Search results for "500"

ᦀᦲᦰ1ʔiʔ²500nounterm of address for women and girls, used with a name in familar addressᦀᦲᦰ ᦶᦂᧁᧉ.Ee Kaew (Ms. Kaew).9.6.3.4Markers of direct address
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ᦀᦲᦰᦍᦱᧈʔijaa⁵5001nounpaternal grandmother (father's mother)4.1.9.1.1Grandfather, grandmother2nounold woman. Used pronominally by or to older womenᦣᧅ ᦔᦲᧃ ᦊᦱᧂᧈ ᦑᦲᧈ ᦓᧂᧈ ᦆᦲᧂ ᦠᦹᧉ ᦀᦲᦰ ᦍᦱᧈ ᦁᧃ ᦊᦴᧈ ᦷᦟᧆ ᦂᦳᧂ ᦂᦳᧂᧈ ᦵᦌᦲᧈ ᦓᧃᧉ.Love is giving up your seat to an old woman on the bus.2.6.5.2Womanᦀᦲᦰ1ᦍᦱᧈ
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ᦀᦲᦰᦔᦴᧈʔipuu²5001nounpaternal grandfather (father's father)4.1.9.1.1Grandfather, grandmother2nounold man. Used pronominally by or to older menᦀᦲᦰ ᦔᦴᧈ ᦝᦱᧉ ᦣᦸᧂᧉ ᦀᧁ ᦂᦸᧂ ᦙᦱ ᦎᦲ ᦶᦣᧂ ᦶᦣᧂ. Old Man Thunder took out his drum and hit it hard.2.6.5.1Manᦀᦲᦰ1ᦔᦴᧈ1
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ᦀᦲᧉʔii³500nounthis thing; like thisᦵᦣᧆ ᦀᦲᧉ ᦶᦙᧃᧈ ᦣᦱᧈ?Is this the right thing to do?ᦎᧂᧉ ᦶᦎᧈ ᦵᦙᦲᧈ ᦵᦣᧃ ᦷᦎ ᦓᧃᧉ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦵᦖᦲᧃ ᦀᦲᧉ ᦵᦠᦲᧃᧉ.Since the time they went to school it was like this.ᦉᧂ ᧞ ᦀᧁ ᦷᦆ ᦙᦱ ᦜᦻ ᦉᧄᧈ ᦀᦲᧉ ᦣᦱ?Why have you brought us so much stuff?ᦟᧅ ᦂ ᦶᦑᧉ ᦖᦱᧅ ᦃ ᦶᦐᧆ ᦓᦲᦰ ᦵᦖᦲᧃ ᦀᦲᧉ ᦣᦱᧈ?Are pineapples really like this?9.2.3.5Demonstrative pronounsᦀᦲᧇᧈᦀᦲᧉᦌᦲᧄᦌᦲᦞᦱᧈᦀᦲᧉ
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ᦶᦀʔææ¹ᦵᦀ500pronounI/me (by a child); you (to a child). [Note: Used between children and adults, and between adult children and their parents]ᦶᦀ ᦵᦠᧀᧈ ᦈᧁᧉ ᦗᦸᧈ, ᦎᧂᧉ ᦞᧃ ᦓᦲᧉ ᦺᦗ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦈᧅ ᦘᦱᧅ ᦵᦉ ᦵᦣᦲᧃ ᦊᦱᧁᧉ.Oh my daughter, after today you will leave our home.9.2.3Pronouns2.6.4.2Childᦉᦴᦶᦀ
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ᦶᦀᧁᧈʔæw²5001verb (intransitive)to travel; take a trip, especially travel for pleasureᦙᧅ ᦠᦳᧄ ᦶᦀᧁᧈ ᦠᦱ ᦵᦣᧃ.He liked to travel and seek learning.7.2.4Travel2adjectiveuntamed; wild; free1.6.1Types of animalsᦑᦱᧂᦶᦀᧁᧈᦜᦲᧃᧉᦶᦀᧁᧈᦡᦲᦜᦲᧃᧉᦡᦲᦶᦀᧁᧈᦡᦲᧃᧉᦶᦀᧁᧈ
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ᦶᦀᧇ1ʔæp²5001verb (transitive)to stay with; be a companion to; accompanyᦃᧁ ᧒ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦉᦴᧉ ᦵᦍᦲᧄ ᧞ ᦶᦀᧇ ᦂᧃ ᦺᦡᧉ ᦞᧃ ᧚.They were both happy and stayed together for the day.7.2.5Accompany2prepositionwithᦙᧃ ᦵᦙᦲ ᦷᦉᧃ ᦕᧅ ᦶᦀᧇ ᦶᦙᧈ. She went to the garden with her mother.9.5.2.2With, be with9.5.2.3With, do with someoneᦉᦴᧉᦶᦀᧇ
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ᦀᦻᧉ1ʔaaj³5001nounman. Used pronominally by and to menᦷᦗᧇ ᦺᦉᧈ ᦀᦻᧉ ᦅᦸᧉ ᧚, ᦋᦱᧆ ᦵᦖᦲᧃ ᦉ ᦏᦲ ᦶᦑᧉ ᧞.I met a man and he looked just like the merchant.2.6.5.1Man2nounterm of address for men and boys, used with a name in familar addressᦀᦻᧉ ᦆᧄ.Ai Xam (Mr Xam).9.6.3.4Markers of direct address ᦗᦸᧈᦀᦻᧉ
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ᦀᦻᧉᦋᦻʔaaj³caaj⁴5001nounolder brother4.1.9.1.3Brother, sister2nounmale person2.6.5.1Manᦀᦻᧉ1ᦋᦻ1
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ᦀᧁʔaw¹5001verb (transitive)to take; get; receive; acceptᦀᧁ ᦷᦆ ᧞ ᦗᦻᧈ ᦐᦲ ᦵᦉ ᦷᦕ.She took her things and fled from her husband.ᦃᦾᧉ ᦈᧅ ᦺᦔ ᦀᧁ ᦊᦱ ᦙᦱ ᦠᦹᧉ.I will fetch some medicine for you.ᦀᧁ ᦇᦹᧃ ᦅᦱᧈ ᦵᦆᦲᧂᧈ ᦶᦌᧈ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦡᦻ.He accepts money only for spare parts.3.3.5.1Accept2verb (transitive)'Manipulated Object Marker'; marks the object of a transitive verb, or the instrument used in an actionᦃᧁ ᦀᧁ ᦃᧁᧉ ᦺᦔ ᦃᦻ.They sold the rice (took the rice and sold it).ᦃᧁ ᦑᦱᧃᧈ ᦀᧁ ᦞᦲᧉ ᦌᦱ ᦺᦉᧈ ᦚᦳᧃᧈ ᦶᦕᧈ ᦉᦸᧃ.They taught methods of applying fertiliser (took methods and taught them).ᦣᦳᧂᧉ ᦀᧁ ᦃᦱ ᦶᦠᧂᧈ ᦙᧃ ᦍᦳᧄᧈ ᦡᦽᧉ ᦶᦂᧁᧉ ᦟᦴᧅ ᦓᧃᧉ.The eagle grabbed the gem with its talon (took its talon and grabbed the gem).9.5.1.2Instrument9.5.1Primary cases3prepositiongetting; toward (often untranslatable in English)ᦆᦸᧆ ᦀᧁ ᦺᦃᧈ.She uncovered (getting) the egg.7.4.3Get4post-verbsuccessfully; bringing to completionᦍᦲᧃ ᦡᦲ ᧞, ᦷᦎ ᦵᦡᧁ ᦅᦾᧈ ᦶᦎᧄᧉ ᦀᧁ.Thank you, I will write it myself.6.1.3.2Succeedᦵᦂᧇᦇᧁᦀᧁᦧᦸᧃᦂᦱᧃᧉᦀᧁᦷᦆᦺᦉᧈᦷᦑᧆᦀᧁᦎᦱᦎᦀᧁᦷᦎᦵᦡᧁᦵᦣᧆᦀᧁᦏᦹᦀᧁᦓᧇᦀᧁᦓᧇᦺᦡᧉᦓᧇᦀᧁᦢᧅᦋᦹᧈᦀᧁᦵᦉᧂᦢᦳᧇᦀᧁᦶᦣᧃᧉᦷᦋᧈᦀᧁᦔᦱᧃ
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ᦀᧃᧉʔan³500nounthat thing; a situation like thatᦅᧃ ᦀᧃᧉ ᦓᦲᦰ ᦠᦹᧉ ᦙᦹᧂ ᦺᦔ ᦃᦳᧆ ᦌᦻ ᦡᦴ.If that is the case, go dig in the sand and look for it.9.1.5General adverbsᦵᦉᧂᦀᧃᧉᦞᦱᧈᦀᧃᧉᦺᦢᧉᦀᧂᧈᦓᧄᧉᦑᦳᧃᧈᦢᧁᧈᦀᧃᧉ
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ᦀᦱᧃᧈʔaan²5001verb (transitive)to readᦀᦱᧃᧈ ᦠᦹᧉ ᦑᦱᧃᧈ ᦝᧂ.Read it to him.3.5.7.3Read2verb (transitive)to count8.1.2Countᦂᦱᧃᦀᦱᧃᧈᦕᦴᧉᦀᦱᧃᧈ
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ᦀᦳᧃᧈ1ʔun²5001adjectivewarmᦎᦱ ᦞᧃ ᦀᦳᧃᧈ.Warm sunshine.ᦓᧄᧉ ᦀᦳᧃᧈ.Warm water.8.3.4Hot2adjectivehappy3.4.1.2Happy3verb (transitive)to heat; warmᦍᦱᧈ ᦺᦔ ᦀᦳᧃᧈ ᦓᧄᧉ ᦌᦰ ᦌᦽᧈ ᦷᦖᧆ ᦺᦉ.Grandma warmed some water to wash it with.8.3.4Hotᦂᦸᧂᧉᦓᧄᧉᦀᦳᧃᧈᦂᧆᦀᦳᧃᧈᦵᦆᦲᧂᧈᦀᦳᧃᧈᦔᧃᧉᦀᦳᧃᧈᦑᦳᧃᧈᦺᦈᦜᧇᦡᦲᦓᦸᧃᦀᦳᧃᧈᦟᦤᦴᦀᦳᧃᧈ
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ᦀᦸᧃʔɔn¹5001conjunctionbeforeᦀᦸᧃ ᦵᦋᦲᧉ ᦶᦎᧂ ᦍᧂ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦺᦊᧈ ᦵᦑᦲᧈ ᦺᦔ ᦺᦏ ᦑᦲᧈ ᦙᧃ ᦶᦝᧆ ᦺᦞᧉ.Before the melon seedlings have grown, plough a place ready for them.8.4.5.2Before2prepositionbefore; ahead of; in front ofᦊᦱᧈ ᦂᦲᧃ ᦀᦸᧃ ᦕᦴᧉ ᦶᦂᧈ.Don't eat before your elders.8.4.5.2Before3adjectiveformer; earlierᦷᦕ ᦀᦸᧃ.Her former husband.8.4.5.1.2First4post-verbfirst; beforeᦂᦲᧃ ᦃᧁᧉ ᦓᦲᦰ ᦈᧅ ᦺᦡᧉ ᦌᦽᧈ ᦙᦹ ᦀᦸᧃ.When you eat you must wash your hands first.ᦵᦑᦲᧈ ᦓᦲᦰ ᦷᦎᧅ ᦀᦲᦰ ᦆᧄ ᦃᦲᧈ ᦀᦸᧃ.This time it was Ee Xam's turn to ride first.8.4.5.2Before5post-verbago᧒ ᦔᦲ ᦀᦸᧃ.Two years ago.8.4.6.2Pastᦃᦸᦺᦔᦀᦸᧃᦶᦎᧈᦀᦸᧃᦑᦱᧂᦀᦸᧃᦷᦠᦂᦸᧃᧈᦔᦲᦀᦸᧃᦕᦴᧉᦀᦸᧃᦷᦠᦗᦻᦀᦸᧃᦵᦙᦲᧈᦀᦸᧃᦛᦱᧂᧈᦀᦸᧃᦞᧃᦀᦸᧃ
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ᦀᦸᧅᧈʔɔɔk²5001verb (intransitive)to go out; leaveᦑᦱᧃᧈ ᦀᦸᧅᧈ ᦺᦔ ᦂᦲᧃ ᦈᦱᧂᧉ ᦵᦗᦲᧃᧈ.He went out and worked for hire.7.2.3.4.1Move out2verb (intransitive)to sprout; growᦂᦸ ᦓᦾᧉ ᦁᧃ ᦎᦳ ᦐᧄ ᦓᧃᧉ ᦀᦸᧅᧈ ᦙᦱ ᦐᧂᧉ ᦂᦸ ᦐᧂᧉ ᦂᦸ.Robust little trees sprouted up one by one.1.5.6Growth of plants3verb (intransitive)to rise; to shine (sun, moon, stars)1.1.1Sun4verb (intransitive)to become full (of the moon). [See the note at ᦵᦡᦲᧃ 'month' for a description of the calendar]ᦵᦡᦲᧃ1 2ᦵᦡᦲᧃ ᦱᦞ ᦀᦸᧅᧈ ᧒ ᦆᧄᧈ.Month ten, second day of the waxing moon.1.1.1.1Moon5verb (transitive)to exit; go out ofᦈᧁᧉ ᦵᦃᧀ ᦵᦙᦲᧂ ᦀᦸᧅᧈ ᦠᦸ ᦺᦔ.The king's son-in-law went out of the palace.7.2.3.4.1Move out6verb (transitive)to put forth; emit; sproutᦀᦸᧅᧈ ᦩᧃ ᦺᦝ.Put out smoke.ᦀᦸᧅᧈ ᦎᦳᧄᧈ.Come out with a rash.7.2.3.4.1Move out7verb (transitive)to subtract᧕ ᦀᦸᧅᧈ ᧒ ᦺᦡᧉ ᧓.5 - 2 = 3.8.1.2.3Subtract numbers8prepositionout of; fromᦵᦂᦲᧆᧈ ᦀᦸᧅᧈ ᦑᦸᧂᧉ ᦶᦙᧈ ᦙᦱ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦣᦴᧉ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦜᧅ.When I was born out of the womb I knew nothing.8.5.1.4.1Out, outside9post-verbout; with success in taking out or coming outᦋᧅ ᦺᦉᧉ ᦀᦸᧅᧈ ᦙᦱ.Pull intestines out.ᦵᦍᧁᧈ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦀᦸᧅᧈ.Unable to urinate.8.5.1.4.1Out, outside10post-verbable; with success in seeing, thinking, calculating or speakingᦅᦹᧆ ᦔᦲᧃᧈ ᦊᦱᧈ ᦎᦸᧇᧈ ᦷᦑ ᦉᦱ ᦀᦸᧅᧈ ᦙᦱ ᦵᦋᦲᧉ ᧚.He thought out a method for getting revenge.9.4.2.1Canᦂᦱᧃᧉᦀᦸᧅᧈᦃᦱᦀᦸᧅᧈᦃᧁᧉᦀᦸᧅᧈᦃᧁᧉᦆᧄᧈᦀᦸᧅᧈᦺᦐᦊᦱᧃᧈᦀᦸᧅᧈᦋᦲᧉᦀᦸᧅᧈᦢᦸᧅᧈᦔᧃᦎᦱᦞᧃᦀᦸᧅᧈᦶᦎᧅᧈᦇᦸᧅᦀᦸᧅᧈᦵᦚᧀᦑᦸᧂᦰᦀᦸᧅᧈᦒᦲᧉᦀᦸᧅᧈᦔᦸᧈᦀᦸᧅᧈᦶᦕᦰᦀᦸᧅᧈᦢᦸᧅᧈᦉᦸᧃᦶᦙᧈᦀᦸᧅᧈᦞᦱᧈᦀᦸᧅᧈᦞᦱᧈᦢᧁᧈᦀᦸᧅᧈᦞᧃᦀᦸᧅᧈᦵᦟᦲᧆᦀᦸᧅᧈᦵᦟᦲᧆᦷᦎᧅᦊᦱᧂᦀᦸᧅᧈᦠᦴᦀᦸᧅᧈᦷᦐᧅᧈᦵᦠᦲᧈᦀᦸᧅᧈᦵᦠᦲᧈᦷᦎᧅᦊᦱᧂᦀᦸᧅᧈᦵᦡᦲᧃᦀᦸᧅᧈᦶᦡᧆᧈᦀᦸᧅᧈᦖᦸᧅᧈᦞᦻᦢᧁᧈᦀᦸᧅᧈᦅᦱᧈᦵᦣᧆᦀᦸᧅᧈ
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ᦀᦲᧆʔit²500classifierclassifier for small amounts (countable only to one)ᦀᧁ ᦙᦱ ᦠᦹᧉ ᦂᦴ ᦋᦲᧄ ᦀᦲᧆ ᧚ ᦡᦴ.Bring me a little bit to taste.ᦐᦱᧉ ᦀᦲᧆ ᧚ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦋᦳᧄᧈ.His face didn't smile even one bit.9.2.6.1Classifiersᦐᧂᧉᦀᦲᧆ
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ᦀᦳᧇᧈʔuup²5001verb (intransitive)to tell. [Note: The addressee can follow the verb directly, or with the prepositions ᦎᦸᧈ or ᦠᦹᧉ]ᦋᦻ ᦀᧁ ᦆᦱᧁᧈ ᦂᦱᧃ ᦓᧃᧉ ᦀᦳᧇᧈ ᦎᦸᧈ ᦈᧁᧉ.The boy told the story to the king.ᦃᦾᧉ ᦈᧅ ᦀᦳᧇᧈ ᦅᧄ ᦂᦸᧃᧈ ᦠᦹᧉ ᦑᧂ ᦜᦻ.I will tell this story of long ago to you all.3.5.1Say2verb (intransitive)to speak; sayᦀᦳᧇᧈ ᦺᦕ ᦣᦱ?Who are you speaking to?3.5.1Say3verb (intransitive)to come to an agreementᦀᦳᧇᧈ ᦎᦸᧈ ᦗᦸᧈ ᦡᦲ ᦺᦞᧉ, ᦈᧅ ᦃᦱᧈ ᦟᦴᧅ ᦍᦲᧂ ᦠᦹᧉ ᦔᦲᧃ ᦵᦙ ᦷᦎ ᦃᦱᧉ.He agreed with my father that he would give his daughter to me as my wife.ᦀᦳᧇᧈ ᦂᧃ ᦡᦲ ᦡᦲ, ᦅᦸᧉ ᦣᦱᧂᧉ ᦂᧃ ᦎᦱᧄ ᦉᦱᧈ ᦉᦱᧈ ᦷᦍ ᦷᦍ.They agreed to divorce each other amicably.6.8.4.4Bargain4.8.4.4Negotiate
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ᦁᦱᦍᦳʔajuʔ⁵500nounage (of a person)ᦁᦱ ᦍᦳ ᦺᦡᧉ ᧑᧖ ᦔᦲ.Sixteen years old.8.4.6.5Age
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ᦁᧃʔan⁴500classifierclassifier for things of all kindsᦢᧁᧈ ᦙᦲ ᦂᧄᧈ ᦟᧂ ᦁᧃ ᦈᧅ ᦎᦸᧇᧈ ᦷᦑ ᦉᦱ ᦺᦡᧉ.He didn't have the strength to get revenge.9.2.6.1Classifiers
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ᦂᦎᦻᧈkataaj²500nounrabbitfamily Leporidaeᦷᦎ 5ᦖᦱ ᦣᦹᧇ ᦂ ᦎᦻᧈ ᦔᦱᧈ.The dog chased wild rabbits.1.6.1.1.4RodentOld Monbataajrabbit
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ᦂᦴkuu¹500pronounI; me. [Note: Used in familiar relationships and between friends. Paired with ᦙᦹᧂ 'you']ᦅᦴᦙᦹᧂ9.2.3Pronouns
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ᦵᦂᦲᧃᧈkɤn²500final particlea particle showing that the speaker is impressed by the high degree, great amount, or large scope of the statementᦁᦱ ᦟᦰ ᦶᦑᧉ ᦵᦂᦲᧃᧈ ᦓᦲᦰ ᦓᦸ!You really are powerful!ᦂᦴ ᦑᦸᧂᦰ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦠᧃ ᦶᦑᧉ ᦵᦂᦲᧃᧈ.I truly cannot see at all!ᦶᦗᧂ ᦵᦜᦲ ᦜᦲᧄᧉ ᦆᧄ ᦓᧃᧉ ᦖᦹᧃᧈ ᦷᦏᧇ ᦵᦂᦲᧃᧈ.It is ten thousand times more expensive than the gold bar!8.1.3.1Many, much9.3.1.3To a larger degree9.3.1.1To a large degree
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ᦵᦂᦲᧆᧈkɤɤt²5001verb (intransitive)to be bornᦃᦾᧉ ᦓᦲᦰ ᦵᦂᦲᧆᧈ ᦙᦱ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦎᦱ ᦢᦸᧆᧈ ᦵᦠᦲᧃᧉ.I have been blind from when I was born.2.6.3Birth2verb (intransitive)to happen; start; result from; occurᦵᦡᦲᧃ ᦔᦲᧃ ᦅᦱᧈ ᦚᦳᧃᧈ ᦺᦇᧈ, ᦢᧁᧈ ᦙᦲ ᦃᦸᧂ ᦵᦂᦲᧆᧈ ᦔᦲᧃ ᦉ ᦗ.The moon is only dust; there is nothing at all that happens there.ᦅᧃ ᦞᦱᧈ ᦷᦈ ᦵᦑ ᦜᦻ ᦋᦱᧂᧈ ᦵᦂᦲᧆᧈ ᦙᦲ ᦂᦱᧃ ᦣᦻᧉ.If you argue a lot, then evil results.9.1.2.1Happen3verb (transitive)to give birthᦵᦂᦲᧆᧈ ᦟᦴᧅ ᦍᦲᧂ.Give birth to a daughter.2.6.3BirthᦂᦻᦵᦂᦲᧆᧈᦎᦱᧄᦔᦲᧃᦎᦱᧄᦵᦂᦲᧆᧈᦔᦸᧈᦵᦂᦲᧆᧈᦕᦉᦳᧆᦵᦂᦲᧆᧈᦕᦴᧉᦵᦂᦲᧆᧈᦟᦴᧅᦵᦙᦲᧂᦵᦂᦲᧆᧈᦞᧃᦵᦂᦲᧆᧈᦟᦴᧅᦵᦂᦲᧆᧈᦢᦱᧃᧉᦵᦂᦲᧆᧈᦵᦙᦲᧂᦔᦲᧃᦢᦱᧃᧉᦵᦂᦲᧆᧈᦵᦙᦲᧂᦜᧂKhmerkaaetbirth
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ᦶᦂᧉkææ³5001verb (transitive)to undo; untie; unwindᦶᦂᧉ ᦙᧆ ᦺᦙᧉ.Untie a bundle of sticks.7.3.7.1Uncover7.5.4Tie2verb (transitive)to undress; take off ᦶᦂᧉ ᦵᦉᦲᧉ ᦶᦙᧃᧉ ᦀᦸᧅᧈ, ᦔᦾᧉ ᦀᦸᧅᧈ ᦵᦣᦲᧃ ᦺᦔ.Take off your coat and go play outside.5.3.7Wear clothing3verb (transitive)to fix; solveᦶᦂᧉ ᦔᧃ ᦠᦱ.Solve a problem.3.2.2.5Solve4verb (intransitive)to tell; shareᦶᦂᧉ ᦅᧄ ᦚᧃ.He told us his dream.3.5.1Say
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ᦷᦂkoo¹500adjectiveafraidᦗᦸᧈ ᦺᦣᧈ ᦶᦙᧈ ᦓᦱ ᦷᦂ, ᦢᧁᧈ ᦺᦆᧈ ᦔᦳᧅᧈ.The farmers were afraid and didn't want to plant it.3.4.2.4Afraidᦂᦲᧉᦷᦂᦆᦱᧃᧉᦵᦞᧅᦷᦂᦂᦱᧃᦊᦱᧃᧉᦷᦂ
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ᦂᦸkɔɔ¹5001nountree; bush. Forms compounds with names of plants and treesᦂᦸ 3ᦅᧁᧉ 5ᦎᦳᧃᧉ1 2ᦟᧄ1 2ᦂᦸ ᦃᧁᧉ.Rice plant.ᦂᦸ ᦖᦱᧅ ᦗᦱᧁᧉ.Coconut tree.1.5.1Tree2nountrunk of a treeᦂᦸ ᦔᦸᧂᧉ ᦵᦖᦲᧃ ᦟᧄ ᦎᦱᧃ.The trunk has joints like a sugar palm.1.5.5Parts of a plant3classifierclassifier for plants, trees, clumps of grassᦖᦱᧅ ᦵᦃᦲ ᦉᦳᧄᧉ ᧓ ᦂᦸ.Three tomato plants.9.2.6.1Classifiersᦂᦱᧃᧉᦂᦸᦎᦳᧃᧉᦂᦸᦎᦳᧃᧉᦊᦱᧉᦎᦳᧃᧉᦂᦸᦎᦳᧃᧉᦺᦙᧉᦂᦸᦎᦸᧅᧈᦔᦱᧈᦗᦱᧁᧉᦂᦸᦖᦱᧅ
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ᦂᦸᦺᦙᧉkɔɔ¹maj⁶500nountreeᦅᧁᧉ ᦂᦸ ᦺᦙᧉ.Tree trunk.ᦔᦻ ᦂᦸ ᦺᦙᧉ.Tree tops.ᦔᦳᧅᧈ ᦂᦸ ᦺᦙᧉ.Plant a tree.ᦃᦹᧃᧉ ᦂᦸ ᦺᦙᧉ.Climb a tree.ᦍᦱᧄ ᦞᦸᧃ ᦂᦸ ᦺᦙᧉ ᦔᦳᧂᧈ ᦂᦲᧂᧈ ᦺᦖᧈ.In the spring the trees put out new branches.1.5.1Treeᦂᦸᦺᦙᧉ1ᦂᦸᦺᦙᧉᦂᦸᦎᦸᧅᧈᦂᦸᦺᦙᧉᦡᦸᧅᧈᦙᦸᧃ
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ᦺᦂkaj¹5001adjectivefar; distantᦺᦓ ᦢᦱᧃᧉ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦙᦲ ᦓᧄᧉ ᦢᦸᧈ, ᦂᦲᧃ ᦓᧄᧉ ᦈᧅ ᦺᦡᧉ ᦺᦔ ᦟᦱᧅ ᦑᦲᧈ ᦺᦂ ᦙᦱ.There was no well in the village, so they had to haul water from a distant place.8.2.6.1Far2prepositionfar fromᦙᦱᧉ ᦔᦾᧉ ᦶᦟᧃᧈ ᦎᦱᧄ ᦑᦱᧂ, ᦠᦱᧅ ᦺᦂ ᦃᧁ ᦺᦔ ᦞᦾ ᦞᦾ.The horse ran along the road, and eventually it was far from them.8.2.6.1Farᦷᦂᧂᦺᦂᦺᦂᧉᦺᦂᦺᦂᧉᦢᧁᧈᦺᦂᦆᦱᧁᦺᦂᦊᦱᧃᦺᦂᦓᧄᧉᦺᦂᦘᦰᦍᦱᧆᦺᦂᧈᦺᦃᧉ
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ᦺᦂᧈkaj²500nounchickenᦷᦎ 5ᦺᦂᧈ ᦶᦙᧈ.Hen.ᦺᦂᧈ ᦗᦴᧉ.Rooster, cock.ᦺᦂᧈ ᦃᧃ.A chicken crows.ᦵᦟᧂᧉ ᦺᦂᧈ.Raise chickens.ᦟᧁᧉ ᦺᦂᧈ.Chicken coop.ᦃᦱᧉ ᦺᦂᧈ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦍᧂ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦠᦻ ᦵᦑᦲᧈ.They sacrificed a chicken but she still didn't get better.6.3.6.1Chickenᦵᦔᧆᦺᦂᧈᦵᦔᧆᦺᦂᧈᦖᦴᦖᦱᦖᦱᧅᦂᦸᧉᦃᦲᧉᦺᦂᧈᦖᧆᦺᦂᧈᦶᦙᧈᦺᦂᧈᦟᦲᧃᧉᦺᦂᧈᦠᦸᧃᦺᦂᧈᦡᦱᧁᦺᦂᧈᦓᦾᧉ
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ᦺᦂᧉ1kaj³5001pre-verbabout to; almostᦗᦸᧈ ᦺᦃᧉ ᦐᧅ ᦈᧅ ᦺᦂᧉ ᦌᧄᧉ ᦷᦋᧈ ᦵᦠᦲᧃᧉ. Their father was seriously sick and about to die.8.4.6.4.1Soon2adjectiveclose; near (in distance or time)ᦢᦸᧅᧈ ᦃᦱᧁᧈ ᦠᦹᧉ ᦅᦳᧃ ᦢᦱᧃᧉ ᦖᦴᧈ ᦊᦴᧈ ᦺᦂᧉ ᦓᧃᧉ.He told the news to the people in the nearby villages.ᦞᧃ ᦵᦀᧂᧈ ᦂᧃ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦺᦂᧉ ᦙᦱ ᦋᦴᧈ ᦙᦹᧉ.The competition day was coming closer every day.8.2.6.2Near3prepositionclose; nearᦋᦴᧈ ᦅᦳᧃ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦙᧅ ᦺᦈ ᦑᦲᧈ ᦓᦲᧉ ᦵᦗᦲᧈ ᦞᦱᧈ ᦙᧃ ᦺᦂᧉ ᦓᧄᧉ ᦶᦙᧈ ᦉ ᦖᦳᧆ. Everybody liked this place because it was close to the ocean.8.2.6.2Nearᦂᦲᧄᧈᦺᦂᧉ
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ᦂᦻ1kaaj¹5001verb (intransitive)to changeᦓᧄᧉ ᦂᦻ ᦔᦲᧃ ᦀᦻ.Water changes into steam.9.1.1.2Become, change state2verb (transitive)to pass (pass a stationary object, or two things pass moving in opposite directions)ᦵᦑᧁ ᦂᦻ ᦂᦱᧂ ᦂᦱᧆ.He passed through the middle of the market.7.2.3.5Move past, over, through3adjectiveprevious; former; lastᦔᦲ ᦂᦻ.Last year.8.4.5.2Beforeᦵᦔᧃᧈᦂᦻ
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ᦂᧁᧈkaw²5001adjectiveold (usually of things, not people)ᦵᦋᦲᧅ ᦂᧁᧈ.Old rope.8.4.6.5.4Old, not new2adjectiveoriginal; formerᦢᦲᧃ ᦺᦔ ᦺᦃᧈ ᦺᦉᧈ ᦺᦓ ᦣᧂ ᦵᦖᦲᧃ ᦂᧁᧈ.She flew and laid an egg in the nest like always.ᦙᧃ ᦺᦔ ᦵᦎᧆᧈ ᦢᦸᧄ ᦊᦴᧈ ᦑᦲᧈ ᦂᧁᧈ.He hid in his former place.8.4.5.2Beforeᦋᦰᦂᧁᧈᦵᦑᦲᧅᦂᧁᧈᦵᦖᦲᧃᦂᧁᧈᦵᦖᦲᧃᦜᧂᦢᦱᧃᧉᦂᧁᧈᦵᦙᦲᧂᦜᧂ
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ᦂᧁᧉ1kaw³500numeralnine. Written as 8.1.1.1Cardinal numbers
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ᦂᦱᧂ1kaaŋ¹5001nounmiddle; centreᦂᦱᧂ ᦷᦃ.The middle of a bridge.ᦂᦱᧂ ᦗᦾ.The middle of a festival.8.6.4Inner part2adjectivemiddleᦓᦸᧂᧉ ᦋᦻ ᦂᦱᧂ.The middle brother (middle in age).ᦷᦢᧆ ᦂᦱᧂ.The middle chapter of a book.8.6.5Middleᦅᦳᧃᦂᦱᧂᦺᦓᦷᦀᧅᦂᦱᧂᦺᦈᦓᦲᧁᧉᦂᦱᧂᦔᦱᧈᦣᧂᧉᦂᦱᧂᦍᦱᧂᦔᦱᧃᦂᦱᧂᦖᦱᧅᦎᦱᦂᦱᧂᦛᦱᧂᧈᦂᦱᧂ
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ᦂᦱᧂᦆᦹᧃkaaŋ¹xɯn⁴500nounnightᦞᧃ ᦞᦱ ᦂᦱᧂ ᦆᦹᧃ, ᦃᦾᧉ ᦆᦹᧃ ᦓᦸᧃ ᦚᧃ ᦶᦏᧄ ᦵᦠᦲᧃᧉ.Last night I had another dream.8.4.1.2.1Nightᦂᦱᧂ1ᦆᦹᧃ2ᦞᧃᦓᦲᦰᦂᦱᧂᦆᦹᧃ
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ᦂᧃkan¹5001pronouneach other; one anotherᦔᦲᧃ ᦵᦙᧆ ᦉ ᦠᦻ ᦡᦲ ᦂᧃ.They are good friends to each other.ᦺᦡᧉ ᦎᧂᧉ ᦉ ᦈ ᦂᧃ ᦺᦞᧉ.We made a promise to each other.9.2.3.1Reflexive pronouns2pronountogetherᦣᧁ ᦷᦑᧅ ᦕᦱᧃ ᦺᦡᧉ ᦂᦲᧃ ᦈᦱᧂᧉ ᦶᦀᧇ ᦂᧃ ᦓᧃᧉ.We were poor and were employed together.9.5.2.1Togetherᦂᦸᧆᧈᦂᧃᦺᦔᦷᦃᧇᦂᧃᦅᧄᦉᦴᧈᦂᧃᦉᦴᧉᦂᧃᦷᦉᧇᦑᦱᧂᦉᦳᧄᦂᧃᦷᦋᦂᧃᦷᦋᧃᦂᧃᦵᦎᧆᧈᦂᧃᦵᦓᦲᧂᦂᧃᦵᦔᧃᧈᦂᧃᦔᧃᦂᧃᦔᧆᦂᧃᦵᦖᦲᧃᦂᧃᦗᦱᦂᧃᦗᦲᧈᦓᦸᧂᧉᦎᦲᧃᦶᦊᧃᦷᦠᦂᧃᦵᦙᦲᧈᦂᧃᦶᦙᧃᧈᦂᧃᦚᧁᧉᦂᧃᦟᧁᧈᦂᧃᦟᦳᧂᧈᦂᧃᦟᦱᧄᧈᦂᧃᦵᦡᧁᦂᧃ
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ᦂᦱᧃkaan¹5001prefixnominaliser for verbs and clauses (such as the English -ing in 'I prefer swimming')ᦂᦱᧃ ᦓᧇ ᦏᦹ ᦞᧆ ᦞᦱ ᦉᦱ ᦉ ᦓᦱ.The observing of religion.9.2.9.3Derivational affixes2nounevent; occurrence; problem; fact; behaviourᦋᦸᧂᧈ 3ᦚᦳᧂ1 2ᦂᦱᧃ ᦚᦳᧂ ᦓᦲᦰ ᦺᦔ ᦃᧁᧉ ᦠᦴ.These concerns reached their ears.ᦷᦗᧇ ᦍᦱ ᦈᦸᧉ ᦂᦱᧃ ᦡᧂᧈ ᦓᦲᦰ.He met this kind of behaviour.ᦂᦱᧃ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦙᦲ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦶᦔᧂ.Events that hadn't happened, she made up.9.1.3.2Situation3nounwork; labourᦍᦸᧃᧉ ᦵᦗᦲᧈ ᦊᦱᧃᧉ ᦂᦱᧃ, ᦷᦑᧅ ᦃ ᦟᧄᧉ ᦢᦱᧅ.Because he was afraid of work, he was poor.6.1Workᦂᦲᧃᦶᦃᧅᧈᦶᦎᧅᧈᦂᦱᧃᦃᦸᧉᦂᦱᧃᦃᦱᧁᧈᦂᦱᧃᦆᦱᧁᧈᦂᦱᧃᦆᦸᧂᧉᦔᦱᧃᧈᦂᦱᧃᦈᧁᧉᦂᦱᧃᦉᦱᦒᦳᦂᦱᧃᦋᦸᧂᧈᦂᦱᧃᦶᦎᧆᦂᦱᧃᦶᦑᧂᧈᦂᦱᧃᦓᦻᦂᦱᧃᦊᦱᧉᦶᦎᧂᧈᦓᧄᧉᦂᦱᧃᦶᦔᧂᦷᦑᧆᦶᦔᧂᦂᦱᧃᦔᦸᧂᦂᦱᧃᦔᧃᦓᦱᦂᦱᧃᦶᦕᧃᧈᦂᦱᧃᦘᦸᧄᧉᦂᦱᧃᦙᦲᦂᦱᧃᦵᦞᧅᦂᦱᧃᦟᦱᦋᦂᦱᧃᦵᦠᧆᧈᦂᦱᧃᦵᦣᦲᧃᦔᦱᧃᧈᦂᦱᧃᦵᦣᧆᦂᦱᧃᦷᦣᧂᦂᦱᧃᦷᦣᧂᦔᦱᧃᧈᦂᦱᧃ
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ᦂᦲᧃkin¹5001verb (transitive)to eat; drinkᦂᦲᧃ ᦃᧁᧉ.To eat; eat a meal (literally: eat rice).ᦂᦲᧃ ᦓᧄᧉ.To drink.ᦂᦲᧃ ᦜᧁᧉ.To drink liquor.ᦂᦲᧃ ᦓᦳᧄ.To nurse.ᦂᦲᧃ ᦊᦱ.To take medicine.5.2.2Eat2verb (transitive)to take up time; expend resourcesᦂᦲᧃ ᧓ ᦔᦲ ᦓᦲᦰ ᦶᦔᧂ ᦵᦏᦲᧃᧉ.It took three years to finish building it.8.4.2Take time3verb (transitive)to rule; conquerᦣᧁ ᦈᧅ ᦕᦱᧈ ᦵᦙᦲᧂ ᦠᦹᧉ ᦉᦴ ᦑᦱᧃᧈ ᦂᦲᧃ ᦂᦹᧂᧈ ᧚.I will divide my kingdom for you to rule over half of it.4.8.3.1Defeat4.6.4Ruleᦀᦹᧇᦂᦲᧃᦵᦂᧁᧈᦂᦲᧃᦺᦈᦵᦂᧁᧈᦂᦲᧃᦙᦹᦷᦂᧇᦂᦲᧃᦎᦱᦞᧃᦷᦂᧇᦂᦲᧃᦵᦡᦲᧃᦂᦸᧂᧉᦓᧄᧉᦂᦲᧃᦷᦃᧇᦂᦲᧃᦃᦸᦂᦲᧃᦃᦸᧉᦊᦴᧈᦵᦔᦲᧂᦂᦲᧃᦃᦸᧉᦊᦴᧈᦣᦱᧁᦂᦲᧃᦃᦱᧁᧉᦊᦴᧈᦣᦱᧁᦂᦲᧃᦃᦸᧂᦂᦲᧃᦅᦱᧈᦂᦲᧃᦑᦱᧂᦅᧄᦂᦲᧃᦊᦴᧈᦂᦲᧃᦊᦴᧈᦉᦳᧅᦂᦲᧃᦟᧄᦊᦴᧈᦉᦳᧅᦂᦲᧃᦡᦲᦊᦴᧈᦔᦲᧃᦂᦲᧃᦖᧃᧉᦊᦴᧈᦺᦣᧉᦂᦲᧃᦍᦱᧅᦊᦱᧁᧉᦵᦣᦲᧃᦵᦕᦲᧃᦂᦲᧃᦌᦸᦰᦞᦱᧈᦠᦱᦂᦲᧃᦎᦱᦂᦲᧃᦑᦲᧈᦊᦴᧈᦣᦱᧁᦂᦲᧃᦑᦱᧂᦂᦲᧃᦑᦸᧂᦰᦂᦲᧃᦓᧄᧉᦂᦲᧃᦶᦔᧂᦂᦲᧃᦘᦱᧉᦶᦔᧂᦂᦲᧃᦘᦳᧂᦂᦲᧃᦵᦜᧅᦺᦙᧈᦂᦲᧃᦶᦐᧂᦙᧅᦉᦳᧅᦂᦲᧃᦡᦲᦟᦻᧈᦂᦲᧃᦟᧅᦂᦲᧃᦠᦱᦂᦲᧃᦡᦲᦂᦲᧃᦡᦾᧉᦂᦲᧃᦡᦹᧄᧈᦂᦲᧃᦵᦣᧆᦞᦱᧈᦠᦱᦂᦲᧃᦷᦣᧂᦂᦲᧃᦜᧁᧉᦣᦱᧁᦂᦲᧃᦣᦳᧂᦂᦲᧃᦓᧄᧉ
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ᦂᦳᧄᦙᦱᧃkumaan⁴500nounchild, usually a royal or honoured childᦅᦳᧃ1 32.6.4.2Child
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ᦂᧇ1kap²5001conjunctionand. [Note: Coordinates nouns but never sentences]ᦵᦣᧃ ᦟᦲᧅ ᦂᧇ ᦷᦎ.Study numbers and letters.9.6.1.1And, also2prepositionwith; accompanyingᦙᧃ ᦺᦡᧉ ᦊᦴᧈ ᦂᧇ ᦵᦙ ᦞᧃ ᦵᦡᧁ.He lived with his wife only one day.9.5.2.2With, be with3prepositionto; connecting toᦀᧁ ᦖᦱ ᦙᧆ ᦂᧇ ᦉᧁ ᦷᦣᧂ.He tied the dog to a pillar.8.5.2.7Towards4prepositionwith respect to; because ofᦏᧁᧉ ᦋᦱᧆ ᦺᦈ ᦡᦲ ᦂᧇ ᦟᦴᧅ ᦜᦱᧃ ᦉᦴ.Oh I am very happy with you, my children.ᦷᦑᧅ ᦕᦱᧃ ᦂᧇ ᦟᦴᧅ.They were poor because of their son.9.6.2.5Cause5prepositionto (speaking to). [Note: Used with verbs of request, urging, invitation and thanks]ᦙᧃ ᦷᦋ ᦂᧇ ᦵᦙ ᦞᦱᧈ: ᦙᦱ ᦑᦽ.He invited his wife saying, 'Come along'.ᦃᧁᧉᦂᧇᦅᦳᧃᦂᧇᦺᦈᦂᧇᦔᦏᦙᦂᧇᦷᦠᦒᦲᦕᦴᧉᦂᧇᦘᦰᦍᦱᧆᦙᦲᦂᧇᦷᦎ
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ᦂᧇᦑᧂkap²taŋ⁴500conjunctionand also; in addition. [Note: Used in extended or complex lists]ᦃᦸᧂ ᦂᦲᧃ ᦃᦸᧂ ᦑᦱᧃ ᦂᧇ ᦑᧂ ᦂᦽᧉ ᦀᦾᧉ.Food, offerings and also bananas and sugarcane.9.6.1.1And, alsoᦂᧇ1ᦑᧂ
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ᦃᦱxaa¹5001nounleg of person, animal, furniture; footᦃᦸᧃ1 2ᦃᦱ ᦃᦸᧃ ᦌᦻᧉ.Left leg.ᦃᦱ ᧒ ᦃᦸᧃ.Two legs.ᦃᦱ ᦜᧂ: ᦃᦱ ᦐᦱᧉ.Rear legs: front legs.ᦃᦱ ᦶᦑᧃᧈ.Legs of a bed.ᦵᦊᧆᧈ ᦃᦱ.Stretch your legs.ᦀᧁ ᦃᦱ ᦍᧄᧈ ᦃᧁᧉ.Trample rice with your feet.2.1.3.2Leg2classifierclassifier for legsᦀᧁ ᦎᧁᧈ ᦔᦲᧃᧉ ᦎᦱᧂᧈ ᦠᦻ ᦺᦔ, ᦙᧃ ᦅᦸᧉ ᧔ ᦃᦱ ᦷᦔᧅ ᦃᦹᧃᧉ ᦝᦱᧉ.He turned the turtle upside down, its four legs poking up to the sky.9.2.6.1Classifiers3classifierclassifier for people. Used only with the number twoᦃᧁ ᧒ ᦃᦱ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦕ ᦉᦳᧆ ᦺᦡᧉ ᦟᦴᧅ ᦋᦻ ᦕᦴᧉ ᧚.The two of them gave birth to a son.ᦃᧁ ᧒ ᦃᦱ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦋᦲᧂ ᦂᧃ.The two of them competed.8.1.1.1.2Two9.2.6.1Classifiersᦀᦱᧉᦃᦱᦷᦂᧂᧈᦃᦱᦶᦃᧃᦃᦱᦅᦱᧃᦃᦱᦶᦉᦅᦸᧇᦃᦱᦶᦆᧂᧈᦃᦱᦆᦸᧈᦃᦱᦇᦱᧄᧈᦃᦱᦊᦻᦃᦱᦍᦻᧉᦃᦱᦎᧂᧈ᧓ᦃᦱᦷᦏᧅᦃᦱᦓᧂᧈᦃᦱᦂᦻᧈᦇᦸᧃᧉᦺᦙᧉᦑᧁᧉᦃᦱᦙᧆᦃᦱᦙᧆᦶᦃᧃᦛᦱᧉᦃᦱᦢᦱᧆᦃᦱ
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ᦃᦱᧉ1xaa³5001nounslaveᦅᦳᧃ1 3ᦅᧃ ᦺᦆᧈ ᦂᦲᧃ ᦵᦖᦲᧃ ᦈᧁᧉ ᦓᦲᦰ ᦠᦹᧉ ᦺᦡᧉ ᦵᦣᧆ ᦵᦖᦲᧃ ᦃᦱᧉ. If you want to eat like a king you must work like a slave.4.5.4.4Slave2nounhilltribe person4.1.9.9Race3pronounI; me (to strangers, or being deferential)9.2.3Pronounsᦎᦴᦃᦱᧉᦷᦎᦃᦱᧉᦵᦏᦲᧃᧈᦃᦱᧉᦓᦱᦺᦑᦕᦴᧉᦃᦱᧉᦗᦸᧈᦃᦱᧉ
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ᦃᦱᧉ2xaa³500verb (transitive)to killᦘ ᦍᦱ ᦈᧁᧉ ᦈᦸᧉ ᦵᦉ ᦓᦱ ᦃᦱᧉ.The king was killed by his courtiers.2.6.6.1Killᦊᦱᦃᦱᧉᦢᦳᧂᧉᦶᦙᧂᦡᧇᦃᦱᧉᦷᦣᧂᦃᦱᧉᦷᦣ
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ᦃᦲᧈxii²500verb (transitive)to ride (on an animal, vehicle)ᦃᦲᧈ ᦋᦱᧂᧉ.Ride an elephant.ᦃᦲᧈ ᦵᦣᦲ.Ride in a boat.7.2.4.1.1Vehicle6.4.6Things done to animals
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ᦵᦃᧁᧉ1xew³5001nountoothᦉᦲᧉ 2ᦜᦲᧄᧉ 2ᦵᦃᧁᧉ ᧒ ᦶᦋᧃ.Two rows of teeth.ᦵᦃᧆ ᦵᦃᧁᧉ.Grit one's teeth.ᦵᦃᧁᧉ ᦶᦙᧂ.Rooten tooth.ᦵᦃᧁᧉ ᦜᦸᧃᧈ.Teeth fall out.ᦷᦜᧅ ᦵᦃᧁᧉ.Pull out a tooth.ᦈᦲᧄᧉ ᦵᦃᧁᧉ.Pick your teeth.2.1.1.5Tooth2classifierclassifier for cloves of garlic9.2.6.1Classifiersᦃᦲᧉᦵᦃᧁᧉᦄᦲᧈᦵᦃᧁᧉᦅᧁᧉᦵᦃᧁᧉᦉᦲᦵᦃᧁᧉᦖᦸᦵᦃᧁᧉᦖᦱᧅᦟᦸᧉᦵᦃᧁᧉᦺᦙᧉᦈᦲᧄᧉᦵᦃᧁᧉᦺᦙᧉᦉᦲᦵᦃᧁᧉᦣᦴᦵᦃᧁᧉ
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ᦷᦃ1xoo¹500verb (intransitive)to laughᦷᦎᧇ ᦙᦹ ᦷᦃ ᦊᦴᧈ ᦃᦰ ᦃᦰ.He clapped his hands and laughed 'xa-xa'.ᦷᦃ ᦺᦉᧈ ᦷᦂᧇ ᦐᧂ ᦵᦠᧁᧈ.He laughed at the frog because his skin was all wrinkled.3.5.6.4Laughᦅᧄᦷᦃᦅᧄᦊᦸᧅᦅᧄᦷᦃᦺᦆᧈᦷᦃᦉᦴᧉᦷᦃᦋᦳᧄᧈᦷᦃᦔᦱᧅᦔᦱᧅᦷᦃᦷᦃᦵᦠᦲᧈᦷᦃᦡᦲᦷᦃ
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ᦷᦃ2xoo¹500nounbridgeᦜᦲᧄᧉ 2ᦜᧂ2 2ᦺᦎᧈ ᦷᦃ.Walk across a bridge.1.3.1.3Riverᦕᦱᧉᦷᦃᦷᦠᦷᦃ
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ᦃᦸᧃ1xɔn¹ᦧᦸᧃ25001nounsideᦃᦸᧃ ᦧᦱ.Right side.8.6.3Side2classifierclassifier for one of paired things (hands, ears, shoes)ᦏᦴᧈ ᦃᦸᧃ ᧚.A single chopstick.ᦃᧁ ᧒ ᦃᦸᧃ.A pair of horns (literally: two sides of horns).ᦎᧁᧈ ᦂᦾ ᦃᦱ ᧔ ᦃᦸᧃ.The turtle waved its four legs.9.2.6.1Classifiers
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ᦃᦹᧃᧉxɯn³5001verb (intransitive)to ascend; go up; riseᦎᦱ ᦞᧃ ᦃᦹᧃᧉ.The sun rises.7.2.2.4Move up2verb (transitive)to climbᦋᦻ ᦕᦴᧉ ᦁᧃ ᦋᦱᧂᧈ ᦃᦹᧃᧉ ᦺᦙᧉ.A boy who can climb trees.ᦙᧃ ᦣᧇ ᦆᦴ ᦉᦸᧃ ᦃᦹᧃᧉ ᦵᦣᦲᧃ ᦙᦱ.She welcomed her teacher to climb up the house. (One 'climbs' a house because traditional houses were built on stilts.)7.2.2.4Move up3prepositionup; up into; up ontoᦶᦙᧁ ᦶᦟᧃᧈ ᦃᦹᧃᧉ ᦺᦙᧉ ᦵᦙᦲ.The cat ran up the tree.8.5.2.4Up4post-verbup (directional)ᦶᦙᧂ ᦔᦸᧂᧈ ᦷᦍᧅ ᦺᦙ ᦗᦲᧆ ᦃᦹᧃᧉ.The scorpion lifted its stinger up.8.5.2.4Upᦺᦈᦃᦹᧃᧉᦏᦽᧉᦺᦈᦃᦹᧃᧉᦑᦱᧂᦃᦹᧃᧉᦙᦹᦃᦹᧃᧉᦞᧃᦃᦹᧃᧉᦔᦲᦺᦖᧈᦞᧃᦗᦾᦃᦹᧃᧉᦒᦱᧆᦠᦳᧆᧈᦟᦳᧄᦃᦹᧃᧉᦵᦡᦲᧃᦃᦹᧃᧉ
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ᦃᧇ1xap²500verb (intransitive)to sing, especially sing Lue style songsᦆᧇᦆᦻᧈᦐᦽᧈ 1ᦺᦆᧈ ᦃᧇ ᦷᦙᧃᧈ ᦡᦲ, ᦃᧁ ᧒ ᦵᦉᧁᧈ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦵᦚᦲᧅ ᦃᧇ ᦋᦴᧈ ᦙᦹᧉ ᦋᦴᧈ ᦞᧃ.They wanted to sing well, so the two of them practiced every day.ᦋᦱᧂᧈ ᦃᧇ ᦓᦲᦰ ᦃᧇ ᦠᦹᧉ ᦵᦗᦲᧃᧈ ᦷᦃ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦷᦃ, ᦃᧇ ᦠᦹᧉ ᦵᦗᦲᧃᧈ ᦺᦠᧉ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦺᦠᧉ.If a singer sings to make them laugh they will laugh, if he sings to make them cry they will cry.4.2.3.3Singᦅᧄᦃᧇᦆᧂᦃᧇᦋᦱᧂᧈᦃᧇᦵᦘᧂᦃᧇᦷᦠᧅᦷᦠᧅᦃᧇᦃᧇ
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ᦅᦱᧈ1kaa⁵5001pre-verbonly; merelyᦘ ᦍᦱ ᦈᧁᧉ ᦵᦙᦲᧂ ᦋᦱᧂᧈ ᦅᦱᧈ ᦀᦱᧉ ᦷᦉᧇ ᦺᦞᧉ.The king could only gape. ᦃᧁ ᦺᦡᧉ ᦅᦱᧈ ᦗᦱ ᦂᧃ ᦗᦸᧅ ᦙᦱ ᦀᧁ ᦺᦝ ᦵᦣᦲᧃ.All they could do was go back and fetch some fire from home.8.1.5.7Only2prepositiononly; nothing but; justᦵᦣᧆ ᦉᧂ? ᦌᦹᧉ ᦅᦱᧈ ᦗᦸᧇ.What did you do? All I did was buy a book. OR All I bought was a book. ᦵᦂᦲᧆ ᦅᦱᧈ ᦓᦸᧂᧉ ᦍᦲᧂ ᦜᦱᧉ ᦍᧂ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦀᧁ ᦷᦕ ᦵᦑᦲᧈ.There remained only the youngest who wasn't married yet.9.4.4.7Just, almost not8.1.5.7Onlyᦷᦂᦅᦱᧈᦋᦴᧈᦅᦱᧈᦷᦋᧈᦅᦱᧈᦎᦱᧄᦅᦱᧈᦓᧅᦅᦱᧈᦗᦸᦅᦱᧈᦜᦻᦅᦱᧈᦡᦸᧄᦅᦱᧈᦢᧁᧈᦅᦱᧈ
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ᦷᦅᧃkon⁴500pre-verbshouldᦢᧁᧈ ᦷᦅᧃ ᦺᦔ.You should not go.ᦷᦅᧃ ᦃᧇ ᦙᧃ ᦀᦸᧅᧈ ᦈᦱᧅ ᦵᦉ ᦶᦡᧃ ᦵᦙᦲᧂ.We should drive her out of the city.9.4.3.2Hortativeᦂᦹᧂᧈᦷᦅᧃᦉᦳᧄᦷᦅᧃ
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ᦅᦸᧉ15001conjunctionthen; so. Linker used with temporal and logical connectionsᦞᦱᧈ ᧟ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦵᦃᧈ ᦵᦊᦲᧈ ᦊᦴᧈ ᦵᦖᦲᧃ ᦂᧁᧈ.After the chicken said that, it went back to scratching for food like before.ᦟᦴᧅ ᦀᦸᧃᧈ ᦑᧂ ᦜᦻ ᦣᦴᧉ ᦠᧃ ᦡᦽᧉ ᦑᦱᧃᧈ ᦙᦲ ᦕ ᦊᦱ ᦔᧃ ᦍᦱ, ᦅᦸᧉ ᦠᦳᧄ ᦡᦲᧃᧉ ᦶᦀᧇ ᦶᦑᧉ ᧞.The children saw that he was wise, so they really liked to play in his company.8.4.5.1Order, sequence9.6.2.6Result2conjunctionvery; really. Connects repeated verbs or attributes. Used for emphasisᦓᧄᧉ ᦐᦲᧉ ᦺᦉ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦺᦉ, ᦊᦲᧃ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦊᦲᧃ.The water here is very clear and very cold.9.3Veryᦊᦱᧂᧈᦺᦡᦅᦸᧉᦡᦲ᧟ᦅᦸᧉᦢᧁᧈᦅᦸᧉ
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ᦅᦸᧉ2kɔɔ⁶500classifierclassifier for people (used for children, women, people in unfortunate circumstances)ᦅᦳᧃ ᦃᦸ ᦃᧁᧉ ᦅᦸᧉ ᧚.A beggar.2Person9.2.6.1Classifiersᦅᦴᧈᦅᦸᧉᦇᧁᦅᦸᧉᦗᦸᧈᦅᦸᧉ
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ᦅᦹkɯɯ⁴500verb (intransitive)namely; that isᦓᦸᧂᧉ ᦟᦴᧅ (ᦅᦹ ᦷᦣᧂ ᦷᦗᦰ ᦟᦴᧅ).The afterbirth (that is the placenta).9.6.1.8Equivalence9.6.3.5Markers of identificational and explanatory clauses
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ᦅᦾᧈkɔj⁵5001pre-verbgently; carefully; minimallyᦀᧁ ᦺᦃᧈ ᦅᦾᧈ ᦑᦸᧅ ᦑᦸᧅ ᦠᦹᧉ ᦙᧃ ᦶᦎᧅᧈ.Gently tap the egg to make it crack.ᦅᦾᧈ ᦀᧁ ᦶᦙᧈ ᦶᦌᧄ ᦶᦎᧆ ᦉᦻ ᦢᦹ.Carefully take scissors and cut the umbilical cord.6.1.2.3.1Careful4.4.4.3Gentle2pre-verbin due time; at one's leisureᦂᦴ ᦅᦾᧈ ᦔᦾᧈ ᦙᦹᧂ ᦺᦔ.In due time I will release you.ᦎᦴ ᦃᦾᧉ ᦅᦾᧈ ᦵᦙᦲ ᦟᦱᧅ.We will move it for you presently.8.4.8.2Slow3pre-verbsoftened imperativeᦅᦾᧈ ᦀᧁ ᦅᦱᧈ ᦠᦹᧉ.Please bring me the money.9.4.3.1Imperative 4adjectivequiet; silentᦵᦉᧂ ᦔᦱᧅ ᦋᦱᧆ ᦅᦾᧈ.Her voice was very quiet.2.3.2.2Sound
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ᦅᦾᧈᦅᦾᧈkɔj⁵kɔj⁵500pre-verbslowly; at leisureᦅᦾᧈ ᦅᦾᧈ ᦗᦸᧅ ᦆᦹᧃ.He slowly came back to consciousness.ᦑᦱᧃᧈ ᦅᦾᧈ ᦅᦾᧈ ᦶᦖᧇ ᦃᧁᧉ ᦺᦔ ᦑᦸᧂᦰ.He carefully crept up and looked.8.4.8.2Slowᦅᦾᧈ
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ᦅᧁᧉkaw⁶5001nountrunk (as of a tree or the body); base; stem; rootᦂᦸ 3ᦅᧁᧉ 5ᦟᧄ1 2ᦅᧁᧉ ᦂᦸ ᦺᦙᧉ.Trunk of a tree, stump of a tree.ᦅᧁᧉ ᦣᦱᧅ ᦕᦳᧄ.Hair roots.ᦅᧁᧉ ᦟᦲᧃᧉ.Root of the tongue.2.1.2Torso1.5.5Parts of a plant2nounchief; headᦅᦳᧃ1 3ᦅᧁᧉ ᦃᦱᧉ ᦵᦣᦲᧃ.The head slave.ᦵᦉ ᦓᦱ ᦁᦱ ᦙᦱᧆ ᦑᧂ ᦜᦻ ᦁᧃ ᦙᦲ ᦵᦉ ᦓᦱ ᦷᦓᧅ ᦔᦲᧃ ᦅᧁᧉ.The whole royal court, of which Courtier Nok was chief.4.6.1Ruler3nounbeginningᦅᧁᧉ 5ᦆᦱᧁᧈ ᦶᦎᧈ ᦅᧁᧉ ᦏᦹᧂ ᦔᦻ.The whole story from beginning to end.8.4.6.1.1Beginning4adjectivefirst; chief; oldest; principalᦁᦱ ᦠᦱᧃ ᦅᧁᧉ.Staple food.ᦟᦴᧅ ᦍᦲᧂ ᦅᧁᧉ.Oldest daughter.ᦑᦱᧃᧈᦵᦛᧀᧈ ᦅᧁᧉ.The work unit that is in charge.8.4.6.5.2Old, not young8.4.5.1.2First5classifierclassifier for plants, trees, grassesᦅᧁᧉ ᦺᦐ ᦀᧁ ᦺᦞᧉ ᦐᦽᧈ ᦵᦡᧁ.Leave only one melon on each plant.9.2.6.1Classifiersᦷᦂᧅᦅᧁᧉᦵᦃᧁᧉᦅᧁᧉᦆᦴᦅᧁᧉᦵᦉᦓᦱᦅᧁᧉᦎᧂᧉᦅᧁᧉᦵᦑᦲᧅᦅᧁᧉᦑᦱᧂᦅᧁᧉᦷᦓᧅᦅᧁᧉᦔᦏᦙᦅᧁᧉᦷᦠᦒᦲᦗᦲᧈᦅᧁᧉᦗᦸᧈᦅᧁᧉᦶᦙᧈᦵᦡᦲᧄᦗᦹᧃᦅᧁᧉᦵᦞᧂᦅᧁᧉᦟᦴᧅᦅᧁᧉ
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ᦅᧂᧈkaŋ⁵5001pre-verbquicklyᦷᦓᧅ ᦷᦎᧅ ᦺᦈ ᧞ ᦅᧂᧈ ᦢᦲᧃ ᦗᦻᧈ.The bird was startled and quickly flew away.8.4.8.1Quick2verb (intransitive)to be busy; distractedᦢᦸᧅᧈ ᦠᦹᧉ ᦑᦱᧃᧈ ᦷᦎ ᦃᦱᧉ ᦅᧂᧈ ᦣᦻᧉ.Tell him I am too busy.ᦅᧂᧈ ᦃᧇ ᦅᧂᧈ ᦣᦸᧂᧉ.I was busy singing.6.1.2.3.3Busy3verb (intransitive)to worry3.4.2.4.1Worriedᦂᦲᧉᦅᧂᧈᦅᧆᦅᧂᧈᦔᦲᧃᦅᧂᧈᦔᦲᧃᦺᦜᦝᦱᧁᧉᦅᧂᧈᦝᦱᧁᧉᦝᦱᧁᧉᦅᧂᧈᦅᧂᧈ
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ᦅᦸᧂᦰkɔŋ⁴5001nounmountainᦅᦸᧂᦰ 2ᦐᦽᧈ 1ᦃᦹᧃᧉ ᦅᦸᧂᦰ.Climb a mountain.1.2.1.1Mountain2nounclassifier for mountains9.2.6.1Classifiersᦑᦲᧁᦅᦸᧂᦰᦷᦠᦅᦸᧂᦰᦡᦾᦅᦸᧂᦰ
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ᦅᧃ1kan⁴5001conjunctionifᦅᧃ ᦁᦱ ᦟᦰ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦟᦳᧂ ᦙᦱ ᦵᦀᧂᧈ ᦂᦴ ᦤᦸ.If you are so great come down and fight with me.ᦅᧃ ᦞᦱᧈ ᦵᦣᧆ ᦵᦖᦲᧃ ᦈᧁᧉ ᦓᦲᦰ ᦺᦡᧉ ᦂᦲᧃ ᦵᦖᦲᧃ ᦃᦱᧉ ᧞.If you work like a king you will eat like a slave.9.6.2.8Condition2conjunctionwhenᦅᧃ ᦣᦸᧆ ᦵᦣᦲᧃ ᦡᦹᧅ ᦌᧁ ᦅᧄ ᦵᦡᧁ.When they got to the house they rested there.ᦅᧃ ᦞᧃ ᦘᦳᧅ ᦋᧁᧉ ᦙᦱ, ᦣᧁ ᦷᦋ ᦂᧃ ᦃᧁᧉ ᦓᧄᧉ ᦀᧁ ᦔᦱ.When the morning comes, we will go into the water and catch fish.8.4.6.6.5Every time9.2.3.2Indefinite pronouns
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ᦅᦳᧃ1kun⁴5001nounpersonᦅᦳᧃ ᦑᧂ ᦜᦻ ᦅᧂᧈ ᦵᦞᧅ ᦅᧂᧈ ᦂᦱᧃ.All the people were working hard.2Person2adjectivealive; livingᦔᦴᧈ ᦖᦸᧃᧈ ᦵᦙᦲᧈ ᦍᧂ ᦅᦳᧃ ᦓᧃᧉ.When my grandfather was still alive.ᦓᦱᧂ ᦗᦸᧅ ᦔᦲᧃ ᦅᦳᧃ ᦙᦱ.She came back to life.2.6Life3classifierclassifier for peopleᦑᦳᦘᦰᦑᦱᧃᧈ ᦙᦲ ᦟᦴᧅ ᦍᦲᧂ ᧓ ᦅᦳᧃ, ᦟᦴᧅ ᦋᦻ ᧔ ᦅᦳᧃ.He had three daughters and four sons.9.2.6.1Classifiersᦀᦸᧄᦡᦳᧅᧈᦅᦳᧃᦎᦻᦂᦱᧃᧉᦅᦳᧃᦃᦱᧉᦢᦱᧃᧉᦅᦳᧃᦵᦙᦲᧂᦃᦱᧉᦣᦻᧉᦅᦳᧃᦇᦱᧃᦃᦱᧉᦣᦻᧉᦅᦳᧃᦷᦈᧃᦺᦃᧈᦅᦳᧃᦃᦸᧃᦅᦳᧃᦎᦻᦅᦳᧃᦵᦞᧅᦷᦋᧈᦅᦳᧃᦍᦱᦷᦈᧅᦅᦳᧃᦃᦸᦍᧂᦅᦳᧃᦎᦱᧂᦅᦳᧃᦵᦑᦲᧈᦅᦳᧃᦕᦴᧉᦅᦳᧃᦕᦴᧉᦷᦑᧅᦅᦳᧃᦃᦲᦵᦙᦲᧂᦅᦳᧃᦷᦟᧆᦷᦕᧆᧈᦅᦳᧃᦷᦠᦅᦳᧃᦢᧂᦅᦳᧃᦣᦴᧉᦅᦳᧃᦣᦴᧉᦅᧄᦅᦳᧃᦷᦣᧂᦊᦱᦅᦳᧃᦢᦱᧉᦙᧁ
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ᦅᦳᧃᦣᧁkun⁴haw⁴500nounwe human beingsᦋᦲᧃᧉ ᦖᦴ ᦔᦲᧃ ᦑᦱᧂ ᦂᦲᧃ ᦅᦳᧃ ᦣᧁ ᦁᧃ ᦡᦲ ᦡᦾᧉ ᦓᧃᧉ ᦵᦋᦲᧉ ᧚.Pork is a kind of food that is good for us humans to eat.2Personᦅᦳᧃ1ᦣᧁ
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ᦅᧄ1kam⁴5001nounword; message; command; directionsᦃᦸᧉ 4ᦅᧄ1 4ᦔᦱᧅ ᦅᧄ ᦃᦸᧉ ᦺᦡ ᦙᦱ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦶᦜᧄ ᦵᦖᦲᧃ ᦃᦲᧄ.Every word he speaks is sharp like a needle.ᦵᦣᧆ ᦡᦽᧉ ᦎᦱᧄ ᦅᧄ ᦅᦳᧃ ᦏᧁᧉ ᦢᦸᧅᧈ ᦓᧃᧉ.He did according to the instructions that the old man gave him.3.5.3.1Word3.5.2.2News, message2nounlanguageᦔᦲᧃ ᦅᦳᧃ ᦺᦑ ᦟᦹᧉ, ᦔᦱᧅ ᦅᧄ ᦺᦑ ᦟᦹᧉ.We are Dai Lue, we speak the Dai Lue language.3.5.3Language3nounsyllable'ᦉ ᦙ ᦏ' ᦙᦲ ᧓ ᦅᧄ.The word 'samata' has three syllables.9Grammar4classifierclassifier for times, occurrences, words, languages, mouthfulsᦀᧁ ᦙᦹ ᦎᦱᧇ ᧒ ᦅᧄ.He tapped it two times with his hand.᧑᧐ ᦅᧄ ᦝᧂ ᦅᧄ ᦵᦡᧁ. For every ten words he spoke I only listened to one of them.ᦈᦳᧄ ᦓᧄᧉ ᦔᦲᧃ ᦅᧄ ᦔᦲᧃ ᦅᧄ.He sank into the water bit by bit.8.1.1.3Number of times9.2.6.1Classifiersᦵᦁᦲᦅᧄᦂᦱᧃᦅᧄᦂᦱᧃᧉᦅᧄᦃᦸᧉᦅᧄᦉᧅᦅᧄᦶᦎᧆᦅᧄᦏᦾᧉᦅᧄᦔᦳᧂᦅᧄᦔᦲᧃᦅᧄᦔᦲᧃᦅᧄᦔᦱᧅᦅᧄᦟᦱᧅᦵᦉᧂᦕᦴᧉᦔᦱᧅᦅᧄᦖᦹᧃᧈᦃᦸᧉᦗᧃᦅᧄᦺᦙᧉᦅᧄᦉᦳᧆᦺᦙᧉᦅᧄᦊᦹᧆᦵᦜᦲᦅᧄᦜᦳᧄᧉᦅᧄᦷᦎᦰᦣᦴᧉᦅᧄᦅᦳᧃᦣᧇᦅᧄ
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ᦅᧄ᧟kam⁴læw⁶500final particle(not) at all; (not) even a little; (not) even once. Usually used with a negativeᦢᧁᧈ ᦅᦹᧆ ᦃᦳᧂᧈ ᦗᦸᧈ ᦶᦙᧈ ᦷᦎ ᦅᧄ ᧟.He didn't think about his parents even once.ᦂᦲᧃ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦛᦱᧃ ᦓᦸᧃ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦜᧇ ᦅᧄ᧟.He couldn't eat or sleep at all.8.4.6.6Onceᦅᧄ1
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ᦅᧄᦵᦡᧁkam⁴dew¹5001pre-verbimmediatelyᦅᧃ ᦞᦱᧈ ᦅᧄ ᦵᦡᧁ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦙᦱ ᦣᦸᧆ ᦷᦣᧂ ᦊᦱ ᦵᦑᦲᧈ, ᦎᦸᧂᧉ ᦺᦡᧉ ᦵᦣᧆ ᦢᦲᧇᧈ ᦷᦓᧆ ᦷᦠ ᦺᦈ.If right away you can't get them to the hospital, you must give heart massage.8.4.6.4.4Immediately2post-verbimmediately; right away: suddenlyᦙᧃ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦶᦕᧆ ᦺᦉᧈ ᦃᦾᧉ ᦅᧄ ᦵᦡᧁ.He shouted at me right away.8.4.6.4.4Immediately3post-verbcompletely; absolutelyᦈᦸᧉ ᦎᧄ ᦷᦎᧅ ᦷᦃ ᦺᦔ ᦅᧄ ᦵᦡᧁ.He was knocked right off the bridge.9.3.2Completelyᦅᧄ1ᦵᦡᧁ1
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ᦅᦹᧆkɯt⁵5001verb (intransitive)to think; feelᦅᦹᧆ ᦞᦱᧈ ᦍᧇ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦗᦸ ᦵᦑᦲᧈ.He thought he hadn't caught enough yet.ᦋᦱᧁ ᦵᦙᦲᧂ ᦑᧂ ᦜᦻ ᦅᦹᧆ ᦃᦲ ᦋᦴᧈ ᦕᦴᧉ ᦋᦴᧈ ᦅᦳᧃ.The people felt worried, every one of them.2.3Sense, perceive3.2Think2verb (transitive)to calculate; estimateᦗᦸᧈ ᦺᦣᧈ ᦶᦙᧈ ᦓᦱ ᦅᦹᧆ ᦔᦲᧃᧈ ᦊᦱᧈ ᦃᧆ ᦎᦸᧈ ᦂᦱᧃ ᦓᧄᧉ ᦷᦏᧄᧉ.The farmers figured out a way to fight the flooding.3.2.2.5Solveᦑᦸᧂᦰᦑᦸᧂᦰᦅᦹᧆᦅᦹᧆᦩᦱᧄᦅᦹᧆ
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ᦆᦴᦉᦸᧃxuu⁴sɔn¹500nounteacherᦆᦴᦉᦸᧃ ᦉᦸᧃ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦵᦣᧃ ᦑᧂ ᦜᦻ ᦶᦎᧄᧉ.The teacher taught the students to draw.3.6Teachᦆᦴᦉᦸᧃ
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ᦆᦸxɔɔ⁴5001nounneck; throatᦖᦱᧅ ᦵᦜᧅ ᦷᦣ ᦗᦸᧄ ᦆᦸ ᦷᦣ.A cowbell is hanging on the cow's neck.ᦵᦉ ᦐᦽᧈ ᦖᦱᧅ ᦃᦱᧄ ᦎᦲᧆ ᦆᦸ.He got a tamarind seed stuck in his throat.2.1.1Head2classifierclassifier for necks9.2.6.1Classifiersᦷᦂᧂᦆᦸᦷᦂᧂᧈᦆᦸᦂᦱᧃᧉᦆᦸᦃᦲᧉᦆᦸᦶᦅᧆᦆᦸᦅᦱᧂᧉᦆᦸᦇᦴᦠᧁᧈᦆᦸᦆᧄᦺᦈᦆᦸᦉᦻᦆᦸᦉᦾᧉᦆᦸᦍᦸᦆᦸᦶᦎᧁᧈᦆᦸᦎᦻᦕᦱᧉᦛᧃᦆᦸᦺᦙᧉᦅᦱᧃᦆᦸᦟᧄᦆᦸᦣᦴᦆᦸᦶᦣᧆᦆᦸᦎᦻᦶᦧᧃᦆᦸ
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ᦺᦆᧈxaj⁵500pre-verbwant to do; want to beᦺᦆᧈ ᦟᦴᧈ ᦀᧁ ᦷᦇ.He wanted to steal the cow.ᦺᦆᧈ ᦷᦎ ᦡᦲ ᦵᦜᦲ ᦖᦴᧈ ᦙᧃ.She wanted to be more beautiful than her friends.3.3Wantᦃᧇᦺᦆᧈᦺᦎᧈᦏᦱᧄᦃᧇᦺᦆᧈᦺᦎᧈᦠᦱᦺᦈᦺᦆᧈᦉᦳᧂ
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ᦆᦱᧁᧈxaaw⁵5001nounstory (fact or fiction). Used in titles of storiesᦆᦱᧁᧈ 3ᦆᦱᧁᧈ ᦖᦱᧅ ᦗᦱᧁᧉ ᦖᦸᧃ ᦷᦠ.The Story of the Coconut Pillow.ᦅᧄ ᦃᧇ ᦟᦴᧅ ᦀᦸᧃᧈ ᦆᦱᧁᧈ ᦌᦽᧈ ᦙᦹ.The children's song called 'Washing My Hands'.3.5.4.1Fable, myth2nountelevision showᦵᦔᧃᧈ ᦆᦱᧁᧈ ᦺᦖᧈ.Switch to another channel.3.5.9.6Communication devices3classifierclassifier for stories, news reports. Classifier for acts in a play9.2.6.1Classifiersᦉᧃᦍᦱᦆᦱᧁᧈᦵᦋᦲᧅᦆᦱᧁᧈᦵᦟᦲᧂᧈᦆᦱᧁᧈ
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ᦆᦲᧂxiŋ⁴5001nounbodyᦷᦎ 5ᦷᦎ ᦷᦠ ᦺᦊᧈ ᧞ ᦆᦲᧂ ᦓᦾᧉ ᦓᦲᦰ ᦔᦲᧃ ᦷᦎ ᦗᦴᧉ.The one with the big head and the small body is the male.2.1Body2pronounyou (singular). [Note: Paired with ᦣᦱ 'I' in a reciprocal relationship. Used with close friends, usually of the same sex. Often used when talking to oneself]ᦣᦱ2ᦍᦲᧃ ᦡᦲ ᦆᦲᧂ ᦵᦎᦲᧄᧈ ᦣᦱ.I would be pleased if you would help me.ᦔᦲᧃ ᦉᦲᧂ ᦷᦎ ᦺᦞᧉ ᦋᦲ ᦞᦲᧆ ᦠᦹᧉ ᦆᦲᧂ ᦓᧃᧉ.That is the lion who saved your life (talking to self).9.2.3Pronouns3pronounoneselfᦺᦕ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦡᧅ ᦵᦎᧆᧈ ᦊᦴᧈ ᦵᦣᦲᧃ ᦆᦲᧂ ᦺᦞᧉ.Everybody stayed hiding in their own house.ᦵᦉᦲᧉ ᦆᦲᧂ ᦵᦊᧇ.A shirt that she made herself.9.2.3.1Reflexive pronounsᦷᦎᦺᦕᦆᦲᧂᦙᧃᦟᦹᧄᦆᦲᧂᦣᦴᧉᦆᦲᧂ
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ᦆᦹᧃ1xɯn⁴5001conjunctionbut; instead. [Note: ᦆᦹᧃ often means 'but' or 'instead' (example A). Sometimes it shows that someone does the opposite of what might be expected (example B). It can also show that the plot is taking an unexpected turn or that there is a new development in the plot (example C)]A) ᦛᧂ ᦠᦹᧉ ᦚᦳᧃ ᦷᦎᧅ ᦆᦹᧃ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦷᦎᧅ.He hoped to make it rain but it wouldn't rain.B) ᦟᦴᧅ ᦍᦲᧂ ᦆᦹᧃ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦙᧅ ᦺᦈ ᦉ ᦏᦲ ᧞.The daughter (surprisingly) didn't love the rich man.C) ᦟᦳᧃ ᦙᦱ ᦗᦸᧈ ᦆᦹᧃ ᦶᦂᧉ ᦙᧆ ᦺᦙᧉ.After that the father (in a change of tactics) untied the sticks.9.6.1.5But2conjunctionthen; also; andᦆᦹᧃ ᦀᧁ ᦓᧄᧉ ᦜᧂᧈ ᦌᦽᧈ ᦙᦹ ᦷᦖᧆ ᦵᦉ ᧟.Then pour water over your hands to wash them really clean.ᦘ ᦍᦱᧆ ᦜᧂ ᦷᦃᧆ ᦆᦹᧃ ᦋᦹᧈ ᦞᦱᧈ 'ᦘ ᦍᦱᧆ ᦡᦳᧅᧈ ᦷᦀᧃᧉ'.Rickets is also called 'soft bone disease'.9.6.1.1And, also3verb (transitive)to return; bring back; put backᦆᦹᧃ ᦺᦉᧈ ᦃᧁᧉ ᦺᦓ ᦏᦳᧂ ᦵᦖᦲᧃ ᦂᧁᧈ.She put it back in the bag where it had been.7.3.3.2Return something4verb (intransitive)to come back to consciousness, back to lifeᦅᦳᧃ ᦎᦻ ᧟ ᦙᦹᧂ ᦵᦣᧆ ᦡᧂᧈ ᦣᦹ ᦋᦱᧂᧈ ᦀᧁ ᦆᦹᧃ?She is dead, how are you going to bring her back to life?2.5.6.4Lose consciousness5post-verbbackᦺᦡᧉ ᦢᦹᧆ ᧚ ᦖᦴᧈ ᦶᦉᧆ ᦓᧃᧉ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦷᦋ ᦂᧃ ᦛᦻᧈ ᦆᦹᧃ ᦙᦱ.After a while the animals turned back.7.2.2.2Move backᦈᦹᦆᦹᧃᦏᦾᦗᦸᧅᦠᦳᧃᦆᦹᧃᦑᧁᧈᦆᦹᧃᦗᦾᦆᦹᧃ
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ᦆᧄᧈ1xam⁵5001noundarkness of late evening; duskᦏᦹᧂ ᦆᧄᧈ ᦙᦱ ᦃᧁ ᦶᦔᧂ ᦎᦳᧇᧈ ᦶᦔᧂ ᦕᦱᧄ.When dusk came they set up huts.8.4.1.2.3Time of the day2classifierclassifier for days of the month, and for evenings. [Note: See ᦵᦡᦲᧃ 'month' for a description of the calendar]ᦵᦡᦲᧃ1 2ᦵᦡᦲᧃ ᧕ ᦷᦟᧅ ᦀᦸᧅᧈ ᧖ ᦆᧄᧈ.May 6th.9.2.6.1Classifiersᦃᧁᧉᦆᧄᧈᦀᦸᧅᧈᦺᦐᦙᦹᧆᦆᧄᧈᦷᦠᦆᧄᧈᦵᦡᦲᧅᦆᧄᧈ
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ᦇᦹᧃ1ŋɯn⁴5001nounsilverᦵᦢᧉ 3ᦶᦑᧂᧈ 2ᦂᦸᧃᧉ ᦇᦹᧃ ᦊᦴᧈ ᦔᦳᧄ ᦔᦱ ᦺᦞᧉ.There was a lump of silver in the fish's stomach.1.2.2.3Metal2nounmoneyᦵᦢᧉ 3ᦶᦗᧅ1 2ᦈᦻᧈ ᦇᦹᧃ.Spend money.ᦢᧁᧈ ᦙᦲ ᦇᦹᧃ ᦺᦔ ᦌᦹᧉ ᦵᦉᦲᧉ ᦉᦲᧃᧉ ᦠᦹᧉ ᦟᦴᧅ.She didn't have money to buy clothes for her children.6.8.6Money3classifierclassifier for silver coins9.2.6.1Classifiersᦂᦱᧃᧉᦵᦃᧈᦇᦹᧃᦂᦱᧃᧉᦇᦹᧃᦂᦱᧃᧉᦵᦌᦲᧁᧈᦇᦹᧃᦂᦱᧃᧉᦚᦱᧅᦇᦹᧃᦂᦱᧃᧉᦣᧇᦇᦹᧃᦵᦍᦇᦹᧃᦎᦾᧈᦇᦹᧃᦏᦳᧂᦇᦹᧃᦔᦾᧈᦇᦹᧃᦛᦱᧃᧉᦋᦱᧃᦇᦹᧃᦠᦱᦇᦹᧃᦵᦢᧉᦇᦹᧃᦢᦸᧈᦇᦹᧃ
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ᦇᦹᧃᦆᧄŋɯn⁴xam⁴500nounmoney; treasure (can be separated)ᦃᦸᧂ ᦑᦲᧇ ᦁᧃ ᦓᦲᦰ ᦖᦹᧃᧈ ᦇᦹᧃ ᦶᦉᧃ ᦆᧄ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦌᦹᧉ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦺᦡᧉ.This magical thing, money by the millions could not buy it.6.8.6Moneyᦇᦹᧃ1ᦆᧄ1ᦷᦀᧅᦇᦹᧃᦺᦈᦆᧄᦷᦆᦇᦹᧃᦷᦆᦆᧄᦇᦹᧃᦖᦹᧃᧈᦆᧄᦶᦉᧃᦉᦰᦣᧂᧉᦇᦹᧃᦆᧄᦵᦉᦲᧉᦇᦹᧃᦆᧄᦶᦙᧈᦇᦹᧃᦶᦙᧈᦆᧄᦵᦢᧉᦇᦹᧃᦟᦱᧃᦆᧄ
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ᦵᦈᧆ1cet²500numeralseven. Written as 8.1.1.1Cardinal numbers
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ᦵᦈᧇcep²500verb (intransitive)to hurt; be in painᦆᧂ ᦵᦈᧇ.Groan in pain.ᦵᦈᧇ ᦷᦠ.Headache.ᦵᦈᧇ ᦵᦃᧁᧉ.Tooth ache.ᦵᦈᧇ ᦑᦸᧂᧉ.Stomach ache.2.5.6.1Painᦂᦱᧃᦵᦈᧇᦵᦃᧁᧉᦵᦈᧇᦵᦉᧇᧈᦵᦈᧇᦊᦱᦠᦱᧄᧉᦵᦈᧇᦑᦲᧈᦵᦈᧇᦑᦱᧂᦵᦈᧇᦷᦠᦵᦈᧇᦷᦠᦙᧁᦢᦱᧆᦵᦈᧇᦣᦾᦵᦈᧇ
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ᦶᦈᧂᧉcæŋ³5001nounlightᦶᦈᧂᧉ ᦣᦳᧂᧈ ᦙᦱ.The light was dawning.8.3.3Light2adjectiveclear; brightᦝᦱᧉ ᦶᦈᧂᧉ.A clear sky.ᦡᦱᧁ ᦶᦈᧂᧉ.A shining star.8.3.3.1.2Bright3verb (intransitive)to understandᦢᧁᧈ ᦶᦈᧂᧉ ᧞ ᦏᦱᧄ.He didn't understand so he asked.3.2.4Understand4post-verbclearlyᦢᧁᧈ ᦠᧃ ᦶᦈᧂᧉ.I can't see it clearly.2.3.1.6Transparentᦈᦸᧂᧉᦶᦈᧂᧉᦋᦹᧃᧈᦶᦈᧂᧉᦌᦹᧈᦺᦉᦺᦓᦶᦈᧂᧉᦏᧁᧈᦶᦈᧂᧉᦟᧁᧈᦌᦹᧈᦝᦱᧉᦶᦈᧂᧉᦶᦟᧂᦰᦺᦉᦵᦡᦲᧃᦶᦈᧂᧉᦶᦢᧂᧈᦶᦈᧂᧉᦢᦸᧅᧈᦶᦈᧂᧉᦣᦴᧉᦶᦈᧂᧉᦧᦱᧂᧈᦺᦃᦟᧁᧈᦶᦈᧂᧉ
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ᦈᦸᧉ1cɔɔ³5001pre-verbto have happen to one; endure. [Note: Typically used with misfortunes or accidents. Translates in English as a passive]ᦗᦸᧈ ᦅᦱᧉ ᦈᦸᧉ ᦙᧃ ᦈᦳ ᦜᦻ ᦵᦑᦲᧈ ᧟.The merchants had been tricked by him many times.ᦁᦱ ᦠᦱᧃ ᦃᦸᧂ ᦑᦱᧃ ᦈᦸᧉ ᦚᦳᧃ ᦷᦎᧅ ᦍᧄ.The food offerings got drenched with rain.4.4.3.6Endure2prepositionat; into (at or into misfortune or evil)ᦖᦱ ᦁᧃ ᦔᦲᧃ ᦘ ᦍᦱᧆ ᦞᦸᧉ ᦷᦃᧇ ᦈᦸᧉ ᦅᦳᧃ.The rabid dog bit (at) a person.9.5.1.6Spatial location of an event3post-verbhitting; succeedingᦘᦱᧃ ᦔᦱᧈ ᦍᦹ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦈᦸᧉ.The hunter shot but didn't hit it.ᦇᦳᧄ ᦈᦸᧉ ᦟᦴᧅ.She groped (in the dark) and found her son.6.1.3.2SucceedᦅᦹᧆᦈᦸᧉᦈᦳᧆᧈᦈᦸᧉᦍᦹᦈᦸᧉᦝᧂᦈᦸᧉᦝᧂᦢᧁᧈᦈᦸᧉᦠᦱᦈᦸᧉᦠᧃᦢᧁᧈᦈᦸᧉYunnanesezau2touch
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ᦈᦹcɯɯ¹500conjunctionalso; in additionᦗᦸᧅ ᦔᦲᧃ ᦅᦳᧃ ᦙᦱ, ᦈᦹ ᦠᦱᧇ ᦇᦹᧃ ᦆᧄ ᦗᦸᧅ ᦙᦱ.She came back to life, and also brought back money.9.6.1.1And, also
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ᦺᦈ1caj¹5001nounheart. [Note: Frequently used of emotion or thought. For a physical heart see ᦷᦠᦺᦈ /hoocaj/]ᦷᦠᦺᦈ 1ᦺᦈ1 2ᦂᦴ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦙᦲ ᦺᦈ ᦵᦣᧆ ᦂᦱᧃ.I had no heart to work.ᦺᦓ ᦺᦈ ᦅᦹᧆ ᦞᦱᧈ: ᦵᦑᦲᧈ ᦓᦲᦰ ᦃᦾᧉ ᦎᦻ ᧞.He thought in his heart, This time I will die.2.1.8.1Heart3.4Emotion2classifierclassifier for hearts9.2.6.1Classifiersᦀᦉᦶᦈᧃᦺᦈᦷᦀᧅᦺᦈᦷᦀᧆᦺᦈᦀᧁᦺᦈᦷᦜᧂᦀᦳᧃᧈᦑᦳᧃᦺᦈᦁᦱᦉᦺᦜᦺᦈᦂᦲᧉᦺᦈᦵᦂᧁᧈᦂᦲᧃᦺᦈᦂᦱᧂᦺᦈᦂᧃᧉᦺᦈᦂᦲᧃᦺᦈᦂᧇᦺᦈᦃᦊᧄᦺᦈᦃᦶᦐᧆᦺᦈᦵᦃᧃᦺᦈᦵᦃᦲᧄᦺᦈᦃᧁᧉᦺᦈᦃᦲᧃᦺᦈᦃᦳᧄᦺᦈᦃᧆᦺᦈᦵᦅᦲᧂᦺᦈᦅᧂᧈᦶᦅᧃᧉᦶᦐᧃᧉᦺᦈᦅᦹᧆᦺᦈᦅᧇᦺᦈᦆᦓᦲᧂᦺᦈᦺᦆᧈᦺᦈᦇᦻᧈᦺᦈᦇᦹᧆᦺᦈᦵᦈᧇᦺᦈᦈᦱᧂᦺᦈᦈᦲᧆᦺᦈᦈᧇᦺᦈᦉᦄᧆᦺᦈᦉᦎᦸᧃᧉᦺᦈᦉᦐᦳᧅᦺᦈᦉᦐᦳᧅᦉᦳᧅᦺᦈᦉᦖᧅᦺᦈᦉᦘᦸᦺᦈᦉᦥᦻᦺᦈᦵᦉᦺᦈᦶᦉᧇᧈᦺᦈᦉᦸᧈᦺᦈᦺᦉᧈᦺᦈᦉᦻᦺᦈᦉᧂᦂᦱᦺᦈᦉᧄᧈᦔᦹᧅᦠᦹᧅᦺᦈᦉᦳᧄᦺᦈᦉᦳᧅᦵᦉᦲᧃᦺᦈᦉᦳᧅᦟᧄᦢᦱᧃᦺᦈᦊᦱᧉᦶᦎᧂᧈᦅᧁᦺᦈᦊᦱᧃᧉᦺᦈᦊᦲᧃᦺᦈᦊᦱᧇᦺᦈᦋᦳᧆᦺᦣᧉᦵᦃᧄᦺᦈᦋᦸᧇᦺᦈᦵᦌᦲᦺᦈᦵᦍᦲᧄᦺᦈᦶᦎᧂᧈᦺᦈᦶᦎᧇᦺᦛᦺᦈᦶᦉᧃᧈᦷᦎᧅᦺᦈᦎᦻᦺᦈᦎᧂᧉᦺᦈᦎᦱᧄᦺᦈᦎᦲᧄᦺᦈᦏᦲᧈᦺᦈᦶᦏᧉᦺᦈᦏᦽᧉᦺᦈᦏᦾᧈᦺᦈᦏᦳᧅᧈᦺᦈᦶᦐᧂᦺᦈᦐᦲᧄᦺᦈᦵᦑᧄᦺᦈᦷᦑᧅᦺᦈᦷᦑᧅᦺᦣᧉᦵᦃᧄᦺᦈᦑᦽᦺᦈᦑᦸᧆᦺᦈᦒᦸᦺᦈᦓᦾᧉᦺᦈᦓᧄᧉᦺᦈᦓᦸᧅᦺᦈᦵᦔᧈᦺᦈᦵᦔᧃᧈᦺᦈᦶᦔᧂᦺᦈᦔᦳᧂᦺᦈᦔᦸᧂᦺᦈᦔᧃᧉᦀᦳᧃᧈᦑᦳᧃᧈᦺᦈᦔᦲᧃᦺᦈᦔᦲᧃᧉᦜᦱᧂᧈᦎᦱᧂᧈᦺᦈᦔᦳᧃᦷᦙᧃᧈᦞᦸᧃᦺᦈᦕᦲᧆᦺᦈᦷᦖᧅᦺᦈᦺᦖᧉᦺᦈᦖᦸᧂᦺᦈᦗᦸᦺᦈᦗᦹᧂᦺᦈᦙᦲᦺᦈᦶᦙᧃᧈᦺᦈᦶᦙᧆᦶᦌᧆᦺᦈᦙᦹᦶᦜᧆᦺᦈᦙᦸᧂᧈᦙᦾᧈᦺᦈᦙᦸᧂᧈᦺᦈᦙᧅᦺᦈᦵᦜᦲᦺᦈᦜᦻᦺᦈᦜᦱᧅᦺᦈᦝᧂᦺᦈᦺᦞᧉᦺᦈᦞᦱᧂᦺᦈᦞᦸᧃᦺᦈᦟᦰᦉᦺᦈᦟᦸᧂᦺᦈᦟᦳᧄᦅᧆᦺᦈᦟᦳᧄᦏᦲᧄᧉᦺᦈᦠᦱᦺᦈᦠᦴᦺᦛᦺᦈᦺᦉᧈᦷᦠᦺᦈᦠᦻᦺᦈᦠᧆᦺᦈᦡᦲᦺᦈᦢᧁᦺᦈᦵᦣᧆᦺᦈᦩᦱᧄᦺᦈ
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ᦈᧁᧉcaw³5001nounleader; ruler; king. [Note: Used pronominally in 1st, 2nd and 3rd person when the referent is superior or royal]ᦅᦳᧃ1 3ᦎᦳᧃ1 1ᦷᦍᧅ ᦀᧁ ᦑᦱᧃᧈ ᦔᦲᧃ ᦈᧁᧉ ᦶᦠᧂᧈ ᦃᧁ.They raised him to be their leader.4.6.1Ruler2nounownerᦅᦳᧃ1 3ᦈᧁᧉ ᦷᦣ.The owner of the cow.6.8.1.1Own, possessᦃᧁᦈᧁᧉᦉᦴᦈᧁᧉᦵᦋᦲᧉᦈᧁᧉᦷᦎᦈᧁᧉᦎᦳᧃᦈᧁᧉᦑᦱᧃᧈᦈᧁᧉᦘᦰᦈᧁᧉᦘᦍᦱᦈᧁᧉᦙᦠᦱᦟᦱᦋᦈᧁᧉᦙᦠᦱᦟᦱᦋᦔᦲᧃᦈᧁᧉᦟᦴᧅᦈᧁᧉᦢᦱᧁᧈᦈᧁᧉᦉᦱᧁᦓᦱᧂᦷᦣᧇᦈᧁᧉ
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ᦈᧁᧉᦙᧃcaw³man⁴500pronounyou (singular; familiar)9.2.3Pronounsᦈᧁᧉᦙᧃ1
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ᦈᦲᧂᧈ1ciŋ²ᦵᦈᦲᧂᧈ5001conjunctiontherefore; soᦵᦠᧆᧈ ᦡᧂᧈ ᦓᦲᦰ ᦃᦾᧉ ᦈᦲᧂᧈ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦋᦱᧂᧈ ᦺᦛᧉ ᧞.Because of these things, therefore I cannot bow.9.6.2.6Result2conjunctionthen; after thatᦺᦡᧉ ᦢᦹᧆ ᧚ ᦈᦲᧂᧈ ᦘᦱᧅ ᦵᦉ ᦑᦲᧈ ᦠᧃᧉ.He waited a moment and then left.8.4.5.1Order, sequenceᦶᦉᧂᦈᦲᧂᧈ
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ᦈᧅ1cak²500pre-verbirrealis (including future, conditional, contrary-to-fact). [Note: This is the formal pronunciation and spelling. There are many informal variants including ᦀᦲᦰ, ᦃᦲᦰ, ᦌᦲᦰ, ᦎᦲᦰ, ᦡᦲ and ᦡᦲᦰ]ᦀᦲᦰ3ᦃᦲᦰᦌᦲᦰᦎᦲᦰ1ᦡᦲ2ᦡᦲᦰᦣᧁ ᦈᧅ ᦷᦃᧇ ᦂᦲᧃ ᦷᦣ ᦷᦎ ᦓᧃᧉ.We will eat that cow.ᦞᧃ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦈᧅ ᦺᦂᧉ ᦆᧄᧈ ᦙᦱ ᧟.The evening had almost come.ᦵᦉ ᦃᦾᧉ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦀᧁ ᦊᦱ ᦺᦉᧈ ᦓᦲᦰ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦈᧅ ᦎᦻ ᦵᦉ ᧞.If I hadn't put on medicine you would have died.ᦢᧁᧈ ᦙᦲ ᦂᧄᧈ ᦟᧂ ᦁᧃ ᦈᧅ ᦎᦸᧇᧈ ᦷᦑ ᦉᦱ ᦺᦡᧉ.He didn't have the strength to respond to this evil.9.4.4.10Irrealisᦑᦹᧅᦈᧅ
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ᦈᧅᦺᦡᧉcak²daj³500pre-verbmust; shouldᦵᦙᦲᧈ ᦟᦳᧅ ᦓᦸᧃ ᧟ ᦈᧅ ᦺᦡᧉ ᦉᦲ ᦵᦃᧁᧉ ᧞ ᦌᦽᧈ ᦐᦱᧉ ᦌᦽᧈ ᦎᦱ.When you wake up you must brush your teeth and wash your face.ᦷᦉᧃ ᦶᦎᧂ ᦓᧄᧉ ᦈᧅ ᦺᦡᧉ ᦵᦟᦲᧅ ᦠᦱ ᦑᦲᧈ ᦡᦲᧃ ᦉᦳᧂ.For a watermelon garden you should choose a place with high ground.9.4.3.1Imperative ᦈᧅ1ᦺᦡᧉ
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ᦈᦱᧅcaak²5001verb (intransitive)to leave; go awayᦢᧁᧈ ᦠᦹᧉ ᦃᧁ ᦈᦱᧅ ᦺᦔ ᦺᦐ. He wouldn't let them go anywhere.7.2.3.3Leave2prepositionfromᦗᦳᧃᧉ ᦈᦱᧅ ᦃᦳᧄ ᦏᦱᧂ.He escaped from the pit.ᦃᧇ ᦐᦲ ᦈᦱᧅ ᦵᦙᦲᧂ ᦘᦱᧅ ᦢᦱᧃᧉ.They chased him out from the town and village.8.5.2.6Away from3post-verbawayᦦᦱᧂ ᦶᦟᧃᧈ ᦐᦲ ᦈᦱᧅ ᦺᦞ ᦺᦞ.The deer fled from there quickly.8.5.2.6Away from7.2.3.1Move awayᦅᦱᧈᦘᦱᧅᦈᦱᧅᦷᦓᧅᦂᦱᦈᦱᧅᦓᦸᧅᦈᦱᧅᦷᦙᧆᦈᦱᧅ
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ᦈᧇcap²ᦶᦈᧇ25001verb (intransitive)to be; truly beᦵᦟᧂᧉ ᦷᦔ ᦅᦳᧃ ᦏᧁᧉ ᦆᦹᧃ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦈᧇ ᦶᦋᧃᧉ ᦆᦱᧈ ᦞᦳᧂ ᦉᦱ ᦆᦲᧂ ᦓᧃᧉ.They cared for the old woman even though she was not of their own family.9.1.1Be2verb (transitive)to touchᦢᧁᧈ ᦏᦱᧉ ᦠᦹᧉ ᦙᦲ ᦚᦳᧃᧈ ᦺᦇᧈ ᦉᧂ ᦙᦱ ᦈᧇ ᦣᦾ ᦢᦱᧆ.Don't let any dirt touch the wound.7.3.4.1Touch3verb (transitive)to seize; grabᦵᦉᦲ ᦞᦲᧆ ᦈᧇ ᦺᦔ ᦵᦠ.The tiger jumped and seized it.ᦶᦎᧃᧈ ᦈᦳᧆᧈ ᦈᧇ ᦅᦳᧃ.Electricity shocks people (seizes people).6.8.9.4Take by force4verb (transitive)to hit (a target)ᦈᧇ ᦺᦉᧈ ᦷᦓᧅ ᧞ ᦷᦎᧅ ᦙᦱ.He hit the bird and it fell.7.7.2Aim at a target5verb (transitive)to agree with; be consistent withᦅᧄ ᦗᦸᧈ ᦶᦙᧈ ᦈᧇ ᦅᧄ ᦟᦴᧅ ᦵᦃᧀ.The testimony of the parents agreed with that of the son-in-law.3.2.5.4Agree with someone6verb (transitive)to perch; hold onto (as of a bird, insect)ᦈᧇ ᦆᦱᧈ ᦺᦙᧉ ᧞ ᦣᦸᧂᧉ ᦊᦴᧈ.The bird perched on a branch and sang.7.1.2Sit1.6.4Animal actions7verb (transitive)to catch (a disease)ᦝᦱᧂᧉ ᦊᦱ ᦵᦆᦲ ᦶᦎᧂ ᦓᧄᧉ ᦈᧇ ᦵᦘᧉ ᦃᦱᧁ.Protect watermelon vines from getting white mildew.2.5.2Disease1.5.7Plant diseases8verb (transitive)to bear (fruit)ᦔᦲ ᦒᦲ ᧓ ᦵᦕᧀ ᦡᦸᧅᧈ ᦈᧇ ᦐᦽᧈ.In the third year it flowers and bears fruit.1.5.6Growth of plants9adjectivecorrectᦅᧄ ᦘ ᦍᦱ ᦀᦲᧃ ᦋᦱᧆ ᦈᧇ ᦶᦑᧉ ᦓᦸ.The word of Indra is truly correct.3.6.5Correct10post-verbcorrectly; accuratelyᦑᦻ ᦈᧇ.Predict correctly.ᦷᦂᧆ ᦖᦻ ᦈᧇ.Record accurately.3.6.5Correctᦉᦹᧇᧈᦈᧇᦍᧇᦈᧇᦎᦸᦰᦈᧇᦎᦳᧂᧈᦙᦱᦈᦱᦈᧇᦏᦹᦈᧇᦑᦲᦰᦈᧇᦗᦱᧃᦈᧇᦘᦰᦍᦱᧆᦟᦱᧄᦈᧇᦶᦘᧈᦟᦱᧄᦈᧇᦟᦱᧄᦈᧇ
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ᦉᦏᦲsatʰii¹500nounsuccessful merchant; wealthy personᦅᦳᧃ1 36.8.1.2Rich6.9.4Commerceᦙᦠᦱᦉᦏᦲ
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ᦉᦵᦖᦲsamɤɤ¹5001adjectiveregular; evenᦍᦻᧉ ᦐᧅ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦉ ᦵᦖᦲ.His bowel movements aren't regular.ᦵᦃᧁᧉ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦵᦟᧃᧈ ᦉ ᦵᦖᦲ.Her teeth are not even.ᦖᦴ ᦑᧂ ᦆᦱ ᦺᦡᧉ ᦺᦊᧈ ᦉ ᦵᦖᦲ ᦂᧃ.The whole litter of pigs grew up at the same speed.8.5.4.4Interval, space8.4.5.1.5Regular2adjectiveproper; normalᦅᦳᧃ ᦕᦴᧉ ᦵᦓᦲᧉ ᦷᦎ ᦉ ᦵᦖᦲ.People whose bodies are normal (they have no disease).4.3.1.2Meet a standard8.3.5.3.1UsualᦌᦹᧂᦉᦵᦖᦲᦎᦱᧄᦉᦵᦖᦲSanskritsamasame
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ᦉᦴsuu¹5001pronounyou (familiar, plural)9.2.3Pronouns2pronounyou (addressing one's spouse)9.2.3Pronouns
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ᦉᦴᧉᦵᦍᦲᧄsuu³jɤm⁴500adjectivehappy (can be separated)ᦑᦸᧂᦰ ᦡᦴ ᦇᦴ ᦎᦻ ᧟, ᦑᦱᧃᧈ ᦔᦲᧃ ᦉᦴᧉ ᦔᦲᧃ ᦵᦍᦲᧄ.When she saw that the snake was dead, she was very happy.3.4.1.2Happyᦉᦴᧉ1ᦵᦍᦲᧄ1ᦉᦴᧉᦉᦴᧉᦵᦍᦲᧄᦵᦍᦲᧄᦉᦴᧉᦷᦖᧅᦵᦍᦲᧄᦺᦈ
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ᦵᦉ1see¹5001verb (intransitive)to endure; have happen to oneᦵᦉ ᦂᦱᧂᧉ ᦔᦱ ᦃᧄ ᦆᦸ.He got a fishbone stuck in his throat.4.4.3.6Endure2verb (intransitive)to dieᦅᧃ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦷᦊᧅ ᦊᦱ ᦺᦞ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦋᦱᧂᧈ ᦵᦉ ᦺᦔ.If he doesn't get treatment quickly he will die.2.6.6Die3verb (transitive)to lose; squanderᦷᦂ ᦵᦉ ᦵᦙ ᦆᦲᧂ ᦠᦹᧉ ᦉ ᦠᦻ.He was afraid he would lose his wife to his friend.6.8.2.3Lose wealth7.6.3Lose, misplace4verb (transitive)to exceed; go beyondᦑᦸᧂᧉ ᦖᦴ ᦓᦾᧉ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦵᦉ ᦖᦴ ᦶᦙᧈ ᦈᧅ ᦂᦳᧄᧉ ᦵᦜᦲᧄᧈ ᦓᧃᧉ.The stomachs of the piglets exceed their mother's ability to feed them.8.1.4More5verb (transitive)to pay (a fine); repayᦠᦹᧉ ᦷᦎ ᦓᧃᧉ ᦵᦉ ᧓ ᦑᧁᧈ ᦠᧃᧉ ᧞.They made him pay three times the amount.6.8.4.5Pay6post-verbcompletelyᦢᧁᧈ ᦋᦱᧂᧈ ᦞᦱᧈ ᦉᧂ ᦵᦉ ᧞.He was completely unable to respond.9.3.2Completelyᦀᦸᧅᧈᦵᦉᦅᦱᧃᧉᦵᦉᦵᦉᦉᦈᦌᦳᧄᦵᦉᦎᦱᦵᦉᦷᦎᧅᦵᦣᧈᦠᦻᦵᦉᦓᦸᧅᦵᦉᦘᦱᧅᦵᦉᦟᦴᧉᦐᦱᧉᦵᦉᦎᦱ
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ᦵᦉ2see¹500conjunctionifᦵᦉ ᦎᦱᧅ ᦶᦠᧂᧉ ᦓᦲᦰ ᦡᦲᧈ ᦛᦱᧃ.If you put it out to dry, it will become sweet.9.6.2.8Condition
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ᦵᦉ᧟see¹læw⁶500final particlealready; after. Puts two events into sequenceᦃᧁ ᦣᦴᧉ ᦃᦱᧁᧈ ᦁᧃ ᦓᦲᦰ ᦵᦉ ᧟ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦢᦸᧅᧈ ᦠᦹᧉ ᦅᦳᧃ ᦺᦔ ᦉᧃ ᦍᦱ ᦘ ᦍᦱ ᦈᧁᧉ ᦵᦙᦲᧂ.After they heard this news they had somebody go tell the king.9.4.1.2Aspect--dynamic verbsᦵᦉ1
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ᦵᦉᦲ1sɤɤ¹5001nountigerPanthera tigrisᦷᦎ 5ᦺᦓ ᦠᦽᧉ ᦑᦱᧂᧉ ᦙᦲ ᦵᦉᦲ ᦣᦻᧉ.A fierce tiger lives in the riverbed.1.6.1.1.2Carnivore2nounfeline. [Note: Used generically of any feline including housecats, tigers, etc.]ᦶᦙᧁ11.6.1.1.2Carnivoreᦂᦱᧇᦵᦢᦲᧉᦎᦱᦵᦉᦲᦅᦲᧇᦷᦉᧇᦵᦉᦲᦔᦱᦵᦉᦲ
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ᦵᦉᦲᧉsɤɤ³5001nounclothingᦕᦹᧃᦓᦳᧂᧈ ᦵᦉᦲᧉ.Wear clothes.ᦶᦂᧉ ᦵᦉᦲᧉ.Take off clothes.5.3Clothing2nounshirt; blouseᦓᦳᧂᧈ ᦉᦲᧃᧉ ᦷᦟᧆ ᦵᦉᦲᧉ.Wear a skirt and shirt.ᦓᦳᧂᧈ ᦵᦉᦲᧉ ᦔᦳᧆ ᦵᦎᧁᧈ ᦵᦠᧃᧉ.Wear a torn shirt and worn trousers.ᦺᦃ ᦐᦱᧉ ᦵᦉᦲᧉ, ᦂᦲᧃ ᦔᦲᧃ ᦛᦱᧃ ᦔᦲᧃ ᦟᧄ.He opened his shirt and ate to his heart's content.5.3Clothingᦶᦃᧃᦵᦉᦲᧉᦆᦸᦵᦉᦲᧉᦉᦲᧃᧉᦵᦉᦲᧉᦎᦲᧃᦵᦉᦲᧉᦎᦸᧄᧈᦵᦉᦲᧉᦷᦏᧈᦉᦻᦵᦉᦲᧉᦏᦳᧂᦵᦉᦲᧉᦑᦱᧂᦵᦉᦲᧉᦺᦙᧉᦉᦱᧃᦵᦉᦲᧉᦺᦙᧉᦶᦧᧃᦵᦉᦲᧉᦡᦳᧅᧈᦵᦉᦲᧉ
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ᦶᦉᧃ1sæn¹5001pre-verbvery; totallyᦃᧁᧉ ᦵᦣᦲᧃ ᦶᦉᧃ ᦣᦲᧇ.They went into the house very quickly.9.3Very2numeralhundred thousand. [Note: The word ᦶᦉᧃ is often used to mean 'a large number', where in English we might say 'millions'. The number 100,000 is more commonly expressed as ᦉᦲᧇ ᦖᦹᧃᧈ 'ten ten-thousands']ᦉᦲᧇᦖᦹᧃᧈᦶᦉᧃ ᦵᦙᦲᧂ ᦃᧁᧉ ᦙᦱ ᦏᦻ ᦉᦽᧈ.Innumerable cities came to offer tribute.ᦃᦸᧉ ᦊᦴᧈ ᦣᦱᧁ ᦂᦲᧃ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦵᦖᦲᧃ ᦵᦗᦲᧃᧈ ᦶᦉᧃ ᦑᦱᧃᧈ ᦙᦱ.Their lifestyle was like that of millions of others.8.1.3.1Many, much8.1.1.1Cardinal numbers3nouna minor official; former title for a village head4.6.1.2Government officialᦇᦹᧃᦖᦹᧃᧈᦆᧄᦶᦉᧃᦉᧄᧈᦖᦹᧃᧈᦉᧄᧈᦶᦉᧃᦵᦋᧂᦶᦉᧃᦓᦻᦶᦉᧃᦖᦹᧃᧈᦷᦋᧈᦶᦉᧃᦋᦱᧆ
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ᦶᦉᧃᧈ1sæn²5001nouncounty. [Note: There are three counties in Xishuangbanna prefecture: ᦵᦋᧂᦣᦳᧂᧈ JingHong, ᦵᦙᦲᧂᦟᦱᧉ MengLa, and ᦵᦙᦲᧂᦣᦻ MengHai. A county is larger than a ᦵᦈᦲᧃᧈ 'district'; smaller than a ᦵᦋᦲᧁᧈ 'prefecture']ᦵᦈᦲᧃᧈᦵᦋᦲᧁᧈ 1ᦶᦌᧂᧈ1 1ᦑᦲᧈ 3ᦶᦉᧃᧈ1 24.6.7Region2classifierclassifier for counties9.2.6.1ClassifiersChinesexian4county
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ᦶᦉᧆ1sæt²500nounanimalᦵᦋᦲᧉ 3ᦷᦎ 5ᦶᦉᧆ ᦵᦏᦲᧃᧈ.Wild animals.ᦶᦉᧆ ᧔ ᦎᦲᧃ.Four-footed animals.ᦃᦸᧂ ᦓᦲᦰ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦙᦲ ᦠᦴ ᦙᦲ ᦎᦱ, ᦢᧁᧈ ᦙᦲ ᦃᦱ ᦙᦲ ᦙᦹ ᦉᧂ, ᦢᧁᧈ ᦺᦋᧈ ᦶᦉᧆ ᦋᧄ!This thing has no ears or eyes, no legs or hands, surely it can't be an animal!1.6Animalᦐᧂᦶᦉᧆᦖᦸᦊᦱᦶᦉᧆᦷᦣᧂᦶᦉᧆ
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ᦷᦉᧃ1son¹5001noungarden; orchard; fieldᦑᦲᧈ 3ᦷᦉᧃ1 2ᦷᦉᧃ ᦕᧅ.Vegetable garden.ᦷᦉᧃ ᦖᦱᧅ ᦺᦙᧉ.Orchard.ᦷᦉᧃ ᦟᦱᧉ.Tea plantation.ᦷᦉᧃ ᦀᦾᧉ.Sugarcane field.ᦖᦴ ᦃᧁᧉ ᦷᦉᧃ ᦵᦗᦲᧃᧈ ᧞ ᦺᦔ ᦂᦲᧃ ᦕᧅ ᦊᦴᧈ ᦍᦰ ᦍᦰ.The pig went into somebody's garden and ate lots of vegetables.6.2.9Farmland2classifierclassifier for gardensᦷᦉᧃ ᦶᦎᧂ ᦷᦉᧃ ᧚.A melon field.9.2.6.1Classifiersᦷᦆᦷᦉᧃᦷᦆᦺᦣᧈᦷᦆᦷᦉᧃᦵᦑᦲᧅᦡᦲᧃᦷᦉᧃᦺᦔᦷᦉᧃᦡᦸᧅᧈᦺᦙᧉᦔᦹᧆᧈᦺᦣᧈᦏᦱᧂᦷᦉᧃᦕᦴᧉᦷᦔᦷᦉᧃᦵᦣᧆᦷᦉᧃᦵᦣᧆᦺᦣᧈᦺᦉᧈᦷᦉᧃ
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ᦷᦉᧇsop²5001nounmouthᦷᦉᧇ 3ᦀᦱᧉ ᦷᦉᧇ.Open one's mouth.ᦠᧇ ᦷᦉᧇ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦔᦱᧅ.He shut his mouth and wouldn't speak.2.1.1.4Mouth2nounmouth of a river, roadᦷᦉᧇ ᦠᦽᧉ.Mouth of a stream.1.3.1.3River3classifierclassifier for mouths, for people who are speaking᧔᧐ ᦷᦉᧇ ᦣᦸᧂᧉ ᦵᦙᦲᧈᦂᧃ.Forty mouths called out together.9.2.6.1Classifiersᦅᦲᧇᦷᦉᧇᦵᦉᦲᦈᦳᧃᦷᦉᧇᦌᦹᧈᦷᦉᧇᦏᦳᧂᦷᦉᧇᦖᦸᧃᦑᦸᧂᧈᦷᦉᧇᦓᧄᧉᦍᦸᧄᧉᦷᦉᧇᦔᦲᧃᦷᦉᧇᦔᦲᧃᦵᦉᧂᦖᦲᧃᦷᦉᧇᦙᧆᦷᦉᧇᦚᦲᦷᦉᧇᦚᦲᧈᦷᦉᧇᦵᦟᦷᦉᧇᦢᦱᧉᦷᦉᧇᦢᦱᧉᦵᦉᧂᦢᦲᧃᧈᦷᦉᧇᦢᦹᧃᦷᦉᧇᦣᦲᧄᦷᦉᧇ
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ᦺᦉᧈsaj²5001verb (transitive)to put into; put ontoᦌᦹᧉ ᦵᦂᦲ ᦙᦱ ᦺᦉᧈ ᦖᦸᧉ.He bought salt and put it in the pot.ᦶᦔᧂ ᦷᦠ ᦓᦱᧅ ᦺᦉᧈ ᦷᦠ ᦵᦣᦲ ᦓᧃᧉ.He made a Naga head and put it on the prow of the boat.7.5.2.3Add to something7.3.2.6Put in2prepositionat (as in shout at, laugh at)ᦶᦕᧆ ᦺᦉᧈ ᦟᦴᧅ.He shouted at his son.ᦙᧃ ᦋᧅ ᦐᦱᧉ ᦣᦻᧉ ᦺᦉᧈ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦵᦉᧁᧈ.He glared at his friend.3prepositioninto; onto; at. Also marks the object of verbs such as 'see', 'meet', 'find', 'hit', or the object of emotionsᦀᧁ ᦓᦱᧆ ᦂᦱᧂ ᦺᦉᧈ ᦃᧁ.He pointed a gun at them.ᦷᦠ ᦑᦳᧇ ᦺᦉᧈ ᦖᦱᧅ ᦠᦲᧃ.His head hit a rock.ᦠᧃ ᦺᦉᧈ ᦵᦙ.He saw his wife.ᦉᧂ ᦂᦱ ᦺᦉᧈ ᦑᦱᧃᧈ.They were suspicious of him.7.5.2.3Add to something7.3.2.6Put in8.5.1.3On9.5.1Primary casesᦶᦎᧃᧈᦋᦹᦺᦉᧈᦟᦻᦏᦱᧂᦺᦣᧈᦺᦉᧈᦓᦱᦔᦳᧅᧈᦺᦣᧈᦺᦉᧈᦓᦱᦠᦴᦺᦛᦺᦈᦺᦉᧈᦷᦠᧆᦺᦣᧈᦺᦉᧈᦓᦱᦵᦣᧆᦺᦣᧈᦺᦉᧈᦷᦉᧃᦵᦣᧆᦺᦣᧈᦺᦉᧈᦓᦱ
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ᦉᦻ1saaj¹5001nounstring; line; beamᦉᦻ ᦞᦱᧁᧈ.Kite string.ᦉᦻ ᦺᦝ ᦒᦱᧆ.Torch beam.ᦉᦻ ᦶᦎᧃᧈ ᦧᦱᧈ.Telegraph wire.ᦉᦻ ᦎᦱ ᦞᧃ ᦏᦸᧂᧈ ᦈᧇ ᦷᦠ.The sun's beams beat on her head.8.3.1.2Line6.6.4.1Cordage2classifierclassifier for rope, roads, rivers, wires, currents, raysᦉᦻ ᦺᦝ ᧒ ᦉᦻ ᦏᦸᧉ ᦎᦱ.Two beams of light struck their eyes.ᦶᦎᧄᧉ ᦉᦻ ᦚᦳᧃ ᦋᦻᧉ ᦺᦉᧈ ᦉᦸᧂ ᦉᦱᧄ ᦉᦻ.He drew in several lines of slanting rain.9.2.6.1Classifiersᦷᦃᦉᦻᦶᦉᧃᧈᦶᦉᧃᧈᦉᦻᦉᦻᦶᦉᧃᧈᦉᦻᦉᦻᦣᧂᧉᦉᧁᦉᦻᦉᦲᧃᧉᦉᦻᦵᦋᦲᧉᦉᦻᦎᦲᦉᦻᦷᦏᧈᦉᦻᦵᦉᦲᧉᦓᧄᧉᦝᦱᧉᦉᦻᦚᦳᧃᦟᦱᧅᦉᦻ
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ᦉᦱᧁsaaw¹5001noununmarried woman; young woman. A woman is referred to as a ᦉᦱᧁ until marriageᦅᦳᧃ1 3ᦉᦱᧁ 2ᦍᦲᧂ1 2ᦉᦱᧁ ᦢᦱᧁᧈ.Young women and young men.ᦊᦸᧅᧈ ᦉᦱᧁ.Firt with young women.ᦟᦴᧅ ᦓᦸᧂᧉ ᦖᦴᧈ ᦁᧃ ᦔᦲᧃ ᦉᦱᧁ ᦓᧃᧉ ᦵᦉ ᦙᧃ ᦷᦋ ᦀᦸᧅᧈ ᦺᦔ ᦵᦉᧈ ᦵᦉᧈ.His employees who were unmarried women, he took them on dates often.2.6.5.2Woman2.6.4.4Adult2classifierclassifier for young womenᦘ ᦍᦱ ᦘᦳᧄ ᦙᦲ ᦟᦴᧅ ᦍᦲᧂ ᧗ ᦉᦱᧁ.Brahma had seven daughters.9.2.6.1Classifiersᦉᦴᧈᦉᦱᧁᦍᦲᧂᦉᦱᧁᦐᦱᧉᦉᦱᧁᦓᦱᧂᦉᦱᧁᦜᦲᧃᧉᦉᦱᧁ
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ᦉᧂ1saŋ¹5001interrogative pronounwhat; whichᦈᧁᧉ ᦙᧃ ᦋᦹᧈ ᦉᧂ?What is your name?ᦂᦲᧃ ᦉᧂ?What are you eating?9.2.3.4Question words2interrogative pronounwhyᦩᦻ ᦷᦎ ᦓᦲᦰ ᦉᧂ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦙᦲ ᦃᧁ ᦣᦱ?Why does this water buffalo have no horns?9.2.3.4Question words3demonstrative pronounany; anything; somethingᦙᦹᧂ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦙᦲ ᦑᦲᧈ ᦷᦜᧈ ᦉᧂ.You don't have any desirable qualities.ᦙᧃ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦞᦱᧈ ᦅᧄ ᦉᧂ.She didn't say anything.ᦵᦗᦲᧃᧈ ᦙᦲ ᦉᧂ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦋᦱᧂᧈ ᦣᦸᧂᧉ ᦺᦔ ᦡᦾᧉ.When they have something they will call you to go eat.9.2.3.2Indefinite pronounsᦇᦴᦉᧂᦣᦱᧈᦑᦲᧈᦉᧂᦵᦓᦲᧉᦐᧂᦙᧂᦉᧂᦔᦲᧃᦉᧂᦵᦖᦲᧃᦉᧂᦢᧁᧈᦉᧂᦵᦣᧆᦉᧂ
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ᦉᦳᧂsuŋ¹500adjectivehigh; tallᦺᦙᧉ ᦉᦳᧂ.A tall tree.ᦶᦎᧃᧈ ᦊᦱᧉ ᦋᦱᧆ ᦉᦳᧂ.Very high voltage.ᦀᧁ ᦑᦲᧈ ᦉᦳᧂ, ᦊᦸᧃᧈ ᦟᦳᧂ ᦑᦲᧈ ᦶᦎᧄᧈ.If you take a high place you will be put lower.8.2.6.3High8.2.2.2Tallᦀᦃᦟᦰᦵᦉᧂᦉᦳᧂᦺᦈᦺᦆᧈᦉᦳᧂᦺᦈᦉᦳᧂᦺᦊᧈᦉᦳᧂᦷᦍᧅᦉᦳᧂᦶᦎᧄᧈᦉᦳᧂᦎᧂᧈᦉᦳᧂᦓᧄᧉᦉᦳᧂᦷᦟᧂᦉᦳᧂ
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ᦉᦳᧂᧈ1suŋ²5001verb (transitive)to send; deliverᦉᦳᧂᧈ ᦟᦻ.Post a letter.ᦉᦳᧂᧈ ᦶᦎᧃᧈ ᦏᦹᧂ ᦢᦱᧃᧉ ᦑᦳᧂᧈ.Send electricity to villages.7.3.3.3Send2verb (transitive)to accompany; take a person somewhereᦗᦸᧈ ᦉᦳᧂᧈ ᦟᦴᧅ ᦍᦲᧂ ᦵᦙᦲ ᦏᦹᧂ ᦵᦣᦲᧃ ᦕᦲ.The father took his daughter to the house of the spirit.7.2.5Accompany7.2.8Send someone3verb (transitive)to see somebody offᦺᦓ ᦷᦃᧂᧈ ᦠᧃᧉ ᦔᦲᧃ ᦅᦱᧈ ᦅᦳᧃ ᦉᦳᧂᧈ ᦓᧃᧉ ᦶᦈᧃᧈ ᦎᦲᧄ ᦺᦞᧉ.The field was full of people standing there to see them off.3.5.1.4.4Say farewell4verb (transitive)to send back; returnᦊᦹᧄ ᦷᦆ ᦵᦗᦲᧃᧈ ᧟ ᦊᦱᧈ ᦟᦹᧄ ᦉᦳᧂᧈ.If you borrow somebody's things don't forget to return them.7.3.3.2Return somethingᦕᦴᧉᦉᦳᧂᧈᦟᦻᦗᦸᧅᦉᦳᧂᧈᦵᦣᦲᧃᦉᦳᧂᧈᦟᦻ
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ᦉᦸᧂᦉᦱᧄsɔŋ¹saam¹500numerala few; two or threeᦟᦱᧂ ᦘᦸᧂᧈ ᦶᦔᧂ ᦵᦣᦲᧃ ᦂᦸᧈ ᦉᦳᧂ ᦉᦸᧂ ᦉᦱᧄ ᦣᦱᧃᧉ.Some people build houses two or three stories high.ᦵᦣᧆ ᦏᦹᧂ ᦉᦸᧂ ᦉᦱᧄ ᦔᦲ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦺᦡᧉ ᦔᦲᧃ ᦉ ᦏᦲ ᦉ ᦵᦒ.Do this for two or three years and you will be a rich merchant.8.1.3.2Few, littleᦉᦸᧂᦉᦱᧄ1
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ᦉᧄᧈsam²500adjectivesuch; soᦀᦻᧉ ᦂᦸᧂ ᦠᦱᧅ ᦔᦲᧃ ᦅᦳᧃ ᦡᦲ ᦉᧄᧈ ᦀᦲᧉ.Ai Kong is such a good person.ᦙᦹᧂ ᦷᦎ ᦓᦾᧉ ᦉᧄᧈ ᦓᦲᦰ, ᦋᦱᧂᧈ ᦀᧁ ᦉᧂ ᦙᦱ ᦎᦸᧇᧈ ᦢᧂ ᦅᦴ ᦣᦱ?You are so little; how could you repay me?8.3.5.2.2Like, similar
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ᦉᧅ1sak²ᦉᦲ4500numeraljust; as little as. Often used with a negative 'not even one'ᦢᧁᧈ ᦙᦲ ᦺᦕ ᦙᦱ ᦋᦾᧈ ᦉᧅ ᦅᦳᧃ.No one came to help him, not even one person.ᦙᦾᧈ ᦌᧁ ᦉᧅ ᦐᦾᧈ.Rest just a little.9.3.1.2To a small degree8.1.5.7Onlyᦣᦴᧉᦜᧅᦉᧅᦉᦱᧆ
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ᦉᦲᧇsip²500numeralten. Written as ᧑᧐8.1.1.1Cardinal numbers
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ᦊᦱjaa¹5001nounmedicine; any of various useful substances including medicines, drugs, soap, poison, fertiliserᦵᦋᦲᧉ 3ᦵᦙᧆ1 3ᦂᦲᧃ ᦊᦱ.Take medicine.ᦀᧁ ᦊᦱ ᦶᦑᧂ ᦃᦲᧄ. Give an injection.ᦉᦲᧆ ᦊᦱ.Spray insecticide.ᦊᦱ ᦗᦱᧅ ᦡᦲ.High quality medicine.2.5.7.2Medicine2nountobaccoNicotiana sp.ᦡᦳᧆᧈ ᦊᦱ.Smoke a cigarette.1.5.3Grass, herb, vine5.2.4Tobacco3verb (transitive)to heal; treat; cureᦺᦕ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦊᦱ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦠᦻ.Nobody could heal him.2.5.7Treat disease2.5.1.1Recover from sicknessᦂᦸᧂᦊᦱᦂᦱᧃᧉᦊᦱᦂᦸᧅᦊᦱᦂᦸᧅᦊᦱᦢᧁᧉᦓᧄᧉᦊᦱᦓᧄᧉᦙᧃᦊᦱᦖᦸᦃᦻᦊᦱᦖᦸᦊᦱᦝᦱᧂᧉᦊᦱᦟᦴᧅᦊᦱᦢᧁᧉᦊᦱᦷᦣᧂᦃᦻᦊᦱᦷᦣᧂᦊᦱ
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ᦊᦱᧈ1jaa²5001pre-verbdon'tᦠᦹᧉ ᦣᧅ ᦉᦱ ᦺᦞᧉ ᦂᧇ ᦷᦎ ᦊᦱᧈ ᦘᦱᧅ.Keep it safe and don't lose it.3.3.4.2Refuse permission9.4.3.1Imperative 2verb (transitive)to omit; neglectᦵᦣᧃ ᦷᦎ ᦠᦸᧉ ᧟ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦊᦱᧈ ᦷᦎ ᦺᦑ.Study Chinese characters, but don't neglect Dai writing.3.2.6.1Forget3verb (transitive)to adjournᦊᦱᧈ ᦘᦸᧄᧉ.Adjourn a meeting.4.2.1.5Meeting, assembly4verb (transitive)to divorce2.6.1.4Divorce5verb (intransitive)to leaveᦶᦙᧃᧈ ᦵᦙᦲᧈ ᦊᦱᧈ ᦂᦱᧃ ᧟, ᦡᦲ ᦗᦸᧅ ᦵᦙᦲ ᦵᦣᦲᧃ.When she left work she would usually go home.7.2.3.3Leaveᦔᦲᧃᧈᦊᦱᧈᦢᧁᧈᦊᦱᧈᦣᦱᧂᧉᦊᦱᧈ
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ᦊᦱᧈ2jaa²500final particlea particle expressing strong emotion, or used in a situation that is emotionally chargedᦕᦲᧆ ᦺᦈ ᧞ ᦞᦱᧈ, ᦀᧃᧉ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦺᦡᧉ ᦊᦱᧈ!He was angry and said, 'OK we can do that.'ᦗᦸ ᦑᦲᧈ ᦈᦲᧂᧈ ᦗᦸ ᦑᦲᧈ ᦊᦱᧈ!Enough is enough!3.4.2Feel bad
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ᦊᦱᧈᦏᦱᧉjaa²tʰaa³500pre-verbdon'tᦊᦱᧈ ᦏᦱᧉ ᦃᦲ ᦵᦅᦲᧂ ᦉᧂ ᦑᦸᦰ.Don't be discouraged.3.3.4.2Refuse permission9.4.3.1Imperative ᦊᦱᧈ1ᦏᦱᧉ
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ᦊᦱᧈᦺᦔjaa²paj¹500pre-verbdon'tᦊᦱᧈ ᦺᦔ ᦎᦸᦰ ᦺᦉᧈ ᦉᦻ ᦡᦲᧃ.Don't attach (a switch) to the ground wire.ᦊᦱᧈᦺᦔ ᦀᦻ.Don't be shy.3.3.4.2Refuse permission9.4.3.1Imperative ᦊᦱᧈ1ᦺᦔ
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ᦊᦴᧈjuu²5001verb (intransitive)to stay; dwell; be at a place; lastᦢᧆ ᦵᦡ ᧁᧈ ᦙᧃ ᦊᦴᧈ ᦑᦲᧈ ᦺᦐ? Right now where is he?ᦊᦴᧈ ᦵᦣᦲᧃ.He is at home.ᦟᦳᧂ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦊᦴᧈ.It doesn't stay where I put it.8.4.7Continue, persevere8.5.3Be at a place7.2.7.2Stay, remain2prepositionat; inᦶᦧᧃ ᦊᦴᧈ ᦂᦱᧂ ᦠᦱᧁ ᦺᦞᧉ.It was hung out in the open air.ᦊᦴᧈ ᦺᦓ ᦵᦞ ᦟᦱ ᧓ ᦞᧃ ᦓᦲᦰ.Within the next three days.9.5.1.6Spatial location of an event3post-verbcontinuative; to be doingᦺᦔ ᦋᦳᧅ ᦉᧂ ᦊᦴᧈ?Why are you just standing there? ᦟᦴᧅ ᦕᦲᧆ ᦵᦏᧂ ᦂᧃ ᦊᦴᧈ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦃᦱᧆ.His sons were arguing with each other continuously.9.4.1.2Aspect--dynamic verbsᦃᦸᧉᦊᦴᧈᦵᦔᦲᧂᦂᦲᧃᦃᦸᧉᦊᦴᧈᦣᦱᧁᦂᦲᧃᦃᦱᧁᧉᦊᦴᧈᦣᦱᧁᦂᦲᧃᦅᦾᧈᦊᦴᧈᦺᦈᦢᧁᧈᦊᦴᧈᦷᦀᧅᦷᦌᧇᦌᧁᦄᧁᦊᦴᧈᦎᦳᧂᧈᦑᦹᧂᦠᦱᦊᦴᧈᦑᦲᧈᦊᦴᧈᦓᧂᧈᦊᦴᧈᦡᦻᦔᦲᧃᦊᦴᧈᦺᦡᧉᦊᦴᧈ
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ᦷᦊᧅᦊᦱjok²jaa¹500verb (transitive)to treat (a disease, a wound); heal (can be separated)ᦅᧃ ᦞᦱᧈ ᦷᦊᧅ ᦊᦱ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦡᦲ, ᦋᦱᧂᧈ ᦗᦱ ᦠᦹᧉ ᦣᦾ ᦢᦱᧆ ᦵᦈᧇ ᦞᦹᧃ.If it is not treated well, the wound can go septic.2.5.7.2Medicineᦷᦊᧅᦊᦱᦂᦱᧃᦷᦊᧅᦊᦱᦂᦲᧃᦷᦊᧅᦂᦲᧃᦊᦱᦷᦣᧂᦂᦱᧃᦷᦊᧅᦊᦱᦷᦖᧆᦺᦉᦷᦣᧂᦷᦊᧅᦷᦣᧂᦊᦱ
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ᦺᦊᧈjaj²5001adjectivegreatᦈᧁᧉ ᦗᦸᧈ ᦑᦱᧁᧉ ᦎᦳᧃ ᦺᦊᧈ.The great prince their father.4.5.6.1High status4.4.1Prosperity2adjectivechief; principal; headᦵᦉ ᦓᦱ ᦕᦴᧉ ᦺᦊᧈ.Chief courtier.8.4.5.1.2First4.5.3.1Lead3verb (intransitive)to growᦃᦾᧉ ᦈᧅ ᦺᦊᧈ ᦺᦞ ᦺᦞ!I am going to grow quickly.2.6.4.6Grow, get bigger4post-verbveryᦋᦱᧆ ᦵᦅᧆ ᦺᦊᧈ.He was very angry.9.3Veryᦃᦹᧃᧉᦺᦊᧈᦅᦳᧃᦺᦊᧈᦺᦈᦺᦊᧈᦵᦋᧁᧈᦺᦊᧈᦵᦃᧁᦺᦞᦷᦍᧆᦺᦊᧈᦶᦏᧉᦺᦊᧈᦂᦱᧉᦢᦱᧃᦓᦾᧉᦺᦊᧈᦓᦾᧉᦓᦾᧉᦺᦊᧈᦺᦊᧈᦵᦔᧃᧈᦺᦊᧈᦙᦱᧃᦺᦊᧈᦡᦸᧃᦺᦊᧈᦋᦳᧄᦗᦴᦦᦱᧂᧉᦦᦱᧂᧉᦺᦊᧈᦺᦊᧈ
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ᦊᦱᧂjaaŋ¹5001nounrubber; plasticᦂᦸ ᦊᦱᧂ.A rubber tree.ᦂᦸᧅ ᦊᦱᧂ.A plastic cup.6.2.5.4Plant product2nounsticky liquid, such as resin, tar, sap, glue, pasteᦠᦳᧃ ᦑᦱᧂ ᦊᦱᧂ.Tar roads (tarmac, asphalt).ᦵᦉ ᦊᦱᧂ ᦖᦱᧅ ᦙᦲᧉ ᦎᦲᧆ ᦺᦉᧈ ᦙᦹ.He got jackfruit sap on his hands.7.5.2Join, attach3nounbodily fluid; mucus; bloodᦐᦸᧂ ᦔᦲᧃ ᦊᦱᧂ ᦵᦐᧁ ᦁᧃ ᦺᦜ ᦀᦸᧅᧈ ᦣᦾ ᦢᦱᧆ.Pus is a sticky fluid that flows from a wound.2.2.4Mucus1.6.2.5Parts of small animalsᦷᦂᧂᧈᦊᦱᧂᦟᦾᦓᧄᧉᦂᦳᧂᦊᦱᧂᦂᦸᧃᧉᦊᦱᧂᦶᦈᧁᦔᦴᧈᦊᦱᧂᦵᦉᦲᧉᦊᦱᧂᦉᦻᦊᦱᧂᦉᦱᧆᦊᦱᧂᦵᦋᦲᧅᦊᦱᧂᦏᦳᧂᦊᦱᧂᦓᧄᧉᦊᦱᧂᦓᧄᧉᦊᦱᧂᦺᦙᧉᦓᧄᧉᦊᦱᧂᦵᦜᦲᧂᦔᦱᧆᦊᦱᧂᦕᦱᧉᦊᦱᧂᦶᦕᧃᧈᦊᦱᧂᦺᦙᧉᦊᦱᧂᦵᦟᦲᧆᦊᦱᧂᦵᦠᦲᧈᦊᦱᧂ
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ᦊᦱᧂᧈ1jaaŋ²500classifierclassifier for kinds of thingsᦐᦸᧈ ᦃᧁᧉ ᦵᦋᦲᧉ ᦊᦱᧂᧈ ᦂᧁᧈ.An old strain of rice.8.3.5Type, kind9.2.6.1Classifiersᦋᦰᦊᦱᧂᧈᦵᦋᦲᧉᦊᦱᧂᧈᦵᦔᦲᧂᦊᦱᧂᧈᦶᦢᧇᧈᦊᦱᧂᧈ
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ᦋᦴᧈ1cuu⁵ᦋᦳ2500numeralevery (used with classifier)ᦋᦴᧈ ᦙᦹᧉ ᦋᦴᧈ ᦞᧃ.Every day.8.1.5All
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ᦵᦋᦲᧉcɤɤ⁶5001nounfamily; species; breed; varietyᦺᦂᧈ ᦵᦋᦲᧉ ᦗᦹᧃᧉ ᦵᦙᦲᧂ ᦣᧁ.Our local breed of chickens.ᦔᦱ ᦷᦋᧂᧈ ᦩᦱᧉ ᦌᦲᧃᧉ ᦔᦲᧃ ᦵᦋᦲᧉ ᦔᦱ ᦵᦃᧄ ᦓᧃᧉ ᦵᦋᦲᧉ ᧚.Sturgeon is a species of fish that is rare.1.6.1Types of animals4.1.9Kinship2nounseedᦵᦙᧆ1 3ᦷᦢᧅ ᦀᧁ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦀᧁ ᦵᦋᦲᧉ ᦙᧃ ᦛᦱᧃᧈ ᦃᧁᧉ ᦺᦔ.Dig up the ground and sow the seed in it.1.5.5Parts of a plant3classifierclassifier for kinds of things, speciesᦊᦱ ᦡᦲ ᦵᦋᦲᧉ ᧚.A good kind of medicine.9.2.6.1Classifiersᦃᧁᧉᦵᦋᦲᧉᦃᧁᧉᦐᦽᧈᦵᦋᦲᧉᦈᦲᧇᦵᦋᦲᧉᦶᦋᧃᧉᦵᦋᦲᧉᦞᦳᧂᦉᦱᦶᦙᧂᦵᦋᦲᧉᦵᦣᦲᧃ
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ᦷᦋcoo⁴5001verb (transitive)to take (someone) with youᦷᦋ ᦟᦴᧅ ᦺᦔ ᦶᦀᧁᧈ.He took his son on a trip.7.2.5Accompany2verb (transitive)to inviteᦺᦗᧉ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦷᦋ ᦙᦱ ᦉᧅ ᦵᦑᦲᧈ.Their daughter-in-law had never invited them to visit.4.2.1.1Invite
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ᦷᦋᦂᧃcoo⁴kan¹500pre-verbcollectively; done togetherᦷᦋ ᦂᧃ ᦀᧁ ᦃᧁᧉ ᦺᦔ ᦃᦻ.Together they sold the rice.ᦶᦔᧂ ᦋᦲᧃᧉ ᦶᦔᧂ ᦔᦱ ᦷᦋᧈ ᦂᧃ ᦂᦲᧃ.He cooked food and they ate together.7.2.5Accompany9.5.2.5In groups9.6.1.4Combinative relationᦷᦋᦂᧃ
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ᦋᦹᧈcɯɯ⁵5001verb (transitive)to be named; be calledᦊᦴᧈ ᦺᦓ ᦎᦱ ᦣᧁ ᦙᦲ ᦑᦲᧈ ᦓᧄᧉ ᦎᦱ ᦀᦸᧅᧈ, ᦋᦹᧈ ᦞᦱᧈ ᦉᦻ ᦓᧄᧉ ᦎᦱ.In our eyes there is a place where tears come out, it is called the tear duct.9.7Name2nounnameᦋᦹᧈ 3ᦵᦋᦲᧉ 3ᦋᦹᧈ ᦃᦾᧉ ᦋᦹᧈ ᦡᧄ.My name is Ai Dam.3classifierclassifier for names9.2.6.1Classifiersᦂᦱᧃᧉᦋᦹᧈᦃᦻᦋᦹᧈᦺᦉᧈᦋᦹᧈᦓᦱᧄᦋᦹᧈᦔᦱᧁᧈᦋᦹᧈᦖᦻᦋᦹᧈᦙᦲᦋᦹᧈᦟᦹᦌᦱᦟᦹᦋᦹᧈᦟᦳᧂᦋᦹᧈ
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ᦺᦋᧈcaj⁵5001verb (intransitive)to be so; be correct; be the one meant or intendedᦵᦉᦲ ᦅᦳᧄ ᦷᦠ ᦑᦸᧂᦰ ᦅᦸᧉ ᦠᦱᧅ ᦺᦋᧈ ᦶᦑᧉ.The tiger felt his head to see and it was so (it really was dirty).ᦇᦹᧃ ᦢᧁᧈ ᦺᦋᧈ ᦓᦾᧉ.Not a little money.3.6.5Correct2exclamationyes; rightᦎᦸᧇᧈ ᦞᦱᧈ: ᦺᦋᧈ ᧞.He answered, 'That's right.'9.4.6Yes3.5.1.3True9.2.7Interjectionsᦢᧁᧈᦺᦋᧈᦃᦸᧂᦷᦡᧃᧈ
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ᦺᦋᧉcaj⁶5001verb (t