Search results for "Pronouns"

a=1ʔaːpro.clitdative to/forIdóng ado cun kin amêng cun kin.They give to him half and to me half.Mêng pachou, mêng bôn amêng.Self takes home, self takes to-one’s-self.Precedes one-syllable pronoun. ado precedes two-syllable pronouns.; Sometimes found written separately in texts, as either a or o. acưunspec. comp. formʔakɯːproto meDyoun acư au.Give to me.1SG dative.cfaday9.2.3Pronounsamayunspec. comp. formʔamajproto you2SG Dative9.2.3Pronouns
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adayʔadajproto me (in reported speech)1SG Dative-quotedcfacưunspec. comp. form ofa=19.2.3Pronouns
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ado apeʔadɔː ʔapɛːproto them; to a known group3PL Dative specificcfangai9.2.3Pronouns
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aheʔahɛːproto us1PL dative9.2.3Pronouns
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angaiʔaŋaːjproto them; to people3PL Dative remotecfado ape9.2.3Pronouns
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anha1ʔaɲaːprothose two; anaphoric 3DUsynanhâhcl: náqcfinha3cl: náq9.2.3Pronouns
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anha dayʔaɲaː dajprowe two; us twoCáp ado ipe avóuq, ngai doq cacheit anha day tốq tôm iri.Bite him sir, they killed us(2) at the banyon tree.Reported speech.cfnhángcl: náq9.2.3Pronouns
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anhâhʔaɲɤhprothose two; 3DU (persons)Tốq atâng xayq atayq crêng, tư tarli anhâh tardông tarbán o.When matured, from both equally they cared for each other well.Unsure if inalienable possession is involved.synanha1cfapâhcl: náqâh1âh2pl dial.: ndíhmâh19.2.3Pronouns
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apâhʔapɤhpro3PL; thoseAchít át loi lâyq cato, cốh apâh pôc xua lư lâyq hôm.No.10 stayed not pointing, so they went looking but didn’t see it.He avaih chom cang apâh avốq, iki pê ahe.We didn’t understand the language of those of the owners, so we failed.Ape tiráp tireng tabong taboah apâh.They prepared their lamps.Appears to be short form of ape_ngcốh. Often preferred following an initial intro.synape ngcốhcfadâh1anhâhcl: náqâh1âh2pl dial.: ndíhmâh19.2.3Pronouns
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apeʔapɛːpe2they; 3rdPlprothey; 3PL groupApe ngcốh la ape Cantôm; ape ngcốh la ape lalâu te Cantôm.Those there are those of Cantôm; those there are those of the boys of Cantôm.Contrasts with the general 3PL ngai ‘they’.9.2.3Pronouns
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án1ʔanpro3SG, he, she, it9.2.3Pronouns
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âh1ʔɤhproforementioned; anaphoric pronoun ‘our’Kếh ixear táq âh bar lám ngcán ân kéiq culay priêng.Then they went down and fought the forementioned two women that picked fruit.Acay âh icounh tuyê ngcốh ân a–ay.The forementioned children’s monster father was sick.Imoq âh ldup lkhoung lâyq yốh hôi bôn ticu.His forementioned sister was flat on her back and couldn’t sit up.Nhóung icounh két âh táq tangcóng icóung, o lư tanh.Look at our little man acting like a married man, weaving so nicely.Tư chou tốq tíh te nen cán ape Arứm íh âh ape Cavaq.From returning there from land of Arưm women, they are not the forementioned of Cavaq.Ngai cúm adyưng anha cloi ati âh dáng xic.They clamped feet and tied hands of forementioned with chains.Do pôc lâng, xua ixai âh Ximôn.He went immediately to find his forementioned brother, Simon.Vi mâh náq nốh âh Dyon.There was one, name of forementioned, John.Cốh campay do âh Êli-xabêt át caréiq.Then his forementioned wife, Elizabeth, was hiding.This âh occurs at the end of a noun phrase. In the first example below, it appears that âh is the head of a noun phrase, or is a noun phrase followed by an appositional noun phrase. (Meaning not clear.)cfamâh2anhâhcl: náqapâhcl: náqdâh2idứh 19.2.3Pronouns
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canakanaːproyou (intimate)Cana pitương.Said of one who bosses like a chief (VN tướng). Cana pixai.Said of one who bosses like big brother.Sometimes translated as ‘friend’.9.2.3Pronouns
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kɯːproI, me, my; 1SGCan depend on kin or social relationship, but much less than in Vietnamese, e.g., parents address child as acay ‘child’ or may ‘you’.syndaypl:peday9.2.3Pronounsunspec. comp. formacưa=1
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daydajpro1SG; I, me, my (quotation form)syndu:nháng; report:day; refl:tou9.2.3Pronouns
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dodɔːirreg. infl.u1prohe, she, it; 3SGHowever do is normal, not derogatory as VN is.; Do ân ‘he/she/they that’ does not distinguish number.synu=9.2.3Pronouns
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he2hɛːprowe, us, oursynpedaysg: day9.2.3Pronouns
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inha2ʔiɲaːproyou (dual and plural)9.2.3Pronouns
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inha3ʔiɲaːproyou two; 2DUcfanha1ipe 1cl: náq; du: inha9.2.3Pronouns
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ipeʔipɛːpro1you (plural)cfinha3cl: náq9.2.3Pronouns2you3you
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maymajproyou; 2SGTốq mmo may pôc?Where are you going?But Pacoh may can be used in normal address, not speaking down like mày. synmâh19.2.3Pronounsunspec. comp. formamaya=1
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mâh1mɤhproyourNưm nháng icán mâh tông achưng acay, “Iyư peih tốq lom imo ân lư, au acay.”Your mother and I only told the child, “Remember to take to heart whatever is true, hear child.”Varies with may when preceded by kinship terms.synmaydu:inha; pl:ipecfanhâhcl: náqapâhcl: náq9.2.3Pronouns
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mêng1meːŋproone’s self; reflexiveIdóng ado cungkin amêng cungkin.They give to him half and to me half.Kếh thét mmêng, a–em achai xô aliêh ma mêng ngcâp pa–ốh.If a fault is mine/someone’s, siblings/friends set me straight and I/whoever don’t be angry.Used for one’s self or someone in general.9.2.3Pronouns
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mu kimuː kiːprothey; 3PL3DU is not distinguished in PK9.2.3Pronouns
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néhnɛhdemhereDo néh; dáng néh, tốq néh.This one; at here; to here.Only found in do_néh or dáng_néh tốq_néh. The former is considered to be a contraction of do_nnéh. In the locative phrases nnéh is a pronoun.cfcốh2def: ngcốhtacốhtíhdh: tóh; def: ntíhtóh2uh: tíh; def: ntóh9.2.3Pronouns8.5.2Direction
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