9.2.3. Pronouns

a-2apro.pfxwe; 1st person pluralAbɔ́yɔ ndɔ ndɛ.We will go to farm today.Mɩa Ataa nyɔ abɔ́flɔɩ kpoli.Ataa and I both will husk maize.9.2.3Pronouns
afɩnɩafɪnɪ(H) q.how much; how manyFʋ atɔ amʋ afɩnɩ, afɩnɩ? How much are your things?Your things, how much, how much?8.1.3.1Many, much9.2.3.4Question words8.1.1.3Number of timescomp.dɔ fɩnɩwhen
alɩagyialɩaalɪáʤialɪáadv.no matter howcfalɩaas9.5.1.4Way, manner9.2.3.2Indefinite pronounscomp.alɩagyialɩa igyiby all means
alɩagyialɩa igyialɪáʤialɪá iʤicomp. ofalɩagyialɩaɩ-2gyi1adv.by all meanscfalɩaas9.5.1.4Way, manner9.2.3.2Indefinite pronouns
amɛndɩamɛndɪ cfma1who?der. of2 2ɔdɩn.which ones – of people onlyNɩ amɛndɩ bɛba, asa afʋbla mɩ?Who (pl.) should come, before you tell me?Amɛndɩ gyi aha anfɩ bɛba anfɩ? Tɛpʋfɔ nɩ.Who are these ones (people) coming (towards us)? They are from Tepo.Magyi ɔha anfɩ ɔba anfɩ? Mɩ bitɛpʋ nɩ.Who is that coming? He is my uncle.cfɔmɛnkɛwhen?9.2.3.2Indefinite pronouns
amʋamʊart."the"; discourse marker referring to something known to both speaker and hearerAtogyihɛ amʋ lablɩ.The food is cooked.9.2.3.5Demonstrative pronouns
amʋ́amʊ́(H)pro.they; them; their; [3rd person plural]Amʋ́ bʋ mankani ndɔ amʋ. They own the cocoyam farm.Amʋ́ mankani ndɔ nɩ. This is their cocoyam farm.9.2.3Pronouns
amʋʋamʊ́ːdem.that/whichMɩ atadɩɛ amʋʋ nɔwa igye amʋ lakpɔɩ.My cloth which I wore yesterday that has become dirty.Oyin amʋʋ ɔlɛba nfɩ amʋ lolwii. The man that came here he is a quiet man.Ayin amʋʋ bɛba nfɩ amʋ bolwii. The men that came here are good men.9.2.3.5Demonstrative pronouns
anfɩaɱfɪ(H) dem.this oneAnɩ fɛ́ɛ́ anɩgyi afɔɔ ɔyɩ anfɩtɔ. We all are strangers in this world.9.2.3.5Demonstrative pronouns
anɩ1anɪ(H) sp. var.anɩ-pro.we; us; our; [1st person plural]Anɩmɛ́ɛtra bwɛ lakpan. Mɛnɩ awu a, abɔ́yɔ Bulu wa.We will not do evil again so that should we die, we will go to God's place (Heaven).Nɩ awu a, anɩ bwɛhɛ bobuo anɩ. When we die, our deeds will come to follow us.9.2.3Pronouns
asimasiasímasi(H) From:Akanasimasin.a certain person; someone you don't want to say the person's name. The person you are talking to will know the identity but you may want to keep it from someone else listening.Asimasi ɔbɛɛ, ɔbɛ́ba ndɛ, sʋ mayɔ ɔtɩnɛtɩnɛ. Don't go anywhere because "you know who" is coming.That person we know about (but someone else doesn't) said he would come today so don't go anywhere.9.2.3.2Indefinite pronouns
brɛ mɔmʋcomp. ofbrɛmɔmʋq.when? (what time?)cfɔmɛnkɛwhen?8.4Time9.2.3.4Question words
bʋ- pro.they; 3rd person plural subjectdɛ agyʋma yɔ amʋ́ ndɔtɔ. They are working on their farm.9.2.3Pronouns
dɔ fɩnɩcomp. of2contraction ofɔdɔn 2afɩnɩq.what timeDɔ fɩnɩ lada? What time is it?Bells how many have hit?cfɔmɛnkɛwhen?8.4Time9.2.3.4Question words
fʋa2fʊ́á contr. of1 1ánɩ́pro.you that; whoeverOwie ɔbɛɛ, fʋa fʋmɛba agyʋma a, bɔ́hɔ fʋ kɔ. The chief says whoever doesn't come to work, they will take your fine.9.2.3Pronouns
ɩ-2ɪallo. vari-2pro.pfx3rd person inanimate pronoun9.2.3Pronounscomp.alɩagyialɩa igyiby all meansIdiom:ɩba mʋ́tɔyescomp.ɩna X sʋbecauseofiebanext yearsay.ɩma wuluuseless
ɩnʋɪnʊ contractiondem.there; at that timeNyankpʋ latswie dʋbɩ sʋ, atsalɩ bʋ ɩnʋ. It has rained a lot so it's cool there.Kʋkʋ ma ɩnʋ. Nothing was there.Awʋlɛ mʋ́ a, fɔpʋ wa ntsutso a, bʋtamalɛ mʋ ɩnʋ ɩnʋ.This net, you put it into the water, you don't take it out at the same time.Lɛ fʋ aklantida amʋ lɛ obu amʋtɔ afʋfɛɩ nʋ. Ɩnʋ lawa nyanya.Remove your old cloths and sleeping mats from the room so that you can sweep there as it has become nasty.9.2.3.5Demonstrative pronounscomp.ɩnʋ aimmediately thenma ɩnʋnot existph. v.bʋ ɩnʋexist
ɩnɩɪ́!nɪ́dem.this9.2.3.5Demonstrative pronouns
ɩwɩɪwɪʔ(H) contraction2n.1selfTsufɛ fʋa fotsu ɩwɩ a, Bulu ɔbɛ́ba fʋ asɩ.Because if you lift yourself up, God will humble you.Fʋ wɩ lablɩ ogya, sʋ owisʋ lakɩta fʋ. You have become hot. You have a fever.Oyi amʋ wɩ laplɩ. This tree is smooth.Kɛnkɛ bʋ imi, ɩtɔwɔlɩ wɩ fɛ tʋnkpa.Kɛnkɛ grass has hair that makes you itch like tʋnkpa.9.2.3.1Reflexive pronounscomp.ba ɩwɩ asɩhumbleda ɩwɩsʋbe alertɩwɩ imibody hairɩwɩ sɔɔnluckyɩwɩ yinta Xdefileka ɩwɩ lɛdefend oneselfkpɩnkɩ ɩwɩshake with fearnya ɩwɩbecome richɔmlawɩclothder.ɩwɩtɔbowels2concerningIgye nɔtɔɩ tsu tɔkʋ wɩ.Yesterday, I talked about something.3.5.1.2.9Be about, subject3euphemism for genitalsoyin wɩa man's genitalsɔtsɩ wɩa woman's genitals2.1.8.4Female organs2.1.8.3Male organs
ma1ma cfamɛndɩwhich peoplepro.who?Ma lɛba nfɩ igye? Who came here yesterday?Ma bʋ bɔɔlʋ amʋ? Who owns this ball?9.2.3.2Indefinite pronounsIdiom:ma nɩ mɩ nɩdusk
2mɛ́ɛq.1Where is?Nkɩ oyin amʋ mɛ? Where is the man?Nkɩ atɔ amʋ mɛ? Where are the things?9.2.3.4Question words2what about?Fʋ ka mɛ?Where is your wife? / How is your wife?9.2.3.4Question wordsder.amɛndɩwhich peopleɔmɛnkɛwhen?
mɪ́ unspec. var.mɩ-pro.I; my; 1st person singularMɩ bʋ igyo ndɔ amʋ. I own the yam farm.Mɩ bi nɩ.This is my child.Malala mɩ.Don't nag me.9.2.3PronounsIdiom:ma nɩ mɩ nɩdusk
mlɩmlɪ pro.1you(plural);2nd person pluralNyankpʋ amʋ lada mlɩ dʋbɩ. The rain has beaten you too much.The rain has soaked you (pl).cf1 1you(sg.)9.2.3Pronounsder.mlɩaasay, you (pl)mlɩyaagreet A.M.22nd person plural possessiveMlɩ atoduhɛ amʋ lakwɛ wanklaan. The things you planted have sprouted well.Mlɩ anyawie amʋ bɛba. Your friends are coming.Mlɩ natɩ yɔ woyitɔ.You(pl.) go to your houses.cf1 2your(sg.)9.2.3Pronouns
mlɩaader. ofmlɩ 1-aaunspec. var. ofbɛɛv.you (pl) say9.2.3Pronouns3.5.1Say
mɔmʋmɔmʊ n.whichNtobi amʋ, mɔmʋ gyi fʋ klɛ? Which of the things are yours.Mɔmʋ odu ntsu ba? Which kind should I bring?Sukuu amʋ mɔmʋtɔ fɔ́yɔ?Which of the school are you going?9.2.3.4Question wordscomp.brɛ mɔmʋwhen?der.ɔmɔmʋ
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