Dictionary Entries explained

Each Kashaya entry begins with a headword in bold, followed by the pronunciation in square brackets [ ]. These are two important ways to understand the Kashaya form:

  • The headword is somewhat abstract; it includes details that are sometimes lost in the citation form, such as a final consonant of a verb that will become a glottal stop [ʔ] in the "absolutive" form.
    • If the headword is preceded by an asterisk (*), it is a "bound" form that requires a suffix, usually the absolutive. This suffix is reflected in the pronunciation that is presented.
  • The pronunciation is based on the absolutive form of the word for verbs and sometimes other words, but it may be the same as the headword in simple cases.
    • Since the location of stress on a Kashaya word is complicated, this is indicated explicitly in the pronunciation. If the accent mark ´ occurs after the pronunciation, this means the stress falls on the following word in a phrase, otherwise on the last syllable of the word in question.
    • If the pronunciation is given as [-], the entry cannot be used by itself; it requires a prefix or has to be combined in a compound word. Look for the derived forms to see pronounceable words.

Next is given the part of speech in italics. These are abbreviations such as v for verb, n for noun, n-kin for kinship noun (which have special properties in Kashaya). See the abbreviations page for a complete list.

Following that is the definition in English. It may be more or less detailed, depending on how much information is available. For some entries, there is also a semantic domain number and category given in curly braces { }. Click on that to see words with related meanings.

Some entries have other information as well. If there are words with related meanings, or that are derived from the entry, they will be listed and can be clicked to view more information. If the entry is itself derived from other words, that will be indicated as well: for example, the abbreviation comp. of means it is a compound of two other words.