Entries explained


An entry begins with a bolded word or term. If that entry is a homonym, it will have a subscripted number after it – these numbers represent the relative use of that particular homonym, so that those labelled with 1 are more frequently used or more common than those labelled with 2, which are again more common than those labelled with 3. Following the entry is the word class abbreviation (see Abbreviations), in italics, which indicates how the word is used in the language. If the entry has multiple senses (i.e. different meanings) they are indicated by numbers with closing parenthesis 1), 2), 3), in order of relative use. Then there will be a list of English glosses and/or a definition. Some entries include a literal meaning where necessary (particularly for idioms). Following these are one or more (when there are multiple glosses or senses) example sentences in italics using the entry. An English free translation of the sentence is given, and then any further information about the lexical entry.

If the entry has one or more subentries, these appear indented under the main entry. They include their own word classes (if applicable) and example sentences as well. (In many cases these will be a long string of words which may form a noun phrase, compound noun, serial verb construction or idiomatic expression (cf. Bradshaw Forthcoming).) They normally are a form/term, in which their first word is a form of the main entry. An example of the verb stem moi- ‘get’ is shown below. Note that all simple and complex verbs have a lexical citation form, in which they are inflected with the ‘nominaliser’ morpheme -na. This is considered the ‘default’ form of a verb in Doromu-Koki as the unmarked stem indicates third person singular imperative.

moina v. get; take, hold, have, acquire, receive, come up, inherit. Meino moisi rautu neinei furisi ma kanisoro aiyo. He got peace in each village and placed a councillor. Yi fore moisi bo. Take your pay and go. Meda moiyori vari vari regedi. They will plant when the sun comes up. Syn: afana, atena, usina.

moi ada rena please, favour, make happy. Dui resi adena usi ina ini okiyadi venesa di uka moi ada reyo. She entered and danced pleasing him and his guests.