Search results for "nɨh"

ɗɨrɨnɨh ʸ n. tongue langue (4 groups, 18 languages) C syn: ɣanaɗ ʸ, naɬɨj.
This root is difficult to establish. The initial *ɗ has support from some languages in the Mofu and Maroua groups, either as /ɗ/ or as /ʔ/. The medial *n is expected to have become *r in the Mandara group and parts of the Mofu group, whilst the *r should have become *l in all the groups that are represented except the Mafa group. It is possible that the resulting sequence was reduced from *lɨr to *lr to *r in the Mandara and Mofu groups, which would explain the surface forms that we find. The /l/ in Matal is a regular change from the resulting *r. The *ɗ and *h have both been lost in many languages, which is a common sporadic change. In Mandara and Malgwa, the loss of the *ɗ has triggered compensatory prefixation of /n/. The palatalisation prosody is present in three of the four groups.

1Proto-Mafa *lanaŋ ʸ tongue langue 1.1) Mafa (Barreteau) léné langue 1.1.1) Mafa (Barreteau) léʼén langue 1.2) Cuvok (Gravina) neneŋ tongue langue

2Proto-Mandara *ɨrɨh tongue langue 2.1) Matal (Branger) ālàh tongue langue 2.2) Mandara (Fluckiger) nara langue (f) 2.3) Malgwa (Löhr) nare tongue 2.4) Glavda (Nghagyiva) ɛ̄ɾɛ̄xa tongue 2.5) Dghwede (Frick) rəxe tongue

3Proto-Mofu *ɗɨrɨnah ʸ tongue langue 3.1) Ouldeme (Kinnaird) màró tongue langue 3.2) Muyang (Smith) arəɗ tongue ; bud langue; bourgeon 3.3) Mada (Nkoumou) árra langue 3.4) Moloko (Friesen) ́hərnek tongue langue 3.5) Zulgo (Haller) àràh langue f. 3.6) Gemzek (Sabatai) arah tongue langue 3.7) Merey (Gravina) ɗərneh langue 3.8) Mofu-Gudur (Hollingsworth) neneh langue (organe) (Gud.) 3.8.1) Mofu-Gudur (Hollingsworth) ɗərne langue (organe) (Mokong)

4Proto-Maroua *ɗɨrna ʸ tongue langue 4.1) Giziga Moutourwa (Michielan) ʼirne, irne langue 4.2) Giziga Marva (Hamidou) irne tongue langue 4.2.1) Giziga Marva (Hamidou) irne language langue, langage 4.3) Mbazla (Tourneux) ne langue 4.3.1) Mbazla (SILSurvey) nɛ́ʼ tongue langue
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nɨh v. to ripen mûrir (16 groups, 34 languages) A
The basic meaning of this verb refers to the ripening of fruit or of millet. The final *h has been lost in several groups, which is a common sporadic process. It has the unestablished reflexes *ɣ in Proto-Margi and *k in Proto-Higi.

1Proto-Bata *na ripen mûrir 1.1) Gude (Hoskinson) na fill, become full 1.1.1) Gude (Hoskinson) na ripen 1.1.2) Gude (Hoskinson) na be ready for use 1.2) Jimi (Djibi) nan 1 - Remplir ;; 2 - Mûrir

2Proto-Daba *na ripen mûrir 2.1) Buwal (Viljoen) ripen, become ripe mûrir 2.1.1) Buwal (Viljoen) ferment fermenter 2.2) Gavar (Viljoen) ferment (alcohol) (v) fermenter 2.2.1) Gavar (Viljoen) ripen mûrir 2.3) Mbudum (Ndokobaï) kəna (be) ripe (être) mûr (fruit) 2.3.1) Mbudum (Ndokobaï) kəna ripen, become ripe mûrir 2.4) Daba (Lienhard) mûrir

3Proto-Mafa *nɨh ripen mûrir 3.1) Mafa (Barreteau) ⁿdəh mûrir 3.2) Cuvok (Gravina) nəhaj ripen, become ripe mûrir 3.2.1) Cuvok (Gravina) manha (be) ripe (être) mûr (fruit)

4Proto-Sukur *nɨh ripen murir 4.1) Sukur (Thomas) nəh ripe; fully grown and ready to be eaten.

5Proto-Hurza *nah ripen mûrir 5.1) Mbuko (Gravina) nah ripen murir 5.2) Vame (Kinnaird) ⁿdə́hā ripen faire mûrir 5.2.1) Vame (Kinnaird) ⁿdə́hà ripen ; mature mûrir

6Proto-Margi *nɨɣa ripen mûrir 6.1) Bura (Blench) nɣa To be ripe, to ripen 6.2) Kilba (Schuh) na/ə ripen

7Proto-Mandara *hɨna ripen mûrir 7.1) Matal (Branger) màhᵊ̀nāj ripen mûrir 7.2) Malgwa (Löhr) na ripen

8Proto-Mofu *nɨhʷ ripen mûrir 8.1) Ouldeme (Kinnaird) ānúhʷ mature, ripe mûr 8.1.1) Ouldeme (Kinnaird) nùhʷ ripen mûrir ; cuire 8.2) Mada (Nkoumou) mánah cuire (mûrir) 8.2.1) Mada (Nkoumou) ménehéŋ cuire (faire-, faire mûrir) 8.3) Moloko (Friesen) nah ripen, mature mûrir 8.4) Gemzek (Sabatai) manaha ripe mûr (fruit) 8.4.1) Gemzek (Sabatai) menehi murir 8.4.2) Gemzek (Sabatai) menehe ripen, become ripe mûrir 8.5) Merey (Gravina) nah (be) mature mûrir, être mûr, mature 8.6) Dugwor (Jubumna) mənəhej (be) ripe (être) mûr (fruit) 8.6.1) Dugwor (Jubumna) mənəhej ripen, become ripe mûrir 8.7) Mofu-Gudur (Hollingsworth) ́nəh mûrir

9Proto-Maroua *nɨh ʸ ripen mûrir 9.1) Giziga Moutourwa (Michielan) nih(i) remplir 9.1.1) Giziga Moutourwa (Michielan) nih(i) fermenter 9.1.2) Giziga Moutourwa (Michielan) nih(i) mûrir 9.2) Giziga Marva (Hamidou) mənihan (be) ripe (être) mûr (fruit) 9.2.1) Giziga Marva (Hamidou) mənihaŋ ripen, become ripe mûrir

10Proto-Higi *naka ripen mûrir 10.1) Psikye (Angelo) naká ripe 10.2) Bana (Lienhard) náká mûrir (grains, chose qu'on doit préparer)

11Proto-Kotoko Island *no ripen murir 11.1) Buduma (McKone) no mûrir, être cuite.

12Proto-Kotoko North *na ripen mûrir 12.1) Afade (Allison) no na (be) ripe (être) mûr (fruit) 12.2) Mpade (Allison) ripen, become ripe mûrir 12.2.1) Mpade (Allison) (be) ripe (être) mûr (fruit) 12.3) Malgbe (Allison) nawun ripen, become ripe mûrir 12.3.1) Malgbe (Allison) nawun (be) ripe (être) mûr (fruit)

13Proto-Kotoko Centre *naha ripen mûrir 13.1) Mser (Allison) tɨna ripen, become ripe mûrir 13.1.1) Mser (Allison) naha (be) ripe (être) mûr (fruit)

14Proto-Kotoko South *wɨnha ripen mûrir 14.1) Zina (Odden) wùnhà ripen, become ripe mûrir

15Proto-Musgum *niji ripen mûrir 15.1) Mulwi (Tourneux) niji entrer, faire l'amour 15.1.1) Mulwi (Tourneux) niji mûrir

16Proto-Gidar *ɨnaha ripen murir 16.1) Gidar (Schuh) ənaha murir 16.2) Gidar (Hungerford) unaha mûrir
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vɨnah v. to vomit vomir (13 groups, 32 languages) A
There was a regular change *v→f in Proto-Musgum. There was also a regular change *n→r word-medially in Proto-Mandara. The final *h has been lost in several groups, which is a common sporadic process.

1Proto-Bata *vɨna vomit vomir 1.1) Gude (Hoskinson) vaana vomit 1.2) Jimi (Djibi) vənan 1 - Vomir ;; 2 - Vomissement

2Proto-Daba *vɨna vomit vomir 2.1) Buwal (Viljoen) vənɑ vomit (v) vomir 2.2) Gavar (Viljoen) vənɑ vomit (v) vomir 2.3) Mbudum (Ndokobaï) vən vomit (v) vomir 2.4) Daba (Lienhard) və̀nà vomir ; déteindre

3Proto-Mafa *vɨnaha ʸ vomit vomir 3.1) Mafa (Ndokobai) n vənehe vomir 3.1.1) Mafa (Barreteau) vínéh- vomir 3.2) Cuvok (Gravina) vənaha vomit (v) vomir

4Proto-Tera *vɨnah vomit vomir 4.1) Nyimatli (Harley) vu̱nakh vomit (v)

5Proto-Sukur *vinah vomit vomir 5.1) Sukur (Thomas) vinah vomit; to bring food from the stomach back out through the mouth.

6Proto-Hurza *vɨnah ʸ vomit vomir 6.1) Mbuko (Gravina) vəne vomit vomir 6.2) Vame (Kinnaird) və̀nàhà vomit vomir

7Proto-Mandara *vɨraha vomit vomir 7.1) Matal (Branger) màvlàhàj vomit vomir 7.2) Podoko (Swackhammer) və́raha 1 vomir 7.2.1) Podoko (Swackhammer) və́raha 2 se fondre (teinte) 7.3) Glavda (Nghagyiva) vrɛː̄gɛ vomit (v) 7.4) Dghwede (Frick) vraxa vomit

8Proto-Mofu *vɨnaha vomit vomir 8.1) Ouldeme (Kinnaird) və̀nàhàj vomit vomir 8.2) Mada (Nkoumou) mavnaha vomir 8.3) Moloko (Friesen) vənah vomit vomir 8.4) Zulgo (Haller) və̀nahá vomir 8.5) Gemzek (Sabatai) mevənehe vomir 8.6) Merey (Gravina) vənaha vomit (v) vomir 8.7) Dugwor (Jubumna) məvənehej vomit (v) vomir 8.8) Mofu North (Barreteau) mévə̀nhèj vomir

9Proto-Lamang *vɨnah vomit vomir 9.1) Lamang (Wolff) vanaahʷa vomit 9.2) Hdi (Bramlett) vənihaj to vomit vomir 9.2.1) Hdi (Bramlett) vənihi vomit le vomissement

10Proto-Higi *vɨnɨhʷɨ vomit vomir 10.1) Kamwe-Futu (Harley) vineɣo to vomit; puke 10.2) Kirya (Blench) və̀nə̀hú to vomit 10.3) Bana (Lienhard) və̀nə̀xʷə̀ vomir, spitting image of

11Proto-Kotoko Centre *vɨnahɨ vomit vomir 11.1) Lagwan (Allison) vɨnahɨwun (vɨnahɨ) vomit (v) vomir

12Proto-Kotoko South *vɨnaha vomit vomir 12.1) Zina (Odden) və̀nàhà vomit (v) vomir

13Proto-Musgum *fɨna ʸ vomit vomir 13.1) Mbara (Tourneux) fine vomit vomir
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