Ata Manobo - English



Ata 1n Any of the Manobo people. [Historically, the people in the upper Liboganan River area had referred to themselves as Ata . However, the term by itself has come into some disrepute as it has been associated with slave trade.] 2deriv n Ata Manobo language.
a pron I, me (topic) Maga-an a rò oglibong. I will return soon. Bogayi a nu to sabun. Give me [some] soap.
a-antualoy deriv n A teeter-totter.
a-awo-oy deriv. of: awò. deriv n Eraser.
abaka n Abaca plant used to make hemp before it is stripped or shredded. [The abaka plant grows wild in the forest. It also has a banana-like fruit.] see: bulig.
abalang 1v Seek out. Ko oglapas ki, og-aliguan ta ka maralom no og-abalang ki to mababow oyow konò ki ogka-alus diò to linow. When we cross [a river], we detour around the deep [part] and seek out the shallow [area] so that we won't be swept away by the current into the deep pool. [In the following example, a person is looking for a shallow place to cross a river in order not to be swept away by the current.] 2v To relentlessly pursue; to be after something, as a purpose. Ko du-on ogko-iniatan no ogpangasawa, og-abalangon. Og-alukuyon ungod ka amoy taman to ogho-o on. If someone wants to get married, he will pursue it relentlessly. He will keep on discussing it with the father until he says yes. Kagi to balu, “Og-abalangon ku ka baloy no nighimu ni Jeremy di warò pad igkabayad ku.” The widow said, “I’m after the house that Jeremy made but I don't yet have anything to use for payment.” Ko ogkalituk on ka og-abalangon din, ogbuyu-on din on. When it is clear what she is after, [then] she will ask for it. Ogkukutkut ka asu su og-abalangon din ka ambow diò to lungag to tanò. Og-iling ka otow, “Nokoy ka og-abalangon to asu?” The dog is digging because he is relentlessly pursuing a rat there in a hole in the ground. Someone says, “What is that dog after? [If a person requests something which isn't given the first time he will keep coming back until the person finally gives what is requested. This can apply to a young man who keeps returning to talk to the father of a girl he wants to marry or can apply to a dog who keeps digging because he smells a rat and is determined to get it.] 3v That which someone is relentlessly pursuing. Og-atangan ku ka ig-abalangi din. I am blocking that which he is relentlessly pursuing. [The following example concerned an effort to dissuade a patient from returning home before he was well enough to do so.] see: buyù 1; see fr.: tu-ud 1. 4deriv n A person who is very persistent. Ka sika abalangon, ungod oglibonglibong taman to ogkapurut din ka ogbuyu-on din. Ogko-iling to ogkapogos ka ogbuyu-on din. As for that person who is persistent, he keeps coming back until he is able to get that for which he was begging. It's as though the person from whom he is making a request is forced [to give it]. [If one day he asks for something and you don't give it, he will keep coming back in following days to request until you give it to him.]
abat v 1To harvest individual plants such as corn or sugarcane by cutting or breaking off the plants. Ko mo-ilow pad, ka agoloy, og-alabat ki to litos no ogkasugba. When the corn is still unripe, we harvest enough individual plants to cook. [One can abat corn, sugarcane, banana leaves by breaking off or cutting. One can take just a few or harvest the whole field. Contrasting abat with ga-ani, DB says with abat, the whole body, that is the trunk or stem is removed, but when one ga-ani “harvests” the rice, one just gets the grains. DB further said that if the corn is mature and the field is harvested, the word is sanggì.] gen: ga-ani. 2To cut or break off leaves from a plant such as the leaves of a banana or similar plant. Og-abat to doun ko ogdatunan to ogko-on. One breaks/cuts off leaves when food will be served up on them. Ko og-uran, og-abat ki to doun no ogtorongon. When it rains, we break/cut off leaves for a head covering. [These leaves may be used for serving rice at feasts or as protection from rain, but the process is also used for thinning the leaves of similar plants.] see fr.: gasap.
abid 1v To copulate, of either animals or humans. 2v To intentionally cross-breed animals or cross-pollinate crops. see: su-utan. 3vs To be cross-bred as of animals of mixed breed. Ka pondakan no asu, ogsu-utan to konon pondakan no asu ko ogka-abiran. The short-legged dog will take-on characteristics of a not short-legged dog if they become cross-bred. 3.1v To be cross-pollinated. To pogpamula ku to agoloy no ogbobotu, nokogdulug to agoloy no konò ogbotu. Ko nigbogas, na-abiran on no nigbaluy on to olin no agoloy no ogbobotu. When I planted corn that pops, it happened to be adjacent to corn which does not pop. When it bore grain (lit. fruit), it had become cross-pollinated and so had changed into all the same kind of corn which popped. spec: dumurow 1.
abin v 1To claim something for oneself. Woy rin ogka-abin ko ogkapurut din on. He cannot claim it until he has taken it. Ian og-abin to ulu ka nigbaba to babuy. The one who will claim the head is the one who carried the pig. Ian dò ogpa-abinon to ulu ka nigbaba to babuy. The only one who will be designated to claim the head will be the one who carried the pig on his back. [One of the components of abin that contrasts it to alam is that something may be given or the item may have been earned in some way.] see fr.: akon 1. 1.1To have someone take something for him/herself. Niggupal on woy nigtaladtalad dan on woy impa-abin dan ka ulu to nigbaba to sikan no babuy. They cut the meat up and divided it between themselves, and then they had the person who carried the pig on his back take the head for himself. osyn: akon 2; see: indan 1. 2To claim ownership of something. Nig-abin din on no kandin no gabas. He claimed that it was his own saw. see: kuò 1. 3To acknowlege as a relationship, or someone's authority. Nig-abin ni Pablo ka pogko-uripon din diò ki Hisus su noimu sikandin no sugu-anon. Paul acknowledged his [role as] slave to Jesus because he had become his servant. see fr.: unung 1; see fr.: damoy 2; see: tokod, patokod, ogho-o. 4To claim a relationship with someone not physically related; regard as related. Nig-abin a to sikan no otow; naan din no hari a rin. I have been claimed by that person; he regards me as his younger brother. Pan-abin din ka konò no hari rin. Layun ogsulodsulod kanta. He claims relationships with those who aren't his [real] younger-siblings. He is always paling-around-like-family with us. 5To admit or confess something, such as a fault. Kagi to sikan no nigtakow, “Og-abinon ku to koddì ian ka nigtakow koykow.” That person said, “I admit that it was really me who stole from you.” see fr.: angkon. 5.1Acknowlege or claim as one's own, such as one's subjects Og-abinon ni Joaquin ka taga Maambago no sakup din. Joaquin claims the residents of Maambago as his subjects. [DB says the relationship already exists. A leader is acknowledging his subjects as his. DB says that the sense is different than that of the earlier example in which Paul acknowledges that he is a slave/servant of God.] see: tokod 1. 6To attribute one's own thoughts or actions to someone else; shift blame to someone else. Ko du-on otow no ian nakasalò, no nigbayungan din ka songo otow su igpa-abin din ka nigtakow rin no salapì. If there is a person who actually was the one who did wrong, and then he accused someone else because he was causing his theft to be attributed [to someone else]. Ka sikan no nigpa-abin din diò to songo otow, impoid din ka salò din. That which he caused to be attributed to someone else, was used to cover up (lit. rub out) his fault. see fr.: bayung. 6.1To take the blame or assume the responsibility for someone else's action, such as someone else's debt, or of Jesus who took the punishment, blame or responsibility for the wrong doing of other people.
abod 1n An impression, mark, bruise or raised area such as is made by pressure against some object or a result of a blow. 2v To intentionally make an impression with some object. 2.1vs To become marked by an impression from something [such as when one sits on a rough object and those make indentations in the skin.]
abolong 1v To intentionally swallow. 1.1v A command to swallow something, such as food or medicine. Abolonga nu ka tambal. Swallow the medicine. 2vs Can be swallowed; [with negative] cannot be swallowed Ka konò ogka-abolong no lisuon unawa to mangga woy ka pangi, sikan dò ka og-amulan. The center/seed which cannot be swallowed like the [seeds of] the mango or the pangi [fruit], those are the only ones which can be sucked on. 3vs To be able to swallow.
abolongan n 1Esophagus. 2Adam's apple. gen: li-og 2.
aboy v Here, as in an expression of regret. Aboy a. Here I [was expecting] [something to be true]. Aboy ki sogbayò, dokad di sial. Here we passed this way [assuming it was a good route], however there were sharpened pieces of bamboo [emplanted in the path]. [such as when something happens contrary to expectation.; TA says the word sogbayò means that they had been wounded.] see: naan 1.
abu 1n fireplace; hearth 1.1n stove 2n ashes see: alibu. 3v To make a fireplace
abu-on n A greyish white bird, yellow bellied sapsucker ?? Ka abu-on, ko-iling to batok no alibu. Konò amana no mapotì; ogsolug. The abu-on bird, it's like the color (lit. design) of ashes. It's not so white; it's [color] is mixed. [ DB said there are not many left in the Maambago area. He said they do have a yellowish breast. The beak is not so curved; more like a chicken's bill. It eats fruits such as the balitì fruit. It's feet are similar to a chicken's except that they are smooth.] gen: manukmanuk.
abug 1v dust Dakol ka abug ko moon-ing ka sakayan no ogbayò to kalasara no warò masimintu. There is a lot of dust when there are many vehicles which pass by on the road that is not cemented. see fr.: obol 3. 2n Any powdery substance that can be carried by the wind. Ogkoimu on no abug ka alibu ko iglayap to kalamag. Ka harina, ko igtopung ta ka saku to harina, ogkoimu on no abug su oglayap. The ashes will become dust if they are carried by the wind. Flour if we shake out the sack of flour, it will become dust because it becomes airborne.
abukoy n A white heron. Ka maputì to manukmanuk no og-ugpò to basakan. A white bird which dwells in a muddy area. [Described as a white bird with long legs that lives around swamps. Says it is about the size of a chicken.]
abungow 1n moldy with grey, fuzzy mold [This kind of mold esp that which is often found on rice or bread..] see: hab-un 1. 2v To become moldy. see: tagimtim 1.
abusu adv Speaking nonsense or speaking inappropriately. [DB says this is not AtaM.] see: sabandal 2.
ad-ad v To plant something by laying a portion of plant parallel to or slightly slanted to the ground such as sugarcane so that it will develop roots.
ag-ag deriv.: ag-agan. v 1to sift something which is dry, as of flour or sand Ag-aga nu ka harina. Sift the flour. 1.1Strain 2To be sifted, as flour Konò ogka-ayun ko ogka-ag-ag ka nasubid su ogdokot. It doesn't work to sift (lit. if one sifts) something wet because it would stick.
ag-agan deriv. of: ag-ag. n 1A sieve. Ka harina, ko konò ogbayò to ag-agan, ogtimpuruk. Flour, if it doesn't pass through a sieve, it will become lumpy. 2A strainer or filter, used to remove debris from a liquid. [DB would apply this term only for a sifter of dry ingredients. Other speakers use this term generically for a sifter, strainer, or filter of either wet or dry ingredients.] spec: salà 1.
agad phr.: agad pila. adv 1Even. Ko du-on ogbuyù to asin, agad do-isok, warò asin din. If someone requests salt, even a little, he doesn't have any. (This means he won't give any salt.) 2Even though. Agad to du-on mgo koirapi to mgo pog-ugpò ta, di igsalig ta rò to Magbobo-ot. Even though there are difficulties in our life situations, yet we just trust them to God. (dial. var. amag)
agad hontow phrase Anyone; anyone whoever. Agad hontow ka ogbayò dò du-on to landingan." Anyone can pass through the airstrip.
agad na-an phr. of: na-an. phrase It would be great, or fine; Even so, that's OK. Agad na-an ko ogkato-u to oghimu to pinayag ka asawa ni Aga, bali to konò. [=maroyow pà porom...] It would be great if the husband of Tuning knew how to make a rice granary, however, he doesn't. [=it would be good...] Kagi ni Doktura, “Pila nu no simana ka og-ulì diò to kaniu?” Kagi ni Usì, “Agad na-an su maga-an a rò oglibong.” Doctora said, “How many weeks will you be at your home place?” Usì said, “Even so that's OK because I will return soon.” [The above means approximately the same as Maroyow pà poron... “It would be good contrary to fact particle...”; As used below, the expression seems to mean, “that's OK” or “it doesn't matter [that I'm going home] because I will soon return.”]