Ata Manobo - English



gopos n Kind of household knife about 5 inches long, used for such things as cutting tabacco or vegetables, making mats or even body tatoos.
gopot 1n The reinforcing ties, often made of rattan, which are used such as those which reinforce the edge of a winnowing basket or those on the sides of a shield which hold the braces in place. Ka hikot, ian ka gopot. Ka gopot, oglug-ian ka oghikotan. The ties, those are the reinforcing ties. 2vt To reinforce by tying. Oggopoton ta ka igpantukog to kalasag oyow ogmarigon. We reinforce the braces of a shield by tying them so that they will be strong.
gopù v To break in two as bolo, stick.
goram 1v To experience, to feel; to be bothered by something; illness or fear of raiders. 2Oggoramon ta ka pa-a. We felt his foot. 3Goram to holog. He/she is experiencing malaria. Ko oggoram ki to lobag no warò pad nigbugsi, ogmasakit ka logoylogoy ta kai to la-ang. If we experience swelling which has not yet burst, our lymph nodes here in our groin will hurt.
goram to holog phr. of: holog. malaria
gos-algos-al cf: kasadkasad. v Make noise when walking across floor, such as a floor of bamboo or wood which will creak. Ka otow no oghipanow to so-og, oggos-algos-al ka ma-agbot no pogtakang. As for a person who walks on the floor, his stepping forcefully makes a creaking noise.
gos-ang 1vi To be very dry and crackling from the sun, as leaves se. Ka kamot no og-urananan to songo allow, oggos-ang ko tatolu no allow no igdampil. Ogmaraging ka mgo lapok ko ogkadi-okan ta The field which has been rained on for three days becomes dry and crackling when it has been drying in the sun for three days. 2v To cause to dry to a crisp. Ko nigbunsud on ka allow sikan ka igpagos-ang to kamot. When the sunshine began, that was that which caused the field to dry to a crisp 3v To be crunchy, crisp, as crackers.
gos-ow n Roof poles; “common rafters”.
gosì vi 1To crack as a tree when it is toppling so that it is splintering and also making a loud cracking sound. Ogbali-ag ka kayu ka ogkapori ka lawa no oggogosi-gosì on to ma-agbot ka daging din. A tree splits when its body makes a loud continuosly cracking sound. see: bali-ag; see: gotud. 2To tingle or prickle as though being poked by needles. Ka lawa ta, ogpanggosi-gosì no ogko-unawa to ogpantobokokon to dagum ka masakit din. As for our bodies, the pain of tingling is like the pain of being repeatedly poked by needles.
gotad 1n Crosswise slices as of fish. Ko hon-om no gotad ka isdà, sikan ka logob ta to hon-om ki no mgo otow. If there are six crosswise slices, that [is enough for one] each as we are six people. osyn: gupal; gen: tampod 1. 2v To cut ioff short pieces such as fish. Ka gotad, sikan ka lawa to isdà no ogtamtamporon. A crosswise piece, that is the body of a fish which is repeatedly chopped off. 3v Slice it crosswise. as of fish. Gotara nud. Slice it crosswise. osyn: gupal, pisang 1; gen: tampod 1.
gotan vs To break off at stem and fall as a fruit that is ripe or a flower that falls. Ka bogas to dulian, ko ogko-inug on ogkagotan on, oglokò on to tipu-an din. Dulian fuit when it is ripe breaks off at the stem where it attaches to the fruit. see: padpad 1; see: lokò 1; see: pupu 1.
gotas v To cut rattan or vines for some purposeful use. Ko oggotas ki, oghondiò ki to koilawan no ogtamporan ta ka lawa to balagon no ogpuruton tad on. When we cut down vines for a useful purpose, we cut off the stalks (lit. body) of the rattan and we take [them]. [This is not the term for clearing away vines.] gen: tampod 1; osyn: logtas 2.
gotgot 1v To use a sawing motion, as when cutting something or when playing violin. Ka gotad, oggotgoton ta to ogtampod. A crosswise slice, we sever by cutting off with a saw-like motion. see fr.: paparasoy. 2n Violin string made of abaca. Ko ogparaginon ka kagot, oggotgoton ka tagpos din to gogotgotoy (ko paparosoy) rin. When a manobo violin is played, its string is rubbed back and forth by its bow. 3vi To slide back and forth as a knife that won’t cut.
goti-gotì n Small gnats.
gotì 1v To roast separate kernels of corn in the fire so they pop like pop corn. The popped kernels are picked up with bamboo tongs and eaten after ashes are shaken off. [Popping corn in a pan would be considered sandagon or “fried” but when kernels pop, oggogoti-on. Popping corn in a pan would be called ogbobotubotu.] 2deriv n Roasted kernels, esp. of corn Ka goti-an no agoloy, igpako-on to iam no nig-anak oyow ogkabongkag ka langosa no nigmalibuson to diralom. The roasted kernels of corn is fed to the [mother] who has newly given birth so that the blood clots will be discharged [from her body.] [Roasted kernels of corn are fed to a new mother so that the clotted blood from her uterus will be discharge from her body.]
gotok n Stomach, abdomen, belly. [In Ata Manobo, the lower part of the plane can be referred to as its gotok “stomach”. In English, we can use the word “belly” to refer to either one's abdomen or the lower part of an airplane. However, in English one would not refer to the lower part of an airplane as its “stomach”.]
gotol v To tie together as with the rattan ties of a bamboo floor or of a bogias fish trap. Balagon ka iggotol to so-og no manalingboka ka ighikot to bulu. Rattan is used to tie the flooring together and and single strands are used to tie the bamboo [slats]. [The tying process of gotol differs from gopot in that the ties of flooring are wrapped in loops around the bamboo slats whereas in the gopot process, a hole is made and the ties go through the holes. The design and manner of reinforcement is also different in the two processes.] see: gu-os 1; gen: hikot 2; gen: banggut.
gotud see fr.: gosì 1. vi The loud sound of a tree that is cracking as it falls over. Ka kayu no ogpoloron, oggogotud ka ogkapolod on. A tree that is being felled makes a loud cracking sound as it falls over.
gowgow v Stir as grain on a mat or something on the stove. Gowgawa ka dinapil oyow ogkagangu. Stir what is being dried in the sun so that it will become dry. see: koil; spec: koil, guligow; see: guligow.
gu-os phr.: talagtamong to gu-os. v To tie together to make stable. see fr.: gotol. 1.1v To use something to bind or hold something together. Ko nakabayò ka gakit to mababow, ka balagon no ingu-os, natobtob woy natampod to batu. When the raft passed through the shallow [water], the rattan which was used for holding it together was chewed off and severed by the stones.
gubak vt To split wood. Gubaka nu ka sika kayu; botakan nu. Og-ayunon to ogpori. Split up that piece of wood; cut it in half, One splits it length-wise [with the grain].
gubat 1n To attack. Ko ogmangayow, sikan ka oggubat no ogmanhimatoy to mgo otow. When there are raiders, those are the ones who attack and kill people. 1.1v To attack. Ka songo ugpa-an, ogpanggubat to ogsulung to dangob no ugpa-an. see: lusud; see: sulung 1. 2v To fight, or be at war, with each other as two countries. Ogpabubgubatoy ka darua no ugpa-an. The two countries are at war with each other. see: usig 3.
gugud 1v To tell or relate something to someone. Ogguguran ku sikaniu to so-ini no nangnangonon. I’ll relate this story/information to you. see: nangon 2. 1.1v To tell or relate multiple kinds of news or information such as how the people in one’s village are doing. Panggugud ka ko nokoy ka kaniu no pog-ugpò. Tell things about your living situation. 2deriv n News; general information. Ogtabak to, "So-ini ka igkanangonnangon ku no guguron diò to kanami no ugpa-an." He would answer, “This is the news which I have to tell about our place. see: nangon 1; see: batbat.
gugulibon n Sternum or cartilage appendage to ribs.
gukot vs To become tangled, as thread. Ogkagukot ka mgo sinolid, ko lubid. Thread, or robe, becomes tangled. osyn: gusong.