Kashaya - English


ʔ


ʔ1ʔvASRder.meninand (same subject)that's whyid.ʔocʼe·qayʔwait for me; just a minuteʔellider.advwhere it isbaše yow hqʰal ʔelliloc.baše yów hqʰal ʔelliplacea place two miles south of Ft. Rossʔeʔder.ʔéʔconjbecause, or elseappears at the end of the explanatory clause in an imperative sentence
ʔ2ʔprtan "inorganic" glottal stop appearing as an increment to a word that normally does not contain one; this entry is used for coding texts where the speaker seems to have used such a consonant
ʔprtImperative Clitic: occurs sentence-finally when separated from singular /-i/, and with most instances of the plural /-me/ and the indirect /-iy/der.ʔeʔbecause, or else
ʔaʔa´Free Variant ofʔa·1.Sg Subj
ʔacaʔ šina· cawalliplacevillage name
ʔaca·ʔaca·´advhome, homewards; to, at home; to or at the house, the place where someone lives, a settlementʔaca· má·duʔ kʼaye·mashe arrived home aloneʔaca· ʔe· mu nineta·cʼiʔbathey could be taught at homemul ʔaca· newthey set him down at hometiyá·coʔkʰe ʔaca· šude·cʼiʔthey led her to their placeʔaca· biʔdimá·cʼiʔthey brought them to the settlementsynʔaca·lʔaca·lhqʰaccfʔahcaw6.5.1.1House8.5LocationLocative ofʔahca1ʔaca·lhqʰacloc.ʔacalhqʰáʔadvhomeward, toward home, toward the housesynʔaca·ʔaca·l
ʔaca·cʔacaʔ´n1person: a human being as opposed to an animal or a supernatural being2Person2man, as opposed to a womansynhiʔbaya1 12.6.5.1Man3Indian, as opposed to a white person4.1.9.9Racen.p.hadu· ʔaca·cʔaca·c pʰoʔowcremationʔaca·c waʔbe· lipassenger buscacʼ ihya·comp.cacʼíhya·n1human bonescfpʰusʼi ʔihya·2cemetery, gravecfpʰusʼi qʰaʔbecahno lowaʔcacomp.cahno lówaʔcanwitness to prophecyfr. var.cahno lowaʔ yacpaši· ʔaca·ccomp.paši· ʔacáʔnmagician, poisonerqʰaʔbe ʔaca·ccomp.qʰaʔbe ʔácaʔnRock Manʔaca·c bahṭʰecomp.ʔacaʔ báhṭʰengiant, a large beingʔaca·c bihšecomp.ʔacaʔ bíhšenthe native deer, or venison from this animal, as opposed to meat in generalʔaca·c buṭaqacomp.ʔacaʔ buṭáqanwerebear; human bear: men with magical power acquired by wearing bearskinssynkʰuy 1ʔaca·c miʔdišcomp.ʔacaʔ míʔdišnhazelnutʔaca·c pišunʔcomp.ʔacaʔ pišúnʔnstranger: an unknown personʔaca·c qʼoʔocomp.ʔacaʔ qʼóʔonIndian doctor; singing doctor, herb doctor; an earthly doctor with no supernatural power who treats /dasulʔ/cfduqʰata·duyomta 2ʔaca·c wenu ʔqawoften with following /yaʔ/; apparently can also be just /qʼoʔo yaʔ/ʔaca·c šihmicomp.ʔacaʔ šíhmina bow as used traditionally, as opposed to a gunsynšihmi 1ʔaca·c ta·wicomp.ʔacaʔ tá·winIndian way, customʔaca·c bahqʰolhph. v.ʔacaʔ báhqʰolʔ1voperate, perform surgery on a person2noperation, surgery on a personʔaca·c bakʰe šiʔbašin.p.ʔacaʔ bakʰé šiʔbašinpetʔaca·c cʼo·cʼn.p.ʔacaʔ cʼóʔnCreation of Manʔaca·c dutʼaʔli pʰiʔkʼon.p.ʔacaʔ dutʼáʔli pʰiʔkʼona ball (dark blue with a white design) that is batted around while doctoringʔaca·c hadu·n.p.ʔacaʔ hadú·nSatan, the Devil, the Evil One, the "Other One"syndiyawluʔama· yow ʔbakʰe yacfr. var.hadu· ʔaca·cusually with /yaʔ/ʔaca·c kʼilin.p.ʔacaʔ kʼilínblack man, black person; negro (in older usage)ʔaca·c mihyaqʰama šoʔlin.p.ʔacaʔ míhyaqʰama šoʔlinradiofr. var.ʔama bahcil šoʔliʔaca·c musi·ṭn.p.ʔacaʔ musíʔncremationsynʔaca·c pʰoʔowʔaca·c ninecn.p.ʔacaʔ ninéʔnadult, grown person (over 21 years); a mature, wise manʔaca·c qʰalemʔn.p.ʔacaʔ qʰalémʔn1teenager, boy of 16-18 years2adult man up to about 40 yearsʔaca·c sʼiniyaqn.p.ʔacaʔ sʼiníyaʔndwarfʔaca·c wenu ʔqawn.p.ʔacaʔ wenú ʔqawnmedical doctor, whether modern white medicine or traditional Indian medicinecfduqʰata·duduqʰata·duyomta 2ʔaca·c qʼoʔomost often with /yac/*ʔaca·cʼamverb.ʔaca·cʼámʔ1vembryo or egg start to develop; dark, round spot in bird's egg turn blood-like and grow, start to form a chick; be incubating2nembryo3nhermit crabpl.*ʔaca·cʼahtimʔaca·cʼáhtimʔ*ʔaca·cʼama·tadʔaca·cʼamá·taduusually said of a bird’s egg; more rarely applied to a human embryoʔaca·c šina· cawalliloc.ʔacaʔ šiná· cawalliplaceHuman Skull Sitting: a place slightly northwest of Huckleberry Heights
ʔaca·c bahqʰolhʔacaʔ báhqʰolʔ1voperate, perform surgery on a person2.5.7Treat disease2noperation, surgery on a person2.5.7Treat diseasePhrasal Verb:ʔaca·c*bahqʰolh
ʔaca·c bahṭʰeʔacaʔ báhṭʰengiant, a large beingpʰiʔtʼan cadem ʔacaʔ báhṭʰe tʼetʰmawsuddenly he saw a giant standing there4.9.2Supernatural beingCompound:ʔaca·cbahṭʰe 1
ʔaca·c bakʰe šiʔbašiʔacaʔ bakʰé šiʔbašinpet1.6AnimalNominal Phrase:ʔaca·c=bakʰešiʔbaši
ʔaca·c bihšeʔacaʔ bíhšenthe native deer, or venison from this animal, as opposed to meat in generalbihše yó·codo miyá·daqʰanʔ, ʔacaʔ bíhšehis wife served him meat, venisonʔana· nisanʔqa· mul ʔacaʔ bíhše ʔelhe really hated that deer1.6.1.1.3Hoofed animalsCompound:ʔaca·cbihše
ʔaca·c buṭaqaʔacaʔ buṭáqanwerebear; human bear: men with magical power acquired by wearing bearskinsʔacaʔ buṭáqa yyahuman bearsmu ʔe· ʔacaʔ buṭaqa nihciʔthat is what they call a human bearsynkʰuy 14.9.2Supernatural beingCompound:ʔaca·cbuṭaqa
ʔaca·c cahnoʔacaʔ cáhnonIndian language; the Kashaya languageʔa·tʰénʔ to ʔacaʔ cáhno ninetánʔqan badenʔwadú·cedumy mother encourages me when teaching me the Indian languagecfkʼahša·ya
ʔaca·c cisahqaʔliʔacaʔ cisáhqaʔlintaxi, cab7.2.4.1.1VehicleCompound:Causative ofInstrumental ofʔaca·c*cihsa
ʔaca·c cʼo·cʼʔacaʔ cʼóʔnCreation of Man9.1.2.3CreateNominal Phrase:ʔaca·c*cʼo·cʼ
ʔaca·c dutʼaʔli pʰiʔkʼoʔacaʔ dutʼáʔli pʰiʔkʼona ball (dark blue with a white design) that is batted around while doctoring2.5.7Treat diseaseNominal Phrase:ʔaca·c*dutʼat1pʰiʔkʼo
ʔaca·c hadu·ʔacaʔ hadú·nSatan, the Devil, the Evil One, the "Other One"ʔacaʔ hadú· yaʔ cicʼi·du ʔe· muthe Evil One is the one who did thatdú·ciʔ mul ʔama· hadu· ʔacáʔ yacoʔkʰe ʔama· ˆ cicʼí·du mu·kinʔ ˇ.they knew he was doing those things for the Other Onesyndiyawluʔama· yow ʔbakʰe yac4.9.6Heaven, hell4.9.2Supernatural beingusually with /yaʔ/Nominal Phrase:ʔaca·chadu·Free Varianthadu· ʔaca·c
ʔaca·c kʼiliʔacaʔ kʼilínblack man, black person; negro (in older usage)4.1.9.9RaceNominal Phrase:ʔaca·ckʼili
ʔaca·c mihyaqʰama šoʔliʔacaʔ míhyaqʰama šoʔlinradio3.5.9.1Radio, televisionNominal Phrase:ʔaca·cmihya qʰama*šoc=wiFree Variantʔama bahcil šoʔli
ʔaca·c miʔdišʔacaʔ míʔdišnhazelnut5.2.3.1.1Food from seedsCompound:ʔaca·cmiʔdiš
ʔaca·c miʔdiš qʰaleʔacaʔ míʔdiš qʰaleFree Variant ofmiʔdiš qʰaleCalifornia hazelblack walnut (tree)
ʔaca·c musi·ṭʔacaʔ musíʔncremationsynʔaca·c pʰoʔow2.6.6.5BuryNominal Phrase:ʔaca·c*musi·ṭ
ʔaca·c ninecʔacaʔ ninéʔnadult, grown person (over 21 years); a mature, wise man2.6.4.4AdultNominal Phrase:ʔaca·c*ninec 3
ʔaca·c pišunʔʔacaʔ pišúnʔnstranger: an unknown personku·yi ʔacaʔ pišúnʔ ma·duʔone time a stranger arrived4.6.2.1ForeignerCompound:ʔaca·cpišunʔ
ʔaca·c pʰoʔowʔacaʔ pʰoʔówncremationsynʔaca·c musi·ṭ2.6.6.5BuryNominal Phrase:ʔaca·c*pʰoʔo