Search results for "beli"

beli nm. razor rasoir (6 groups, 12 languages) Loan cf: pɨɗakʷ ʸ.
This root is borrowed from Kanuri, in some cases via Fulfulde, and is found in languages covering a wide spread of the north and east of the Central Chadic area. The *l is not a native Central Chadic phoneme. It was introduced in the North sub-branch of Central Chadic by a general change from *r to *l. All the languages using this root are from this sub-branch, so no adaptation of the *l was necessary. The vowel *e is also absent from Proto-Central Chadic and many of the languages cited. In the case of Mbara, this has been re-analysed as the palatalisation prosody.

1Proto-Margi *bel razor rasoir 1.1) Bura (Blench) bel Razor

2Proto-Mandara *bila razor rasoir 2.1) Mandara (Fluckiger) bilà tondeuse à cheveux (f), le rasoir (m)

3Proto-Mofu *bila razor rasoir 3.1) Ouldeme (Kinnaird) bīlá canif ; rasoir ; couteau 3.2) Zulgo (Haller) bijilá rasoir (m.) à grande lame 3.3) Mofu North (Barreteau) bila rasoir? 3.4) Mofu-Gudur (Hollingsworth) bílá (empr. ful.) rasoir, couteau très tranchant

4Proto-Kotoko North *bila razor rasoir 4.1) Afade (Allison) bil razor rasoir 4.2) Mpade (Allison) bìl razor rasoir 4.3) Malgbe (Allison) bila razor rasoir

5Proto-Kotoko Centre *bel razor rasoir 5.1) Lagwan (Allison) bel razor rasoir 5.2) Mser (Allison) bel razor rasoir

6Proto-Musgum *bala ʸ razor rasoir 6.1) Mbara (Tourneux) bele razor couteau à raser

7Kanuri béli /// bélì razor rasoir

8Fulfulde (Noye) beliihi razor rasoir
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ᵐbɨlala ʸ n. elephant éléphant (3 groups, 6 languages) A syn: dzɨwɨn ʸ, gɨwɨn, nɨvi.
This root is found in five contiguous languages, and in Tsuvan which is very distant from these languages. The Tsuvan root follows the right patterning to be the result of contact with the other languages, but the physical and genetic distance between it and the other languages makes it more likely that this is a chance similarity.

1Proto-Bata *ᵐbaɮa elephant éléphant 1.1) Tsuvan (Johnston) ᵐbaɮa l'éléphant

2Proto-Hurza *ᵐbɨla ʸ elephant éléphant 2.1) Mbuko (Gravina) ᵐbəle elephant éléphant 2.2) Vame (Kinnaird) ᵐbèlèlèk elephant éléphant

3Proto-Mofu *ᵐbala ʸ elephant éléphant 3.1) Ouldeme (Kinnaird) ᵐbèlè elephant éléphant 3.2) Muyang (Smith) ᵐbeli elephant éléphant 3.3) Moloko (Friesen) ᵐbəlele elephant éléphant 3.3.1) Moloko (Friesen) ᵐbəlele
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wɨzim nm. ram bélier (6 groups, 12 languages) C
This root for 'ram' is far less widespread than the root for 'sheep'. There is a regular word-final change *m→w in Proto-Mandara, which may be behind the Matal form, if it is truly cognate. There was a regular change *z
→s in Proto-Kotoko North, and a regular subsequent change *s→j in Malgbe.

1Proto-Mafa *zam ʸ ram bélier 1.1) Cuvok (Gravina) zem ram bélier

2Proto-Mandara *magadzaw ram bélier 2.1) Matal (Branger) māɡādzàw ram bélier

3Proto-Mofu *azam ʸ ram bélier 3.1) Dugwor (Jubumna) Azem ram bélier 3.2) Mofu North (Barreteau) zèm-tə̄ɓāŋ bélier 3.3) Mofu-Gudur (Hollingsworth) ézem bélier

4Proto-Maroua *ɨzɨm ʸ ram bélier 4.1) Giziga Marva (Hamidou) izim ram bélier 4.2) Mbazla (Tourneux) ʼeʒem, ʼaʒem bélier

5Proto-Kotoko North *wɨsʼam ram bélier 5.1) Afade (Allison) sʼɨm ram bélier 5.2) Mpade (Allison) sàm ram bélier 5.3) Malgbe (Allison) wijam ram bélier

6Proto-Kotoko Centre *wɨzɨmi ram bélier 6.1) Lagwan (Allison) uzɨmi ram bélier 6.2) Mser (Allison) uzam ram bélier
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