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gaam11mooddigunakan utk menentukan kebenaran sst kenyataan atau anggapan; adakah (ayat yg biasanya terdapat dlm pertanyaan tertutup)used to verify truth of a statement asserted or assumed to be true; "is it true that ...?", "in fact ...?", "really?"gaam3GAAMder.moodkahreallyYalo gaam ot minanakaw dit manuk nu?Apa kah benar dia yg telah mencuri ayam mu?Is it really him who stole your chicken?gaam4GAAMder.moodkah, mengesah sesuatu pertanyaan; imbuhan awalan dan akhiran"is it true that ...?", "in fact ...?", "really?"Manaip koh gaam baino?Hari ini kau menaip kah?Are you in fact going to type today?2adjdiguna utk memeriksa sangkaan, lebih baikprefer, preferable, favored, bettergaam poGAAM POder.moodlebih baikpreferableGaam po ong idagang ku ilo karabaw ko itaak ku po dialo.Aku sanggup lagi jual kerbau itu drpd nak memberi kepadanya.It would be preferable that I sell buffalo rather than give [it] to him.gaamon1GAAM -onder.vrela lagipreferGaamon po dialo manganu ilo mangga da mata ko ilo nansak no.Dia rela lagi mengambil buah mangga yg mentah itu drpd yg sudah masak.He prefers to take those unripe mangos rather than the ripe ones.gaamon2GAAM -onder.vlebih baikpreferGaamon ku po ong mokianu oku ko manakaw.Saya lebih baik meminta drpd mencuri.I prefer to ask for [something] rather than steal [it].gagaamRED- GAAMder.vsangguppreferIsay gagaam nu; mananggom om kumaraja owo?Yang mana kau sanggup; menjaga anak ataupun berkerja?Which do you prefer; babysitting or working?pagaamonpo- GAAM -onder.vlebih baikpreferPagaamon po dialo dot witilon ko sumoromo mangakan.Dia merasa lebih baik berlapar drpd memberanikan diri utk makan.He prefers to go hungry rather than getting up the courage to eat.3advmalahan, bahkan, kian (bertambah)very nearlygaam-gaamRRED- gaamder.advhampir, nyaris-nyarisalmost, nearlyGaam-gaam amu nokosikul yalo.Dia hampir tidak bersekolah lansung.He nearly didn't go to school at all.gaam-koGAAM KOder.moodmalahanrather, in factOkon-ko nolingasan yalo dot minokiubat sid rumah sakit; gaam-ko sinumagayan nogi.Selepas meminta rawat di hospital dia tidak mengalami kesembuhan, malahan bertambah pula.He wasn't healed by seeking medication at the hospital; in fact it just got worse.
gaam2Malay gamn11angaamgluegaam5GAAMder.ngaamglueMinomoli oku dot gaam tu pangagaam ku dit tayar dot bosikal ku.Saya telah membeli gaam untuk mengegam tayar basikal saya yg pancit.I bought some glue to patch my bicycle tire.1bvgamkanto glueginaam-in- GAAMder.vgamkanto glueGinaam ku it tongo buuk di Jim dit nokinis.Saya telah menggamkan buku-buku si Jim yg telah terkoyak.I glued together Jim's torn books.mangagaamm- pong- GAAMder.vmelekatkan sesuatuto glueMangagaam oku po di buuk ku nokinis.Saya mahu melekatkan buku saya yg koyak.I am going to glue my torn books.
gaam3der. ofgaam1 1really
gaam4der. ofgaam1 1really
gaam5der. ofgaam2 1aglue
gaam poder. ofgaam1 2better
gaam-gaamder. ofgaam1 3nearly
gaam-koder. ofgaam1 3nearly
gaamon1der. ofgaam1 2better
gaamon2der. ofgaam1 2better
gaanadj11aringanlight (not heavy)aga'ano- GAANder.adjringanlightAga'an ilo roon do kayu i nolonot.Daun kering itu ringan sahaja.Dry leaves are light.agaga'an2o- RED- GAANder.adjsangat ringanvery lightAgaga'an ot gapas bo.Kapas sangat ringan.Cotton is very light.eengga'anano- ing- GAAN -ander.vterkurangkan beratnyamake lighterOng peeyonon doalo sid asrama at tanak yo dilo, eengga'anan yoalo dot balanja.Kalau lah anak mereka itu di tempatkan di asrama pasti biaya dari merekaIf they put their children in the hostel, their expenses will become lighter.ginumaan-in- -um- GAANder.vitelah menjadi ringan/menurunbecame light/lighterGinumaan oku no tu sinumakit oku.Berat badanku menurun kerana saya sakit.I lost weight because I was sick.gumaan-um- GAANder.vakan bertambah ringanbecome lighterTulun dot abagos sid sukan gumaan ot koyuwan.Seseorang yg rajin bersukan berat badannya akan bertambah ringan.People who are active in sports, their bodies become lighter.kaaga'anVRED- ko- GAANder.vringannyavery lightKaaga'an dilo gapas.Ringannya kapas itu.How light that cotton is.kagaanoko- GAAN -oder.vnkeringananlightnessSongkuro no ot pialatan dot kagaano do koyuwan duyu?Berapa sahaja perbezaan keringanan badan kamu?How much difference is there between the lightness of your bodies?minongingga'an-in- m- pong- ing- GAANder.vuntuk meringankan, telah mengurangkan bebanmade lighterNinayan ku it suwang dit binabo ku tu minongingga'an oku.Saya sengaja mengurangkan kandungan dlm ambung itu untuk meringankan nya.I reduced the things in my backpack because I was making it lighter.misinggagaanm- pi- sing- RED- GAANder.viringankan diri sendirimake yourself lightPamanaw silod butak obo nga misingagaan koh bo.Berjalan sahaja di lumpur cuma ringankan badanmu.Walk in that mud there but just make yourself light.mongingga'anm- pong- ing- GAANder.vutk meringankan, akan mengurangkan beratmake lightKukuro gama mongingga'an ditit pampang diti?Bagaimana cara utk meringankan batu ini?How can we make this rock lighter?nenggaananno- ing- GAAN -ander.vttelah diringankan utk orang lainhave been lightened for s.oNenggaanan no iti binabo, kinuyutan dialo i togilay wookon.Sikutan saya telah ringan kerana dia pegang jagung yg lain.My backpack has been lightened by him carrying the rest of the corn.ponginggaanpong- ing- GAANder.vtmeringankan utk orang lainlighten sth for s.oKuyutay ilo wookon ponginggaan po dialo.Awak angkat barang yg lain utk meringankan dia berjalan.Carry those other things to lighten his load.1bringan, meringankan bebanan (perbelanjaan, kemudahan, dll), senanglight (not heavy)agagaan2o- RED- GAANder.vagak ringansomewhat lightKadung nakakaraja no it wookon ot tanak ya, agagaan no saabat ot balanja ya.Sesudah anak-anak kami yang lain mendapat perbelanjaan kami agak ringan sudah.When some of our children were already working, our payouts were somewhat lighter.enggagaanano- ing- RED- GAAN -ander.vmenjadi ringan sedikitbecome somewhat light(er)Ka di Ama, "Gaam po mogiim koh dot karaja, enggagaanan okoy po dot pamalanja dat tongo tadi nu," ka.Ayah kata, "Lebih baik kau mencari pekerjaan supaya perbelanjaan adik-adik mu menjadi ringnan sedikit."The father said, "You should look for work, to somewhat lighten the payments for your younger siblings."nokeengga'annoko- ing- GAANder.vyang meringankanhave made lighterIt tanak gulu ya ot nokeengga'an dagay dot balanja dat tinoori yo sumikul.Anak sulung kami lah yang telah meringankan kami ke atas biaya persekolahan adiknya.Our oldest child made our payments lighter for his younger siblings going to school.1csedap hati, hilang perasaan bimbang sebab harapannya tetap tercapai, senang hati, sukaat ease, relieved, comfortedagaan ot ginawoo- GAAN OT GINAWOder.adjsedap hatiat easeAgaan ot ginawo ku dot minaya dot tambabaya yo it tanak kito.Saya rasa sedap hati bahawa anak kita mengikuti rakannya.I feel at ease that our children went with their friends.
gaang1n11anrekaha fissure, crack (in earth)synlatagaang2GAANGder.nretakfissureAgayo i gaang sid tana duyu mari ki.Besar retak di tanah kamu itu.The crack in you land is big.ki-gaangki- GAANGder.vada retak, berekahhave/be fissureSid tana ya nga ki-gaang-i.Tanah kamipun ada retak juga.There is also a crack in our land.1bvberetak, berekah (utk tanah yg merekah)to crack, split apartginumaang-in- -um- GAANGder.vtelah merekahcrackedAmu elaan ong nunu ot sid saralom diri tu ginumaang i tana.Tak tahu apa di dalam kerana tanah itu telah merekah.It's unknown what is there inside because the land split.gumaang-um- GAANGder.vmerekahto crackSampay gumaang ah tana daagan do tadlaw.Tanah itu sampai merekah akibat kemarau.It got to the point that the land cracked because of try weather.minomugaga'ang-in- m- pu- GAANGder.vtelah merekahcrackedMinomugaga'ang it botung ku naajangan dit tandab, yang-ko amu insan karasakay leleed diri.Kali ini tanah sawah saya telah merekah semuaya oleh kemarau panjang, padahal selama itu ia tidak pernah kekeringan.My paddy field cracked up from the drought, since it had not ever dried up all this time.
gaang2der. ofgaang1 1acrack
gabaadj1besar (nyala api yg besar)bonfire, large (fire or flame)agabao- GABAder.adjbesar (nyala)bigAmu gima agaba ilo tapuy.Api itu tak besar nyalanya.That fire is not big.agagabao- RED- GABAder.adjsangat besar (nyala api)very bigOsorob ino togilay ong agagaba no banar ino tapuy.Jagung itu akan terbakar kalau nyala api itu sangat besar.If that fire get very big that corn will get burnt up.1ajadi besar (nyala api)become or make big (fire)gabaaGABA -oder.vbesarkan (nyala)make bigGabaa no banar ino tapuy tu oleed tansak ino rinapa.Kau besarkan nyala api kerana lauk itu lama masak.Make that fire bigger because [otherwise] that meat will take a long time to cook.gabaanGABA -ander.vbesarkan (nyala)make bigOkon-ko gabaan ino tapuy ki.Jangan kau besarkan nyala api itu ya.Please don't enlarge that fire.gagabaaRED- GABA -oder.vbesarkan (nyala api)make bigGagabaa keno tapuy oy, alangkas no tansak ino togilay.Kau besarkan nyala api itu supaya jagung itu cepat masak.Enlarge that fire [so that] the maize will get cooked quickly.ginaba-in- GABAder.vtelah besarkan nyala apienlargedNokogutan i takanon tu ginaba dialo gima.Nasi itu telah berkerak kerana dia telah besarkan nyala api.The rice got overcooked next to the pot because he enlarged [the fire].gumaba-um- GABAder.vnyala membesargrow biggerGumaba-i telo ong udungan no.Nyala api itu membesar juga kalau taruh dgn kayu api.That [fire] will get bigger if you feed it [wood].mangagabam- pong- GABAder.vmembesarkan nyalamake biggerKadung-ko yalo, mangagaba banar da tapuy.Dia itu membesarkan nyala api.As for him, [he] really enlarges the fire.pangagabapong- GABAder.vnpembesar (nyala api)thing that enlargesPanganu no da suduwon owo, pangagaba ku diti tapuy.Kau ambillah kayu api itu, aku nak membesarkan nyala api ini.Grab some firewood for me to make the fire bigger.
gabaader. ofgaba 1aget_big
gabaander. ofgaba 1aget_big
gabang1nkabung (sj palma daunnya lebar seperti payung)k.o. palm treegabang2GABANGder.nkabung, sejenis palma (daunnya boleh dibuat dengan tikar)k.o. palm treeAmpo nawatuw di iyay i gabang do tikam.Emak belum menganyam kabung itu utk tikar.Mother hasn't yet woven the palm into a mat.
gabang2der. ofgabang1k.o._palm
gadayMalay gadaigadai, pinjaman wang dgn menyerahkan barang sbg cagaran utk tempoh tertentu (kalau tidak ditebus dlm tempoh tersebut barang itu akan menjadi milik org yg memberi pinjaman)pawn off, sell off possession, mortgageipagadayi- po- GADAYder.vbmenyuruh menggadaicause to pawn offIpagaday dialo it tana di moleeng ku.Dia menyuruh aku menggadai tanah ibubapa aku.He told [me] to sell my parents' land.kaagadayVRED- ko- GADAYder.vbaru digadaijust recently pawned offOtuntut pet golong nu diri tu kaagaday gima.Gelangmu itu dapat dituntut lagi kerana ia baru digadai.That bracelet can still be reclaimed because it was just pawned off.kagadayko- GADAYder.vsudah gadai(able to) pawn offAso not tana ong kagaday peno.Tiada lagi tanah kalau sudah gadai itu.[We] won't have any land if that [land] is pawned off.kagagadayko- RED- GADAYder.vnsebab tergadaireason for pawningNunu o kagagaday di walay doalo owo?Apa sebab pula rumah mereka telah tergadai?Why did they mortgage their house?nakagadaynoko- GADAYder.vtelah digadaihave pawnedNakagaday i jam ku tu napapagan okoy do siin.Jam aku telah digadai kerana kami kesempitan wang.I pawned off my watch because we were hard up for money.nigaday-in- i- GADAYder.vtelah gadaikanpawned offNigaday dialo it tinggol di sawo yo.Dia telah gadaikan kalung isterinya.He pawned off his wife's necklace.nipagaday-in- i- po- GADAYder.vtelah suruh menggadaicaused to pawn offSitanga ikar not nipagaday ku dialo di tana diri.Aku telah suruh dia menggadai tanah itu setengah ekar sahaja.I told him to mortgage half an acre of that land.paagadayVRED- po- GADAYder.vntukang menggadaipawn brokerSiongo po tamu paagaday tana dot akala nopo mijudi.Mana tak tukang menggadai tanah kerana kalah sahaja berjudi.How would [he] not mortgage the land when [he] always looses at gambling?pagadaypo- GADAYder.vnmenggadaipawn offAki-i pagaday do tana ong pomoli no do kurita.Aku tak menggadai tanah juga kalau utk pembeli kereta.I won't mortgage the land if [it is for the purpose of] buying a car.pagadayanpo- GADAY -ander.vnpenggadaian (tempat)time/place of pawningIsay ot pagadayan dino tarata nu?Tempat siapalah penggadaian hartamu itu?To whom will you pawn off your goods?pagadayaypo- GADAY -ayder.vbsuruh menggadaikancause to pawn offKadaay no pagadayay dialo it tongo tamas yo.Janganlah suruh dia menggadaikan barang kemasnya.Don't tell him to sell of his gold.pagadayopo- GADAY -oder.vgadaikanpawn offKadaay pagadayo ino pondulung nu.Jangan kau gadaikan cincinmu itu.Don't pawn off that ring of yours.pagadayonpo- GADAY -onder.vgadaikanpawn offPagadayon ku tana diri.Aku nak gadaikan tanah itu.I am going to mortgage that land.pinagaday-in- po- GADAYder.vtelah menggadaipawned offNokuro tu pinagaday yalo do tana diri owo?Kenapa dia telah menggadai tanah itu?Why did he mortgage that land of his?pinagadayan-in- po- GADAY -ander.vntelah gadaikan, tempat gadaikanpawned off, place pawned offSid Kina ot pinagadayan dialo di tinggol yo.Dia telah gadaikan kalungnya dgn orang Cina.She pawned off her necklace to a Chinese.
gadung1Malay gudang < Eng. go-down??ngudang barang, tempat menyimpan barang-barang, gudang barangstorehousegadung2GADUNGder.ngudangAmu yalo mongoo dot isay-isay ot sumuwang sid gadung yo tu, mookoy yalo warot oliong.Dia tidak mengizinkan sesiapa sahaja yg masuk ke dalam gudangnya sebab, dia bimbang ada barangnya hilang.He doesn't allow anyone to enter his storehouse because he's afraid something will disappear.
gadung2der. ofgadung1storehouse
gadur1npiala tembagachalice, brass cup shaped like a trophy cupgadur2GADURder.npiala tembagaa brass cup (shaped like a trophy cup)It mûula, ogumu ot gadur di taki ku, tu akaya yalo.Pada masa yg lalu,datuk saya mempunyai piala tembaga yg banyak.Long ago, my grandfather had a chalice because he was rich.
gadur2der. ofgadur1brass_cup
gagabertengkar cakap, bersaing cakap, membantah (masing-masing menuntut kebenaran)argue, oppose, resist, verbally counter; compete, keep up withginumaga-in- -um- GAGAder.vtelah bertengkarhave opposedGinumaga oku babanar katoy tu okon-ko yoku ot minanganu di siin yo om milom monondos kabarasan.Aku telah bertengkar dengannya juga kerana bukan aku yg mengambil duitnya, tapi dia tuduh aku pula.I strongly opposed [him] because it wasn't me who took his money and suddenly [he] accuses [me].gumaga1-um- GAGAder.vmenengkari, bergaduhopposeGumaga banar yalo dilo guru tu asana di nilapas sid sikul, i tamu nokoturun sominggu.Dia terus menengkari guru itu kerana dia benci yg dia diberhentikan dari sekolah, kerana dia tak dapat datang ke sekolah selama seminggu.He strongly opposed that teacher because [he] hated that he was dismissed from school for not going to school for a week.gumaga2-um- GAGAder.vmenengkariargueAmu oku no gumaga dikaw.Saya tak mahu lagi menengkari pendapat mu itu.I'm not going to argue with you.kagagako- GAGAder.vdapat menengkariable to competeAmu kagaga yalo dilo tama yo.Dia tak dapat menengkari pendapat ayahnya.He couldn't compete with his father.migaga1m- pi- GAGAder.vbertengkarto conflictMigaga nopo yoalo tu amu kosukup dilo weeg sid paip.Mereka seringkali bertengkar kerana mereka tak mencukupi air dari paip itu.They argue because there isn't enough water in the pipes.migaga2m- pi- GAGAder.vbertengkarto argueMigaga nopo yoalo dilo weeg tu amu kosukup dot ponuwang do botung.Mereka bertengkar sahaja kerana mereka tak mencukupi air utk mengairi sawah padi itu.They are always arguing because the water is not enough to flood the paddy fields.minigaga-in- m- pi- GAGAder.vtelah bertengkararguedMinigaga di Inting om i Durim pasal dot piwolitan dot tana.Inting dan Durim telah bertengkar pasal persempadanan tanah mereka.Inting and Durim argued over the land boundary.monokigagam- ponoki- GAGAder.vbertengkarpick fightsMonokigaga nopo mari yalo dilo do tulun.Dia itu bertengkar sahaja dgn orang lain.He constantly picks fights with people.nakagaganoko- GAGAder.vterpaksa menengkarihave arguedNakagaga oku biano dit kotua kampung tu amu oku eengin dit poomoros dialo.Pada kali ini saya terpaksa menengkari ketua kampung kerana saya tidak suka dgn pendapat yg diajukan olehnya.I argued with the village head because I didn't like what he was saying.nokopigagano- kopi- GAGAder.vtelah bertengkarhave arguedNokopigaga yoalo tu miniantaga i tanak doalo.Mereka telah bertengkar kerana anak mereka telah bergaduh.They have argued because their children fought.pigaga'anpi- GAGA -ander.vpertengkaranargumentNunu ot pigaga'an doalo?Tentang apa kah pertengkaran mereka?What are they arguing about?pigagaanpi- GAGA -ander.vbiarkan bertengkarcause to quarrelPigagaan po banar yoalo ong siongo no ot gisom.Biarkan dulu mereka pertengkaran mereka, sampai mana sahaja.Let them really go at it and see how far it goes.pigagagaanpi- RED- GAGA -ander.vnpunca pertengkaransource of quarrelInsan-ko monosot do torogo do kumut nga pigagagaan obo.Kau menawar harga kainpun menjadi punca pertengkaran.Even bargaining over the price of cloth is a source of quarrelling.pinigagaan-in- pi- GAGA -ander.vpertengkaran, pergaduhanpast argumentNunu ot pinigagaan doalo, sampay miniturakom?Apa punca pergaduhan mereka sehingga mereka saling menerkam?What was their quarrel to the point that they pounce at one another?pokigagapoki- GAGAder.vbertengkar, bergaduhseek to quarrel, pick an argumentPokigaga po dialo nga, akala koh.Kau cuba bertengkar dulu dengannya, kau kalah itu.If you pick a fight with him you will be defeated.ponokigagaponoki- GAGAder.vbertengkar denganstart and argumentIsay on ponokigaga nu diri koniab?Kau bertengkar dengan siapa kemarin?Who was quarreling with you yesterday?
gagaabon1riuh, gempar, bising, gemuruhloud (human voices), noisy, uproariousgagaabon2GAGAABONder.advriuhloud (human voices)Ooli ot gagaabon dit tongo tulun tiya dit mogintong mibula.Orang ramai terlalu riuh ketika menonton perlawanan bola sepak.The crowd watching a football match are making lots of noise.