Kashaya - English


-m1mv > vsfx1Essive: diverse abstract meanings, often stative2Supraterrestrial: the action takes place in one spot off the ground or floorpref.*dohkolhmaloosen by fiddling with fingersessive*baʔsʼimbe faint*bihkombe standing with short clothes showing the knees or ankles; a tree with its trunk showing, or a man with his ankles showing*bihsilhmaget a sliver in something by encircling, e.g. with the arms*biʔcʼolh1(moth) make holes by eating*cahcelhmabe blocked, stopped, obstructed by a massive object; for example, a gate with sliding bars blocking the way*cahkolhma(old chair) loosened by sitting in*caka·šmamassive object project, block the way*caʔyismarock on butt in seat; moving around in seat*ca·ṭʰešmabe wide-bodied, of fat man or tree trunk*cobo·kʼmabulge, be a lump, swell up*daʔcʼumbreak with hand*dohṭʰolhmawear through, making a hole, with a finger; perhaps just one finger, and a relatively small hole*duhye·cʰmakeep someone company*kacʰiwmaface head downward and hold that position*pʰikʼi·šma(eyes) look mean (like on a bull or an angry man)*pʰiʔcʼumbreak in two with stick*qaṭʼu·smanarrow (of face)*duʔcʼumpref.vbreak with fingers*duʔcʼumcismlf.vbreak with fingers*bahpʰa·šmaessivevsag inward, depress, with the lips, snout, or beak; by speech (or hearing)*biʔtʼamessivevto taste in the mouth (after swallowing)*caʔcʼolh2essivevwear a hole in (a chair) by sitting on it, or suddenly break through the seat of a chair*cihkulhmaessivevclog up*cihyoqʰmaessivevstir something with a spoon, often but not necessarily while cooking (not used for stirring water)*cohkolhmaessivevloosen, injure a round part of body, or the front of body*cuhcelhmaessivevbe blocked, stopped, obstructed by the front end of something or by the flowing of water*cuhpʰa·šmaessivevsag inward with a round object*cuṭʰe·šmaessivevflaredcuṭʰe·šmawabs.adjflared (of bugle)*cuṭʼi·messivevtall object, person be bent*cʰiʔcʼamessive1vhave space, have a room, leave a space, make space2nspace, opening; a parking space*cʰicʼa·qder.vto be open space, like down a hallway*cʰiʔcʼamciessivesmlf.vspace open up*cʰiʔcʼamcicʼrefl.vleave a gap [?]*cʰiʔcʼolh1essivevmake a hole in something while holding a tool; make a hole in paper while writing*dahcamessivevbe bushy, stick out*dahcelhmaessivevhold the hand spanning two things at some distance; stand with the arms across, a hand pressed against each side (of a door)*dahkamessivevbe like a frog on all fours when body is raised up off the ground (not used of dogs who usually stand that way); person be with feet and hands on floordahkamder.adjup off the ground, like a frog on all fours when its body is raised*dahkolhmaessivevpress on something and loosen it (door)*dahkomessivevhands and feet on the ground, knees bent; crouch; be like a sprinter at start of race, hands and feet on the ground, knees bent, resting at each endmusu dahkomaliloc.n.p.nwhere the log is resting on each end (like an old drum)*daʔcʼolh1essivevmake or dig a hole or opening with the hand (not in the ground)*daʔsʼaṭʰmaessivevhit hard and hurt, using the palm of the hand*dibo·šmaessivevbe hanging in a fluffed out or puffed up manner: of clothes, hair, jowls, a double chinheʔe dibošmawn.p.npompadour, puffed-up hair*dihcalhmaessivevfall and get lodged across*dihcelhmaessivev1be blocked, stopped, obstructed as the result of something falling: a tree branch that fell into a roadway, an object spanning an opening2throat feel as though it is blocked or obstructed by something stuck in it*dikʼa·nmaessive1vbe leaning or tilted, due to the effects of gravity or for no obvious reason2adjleaning, tilted*doʔcʼolhmaessivevmake a hole with the finger; make a finger-sized hole through something*duša·maessivevlong, messy, of hairduša·mawabs.adjlong, messy, of hair*duʔṭʼimessivevbe bent over, arched*hahkolhmaessivevkick loose*hahlamessivevmove in a weird or erratic manner, limp, hop*hibo·kʼmaessivevhold part of the body up in the air*hihpʰa·šmaessivevsag inward, depress, with body, by itself*hiʔcʼumessivevbreak by itself*hiʔcʼumcismlf.vsuddenly break by itself; break by body falling on it*mahcelhmaessivevspan an opening with the foot*maʔyomessivevhang in folds, as when clothing is too loose*pʰiṭʼu·lmaessivevbe snotty*pʰobo·kʼmaessivevto be puffed out (like a pillow case, or a tire that was just pumped)*pʰuʔcʼumessivevbreak from wind*pʰuʔcʼumcismlf.vbreak from wind (e.g., dry limb off tree)*qahkolhmaessivevloosen by biting*qaʔcʼolh1essivevgnaw a hole in something*šohkolhmaessivevpull loose*ʔqʼalhmaessivevinsert in place*qaʔbalh1smlf.vturn with wrench, screwdrivercawikʰ qabahlimuliʔlin.p.nwrenchcawikʰ qaʔbala·duʔlin.p.nscrewdriver
-m2mv > vsfxDirectional: across, pastcomp.šina·mʔṭʰetop, crest; tiptop of anything; top of headcaus.*nemqaput acrossdir.*bihsam2carry several long objects in the arms across or past*biʔdim2carry a bunch across or past*cihsam2carry (with a handle, or packing on one's back or shoulder) several things across or past; drag; lead by the hand*coʔdom1carry across or past in a containercarry across or past while supported underneath, especially on the shoulders or headride a horse across or past*cʰiʔdim2carry (with a handle, or packing on one's back or shoulder) one thing across or past; drag; lead by the hand*dahsam2carry, move several heavy objects across or past*daʔdim3carry, move something heavy across or past*dihtim1carry several nonlong objects across or past*dimcarry a nonlong object across or past*domhold hand out over something*hpʰemcarry across on back*momrun across*nemqaput across*pihciṭʰma(cliff or river bank) be overhanginglow bank beside water or road*siʔbom1group float or sail across or past*siʔdim1one float or sail across or past*šuhsam1lead several (people, animals) across or past; pull (with a rope)*šuʔdim2lead one (person, animal) across or past; pull (with a rope)*ʔbem1carry a long object across or past*cʰikʼi·mdir.vmake a streak across with a stick*dukʼi·mdir.1vstreak, make a mark across with the finger2na streakdukʼi·mʔ cuhtin.p.nbasket design of straight or dashed lines; or a long line*hcamdir.vfly across*pʰikʼi·mdir.vmake streak across with axe*sihqʰayʔmadir.vslide across on something wet and slick*ʔdamqadir.v-mvt1two (male or female) go across or past2a few men go across or past
-m3msfxPlural Act: the object undergoing the action is plural, or the act is performed on the same object more than onceoccurs in a variety of contexts, after vowels and consonants; has the form /ma/ after a consonant
mama´pro2nd person Singular Nominative: youmiʔkʰeben.pro12nd person Singular Benefactive: for you22nd person Singular Possessive: your, yoursmitoʔnaloc.pro12nd person Singular Locative: where you are22nd person Singular Locative of Home: at your house, at your placemitoobj.pro12nd person Singular Accusative: you22nd person Singular Accusative: your, yoursnihnavoc.pro2nd person Singular Vocative, used with friend or intimate: sweetheart, darling, friend
*ma1-n-kingrandmother: father's mother2.6.5.2Woman4., grandmotherma·sʼenʔ1stn-kinmy, our grandmother: father's motherma·manʔ1st inf.n-kinmy, our grandmother: father's mother (informal: grandma, granny)mima·sʼ2ndn-kinyour grandmother: father's mothermiya·ma·sʼ3rdn-kinhis, her, their grandmother: father's mothermama·sʼ3rd refl.n-kinhis, her, their own grandmother: father's mother
*ma2-v-instrput shapeless substancePlural*mat1*bama3pref.vput shapeless substance with the mouth*cama1pref.vcollect water; water level rise*cuma2pref.vput a shapeless substance using a round object, flowing water, etc.*cʰimapref.vscoop with instrument; pick up (powder) with (spoon); scrape loose dust with something like broom; serve food with utensil*dama1pref.vscoop in hands (gravel, sand, flower, dirt, bunch of eggs); get (flour from barrel); scrape loose material into a container, pick up bunch (of beans)*dima3pref.vput shapeless substance with gravity*himapref.vgather shapeless substance (e.g. water); gather substance with undefined shape (e.g. wood pile)*mama1pref.vput shapeless substance, with the sole of the foot, claws, the butt of the hand*mima1pref.vput shapeless substance with the toes*pʰima2pref.vput shapeless substance with the end of a long object*šama2pref.vput shapeless substance by long object object moving horizontally
*ma3-v-instrtwine a basketPlural*mat2*cama2pref.vtwine (a basket); weave (a basket), begin making a basket*dama2pref.vweave, twine a basket
*ma4máwvput a container holding liquid or another shapeless substancemi·li má mul ʔput that (container) there!most often with a directional suffixPlural*matʰma
*ma5máwv-mvtone go across or pastmago across!mací·duce·dukeep going across!kawa·yi biláhwal mabiwhe must have gone acrossDirectional of*wa-m2Free Variant*mam
ma-1man-kinpfxReflexive third-person possessive in kinship systempref.*mate·npress down on something with the foot, to flatten or make an impression3rd refl.mahcuṭʼkihis, their own nephew: sister's son (in relation to a man); also man’s wife’s brother’s son
ma-2mapref-instrpfxwith the sole of the foot, with the foot or claws of a bird, with the butt of the handder.*mapaarrive in time, esp. for work or foodabs.mahwenmucʼbicyclepref.*mabet1grope with the foot, feel with the foot for something unseen which is not known for sure to be present*mabi·lturn something with a circular motion of the foot, pedal (a bicycle)*macatsearch, look for*macehold by stepping on (a rope so that someone else cannot pull it away)*mace·guard, protect, watch over, tend to, take care of, be responsible for*macocrush with foot by walking over (clods) many times*macʰa·grab or start to hold tight in the hand; lean bottom of foot on something*macʰi·ṭpull out with foot*macʰuldig several things or mass (e.g., dirt) out of something with sole of foot*macʼi·ṭmix by stirring with the feet (such as soil or sand)*macʼo·1expose by stepping on*macʼo·2transform by walking*macʼo·mtear (a rolled newspaper) in two while holding in the hand, pressing the fingers to the palm*macʼo·qinsert something into sole of foot; step on something sharp*macʼo·ṭgrab a big bunch with feet or hand*macʼu·lstep on to hurt*mahcʰa2push over with the bottom of the foot*mahcʰibe hurt by stepping on*mahkefoot not go all the way in (liquid, etc)*mahkem(feet) project, stick out*mahkʰocatch with sole of foot*mahlodetach with mouth*mahnattry with foot*mahpostep into water and cause it to overflow*mahpʰaqʼinterior of a surface break, collapse, from someone walking on it*mahpʰa·šmasag inward, depress, with sole of foot*mahpʰuṭʼlose control of feet, feet become weak*mahpʰuy2thrust foot into something yielding while falling*mahqabe familiar with by walking*mahqalhremove from surface with foot*mahsa2step on something in way*mahsakʼatbounce with the sole of the foot*mahsetʼmany to project, with the sole of the foot*mahsikʼitbounce through air with the foot*mahsimextinguish, put out (a fire) with the feet: stamp out a fire*mahsismarash feeling on foot*mahsommess up with foot*mahsoqencase (a gun)quiverrug*mahsoṭscatter little pieces with the feet*mahšanbe springy, spongy, resilient under the feet, when walking on something*mahšolhcome loose off of foot; kick offsnatch (out of someone's hand)*mahšukʼuṭfoot sink in to liquid, mud*mahtaytouch with foot*mahtenhflatten with the feet, trample*mahtʰaget somewhere quick by walking*mahṭilhstamp with foot*mahṭolhmake noise with feet*mahwistick foot into something that is soft but has some resistance, such as mud or sand; foot be stuck in *make·ṭwith foot to take of corner*mako·l(to twirl) with foot; turn a wheel with foot*maku·ṭbreak off branches with hand (with butt pushing); pick flowers*makʼi·šscrape with the feet (hob-nailed boots on a sidewalk)*makʼumbe excessive, be too much or too difficult to do for the feet*malayaslip because can’t get a foot hold on it, because it’s slippery or steep;*malucoat, cover with a coating. with the sole of the foot, claws, the butt of the hand*mama1put shapeless substance, with the sole of the foot, claws, the butt of the hand*manacherd, drive, chase (animal or crowd)*mana·cover, block. with the sole of the foot; push dirt onto with sole of foot; step on*manedance*mapo·šget a blister on the bottom of the foot (from walking)*mapʰo·be splashing with the soles of the feet while walking in shallow water*mapʰo·ṭsplash with the feet (while wading across a puddle)*mapʰu·scatter small particles from the ground by walking on, through them*mapʼil(particles) feel of extremely fine texture, feel slick to the foot*maqʰalmake a mark with the foot, claws, etc.*maqʰaqʰaṭstrip off; scrape with the hand*maqʰa·break off by stepping on (a dry stick); break by pushing with foot*maqʰa·ṭfeel good on feet*maqʰoṭuproot with foot*maqʼa·mprotect someone or something else (in an unspecified way)*maqʼa·ṭscratch with foot*maqʼosemit a sound from scraping (on the ground) with foot, paw, or hoof*maqʼošemit a scuffing, shuffling sound*masapull several (branches) off of (tree); break by pulling or pressing*masedislike, be irritated by. Restricted to objects, activities involving the foot, like wearing shoes*mase·lclean, rinse feet (by submerging or immersing them in water?)*masisilfeet be irritated, hurt, feel tender from walking barefoot on gravel*maso·lswirl water with foot*masuscratch several wih claws deeply enough to make a mark or to remove some of the surface*masʼa·break fingers, branches; crack knuckles; break with the butt of the hand or with the sole of the foot; thorn to break off in foot *masʼulmake smooth and shiny, with the sole of the foot, claws, the butt of the hand*masʼuymake pointed, out of shape, using the foot, i.e., by stepping on, etc*maša·lmake noise walking*maši·mdisarray, scatter, by walking on it*mašudfeel strange to the feet; strange shoes*matašflatten, squash something by stepping on*matilhlatwist; cross over with the small end of a long object, e.g., fingers*matʼatbother with sole of foot (as something on floor)*maṭi1be uprooting by walking on*maṭʼamdisturb (yellowjacket nest) by stepping on*mawoṭstir with foot*mayukʼutput foot down deep into (mud), sink into*maʔbabe spading the ground, be opening the ground by stepping on (a spade)*maʔbe1hold one's breath*maʔcʼanhstep on something sticky*maʔcʼolhmake a hole in something (such as a rug) by walking on it, or more generally make a hole with the foot*maʔcʼondetach by stepping*maʔcʼoqʰotremove piece by walking*maʔdi1in general, move or carry something with the foot; especially, take with the foot or claws to a place (as a fish-hawk would carry a fish in its claws and place on the ground)*maʔdi2get (splinter) in tongue, foot*maʔkʼo1bump with foot *maʔkʼuwalk all over, walk everywhere, walk the entire area*maʔluwrap with foot*maʔne·cicʼget used to walking*maʔqʼactighten with sole of foot*maʔqʼalhinsert one's foot into something by pushing rather than kicking*maʔqʼotamchoke someone by stepping on the neckmaʔsʼaputrifiedlymph*maʔsʼaṭhit hard and hurt with sole of foot*maʔsʼipinch with whole hand*maʔsʼiyfold with foot*maʔsʼonhdent (could be temporarily) by stepping on*maʔsʼoqmash (grapes) with foot*maʔtʼem1beat up by any method (or be beaten up)*maʔtʼem2find with foot*maʔtʼemhstep on flat object*maʔṭufoot on edge*maʔṭʼa??*maʔṭʼašpush into place with the sole of the foot*maʔṭʼeʔṭʼepress repeatedly with foot; flatten by stepping on*maʔṭʼubutsubmerge footsmlf.*matumatucstuff with the feet*maʔsʼaʔsʼacbreak up to piecesrefl.mahwenmucʼbicycle*mahpanhder.vcompress with the foot*mahpʰuy1der.vquicky thrust foot into something*maʔsʼoʔsʼoder.vcrush with foot (ball of paper, can but not brittle object)*macʼalpref.vseparate but remain attached with the foot*macʼepref.vwalk with quick short steps*macʼemacʼefreq.v-redwalk with quick short steps, make quick movements with the feet*mahcelhpref.vspan with foot*mahcelhmaessivevspan an opening with the foot*mahcʰa3pref.vcrumble with foot*mahcʰahcʰaiter.vcrumble with foot*mahcʰahcʰacsmlf.vcrumble with the foot*mahcʰocpref.vwear out something by walking on it*mahcʰohcʰociter.v-redwear out something (e.g., floor) by walking on it, wear out tires but not car*mahcʰomahcʰocfreq.v-redwear out something (e.g., floor) by walking on it, wear out tires but not car*mahkopref.vtap with bottom of foot*mahkohkoiter.v-redtap with bottom of foot*mahkolhpref.vloosen with foot*mahkolhcismlf.vloosen with the foot*mahkotpref.vwear by walking*mahkotʰcismlf.v(sole) wear out by walking on (linoleum)*mahkʰiṭʼpref.vstrain foot*mahkʰiṭʼciiter.vstrain foot*mahkʰiṭʼcicʼrefl.vstrain or sprain one's foot*mahpapref.vpat with foot*mahpahpaiter.v-redpat repeatedly with foot*mahponpolopref.vmake painfully swollen by walking about*mahponpolocsmlf.vmake painfully swollen by walking about*mahpʰipref.vshred with sole of foot*mahpʰihpʰiiter.v-redshred with sole of foot*mahpʰukʼutpref.vsink into with the foot*mahpʰuṭpref.vbe unable to finish walking*mahpʰuṭaydir.vbe unable to finish walking a certain distance*mahqoyʔ1pref.vbend or sprain ankle*mahqoyʔ2pref.vsprain ankle*mahqoyʔcismlf.vsuddenly to bend, strain, or sprain the ankle*mahsa1pref.v-hndcarry several objects in claws and place on ground like a fish-hawk would land with a fish; take several objects with foot to a place (as a hawk does)*mahsamessivev-hndhold several objects with the claws or the foot*masa·ddir.v-hndcarry several objects along in the claws, as a hawk would a fish*mahšapref.vtrample*mahšahšaiter.v-redtrample by walking on; disarrange, mess up with the sole of the foot, claws, the butt of the hand*mahšamahšafreq.v-redrustle something while walking on it*mahšipref.vscatter small objects with sole of foot*mahšihšiiter.v-redscatter small objects with the sole of the foot, claws*mahtapref.vwalking slowly*mahtahtaiter.v-redwalking slowly; also tap in one place with foot*mahtepref.vpat with foot*mahtehteiter.v-redpat with foot*mahtemahtefreq.v-redstomp the ground*mahtʰipref.vput hole in the feet*mahtʰihtʰiiter.vput many holes in the feet*mahtʰihtʰicsmlf.vput many holes in the the feet*mahtʰopref.vburn holes*mahtʰohtʰoiter.vburn holes*mahṭipref.vstomp feet*mahṭihṭiiter.vstomp, stamp feet*mahṭʰapref.vwear open, wear down, with the sole of the foot*mahṭʰopref.vremove outer layer with foot*mahṭʰohṭoiter.vremove outer layer with foot*mahwepref.vwalk along shaking*mahwemahwefreq.v-redwalk along shaking*mahwelpref.vdawdle, take a while walking somewhere*mahwe·npref.vshake, with the sole of the foot, claws, the butt of the handmahwenmucʼrefl.abs.nbicycle*mahye·pref.vstop or quit an activity with the feet: especially dancing but also walking*mahyolpref.v1join others (in dancing); catch up to someone (while walking); stand next to someone2spread or smear a liquid with the foot*mahyo·csmlf.v1join others (in dance); catch up to others (while walking); stand next to someone2spread or smear a liquid with the foot*mahyoqʰpref.vstir, shake up with the foot*mahyupref.vcrush brittle object*mahyuhyuiter.v-redcrush brittle object (glass bottle, sticks) by stomping on; to crush (any shape) something that breaks into many pieces*mahyuṭpref.vstir, poke several places, with the sole of the foot*maki·mpref.vrestrain with foot*maki·mcismlf.vrestrain with the sole of the foot; for example, stand on a rope that someone is pulling so that it stops*makʼalpref.vopen slightly with the foot*makʼe·npref.voverpress with the foot*makʼi·pref.vscratch something with the foot (or toenails?); scratch foot by stepping on something*malepref.vclose hole by stomping in dirt*malemalefreq.v-redfull hole closed by stomping in dirt*mamadipref.vgo check on*mamadicʼrefl.vgo check on*mana·cpref.vchase away, with the foot; throw ahead*mapaṭpref.vcover hole with foot*mapaṭʰcismlf.vcover or fill in a hole with the sole of the foot*mapʰu·mpref.vscatter dust by kicking, kick up a cloud of dust*mati·tpref.vroll, wrap, wind, with the sole of the foot, claws, the butt of the hand*matʰilpref.vtear but not necessarily apart using the sole of the foot*maṭi2pref.vmake noise pouding ground*maṭimaṭifreq.v-redmake noise pounding the ground, trotting along*maṭi·špref.vstretched tight, of a surface, by stepping on it; or pressing with the sole of the foot*maṭʰaṭpref.vbreak open with the foot*maṭʰilpref.vspread, stretch out, using the foot, i.e., break in new shoes*maṭʰopref.vremove the outer layer in pieces, with the sole of the foot*maṭʼa·pref.v1step on, stomp on, touch (no damage necessary)2make sick by anything (ko·ko); (wale·pu) to poison, infect (person) (because get hemorrhage)*maṭʼempref.vbe tired of doing action with the foot, such as walking, wearing shoes*maṭʼo·pref.vtake off outer layer, with the sole of the foot, claws, the butt of the handmaṭʼo·cʼrefl.abs.nforeskin*maṭʼupref.vfoot sink into liquid*maṭʼunpref.vslimy to feet*mawaypref.vawaken by touching or shaking with the sole of the foot*mawo·lpref.vbe soft, yielding (not springy) to the sole of the foot*mayepref.vmove or hold something with the bottom of the foot*mayemessivevhold in place, keep from moving using the foot: hold down a clutch, hold (a log) in place*maye·ddir.vmove along or with the foot, move while holding something with the foot*mayecʼpref.vrest or set foot onmayeʔtaʔliinstr.nstirrup, foot rest*mayipref.vbe like, take after someone; resemble because of a genetic relationship*mayu·ʔpref.vbe after (to catch)*mayu·ʔcismlf.vwant to catch something; be after something in order to catch it (animal, money, good time)*maʔbalhpref.vbe turning with foot*maʔbalhcismlf.vbe turning with the foot*maʔbe2pref.vgrope with foot*maʔbemaʔbefreq.v-redbe groping repeatedly with the sole of the foot*maʔbolhpref.vturn over something with the foot*maʔcʼa2pref.vflexible object stiffen with the foot*maʔcʼopref.vbreak by stepping*maʔcʼoʔcʼoiter.v-redbreak into many pieces by stepping*maʔdenpref.vbe clawing, with talons, etc*maʔkʼapref.vcrack with the foot*maʔkʼanhpref.vlean a long object against with the foot*maʔkʼayʔpref.vget foot stuck*maʔkʼayʔcismlf.vget foot stuck*maʔkʼepref.vbecome erect*maʔkʼecsmlf.v(penis) become erect from manipulation*maʔkʼecʰqacaus.vmake stiff by manipulating (butter, penis)*maʔkʼo2pref.vwear depression with foot*maʔkʼoʔkʼoiter.vwear depression with foot*maʔkʼoʔkʼocsmlf.v-redwear a depression (into the ground) with the foot*maʔkʼuṭʰpref.vwalk crunching*maʔkʼuṭa·duwaddist.vbe making crunching sounds from walking around (on leaves, grass, twigs)*maʔkʼuṭʰmakʼuṭʰfreq.vwalk crunching*maʔkʼuṭʰmakʼuṭʰa·dadlocom.vbe making crunching sounds from intermittently walking (on leaves, grass, twigs)*maʔlopref.vtangle with foot*maʔloʔloiter.v-redtangle with the foot; mess up by walking on (bed)*maʔpʼanhpref.vclose with the foot*maʔpʼopref.vempty out with foot*maʔpʼoʔpʼoiter.vempty out with foot*maʔpʼoʔpʼocsmlf.vempty out with the foot*maʔsʼapref.vbreak up in piece*maʔsʼaʔsʼacsmlf.vbreak up to pieces*maʔsʼaʔsʼaiter.vbreak up to pieces*maʔsʼaʔsʼacsmlf.vbreak up to pieces*maʔtʼapref.vseem, feel, detect, restricted to objects, activities done with the foot*maʔtʼekelepref.vstep on something hollow and flatten it out*maʔtʼekelecsmlf.vstep on something hollow and flatten it out*maʔtʼutʰupref.vstep on edge of long object*maʔtʼutʰucsmlf.vstep on edge of long object (sheet of paper [?], hollow inside – can or box) and bend*maʔṭipref.vgather surface into smaller piece with feet*maʔṭiʔṭiiter.vgather surface into smaller piece with the feet*maʔṭʼaṭpref.vtwist together, mix*maʔṭʼawʔducpref.vstep on (something) to hurt it*maʔṭʼepref.vspot or stain something, make mark by putting semiliquid on something with the sole of the foot, claws, the butt of the handqʰama maʔṭʼewn.p.nfootprint*maʔṭʼelhpref.vpart, mat down with the foot*maʔṭʼiṭpref.vtwist several things together, tangle, with the sole of the foot, claws, the butt of the hand*maʔṭʼuṭʰupref.vclench fistcohšo maʔṭʼuṭʰucn.p.nclenched fist*maʔwipref.vfoot rub while twisting*maʔwiʔwiiter.vfoot rub while twisting*maʔyapref.vstep on something intending to smash it but only half smash it*maʔya·qpref.vrecognize with the foot*maʔyipref.vstep on and twist*maʔyiʔyiiter.vstep on and twist with, or crush and twist with the butt of the hand*maʔyo1pref.vhang in folds*maʔyomessivevhang in folds, as when clothing is too loose*maʔyo2pref.vpucker with sole of foot*maʔyoʔyoiter.vpucker with sole of foot*maʔyoʔyocsmlf.vpucker, wrinkle, using the sole of the foot; to walk on rug and rumple it up*maʔyupref.vhurt by feet*maʔyuʔyuiter.v-redcause pain but not injury by the action of the feet; walk on gravel and it hurts; step on something to hurt oneself (but it doesn’t go through the skin)*ma·sqʰac2pref.vbe worn bare by feet*ma·sqʰac1smlf.v(path) be worn bare (of vegetation) by feetmaʔṭʼipref.adjbent by the foot*manetanʔqacaus.vpet*mahqʰahqʰaiter.v-redslide feet*mahqʰamahqʰafreq.v-redshuffle along; slide feet repeatedly
*mabahlicmabáhliʔPlural of*maʔbalhcibe turning with foot
*mabahtaqmabáhtaʔPlural of*maba·qacknowledge someone as father-in-law
mabahṭʰemabáhṭʰeplaceBigland: a place east of Elderberry place and north of Tree SittingDerivative:ʔama·1bahṭʰe
*mabasʼahmucʼmabasʼáhmuʔv-kinaddress each other according to a paternal grandfather relationship; call each other father’s father and son’s childReciprocal of*mabasʼaqPlural*mabasʼa·tahmucʼ
*mabasʼaqmabasʼáʔv-kincall someone father’s fatherVerbalization ofmaba·sʼ-aq2Plural*mabasʼa·taq*mabasʼahmucʼrecip.v-kinaddress each other according to a paternal grandfather relationship; call each other father’s father and son’s child
*mabasʼa·tahmucʼmabasʼá·tahmuʔPlural of*mabasʼahmucʼaddress in paternal grandfather relation
*mabasʼa·taqmabasʼá·taʔPlural of*mabasʼaqcall someone father’s father
mabasʼe·yimabasʼé·yiComitative ofmaba·sʼ3r.Poss father's father
maba·maba·´n-kinhis, her, their own father-in-law2.6.5.1Man4. person reflexive possessor of*ba·Objectivemaba·lBenefactivemaba·ʔkʰeLocativemaba·ʔnaComitativemaba·yi*maba·qverb.v-kinacknowledge someone as father-in-law
*maba·cmabaʔ´vspade the ground, open the ground by stepping on (a spade)Semelfactive of*maʔba
maba·lmabal´Objective ofmaba·3r.Poss father-in-law
*maba·qmabaʔ´v-kinacknowledge someone as father-in-lawVerbalization ofmaba·-aq2Plural*mabahtaq
maba·sʼmabasʼ´n-kinhis, her, their own grandfather: father's father; also father's older male relative and mother's older sister's husband2.6.5.1Man4., grandmotherThird person reflexive possessor of*baObjectivemaba·sʼelBenefactivemaba·sʼeʔkʰeLocativemaba·sʼeʔnaComitativemabasʼe·yi*mabasʼaqverb.v-kincall someone father’s father*mabasʼahmucʼrecip.v-kinaddress each other according to a paternal grandfather relationship; call each other father’s father and son’s child
maba·sʼelmaba·sʼélObjective ofmaba·sʼ3r.Poss father's father