a(when followed by a verb beginning with a consonant), adv. or locative particle or prefix, means there, in that place, at that time, at, from, on, in, of, by; when the verb begins with a vowel, a becomes ai; achumpa, to buy at; aminti, to come from; aiilli, to die at or in. a and ai are used where in English place is used; nusi, to sleep; anusi, a sleeping place; aiimpa, an eating place, a plate, dining room, table; chikaiamiho, repeated in Matt. 5:35; of, in chianukshopa, he is afraid of you; chiatoba, he is begotten of you: by, in aiokcha̱ya, to live by, Matt. 4:4: used as a sign of the future tense; chi chia, cf. John 1:49; achi̱, ahe, ahinla; atuk, ashke, as satoshbihashke; siakmʋt, hymn 66, v. 2: prefixed to a verb often changes the verb to a noun, as aminti, a source; literally, to come from; isht ahʋchia, see John 15:3; aiʋtta, a residence; lit., to stay at. a and ai are much used as prefixes in compounding words: prefixed to some cardinals the latter become ordinals, as tuklo, two; atukla, second; atuchina, third; and before a vowel a becomes ai, as ushta, four; aiushta, fourth: an intensive before consonants; aputta, abillia, afehna: used before tuk and tok and their compounds a partakes of the sense of a definite article or of a relative pronoun. Sabʋnnahatak, that which I wanted; “This is used when the person has some doubt as to obtaining the thing sought, while sabʋnnʋshke indicates a certainty in the expectation.” — J. Hudson.