Browse Mapun - English

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ka1Minor entrymaka1conjuntionAnd; as well as.Bong ko pa tabuꞌ, malli ko daying ka bohas.If you go to the market, buy some fish and rice.2prepWith (as accompanying or participating with s.o.).Bay kami magbitsala ka jama looy dilaw.I talked with that person yesterday.3prepWith (as with an instrument).Bay ku hiniyak meꞌ anak-anak looy ka batu.That child threw a rock at me. (lit. threw at me with a rock).
ka2ptcpIndicates a question in the mind of the speaker as to whether or not s.t. is or isn’t. It is not mandatory but used for empasis. Location of topic is not important.Luu ka bariꞌ ku ni lumaꞌ bi?Is my machete at your house?
ka-1prefixAn actor, experiencer, or agent focus verbal prefix denoting abilitative, non-volitional or circumstantial action. Translates as can or happened to.Niyaꞌ ku kapabuwat.I can’t work.overlapping synonymmaka-1ta-
ka-2prefixAn adjectival prefix with stative verbs/adjectives/nouns indicating having the potential to cause whatever the root word means. The originator of this is in focus.Kaiyaꞌ-iyaꞌ niyaku pabuwatan nu.Your actions cause me to be ashamed./Your actions are shameful to me.
ka-3Minor entrynika-prefixA prefix used with cardinal numbers to make them ordinal numbers. [This can be used interchangeably with the prefix nika-].Aku nikalima anak si Nneꞌ ka si Mmaꞌ.I’m Mother and Father’s fifth child.
ka-4prefixA nominalizer with adjectives or stative verbs indicating the manner of doing an action (i.e. how the action was, is or will be done).Ni kalasu na, lay na ga ya monoꞌ soheꞌ na.In his anger, he killed his companion.
kaãantãhan2Derivativesikaãroot formsikaãv1To win (as a game, race, demand, lawsuit, battle).Bong kam kaã ni kuli-kulihan tuu, binoo kam pa Maynila.If you win this game, you will be taken to Manila.2To allow a contest between animals to go on until one wins.Pagsikaahun na ga manuk naa.Let those cocks fight until one wins.
kaabuanstative verbTo have a miscarriage.Min duwa na nda ku bay kaabuan.Two times now my wife has had a miscarriage.
kaabutanDerivativeabutpangabut1siabut-abutroot formabutpangabut1pangabut2siabut-abut1stative verb(For s.o.) to have their request or demand met.Bong ku bay nawad, boꞌ ku bay kaabutan, basta yaꞌ baw suhutan ku.If I have asked for a discount on s.t., and my request is met, I’ll go ahead and buy it (lit. I won’t retreat.).2vTo catch up to; to catch; to find; to make it in time for s.t.; to meet s.o.; to last a certain length of time; to reach a certain time.Lay taabut ku anak na nangkawan lumaꞌ ku.I caught his child stealing from my house.Bay kami siabut ndooy ni pangawinan looy.We happened to meet there at that wedding.Magdeꞌ-dæꞌ ku sabap doman ku ngabut paballangan looy.I’m in a hurry because I want to make it in time for that celebration.Patangkasun motol nu mari taabut ta tarak da.Speed up your motorcycle so we can catch up to their truck.Lay du ngabut llaw palunsayan bi?Did your dance last until daybreak?
kaadaanoverlapping synonymkahalannSituation; circumstances.Bong kam patuwak, ngandaꞌ doꞌ kam kaadaan bý lahat.When you leave on a journey, look at the situation of the weather first.
kaadilanDerivativeadilroot formadilnJustice; strictness.Yaꞌ luu kaadilan pamarinta nu bong ko yaꞌ nganjÿl sukat danganakan nu bay nangkaw.There’s no justice in your governing if you don’t put s.o. in jail just because it’s your brother who stole s.t.
kaadjaMinor entrykadjanSense (in doing s.t.). [Used in rhetorical questions].Oy kaadja ku maku sÿn ni mmaꞌ nu, sa’ ni mmaꞌ ku?What sense is there in my asking for money from your father instead of my father?
kaadjahanDerivativeadjaroot formadjastative verbTo have great harm come upon s.o.Kaadjahan na ko sina mintu meꞌ si Mmaꞌ bong ko yaꞌ gi ngalabas.You will have great harm come upon you later from Father if you don’t cut down the weeds.
kaagpotanstative verbTo be caught off guard with no chance to run or escape.Lay kaagpotan jama looy bay nangkaw manuk ku.That person who stole my chicken was caught off guard with no chance to run.cf.kappung
kaallawan1Derivativeallawllawllaw-llawmag-allaw-sangom sangommag-llaw-sangomroot formallawmag-llaw-sangomstative verbTo be overtaken by the day (i.e. for the sun to come up when one is doing s.t.).
kaallawan2root formllawllaw dambulillaw-llawmag-allaw-sangom sangommata-allawstative verbTo be overtaken by the day (i.e. for the sun to come up when one is doing s.t.).Lay kami kaallawan ni palunsayan looy.We were overtaken by the day at that all-night courtship dance.
kaallum1Derivativeallumkaalluman1llumroot formallumkaalluman11nLife.2stative verbTo be on (as a radio or TV); running (as an engine, watch); (still) in existence (as a market, business, road).3vTo start (an engine or motor); to turn on (a radio or TV); to reopen (a closed market, business, or road).
kaallum2root formkaalluman2llum1nLife.Mag-unung kita kaallum kapatay ta.We will stick together through life or death.2stative verbTo be on (w.r.t. a radio or TV); running (as an engine, watch); (still) in existence (as a market, business, road).Ongoy masi llum makina tarak nu?Why is your truck engine still running?3vTo start (an engine or motor); to turn on (a radio or TV); to reopen (a closed market, business, or road).Pakallumun radju naa.Turn on that radio.
kaalluman1Derivativeallumkaallum1llumroot formallumkaallum1nThat which sustains life (as one’s livelihood or food).
kaalluman2root formkaallum2llumnThat which sustains life (as one’s livelihood or food).Kaalluman jama lahat tuu padilawut ka buwat niyug.That which sustains life in this place is fishing and harvesting coconuts.
kaamcf.kauproYou. Second person plural emphatic actor focus. Also second person plural non-focus patient, goal, beneficiary in the core of the clause.Kaam na malli niyug looy.You be the ones to buy those coconuts.Bay ya muwanan kaam daying.He gave you some fish.
kaambananDerivativemban1root formmban1stative verbTo have s.t. saved or set aside for you; to be able to be left behind.Nangis ariꞌ ku yaꞌ bay kaambanan lawuk.My younger brother is crying because there wasn’t any viand set aside for him.Anak-anak tuu yaꞌ kaambanan sabap panangis.This child can’t be left behind because he habitually cries.overlapping synonymusik
kaambatanDerivativeambat1mag-ambatroot formambat1mag-ambat1stative verb(For things or people) to be prevented from consuming s.t. as fast as it appears. [Always takes a negative].Niyaꞌ ku doman tanom gandum taꞌ punu naa sabap yaꞌ kaambatan indo na.I don’t want to plant corn on that mountain because the monkeys’ can’t be prevented (from eating all of it).2auxillary verbTo do several things at the same time; to be able to count all of s.t. [Used often with the negative “yaꞌ”.]Ambat ta tinabbong siga kayu tuu labbasakayi.Let’s cut down all these trees at one time.Ambatun sinungkuban ga manuk naa sikamimon.Catch all those chickens at one time.Bong jama hutu, taambat na ngipat anak na sampay ngintu lumaꞌ.If a person is diligent, she can accomplish taking care of her children and even do her house chores.Manusiyaꞌ yaꞌ taambat, buwatan nu ngasang.There are more people than can be counted around here, and here you are crying.
kaambunanDerivativeambunroot formambunstative verbTo be affected by dew.Lay baseꞌ balik pinopoꞌ ku bay kaambunan dambahangi.My laundry got wet again from being soaked by the dew for a whole night.
kaamuhan1Derivativeamuamu-amuroot formamuamu-amubong siꞌ pinaamu /bong pinaamukaamuhan2stative verbTo be in agreement with s.o.Yaꞌ silay bay lumanjut garaꞌ tabi bong kam yaꞌ bay kaamuhan ni bay bitsala ku.Our plan wouldn’t have succeeded if you hadn’t been in agreement with what I had said.