pa3pa-deriv affix cause someone to do something. When pa- is added to a verb the actor becomes the indirect actor, or causer, who has someone else perform the action. To provide for the actor in this case another noun phrase is added to the clause. Compare the two sentences (A) and (B) below(A) Ginsabihan ko si Clara san nakita ko sa probinsiya.Clara was-told by-me what I saw in-the province.(B) Pasabihan ta sa kan Jose si Clara san nakita ko sa probinsiya.I will have Jose tell Clara what I saw in the province.For more information see the Grammatical Sketch, sec. verb)causative action. When the affix pa- occurs on an intransitive verb in combination with a voice affix, e.g., mag-inom 'drink' becomes magpainom 'cause to drink', it derives a transitive verb by requiring the addition of another noun phrase complement to the clause as the object of the actionNagpainom kami san karabao didto sa burabod.We-excl had the carabao drink there at-the root)cause to be. Affixing pa- to an uninflected verb root results in an adjective'Mapas-an ba an duta?' an patawa na hunga ni Banoy.'Can the earth be-carried-away?' was the humorous/cause-to-laugh question of do. The pa- affix attached to an adjective derives an action noun of 'cause to become what the adj means'. When the adjective dako 'big' is prefixed with the pa- affix, thus padako, it has the meaning of 'causing to become bigger/causing to increase'Sigi an padako san tunog.The increasing/causing-to-increase of-the noise to go towards. The pa- here is a derivational affix, which when prefixed alone to nouns or pronouns, derives a noun showing direction or motion towards that entity. This pa may be an abbreviation of the directional adverb pakadto 'go there' which is regularly used to indicate direction toward a location, e.g., pakadto sa Manila 'go to Manila'Naglarga si Juan paManila.Juan left to-go-to-Manila.

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