bubung phr.: anak to pamubungon₁. n 1A ridgepole. Liliungan to baloy. Ridgepole of a house. see: liliungan. 2Sky. see: langit. 3A kind of spirit which claims ownership of mountains, baliti trees, cliffs and waterfalls; also familiar spirits which claim those roles. Ka talabubung, karumaan to mgo busow. Ian ka tagbanua no og-ugpò to bubungan, balitì, dalama, sampow. The talabubung, they are companions of the evil spirits. [Those] are the ones who are owners who live in the mountains, baliti trees, cliffs and waterfalls. Ka mgo otow no du-on bantoy ran no talabubung, ian dan im-imanan ka ogbatunon diò to langit. People who have talabubung familiar spirits anticipate that they will be transported to heaven. [If a couple has this kind of a familiar spirit, it is believed that if one spouse dies, the other will also die.]
Search results for "alam"
Bulisung n The name of a location on the Liboganan river between Suo-on and Mabantow on the other side of a mountain from Tagpopoot where there is a very deep whirlpool and a cave at the foot of a cliff where there are passageways which is too dangerous to explore. Ka Bulisung, dalama no nalugi-an no dakol ka saliuan to linow woy maralom. Bulisung is a cliff in which a hole has been formed [at the base] which has a deep area containing a whirlpool. [There used to be a village at that location but the people have moved to Tagpopoot and Kamansi because many children drowned in the whirlpool.]
bundal v 1To deliberately ram into something such as another vehicle. 2To ram into something whether moving frontwards or backwards, such as another vehicle or into a cliff with a raft. Ka otow no ogpalawod to gakit din ka ogtuwal, ogbantayan din oyow konò ogpakabundal ka lobut to gakit to dalama, oyow konò ogkabalikid. A person who travels with the current as he goes downriver by raft, he will be watching out so that the front part (lit. base) will not get rammed into a cliff so that it won't be capsized. [It is the lobut “base” of the raft which heads the raft as it goes downriver, not the u-ud “tip” because it is the base of the bamboo that is strongest and is heeaded downstream..]]
dakol phr.: Dakol ka goinawa; phr.: ian dakol₂. 1adj Big; large in size. Ka abu-on, dakol no manukmanuk no og-ugpò to koilawan. A heron is a big bird which lives in the forest. see fr.: pagamayan. 2adj A lot, or large amount of something Dakol ka hilamonon to homoy ni Inò Mother has a lot of weeds in her rice [field]. 2.1adj many Ko dakol ka igko-untud to gakit, ogka-agod-od on. If many [people] get on a raft, it will become submerged. 2.2adj lot, or large amount of something. Ko dakol ka urang, ogkaponù ka luang to balutu. If there is a lot of rain, the interior of the boat will become full [of water]. 3adv Profuse. Dakol ka pogpasalamat ku ki Joaquin ka nigpangabangan a rin. My expressions of thanks to Joaquin were profuse for his having saved me. [DB says he would have expressed his thanks in words -- it implies many but also includes the emotion of joy.] 4adv Very much. Ka bogas to katumbal, dakol no ogpakabulig ko du-on turakan ta no agoloy no ogtasikan. [As for] the fruit of the red pepper, it helps very much if we have a corn field which has a tasikan blight/disease. see: lagboy 1. 5adj Forceful. No ko oghulid sikandan, ogdagsangan to dakol no lugung woy kilat. And then when they laid down next to each other [to sleep], they were struck by a forceful [clap] of thunder and lightning. see: agbot 2. 6v To increase, do something in greater measure; excessively. Ognangonan ta ka magaliug ta to, “Pango-on ka; hinalatoy ka,” oyow ogdakol ka ogko-onon din. We tell our guest, “Eat up; fill up”, so that he will eat more (lit. increase his eating). Nigdakol ka uran gabi-i su napawa-an no warò pad nigtilo-tò. It rained excessively yesterday because [it rained] all night until morning without stopping. 7v To increase Ogdakolon ta ka homoy to og-angoy diò to pinayag su ogka-atangan ki to oglanog ka Liboganon. We will increase [the amount of] rice which we fetch from the rice shelter because we will be blocked by the swollen Liboganon [river]. 8v To do something in great measure, such as to give a large amount of something. Bogayi nu si Tunin to homoy woy dakola nu to ogbogoy. Give Tunin some rice and give her a large amount [of rice]. see: timul. 9adj very large Ka ogbobol-og, ogpamusil to babuy no magintalunan, usa, ubal, ko manukmanuk no dagdakol. Those who go hunting with a weapon, they shoot wild pigs, deer, monkey(s), or very large birds. 10adj Forceful, very heavy (lit. very big), as rain Wà dò malugoy, nigdagsang ka ma-agbot no kilat woy lugung woy daddakol no uran. Not long later, a loud crack of lightning and thunder struck along with very heavy (lit. very big) rain. 11adj Very big; biggest Ka takubung, ngaran to ambow no daddakol no lukosan. Takubung is the name of the biggest of the male rodents. 12adj Bigger Dakoldakol ka lumansad no kalusisi to boian. The male love bird is bigger than the female. 13v Increase see: timul. 14Bigger, biggest, larger, largest. 15n Size, measurement Nigsokoran ku ka hawak to batò oyow ogkatagaan ku ka karakoli to hawak din. I measured the child's waist so that I would know the measurement of her waist. 16v To exalt, oneself or someone else. Maro-ot sikandin no ogpakabulig no igparakol ka batasan din. Maroyow poron ko duma no mgo otow ka ogparakol to ngaran din. That person is bad who has helped and then uses it to exalt his own conduct. It would be good if someone else was the one to exalt his name. 17To exalt oneself Ko ogparakoldakol ki to duma ta, sikan dod, songo og-ampow-ampow ki to duma ta. Ogdo-isokon ta ka duma ta. If we exalt ourselves over our companions, that is also, the same as making ourselves higher than our companions.
daldal v 1To lean, as a tree that isn\\\'t straight. Ka baloy to otow no nigdaldal on to maagbut no kalamag, nigtukog to tagtu-on oyow kono ogkapolod ka baloy rin. As for the house of a person which was leaning [due to] a strong wind, it was braced by it's owner so that his house would not fall over. [A tree that isn't straight, ogdaldal “leans”, but if it leans against something, like a house or another tree, nakasandig “lean against”.] see: sandig 2; see fr.: kiling. 1.1To be at an angle past the zenith as the moon. Ogdaldal ka buan. The moon has passed the zenith (lit. the moon is leaning). 2To lean something against something else. ??
dampil v 1To dry something in the sun. Ko oglaba ki to manggad, agad warò amana allow igkarampil ta rod su ogkagangu rod ko ogkakalamagan. When we wash clothes, even if there isn't very much sun we still dry them in the sun because they will still become dry if they will be blown in the wind. gen: gangu. 2To sun oneself (deliverately). 3[Lose body fluids because of long] exposure in the hot sun.
dongan 1adv Long time ago; a previous time. Ka alamara dongan, maro-ot su ogpanhimatoy to warò salò. As for armed bands long ago, they were bad because they massacured (lit. multiple-killed) those who had no fault. see fr.: gaapun. 2v Two events, or more, occurring simultaneously [at a previous time.] Ka otow no oglogsad to tanò, ko ogpakarongan to ogkutol ka limukon, konò ogto-od to ogpamano-ug to tanò ka otow. As for a person who is stepping down [to the ground from his house], i f he happens to be doing that at the same time a dove calls, he/she will not go ahead with climbing down to the ground. see fr.: salinongan; see fr.: dagsò; see: salang 1.
dulu cf: luas; see fr.: pupu 3. v 1To shed leaves, as trees. Ko ogdulu ka kayu, ogkapadpad ka doun ko ogkalamagon. When a tree shed's its leaves, the leaves drop of when the wind blows against them. see: padpad 1. 2To shed fur, as animals [DB says this word does not apply to the molting of birds.]
gangu vs To become dry, as plants or clothing. Ko oglaba ki to manggad, agad warò amana allow igkarampil ta rod su ogkagangu rod ko ogkakalamagan. When we wash clothes, even if there isn't very much sunshine we can still dry them in the sun because they will still become dry if they will be blown in the wind. [This is thepotential result of various means of drying. If the sun is not hot, the item may not become dry.] spec: dampil 1; gen: toluk.
hagsil 1adj Cold. Ko ogkapkapawo-on, maagsil ka kalamag no kagonnow ki. When it is becoming dawn, the wind is cold and we feel cold. 2v To have chills, as when one is ill. Oghagsilon ki su ogdaralu ki. We have chills when we are ill. see fr.: lusung 3. 3v To be chilled when cold. Oghinarang ki to hapuy ko oghagsilan ki ko marani on ogkapawò. We will warm ourselves by a fire if we are chilled. cf: gonnow. 3.1v (Fig.) To miss a person a lot. Oghagsilan ki to duma ta ko malugoy no warò ki nigkikita. Oglituk to nasampot. We miss (lit. are cold) for our companion when it has been a long time since we have seen [each other]. It means we are lonely. Ko nigkikita kow on ognangon ka pad to oghulid ka pad kandin su nighagsilan ka to sampot nu. When you have seen [each other] you tell [that person] that you will sleep together for a while because you have been chilled by your loneliness. see: sampot 2.
hiab [hiyab] vs To blow off, or be lifted off by the wind, such as a roof or heavy object. Ko diò to kanami, du-on ka ma-agbot no kalamag no ogka-alap to alimpulus no ogpakahiab to atop. In our place, there are strong winds which are carried by whirlwinds which are able to blow/lift off a roof. [This term applies to heavier objects such as a roof. If paper, leaves or lightweight objects are carried by the wind they are said to be layap to kalamag.] see: layap.
hoy-u 1v Show compassion or kindness to someone [DB said the concepts of goinawa “breath/love” and uligan “help” are included in the word kooy-u “compassion”. (He said you can also show kindness to animals, such as when you tie the chickens so that people won't hit them.)] 2v To feel sorry for, pity ?? 3adj very compassionate [Ka makolkooy-uon no otow], du-on goinawa rin to tibò no mgo otow. The person who is very compassionate loves everyone. 4Kind, compassionate [Ka makolkooy-u no otow], og-alamon din ko hondo-i ka ogkooy-uan. Du-on ka konò din ogkooy-uan. [The person who is kind] chooses which ones to whom he will be kind. He doesn't show kindness to everyone. 5Kooy-u a nu. Have pity on me.; Show mercy to me. (PH) 6To want sympathy. To plead for mercy. (PH)
ibog 1n A strong desire or craving for something. Ka miow, ko ogdatong ka ibog dan to lukos no ungud ogmasamuk ka ogmiawmiaw su sikan ka batasan to miow ko ogko-ibog to ogpa-anak. DB Dic Nt May/2006 As for a cat, when it's craving for a male [cat] arrives, it noisily miows because that is the conduct of a cat when it craves to have offspring. 2vs To be thirsty. Ogbuyù a to woig su ogko-ibog a. I’m asking for water because I am thirsty. see fr.: laklakalan. 3vs To stongly desire something such as to be hungry for some specific food or for merchandise in a store. Purut ka. Alam ka to ogko-ibogan nu. Take something. Choose that which you are hungry for (lit. which is craved by you). Ko nokoy ka ogko-ibogan din, ogbolion. Whatever he/she strongly desires, [he/she] buys it. 3.1vs (With negative)To not have an appetite or desire for food. Du-on allow no konò ki ogko-ibog. Og-alam ki to ogko-ibogan ta. There are days when we don’t have an appetite. We choose what we desire [to eat]. 3.2v To strongly crave for something such as a pregnant woman who craves for a particular food. Du-on ka iam no alunggun, ko ogpangiram ka boi, ogko-ibog-ibog to bogas to mangga no ogpogos to iglukos din to ogpakuò to mangga. Mangkuan ko du-on on, konad ogko-ibogan. There was a newly [married] couple, [and] when the woman was in the beginning of pregancy, she strongly craved the mango fruit and so she forced her spouce to get a mango [for her]. Later, when it was already there she was no longer hungry for it.
kilos v Become smaller, wide apart (as floor bamboo); smashed; dispersed (as swelling of jaw); shrink as material. Ogkilos ka ligid ko du-on palì su og-uwang ka kalamag. A tire becomes smaller if it has a hole because the air will be expelled. Ko ogdarampil ki to agoloy, ogkilos pad su mo-ilow. When we dry corn in the sun, it will shrink because it is green. Ogkilos ki ko oggasa-an ki. We get smaller when we get skinny. Ko malibuson di nigdo-isok, nigkilos. If it is round but has become smaller, it has shrunk. see: konsong 1; see fr.: kopis; see: kopis; see fr.: kimut; see: hag-os.
ku pron 11st person singular enclitic source pronoun. Kagi to balu, "Og-abalangon ku ka baloy no nighimu ni Jeremy di warò pad igkabayad ku." The widow said, "I'm after the house that Jeremy made but I don't yet have anything to use for payment." 21st person singular poss pron (A word indicating that the speaker is the owner of something or that person or object has a special relationship to the speaker.) Baloy ku so-ini. This is my house. 31st person singular pron (A word indicating that the speaker is the one benefitted by something.) Og-alam a to og-ugpa-an ku no baloy. I will choose a house for me (or for myself) to live in.
kutu to hapuy n Embers of fire. Ko ogsilab ki no ma-agbot ka kalamag, ogdakol ka kutu to hapuy no oglayap no ogtugpa diò to songo bubunganon no songo ogkasilaban on. "If we are burning [a field] and there is stong wind, there will be a lot of lembers of fire which will leap up and over to another mountain which will also be burned up. DB Nt 18/Feb/2006 When we burn [a field] and the wind is strong, there are a lot of embers of the fire (lit. lice of the fire) which will leap up and over to another mountain which will also be burned up.
lambog 1adj Fat; healthy. 2v To become fat; healthy. 2.1v To become well developed as a plant. Ko ogkakamot on [ka bala-as], ogko-oti-an on no maroyow to homoy su ogmalambog. When [the swamp] will be cut, it will dry up and the rice will be good because it will become well developed. 3v That which causes a person to gain weight; fattening.
layap v To be carried by the wind or become airborne. Ogkoimu on no abug ka alibu ko iglayap to kalamag. Ashes will become dust if they are carried by the wind. Ka harina, ko igtopung ta ka saku to harina, ogkoimu on no abug su oglayap. As for flour, if we shake the sack of flour, it will become dust because it becomes airborne. see fr.: hiab; gen: alap 1.1.
layud phr.: igpalayud ka goinawa. 1o go away for a period of time to allow a choice of some kind. [A person may absent themselves from a village to give space to a fellow or girl to know their own feelings, but a horse may also be released into pasture to find and choose what it will eat. The component of choice seems to be an inherent part of the word.] 2v Igpalayud ku ka kuddò oyow ogpaka-alam sikandin to ogkako-on din. Nig-awò ta diò to lunsud ka sikan no kuddò. I will remove the horse [from the village] so that it can choose what it will eat. We remove the horse from the village. see: awò 1.
libulung 1v To gather together. Tibò oglibulung to sagboka no baloy ka ogpasalamat to Magbobo-ot. All will gather together at one house who will offer thanks to God. see fr.: bulus₂ 2. 2gathering together Ko ogpitow ki to pitsa to bulan, awoson no og-indanan ta ka liwak to warò ogpakabalabag oyow ogkatuman to poglibulung. When we look at the date of a month, we need to reserve a time when there is nothing which will conflict (lit go crosswise) so that the gathering together will happen. 3v A meeing place. Ko diò ki to kalibulunganan, ogpokog-iom-iom ki. When we are at a meeting place, we have to smile at each other. 4
lu-ag 1adj wide Ka agalayan, sikan ka malu-ag no kamot. Ka agalayan is a wider field. 2adj wider Og-alam a to baloy no mamalu-ag ko warò otow no og-ugpò diò to Maambago. I'm going to choose a wider house in which no people are living there in Maambago. 3deriv n wide Kalu-ag to sopi-on! How wide the hips! (an insult) 4deriv n width Ong-ongora nu to kalu-agi. Estimate the width. 5v to widen, press apart [Said of movements of baby just prior to delivery. (ck meaning)]
lusud₁ v 1To force one’s way into, as of a house or a village. see fr.: lusud₁ 2; see fr.: sulung 2. 2To attack. Ka sikan no a-alamaraan, moon-ing lagboy ka oglusud ka sikan no usig dan. As for those that are being raided [by a band of raiders], their enemies are very many enemies who attack . Ka lusud, sikan ka ogsulungan on to ogpanhimatoy. The [word] lusud, that is those who attack to kill. see: lusud₁ 1. 3
mata phr.: mata to ubud₁; phr.: mata to aldow (poet.). 1n Eye. Ko warò ka mata to lawa ta, konò ki ogkita to ka-awangan to kalibutan woy to kausiloman. If our bodies didn't have eyes, we could not see the light of the earth or night. 2v To wake. Ogpakoro-korò ki to kiloy ta ko sikan ki pad nighimata. We wrinkle our eyebrows when we first awaken. Ka otow no warò nakagimata no nig-onow, nigtalam sikandin. A person who gets up without awaking, he is sleep-walking. [To awaken someone else is pukow.] 3State a baby finds itself in immediately after birth. Ka iam no in-anak ka batò, ian din nagimata-an ka ka-awangan to kalibutan. As for the child who is newly birthed, what awakened him is the light of the world. 4To be awakened by something. Ka amoy, ian din nagimata-an ka anak din no ungod ogsinogow. As for the father, that which awakened him was the child who was always crying. Dic Nt 24/Aug/2006 5To see but not take notice; or to watch without lifting a finger to help. Ka du-on nalonod diò to pool, moon-ing kandan ka namataan no warò nakapangabang. Natonongan no warò nokowo-il. When there was someone who drowned at the pool, there were many people who saw but didn't go to therescue. They ignored it and didn't move. Ka an-anayan no nigkita nu ka batò diò to woig, namataan ka pad. Hongkai no nabalikid ka batò, warò ka namatoi su naragap nud on. [The reasons for the above could be that one is lazy or doesn't care, but in the case of a small child that entered the water, the person was initially unaware of an emergency.] ant: sagman 1; see: tonongan.
os-os v 1To recede as water when it goes underground, or as water from a flooded river recedes. Ko oglanog ka Liboganon no woig, maga-an dò og-os-os. When the Liboganon River floods, the water is quick to recede. Ogtulin ka dagat woy og-os-os. The ocean swells and ebbs. 2Os-os on ka woig. The water is returning to its place; receding. Ko og-os-os ka woig, du-on dod woig; oglibong diò to taan no lawa rin. When the water recedes, there is still water; it returns to its original body [of water]. Ko warò siak, ogtokoron ta ko og-os-os su dakol on ka pantad no ogko-ongkoran to woig. If there is no secondary channel, we recognize when the water is returning to its place because the beach becomes large as it is left behind by the water. 3To decrease in intensity, such as the wind. Ko ogma-agbot ka kalamag, og-os-os on ka ka-agboti rin. When the wind is strong, it's intensity will decrease
palawod v To travel in direction of current, hense downriver, by raft or boat. Ka otow no ogpalawod to gakit din ka ogtuwal, ogbantayan din oyow konò ogpakabundal ka lobut to gakit to dalama, oyow konò ogkabalikid. A person who travels with the current as he goes downriver by raft, he will be watching out so that the front part (lit. base) will not get rammed into a cliff so that it won't be capsized. [It is the lobut “base” of the raft which heads the raft as it goes downriver, not the u-ud “tip” because it is the base of the bamboo that is strongest and is heeaded downstream.] see fr.: tuwal.