The organization of the Balantak dictionary is root-based. That means that the Balantak headwords (entries) are roots, that is, words without affixes, whether prefixes, suffixes, or infixes. A root is the smallest or simplest part of the word, whereas a typical Balantak word may have various affixes. For example, the word mambalaki’kon ‘exalt, take priority’, is based on the root balaki’ ‘big, large’.
In order to find a word in the dictionary, determine what the root word is by first removing prefixes and suffixes (and in some cases infixes like -in- or -um-).
Consider the following examples:
|Balantak word||meaning||root word||meaning|
|nobalaki’mo||already large||balaki’||big, large|
|mintidaa-daa||haughty, proud||daa||right, acceptable|
|kumaan||eat||kaan||(does not occur alone)|