Kashaya - English


t


-t-tvifxPlural Act: the object undergoing the action is plural, or the act is performed on the same object more than onceoften infixed before a stem-final /m/ or /q/; causes deletion of an increment in the root*hisʼitplur.Plural of*hiʔsʼi1put pinch in
-t1t1n > vsfxVerbalizer: derives verbs from nouns2adj > vsfxVerbalizer: derives verbs from adjectivesmay be suffixed to the name of a body part to form a verb meaning to do something with the specified part; meaning is often further affected by additional verbal suffixes and frequently specialized; occasionally occurs with other nouns and with adjectives; triggers the Decrementdir.*pušutaqendverb.*cošot1perform some action with the hand: move hand in a certain direction, put hand in a place*habatperform some action with the tongue: move the tongue in some direction, put the tongue in some place*hatperform some action with the mouth: move mouth in some direction, put mouth in some place; express feelings, thought*hotʼotperform some action with the head: put head in some location, move head in some direction*miyatperform some action with neck: move neck in a direction or put neck in a place*moqʰotperform some action with the knee: put knee in some location, move knee in some direction*pušutaqend*qʰamatperform an action with the foot: move the foot in a direction, put the foot in a place*qʼosatperform some action with the (bent) elbow: move elbow in some direction, put or hold elbow in a certain place*šakutperform some action with the leg or legs: put leg(s) in some location, move leg(s) in some direction*šibatperform some action with the body: move body in a direction, put body in some place; model oneself on (some stated person)*šinatperform a certain action with the head: move the head in a direction, put head in a place*ʔapʰa·tamrust (of iron)rustrusty*ʔilatperform a certain action with the nose: move the nose in a direction, put the nose in a place*ʔišatperform some action with the arm or wing: put it in some location, move it in some direction
-t2tv > vsfxPlural Act: the object undergoing the action is plural, or the act is performed on the same object more than oncethe most common form after a vowel; causes deletion of a root incrementplur.*basʼit*bot*but1*casʼit*cusʼit*dasʼit*disʼit*dusʼit*kʼot*masʼit*misʼit*pʰisʼitunspec. comp. form*cat2*dat*hihkohihkotad*kʼat*qapʰukʼut*šoʔpʼošopʼotad*haʔluhalutadunspec. comp. formPlural of*haʔluwrap big package wrapped up*pihlipilitadunspec. comp. formPlural of*pihlihlisnoop too much with eyes*šuʔkʼišukʼitadunspec. comp. formPlural of*šuʔkʼiʔkʼisaw almost all way through*ʔcʰatunspec. comp. formPlural of*ʔcʰa2abruptly stop moving
-ta-tavifxPlural Act: the object undergoing the action is plural, or the act is performed on the same object more than onceinfixed before some stems ending in /m, q, c/; causes deletion of an increment in the rootplur.*daletamunspec. comp. form*muqʰatam*qata·macʼunspec. comp. formPlural of*qa·macʼwake up
-tatavsfxPlural Act: the object undergoing the action is plural, or the act is performed on the same object more than oncea common form after stems ending in /l, n, d, cʼ/; causes deletion of an increment in the root; occurs as /ʔta/ after /y/unspec. comp. form*bicʼalta*dupʼanta*muluʔta*sikelta*šusʼitaunspec. comp. formPlural of*šusʼipinch by pulling; with flexible object
tafla·kutaflá·kuOld-Fashioned oftapʰla·kudiaper
*tahš-Plural of*taš1squash something soft and mushy
tahtalawnpants5.3Clothing
*tahtaqtáhtaʔPlural of*htaqstretch out legput on leg or foot
*tahtaqacPlural of*htaqacclimb up there
tale·katalé·kantobacco pouch6.7.7.1Bag5.2.4Tobacco
tampo·rtampó·rndrum4.2.3.5Musical instrument
tape·satapé·sanshelf
tapo·ntapó·nnstopper, plug, cork (of a bottle), bung (of a keg)
tapʰlatápʰlanboard, plank, lumber, building material6.6.3.2WoodDialectal Variantta·pʰlatapʰla baṭiwn.p.nfloor
tapʰla baṭiwtápʰla baṭiwnfloor6.5.2.3FloorNominal Phrase:tapʰla*baṭi
tapʰla·kutapʰlá·kundiaper, breechcloth or loincloth, g-string2.6.4.1Baby5.3ClothingOld-Fashionedtafla·ku
*taqtáʔDialectal Variant of*htaqstretch out legput on leg or foot
*taqocʼtaqóʔvmove one's foot out from here; put foot out, move foot backwards from point of referencetaqó·cʼitake your foot backwards!Directional of*hti3-aqocʼ
taqʰmataqʰma´ndress (of a woman)taqʰma bihkoshort dresstaqʰma bísʼicʰmulʔto hem a dress5.3.2Women's clothingtaqʰma hišamʔn.p.ntaffeta dress
taqʰma hišamʔtaqʰma híšamʔntaffeta dress5.3.2Women's clothingNominal Phrase:taqʰma*hiša·m
tarampatarámpantrap; steel trapcawíkʰ tarampametal or steel trap6.4.1Hunt
*taš1-v-instrsquash something soft and mushyPlural*tahš*batašpref.vsquash with mouth*cutašpref.vsquash, smash something soft and mushy by bumping*hatašpref.vsquash with the heel*hitašpref.vsquash something soft and mushy with the body*matašpref.vflatten, squash something by stepping on*mutašpref.vsquash by running over; squash something soft and mushy by running over it*patašpref.vsquash something soft and mushy, with the end of a long object*pitašpref.vsquash something soft and mushy with the side of a long object*putašpref.vsquash something soft and mushy by blowing*qatašpref.vcrush between two opposing forces*sitašpref.vget soft and mushy from waterdi·taštašatempl.adj-ideovery fat, obese (more than /ʔihpʰuy/)
*taš2-v-instrgather together and up*datašpref.v1gather together and up, with the hand (palm)2squash with hand*šutašpref.vgather together and up, by pulling with a flexible object, like a cloth
*tatʰmucʼPlural of*ta·nʔwadclimb around