Kabiye is classified as an Eastern Grusi language. There are four dialects: Boufale, Kewe, Kijang, and Lama-Tissi. The Kabiye language is used by all ages of speakers in multiple settings: the home, market, neighborhood, church, and non-formal education. Kabiye is also taught in secondary schools as an optional subject. The literacy rate ranges from 5 to 25%.
Written materials and media in Kabiye include a dictionary, a grammar article, the Bible (1998) as well as newspapers, radio programs and TV.