko ogkapongaan to poghimu to darua no allow, bali ogkako-on ka sikan no agkud. When two days of [this] process has been completed, finally that agkud is edible (lit. can be eaten). [The non-intentive form of the word implies eating anything edible, not just rice or a staple. The nominalized or objective form of the verb generally understood to refer to rice or a staple.] 8 9v To be in the process of eating. Kagi to magaliug, “Warò batasan ku to og-alukuy to ogko-onko-on a.” A guest said, “It isn't my custom to carry on a discussion while I am in the process of eating. 10Feed (lit. cause to eat). 11v To feed someone. 12A staple food, esp. rice, dried grains or sweet potatoes. 13Eating place.
ko-onon n Food, especially the staple such as rice or camote.
ko-opos so doromdom phr. of: opos. To become frustrated Ka otow no konò og-aguanta to talabau rin to oghilamon to homayan din, maga-an ogko-opos so doromdom din no ogkapogulan din on to oghiponga to oghilamon din. As for a person who cannot endure his/her work of weeding his/her rice field, he/she will be quick to become frustrated and then will become weary and will not finish his/her work.
ko-opos so goinawa₂ phr. of: goinawa. to be fed up with; to be completely out of patience with [someone or something]; To be without recourse Hagtongid to ogkagi su ogko-opos on ka goinawa ku koykow no ogpaka-atu ad koykow. Quit talking because I will get fed up with you and I will have to get back at you. No-opos so goinawa rin su warad ogbaya-an din. He feels frustrated because he has no more recourse (lit. path). [Sintun says the person has no more plan.] see: no-opul.
ko-opos so goinawa₁ phrase To be disgusted or fed-up with someone
ko-ub n Kind of very itchy skin disease resembling “double skin” in which the skin becomes darkened. Ka ko-ub, ogto-ob ka laplap no lagboy no ogdogos. As for the ko-ub skin disease, the skin becomes dark and it itches very much. see: pagis 1; see: dusdus; see: dulit.
ko-uli-an see fr.: alipaspas.
ko-uli-an on, ka-alipaspasan see fr.: tibulasan.
kobbiung 1n Musical instrument, or zither ??, made of a section of bamboo, with 6 “strings” cut out of the bamboo. Zither ?? syn: saluroy 1. 2v To play a kobbiung bamboo musical instrument.
kobbu-ung 1adj Something which have been cooked to a softened state, especially of kernels of mature corn or driedbeans Ka agoloy no kobbu-ung, ogsugbo-on ka nalupù no mohilow pad As for corn which has been cooked to a softened state which waere shelled whien [the corn] was still raw, it is cooked. 2n A cooked preparation of whole kernels, especially of corn that has begun to mature and harden. It is cooked in the afternoon but eaten the next day so the kernels become softened. Ka ogkobu-ung, sikan ka oglupu-on ka agoloy no matasan no mo-ilow. Sikan ka ogsugbo-on no ogkobbu-ungon on. The corn which is cooked to a softened state, that is the shelled corn which mature and raw. That is cooked until it is softened. 3v To cook something to a softened state, such as dried beans or matured corn. Og-insò ko, “Nokoy ka ogsugbo-on nu?” Ogtabak a to, “Ogkokobbu-ung a rò du-on to agoloy.” Someone asks, “What are you cooking?” I will answer, “Im just cooking corn to a softened state.” see: latà; gen: sugba 1.
kobbuloy n mane, as of horse or goat.
kobkob v Chew noisily; chomp, crunch
koblit 1n A pick, as the pick for strumming a stringed instrument. [The Manobo pick used for playing the two stringed Manobo kuddlung is made of a small strip of rattan. It is held to the finger by a string which is wrapped around the tip of the index finger. The string is plucked in an inward motion toward the player.] see fr.: kolit 2. 1.1v To pluck with the finger or a pick (as strings of an instrument) 2v To tap someone, as to get his/her attention.
koblò v Embarrassed. [Term used in Talaingod, Kapugi, Langilan, Sulit, Pipisan.] see: sipod 1.
kobong v Pinch, with or without using fingernails. Du-on kobong no ig-ogot. Du-on kobong no mohimulung no igli-ag dò to batò. There is pinching which is used to scold. There is gentle pinching which is used to play with the children. [Pinching hard is often used to correct a child. DB says if done with the fingernails it can cause a wound and/or bleeding. However, it is often done gently with children as a game or between friends as a friendly gesture.] see: pindit 1. 1.1v To pinch one another. Ka ogpakobkobongoy, ogpa-at-atuoy ki di li-ag dò. As for pinching each other, we get back at each other but it is just a game. Pakobkobongoy ki. We are pinching each other.
kobot 1n Rim on the top of a basket. or a reinforcement of rattan on the bottom of a basket. 1.1v That which is used to finish the rim of a basket such as rattan. 1.2v Process of finishing the rim of a basket by stitching with a strand strand of rattan through holes made by a a sharp instrument or awl such as the iduwat. 2v To be wrinkled or puckered Ka batò no ogmagasò, ogkobot ka laplap to lobut din. As for the child who is emaciated, the skin of his buttocks is puckered.
kobut 1vs To puff up or regain shape as a mattress, cushion, or chewing gum after having been squashed. Ka kutsion, ogkobut. Ko ogpinnu-uan nu, ogkapipi di ko og-awò ka, ogkotul. Sikan ka ogkobut. A [chair] cushion regains shape. If you sit on it, it is squashed down but if you get off of it becomes rounded. That is [the meaning of the word] ogkobut. see: kotul 1. 2v To wrinkle as one’s forehead when one is worried or angry. Ko du-on ogsugù di konò ogbabali, ogpakobut ka bukod din. If someone commands someone else but he won’t obey, he will wrinkle his forhead. see: korò 2.
koddì see: kanak. pron I, me oblique pronoun.
koddol 1v To be alert and energetic. Koddol kow. oyow konò ki ogkaro-og ko ogli-ag to bula. Be alert and energetic so that we won’t be defeated when we play ball. [As advice to an athlete, it would be similar to saying, “stay on your toes”.] 2v To keep oneself alert and energetic; ready to move. Ogpakoddol ka ogmanbubula su ogmawo-il ka ogbabantoy ko hondo-i ogdolog ka bula Those who play [basket] ball, keeep themselves alert and energetic because they are in motion as they watch [to see] where the ball is going. [Context suggests combination of staying alert and ready to move.] 3adj To be energetic such as when walking. Ko du-on otow no makoddolon ka oghihipanow mariu ki rò og-ongkoran to oghihipanow sikandin. If a person walks energeticly, we will be left far behind. as he walks.
kodkod see: banggut. v 1To wrap tightly around something. Nigkodkod on ka bakosan diò to sugpang to kayu. The python was already wrapped tightly around the branch of the tree. see: libod 1. 2To wrap up and bind together with several ties as a bundle or as a dead person which is wrapped in bark and then bound again with rattan. Nigkodkoran to linaw ka namatoy. The dead person was wrapped up and tightly bound in bark. osyn: tongos 1; osyn: banggut.
kog-os v Squeeze with ones arms; hold tightly. Ogkog-osan tad to ogkopkop. We squeeze someone tightly as we hug.
kogal phr.: makogal so goinawa. 1adj Hard, firm as a rock or dry soil. see fr.: sugnu; see fr.: kosog 2; ant: humol 1. 1.1adj Bad or serious, as a cough. Woy songo tambal dod to ogko-opuk to makogal no buò. Songo og-initon woy og-inum. And it also a medicine for [someone who is] congested from a bad (lit. hard) cough. 1.2v To become hard or firm. Ka harina, ko konò ogbayò to ag-agan, ogtimpuruk. Ka sikan, ogmakmakogal ka duma; ogmalibuson. [As for] flour, if not passed through a seive, it will become lumpy. That is, some of it will become harder. It will form round balls/lumps. 1.2.1v Extended meaning: To be physically difficult to do such as to pull a heavy saw or to dig hardened soil. Ko oggulabung, ogmakogal ka tanò ko ogkalian. When it there is a dry spell, the ground becomes difficult to dig (lit. hard when it is being dug) 1.2.2v Extended meaning:To be safe or secure. Di ko du-on ka igpangalasag, konò ki ogka-agkapan ka og-ugpò su ogmabogat ki to og-ugpò. But if we have a means of defense, we will not feel insecure/unsafe (lit. become lightweight to dwell) because we will live securely (lit. be heavy to dwell). 2v To be very hard, as ground which is exposed to the sun. Ko malayat ka gulabung, ogkokogali ka tanò. If the dry spell is lengthy, the ground becomes very hard.
kogang n Infected sore. [This seems to be generic for an infected sore. bakokang “tropical ulcer” would be specific. A new palì “wound” is not a kogang if not infected but can become a kogang infected sore if untreated.] spec: bakukang 1; see fr.: dugmun 1. 1.1v To develop infected sores. Ogkito-on ka kutu woy ogkogangon ka batò. The lice are seen and the child will develop infected sores.