Dictionary Entries explained


Each entry in the Kasem-English part of the dictionary starts with a Kasem headword in bold type. For a simple entry, this will be followed on another line by the part of speech (abbreviated) and the definition in English. The List of Abbreviations page explains how the parts of speech are abbreviated, such as n for "Noun".

Some headwords have more than one distinct meaning or "sense". These are numbered consecutively and placed on separate lines. The meaning of entries may be classified by Semantic Domain, contained in parentheses (...). For headwords with multiple senses, each sense will usually be classified in a different domain.

More information about the headword may follow it on the same line. This may include the tone(s) for the word in square brackets, like [LR]. See the List of Abbreviations page for an explanation. For verbs, the verb class (paradigm) may be indicated, such as B2. If no verb class is indicated, the verb may be assumed to belong to the most common class, A1. See the Grammar page. For nouns, the singular/plural prefix combination for the headword's noun class may be indicated, such as KA/SE.

Further information which may follow the headword includes: Inflected forms for verbs (e.g. past, imperfect) and for nouns (e.g. plural); component parts of the headword which may have their own entry; variant forms of the headword (e.g. dialect, alternative spelling).

Examples of the headword in use, followed by an English translation, are found after the definition in many cases. These are contained in brackets { ... }

At the end of an entry there may be a reference to further headwords contained in square brackets [ ... ]