Kashaya - English


h2hmim-inandrink, waterUnspecified Variantx
-h-hvifxPlural Act: the object undergoing the action is plural, or the act is performed on the same object more than onceoften infixed before a stem-final /c/, sometimes /t/ or /ṭ/; causes deletion of an increment in the rootplur.*buhšiunspec. comp. form*bipʰahtʼi*cobohcihqa*dakʼahni1*maṭihši*piṭʰehyi
ha-hapref-instrpfxwith a swinging motionpref.*haco·lline a baby basket or packing box with soft, fluffy material*hacʰa·rest the heel on (a table)*hacʰibe chapped (hands, skin); dry and scaly, rough-looking*hacʰi·ṭremove, take out by kicking*hacʰulremove several things by kicking*hacʼa·ṭstuck*hacʼi·ṭknead something into dough; mix into dough by kneading*hacʼo·expose by kicking*hacʼo·qthrow something sharp so that it sticks in*hacʼu·lkick really hard*hadahcʰikick over, knock over with foot with swinging motionhahceshield or anything that blocks an arrow*hahcʰa1kick over, knock over by swinging (a bat or club)*hahcʰotbe tired of kicking*hahkot1knock by kicking something loose or tapping with foot*hahkʰocatch with a swinging motion (as shinny racquet)*hahlalfeet get cracked, blistered, callused*hahludknock off with a kick*hahpolhgush by kicking*hahpʰoṭmake many fine particles come off by shaking leg*hahpʰukʼutswing something into something soft (mud, water)*hahqaget used to kicking; kick so much it comes easy*hahqalhmolt; shed hair; surface materal come off by itself*hahqʰalhbarely touch by kicking*hahsikʼitkick up gravel*hahsimextinguish (a fire) by kicking or a similar swinging motion*hahsoqwrap up, swaddle*hahsotwrap, enclose with a swingin motion*hahsoṭsow seeds (one or several); throw away, waste (money)throw away*hahšokʼotkick so juices splashes up*hahšolhshake loose; come loose, detach easily by shaking*hahšukʼuṭkick dust, walk in dust*hahtaytouch with foot or leg*hahtenharrange by swinging foot*hahtontolokick and make swell up*hahṭilhknock with the legs*hahṭolhkick and make clang*hahwiby swinging or kicking, stick something into something that is soft but has some resistance, such as mud or sand; also, be stuck in as a result of kicking or swinging*hahwisʼscatter*hahyolmix with a swinging motion or by kickingspread, smear a liquid by swinging or kicking*haki·lswing bucket or leg*hako·ltwirl with the legs*haku·ṭpick off, kick off, scrape hops off with hand in swinging motion*hakʰu·lrough to leg*hakʼalkick open slightly*hakʼilpoint with leg*hakʼisscratch lightly with a thrown long object (stick)*hakʼi·throw (knife, glass) to scratch and make bleed*halacfail to kick; miss when kicking*hana·push dirt over something (esp. with leg, fence, other swinging object)*hana·mkick to cover*haneaim to kick*hanecaim to kick, hit*hanemhit, bump, with a swinging motion; especially kicking with the leg*hanoylimp, like with a sore ankle*hapʰo·be splashing with legs, by kicking; scatter by kicking (esp. of water)*hapʰu·scatter small particles or objects from the ground by kicking; kick up small particles (e.g. sand)*hapʼilslip feet alone*haqolstroke with leg*haqʰalmake a mark by kicking or by scraping backwards with the foot*haqʰaqʰaṭscrape or strip the surface with a swinging motion*haqʰa·1break by pressing leg against*haqʰa·2get the leg cut*haqʰa·ṭfeel good while making a swinging motion*haqʰoṭgouge or scratch several times, with a swinging motion, making deep wounds in flesh*hase·lclean or rinse feet by kicking them around in water*hasuscratch several deeply enough to make a mark or to remove some of the surface*hasu·lthrow (something) to knock (something else) down; throw out bad acorns while sortingthrow something away; get rid of something unwanted*hasʼimtie up*hasʼulrub something with the heel or side of the foot, making it smooth and shiny, for example by rubbing on pitch or salve*haša·lmake noise with leg*haši·mdisarray, scatter, with a swinging motion*hašo·mscatter by throwing*hatašsquash with the heel*hataṭtwist, with a swinging motion*hate·mscatter (something) with legs, by kicking*hatilhlacross legs; long objects overlap*hatʰutkick and break*hatʼatbother with foot*hatʼe·lthrow and make sticky*hatʼulkick and make liquid come out*haṭa·ttwist body*haṭi·llie with legs up*haṭi·mwave legs around in the air silently*haṭo·mclang, make noise, from kicking something, such as a bucket*haṭʰilspread, stretch out, with a swinging motion (esp. of legs, by kicking)*haṭʼamstir up a swarm (of hornets, bees) by throwing something*hawayawaken by kicking or swinging*hayukʼutthrow a pick (not spear)*haʔbolhknock over by thrown stick*haʔcanhstuck*haʔcʰu??*haʔcʼa1throw (axe) to stick it into (a log)*haʔcʼamhthrow and make project straight, stiff*haʔcʼolhthrow something hard against a surface, such as the groundkick a hole in; kick open; throw something to make a hole in something else*haʔcʼondetach something by kicking it, such as a leg off a stool or a handle off a door; kick off*haʔdi2get a splinter by swinging the arm or by kicking*haʔdi1move something by swinging the foot, or kickingmove self with the wings*haʔkʰošswing leg back to bend at knee*haʔkʼacrack by kicking*haʔkʼo1kick backwards against (like a horse)be hit with a thrown long object (stick)*haʔkʼufinish pulling up grass (a swinging motion)*haʔluwrap (a package)big packagewrapped up*haʔne·cicʼused to and good at kicking ball, as a football player*haʔpʼanhkick closed*haʔqʼalhinsert one's foot into something by swinging it or kicking*haʔsʼaṭslam (down, against)*haʔsʼaylimp, wobble on legs*haʔsʼilsplash liquid; throw water*haʔsʼiyfold with body*haʔsʼo1crumple with a swinging notion*haʔsʼonhdent by throwing (something) or kicking*haʔsʼoqknead (dough)*haʔsʼulhpress down with a swinging motion*haʔtʰisneeze, be sneezing*haʔtʼeone to throw something (like mud) so it sticks*haʔtʼutbe a long narrow space on the inside, with the sides close together like a canoeelongated, long and narrow, boat-shaped (basket or dish)boat-shaped basket: twined, oval, with knob-like reinforcement at one end*haʔṭulay legs lengthwise on an edge*haʔṭʼaqʼattake off; take off with a swinging motion*haʔṭʼethrow something long and hit something; make mark of several long things; one to throw long object so that it hits but doesn’t mark*haʔṭʼuṭmake sparks by throwing*hiʔṭʼuṭʰusqueeze with body*maʔṭʼubutsubmerge foot*miʔṭʼubutsubmerge toe or nose*muṭiṭi·mastretch across with kinetic energy, such as throwing or heatfreq.*haṭihaṭikick around on ground making sound (not accepted for similar sound on chair)*haʔsʼahaʔsʼakeep rhythm; rhythm (of movement)*hacepref.vhold with the heel, rest the heel (on a desk); hook heel onto something (as with spur, to keep from falling back)*hacecʼrefl.vcatch something on self with leg*hace·pref.vbrace with foot*hace·cʼrefl.vbrace self with foot (to protect from falling)*hacopref.vbe crushing by kicking*hacʼalpref.vspread legs apart*hacʼalhacʼalfreq.v-redrepeatedly spread legs*hacʼepref.vmake quick kick*hacʼehacʼefreq.v-redmake many quick kicks (strong or weak)*hahcelhmapref.vspan an opening with the legs by standing over it*hahcʰa2pref.vcrumble by kicking*hahcʰahcʰapref.vcrumble by kicking*hahcʰahcʰacsmlf.v-redcrumble by kicking*hahcʰocpref.vwear out from kicking*hahkipref.vswing or tap rear of foot*hahkihkiiter.v-redrepeatedly swing or tap rear of foot*hahkilhcipref.vstomp hind legs, foot every once in a while, as a horse (not paw ground)*hahkopref.vknock by kicking*hahkohkoiter.v-redknock by kicking *hahkolhpref.vkick loose*hahkolhmaessivevkick loose*hahkot2pref.vwear out with leg or by kicking*hahkotʰcismlf.vwear out with leg or by kicking*hahkʰupref.vkick to pieces*hahkʰuhkʰuiter.v-redkick to pieces*hahlapref.vmove around fast*hahlamessivevmove in a weird or erratic manner, limp, hop*hahlahahlafreq.v-redmove around fast, move arms, head, talk fast, act crazy or out of control*hahlupref.vcut by kicking*hahluhluiter.v-redcut to pieces by kicking*hahponpolopref.vmake painfully swollen by kicking*hahponpolocsmlf.vmake painfully swollen by repeated kicking*hahpʰopref.vshake leg*hahpʰohpʰoiter.vscatter with a swinging motion, by shaking one's leg*hahqʰapref.vdrag foot along*hahqʰahqʰaiter.v-redslide legs*hahqʰahahqʰafreq.v-reddrag foot along, kick up dirt while walking*hahsapref.1v-hndmove several objects by swinging the foot, or kicking2v-mvtseveral move with the wings*hahsamessivev-mvtseveral hover in the air*hasa·ddir.1v-hndmove several objects along with the foot2v-mvtseveral move along with wings*hahsitʼpref.vscratch*hahsihahsifreq.v-redscratch*hahšapref.vkick and mess up *hahšahšaiter.v-redkick and mess up, disarrange*hahšipref.v(chicken) flap wings and raise dust*hahšihahšifreq.v-red(chicken) flap wings and raise dust*hahtepref.vpat with heel*hahtehteiter.v-redpat (ground) with the heel*hahtʰunhpref.vshow off, wave arms*hahṭipref.vkick ground*hahṭihṭiiter.vkick the ground*hahṭʰapref.vtear down (house); tear open (corral)*hahṭʰe1pref.vspread out parts of body*hahṭʰe2pref.vflutter wings*hahṭʰehṭʰeiter.v(birds) flutter wings*hahṭʰupref.vpiece come off larger object with swinging motion*hahṭʰuhṭʰuiter.vpieces come off larger object with a swingin motion*hahwatʼpref.vkick and make collapse, flop, disintegrate, lose tenseness, tone*hahwepref.vshake with leg*hahwehweiter.v-redshake with leg; shake leg*hahwe·npref.vleg shaking*hahye·pref.vstop or quit an activity that involves a swinging motion, such as kicking or pulling grass from the ground*hahyupref.vkick to piece*hahyuhyuiter.v-redkick to pieces*hahyuṭpref.vpoke*halepref.vbe swollen*halehalefreq.v-redbe swollen, often as a result of violence*halu·mpref.vswarm (insects, birds)*hanac1pref.vremain*hanaca·la1dir.vremain, stay behind, be left behind*hanac2pref.vsecond crop of fruit last to go*hanaca·la2pref.vsecond crop of fruit last to gohanaca·lawabs.n1second crop of fruit (probably second pickings)2last person to go*hapaṭpref.vpatch hole by sewing or glue*hapaṭʰcismlf.vpatch a hole by sewing or using glue*hapa·ṭpref.vcover by adhering*hapa·ṭʰcismlf.vcover with a patch or other material, in various ways: sew a patch on clothes, nail a board over a hole in the wall, glue paper over something*haqʼa·spref.vscratch and make a streak by kicking*haqʼa·ṭpref.vscrape by kicking*hati·tpref.vwrap around several times*hati·ticsmlf.vwrap once, tangle*hatupref.vkick with one or both feet*hatuhatufreq.v-redkicking around with one or both feet, not twisting; kick in the air*haṭampref.vfoot hit against something*haṭamhaṭamfreq.v-redfoot hitting repeatedly against something, making a rapping sound, not nec. in air*haṭa·npref.vleg hang, project, not touching anything, swinging*haṭanhaṭanfreq.vswing leg out in space, not necessarily hitting anything*haṭi1pref.vkick up*haṭi2pref.vkick on ground making sound*haṭiṭimpref.vput leg across space, as between chair and footrest*haṭo·lpref.vmake a depression in something by kicking it*haṭʰe·pref.vone to spread out limbs, such as arms or wings, as in holding hands or flying away*haṭʼelpref.vthrow (wet cloth or something long, if not wadded up) (on wall) and make spot*haṭʼempref.vbe tired of kicking*haṭʼipref.vtwist or bend the body, or parts of the body*haṭʼo·pref.vget sore from rubbing foot, heel on something*hawipref.vkick multiple times*haya·mpref.vkick something to break it and fail (one or several times); hurt by kicking*haye1pref.vmove or hold with the foot, especially as it involves a swinging motion*hayemessivevhold with foot, keep foot pressed on something*haye·ddir.vmove along with the foot pressed on something, such as riding in a car with the foot propped up*haye2pref.vmove around*hayehayefreq.v-redmany to move around as in anthill or cars and people on busy street*hayecʼpref.vhold foot against something, put foot on; rest foot by putting it up*hayi1pref.vmove foot (not stick or hand) back and forth; rub with foot*hayi2pref.vscratch using legs and nails, claws; rub foot on something*hayohayopref.vmany do quickly by kicking*hayotpref.vpile up with feet; push into a pile with the feet*haʔbapref.vbe breaking apart with a swinging motion*haʔbalhpref.vbe turning by kicking *haʔbepref.vkick blindly*haʔbu1pref.vleg motion revealed through partition*haʔbuhaʔbu1freq.v-redrepeated leg motion revealed through a partition. For example, a mouse moving around under a rug*haʔbu2pref.vfeel with legs*haʔbuhaʔbu2freq.v-redrepeatedly feel for something unseen with legs*haʔcʼa2pref.vflexible object stiffen by kicking*haʔcʼa3pref.vsqueeze into hole with leg*haʔcʼaʔcʼaiter.v-redsqueeze something into a hole tight, using the leg or foot, or by kicking*haʔcʼopref.vkick edges off*haʔcʼoʔcʼoiter.v-redkick edges off*haʔkʼanhpref.vlean a long object against by kicking*haʔkʼayʔpref.vkick something in between two objects*haʔkʼayʔcismlf.vkick something in between two objects*haʔkʼo2pref.vpaw at ground creating depression*haʔkʼoʔkʼoiter.vpaw at ground creating depression*haʔkʼoʔkʼocsmlf.v-red(horse) paw away (at the ground) creating a shallow depression*haʔlopref.vtangle by kicking*haʔloʔloiter.v-redtangle by kicking; tangle in legs*haʔpʼopref.v*haʔpʼoʔpʼopref.vempty out by hitting*haʔpʼoʔpʼocsmlf.v-redempty out by hitting, tapping, knocking*haʔqʼapref.vkicking around to get feet on something to get up*haʔqʼahaqʼaiter.vkick feet around to get purchase on something in order to get up*haʔqʼahaqʼa·cʼrefl.v-redkick the feet around to get purchase on something in order to get up (from lying position)*haʔsʼapref.vkeep rhythm*haʔsʼahaʔsʼafreq.v-redkeep rhythm; rhythm (of movement)*haʔsʼo2pref.vrepeatedly dent by kicking*haʔsʼoʔsʼoiter.vrepeatedly dent by kicking*haʔtʼa1pref.vfeel, detect with feet*haʔtʼa2pref.v1be enough2share*haʔtʼempref.vdrumhaʔtʼemʔabs.nan underground drum that was danced on; any drum*haʔtʼemhpref.vcover by throwing something over (with a swingin motion)*haʔṭipref.vgather surface into smaller piece with kicking *haʔṭiʔṭiiter.vgather surface into smaller piece with kicking*haʔṭʼapref.vflop*haʔṭʼaʔṭʼaiter.vflop around*haʔṭʼelhpref.vkick down grass*haʔṭʼespref.vcrack (sound), with a swinging motion, i.e., hitting with a stick or kicking*haʔṭʼiṭ1pref.vtwist several things together, tangle, cross*haʔṭʼiṭiṭpref.vwrap around tight*haʔṭʼiʔṭʼicsmlf.v-redwrap around tight, tighten*haʔṭʼihaʔṭʼifreq.vtwist together*haʔṭʼopref.vrun around with opposite sex*haʔṭʼohaʔṭʼofreq.vrun around with opposite sex*haʔṭʼubutpref.vthrow iron rod (in water) and it sinks in*haʔṭʼuṭʰupref.vsqueeze with legs*haʔwipref.vnudge*haʔwiʔwiiter.vnudge*haʔyipref.vtwist foot in air*haʔyiʔyiiter.vtwist foot in air*haʔbalhcismlf.vbe turning by kicking*hahšihšiiter.v-redchicken to scratch around in the dirt*hahcʰohahcʰocfreq.v-redwear out from kicking
ha cʰo·hacʰó·Dialectal Variant ofʔahay cʰo·wood wormCompound:ʔahayʔicʰo·
ha simahasimáDialectal Variant ofhasimebeard, whiskers
ha sʼiʔda kʼis sʼiyiʔlihasʼíʔda kʼis sʼiyiʔlinlipstick5.4.2CosmeticsNominal Phrase:hasʼiʔdakʼi·ssʼiyiʔli
ha sʼiʔda ʔimehasʼíʔda ʔimenmustache2.1.5HairCompound:hasʼiʔdaʔime
*habahlichabáhliʔPlural of*haʔbalhcibe turning by kicking
*habahtiPlural of*habatdo with tongue
*habathabáʔvperform some action with the tongue: move the tongue in some direction, put the tongue in some placehabata·duʔgo with the tongue(ʔaha wí) habátʰcicʼiput your tongue back in your mouth!7.1.9Move a part of the bodyoften with directional, essive, or semelfactive suffixVerbalization ofha·ba-t1Plural*habahti
*hacehacéwvhold with the heel, rest the heel (on a desk); hook heel onto something (as with spur, to keep from falling back)ʔispé·la wi sí·ya haceba, daʔbomáʔ dihciwwith his spurs holding onto the saddle, (the cowboy leaned over and) picked the hat up (from the ground)qʰáma háceqa· ma mulyou're resting your feet (heel) on thatPrefixed:ha-*cePlural*hacet*hacecʼrefl.vcatch something on self with leg
*hacecʼvcatch something on self with leghacecʼicatch something on self (shoes) with legReflexive of*hace
*hacehlimhacéhlimʔPlural of*hahcelhmaspan with legs
*hacethacéʔPlural of*hacehold with heel
*hace·-vbrace with footPrefixed:ha-*ce·*hace·cʼrefl.vbrace self with foot (to protect from falling)
*hace·cʼvbrace self with foot (to protect from falling)hacecʼmácʼmeʔ(to several) brace yourselves!hacéhcʼimeʔ(to several, acting separately) brace selves!Reflexive of*hace·-icʼ2
*hacohacówvbe crushing by kickingPrefixed:ha-*co1Plural*hacot
*hacola·tadhacolá·taduPlural of*haco·lline baby basket or packing box with soft
*hacothacóʔPlural of*hacobe crushing by kicking
*haco·lhacolʔ´vline a baby basket or packing box with soft, fluffy materialmatʼiléʔya kaho·nli kalikakʰ hacolʔbina bawilqʰ your things were packed full in a box with paper (to protect the objects)cuhse mul haco·liprepare that baskethacóhlimeʔD: Plural Object, Plural Imperativehacolmá· baṭiwit is linedhacolátaduD: Plural Object, Durative, AbsolutivePrefixed:ha-*co·l2Plural*hacola·tad
*hacʰat1hacʰáʔPlural of*hahcʰa1kick over
*hacʰat2hacʰáʔPlural of*hacʰa·rest heel on
*hacʰa·hacʰaw´vrest the heel on (a table)Prefixed:ha-*cʰa·1Plural*hacʰat2
*hacʰihacʰíwvbe chapped (hands, skin); dry and scaly, rough-lookingcohšo hácʰiwchapped handshacʰichap! (to skin)hacʰitʰuʔdon't chap! (to skin)hacʰiwá·tadukeep chappingPrefixed:ha-*cʰi
hacʰimʔhacʰímʔnsedge species: grass growing near the riverCarex species1.5.3Grass, herb, vine