n=ʔnoneNlám acho nlám ticuai.One dog and one person.This n= is listed separately from n= ‘relativizer’ because this is a special usage found in Pahi. ; It appears that use of the relativizer/nominalizer emphasizes the individualization of the classifier, not allowing for more than one.
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N=ʔənpossessor cliticNgcư, mmay, ndo, nnháng, ng-he, ngngai, ndo ipe, ndo ape.Mine, yours, his, ours, ours, theirs, yours (pl), theirs.Short for ndo. Precedes pronouns to make them possessive (ndo precedes two-syllable pronouns and any nouns).; (Alternatively a prefix grammaticalized from a previous clitic).cfân 1N-
ânʔɤn1relativizer ‘that’, ‘which’Vi do ân pôc páq.There are those who go picking.Nám nno ân tumua..If it’s a season that’s a bumper crop….The relativizer can refer to a previously mentioned head noun, or serve as its own head noun ‘that which’. Stative verbs do not require a relativizer, but when it occurs it specifies a particular one or group.; Alves’ ‘predicate taking relator noun’.cfN=188.8.131.52Relative pronouns2that are, theNgai ân areaih xaxai phat.The elders penalize.
N-ʔəm; ʔən; ʔəŋ; ʔəɲ; ʔəlprefix on demonstratives and two classifiers turning them into identifiers or determiners, rather than describers.Nnéh; ngcốh; ntíh; ntóh; llám; nnáq.This/these one(s); that/those one(s); up there one(s); down there one(s); the thing(s); the person(s).N- is speculated to have been grammaticalized from n= clitic of the relativizer ân. cfN=par-2
ndo2ʔəndɔːhis; hers; itsCư tông, “Li ngcư, ma ndo dyeaq pưt; ndo abêh moui tilê.”I said, “Equal to mine, but his is a bit bigger; his is a squirrel and a chipmunk.”clitic n=+ do ‘3SG’, = ‘belonging of 3SG’. Apparently N= is a reduction of ân ‘relativizer’ rather than ndo. Cadô uses ân instead of ndo cfmmayndo apendo ipennhángngcưngngai184.108.40.206Possessive
ngcốh1ʔəŋkoh1detthat one there; that place; thereHe át dáng dúng ngcốh.We live at that house.Deictic or anaphoric.; N- is speculated to have been grammaticalized from n= clitic of the relativizer ân. 2prothat one; that placeIcáq tông, “Ngcốh ân may râu?”His grandmother said, “That (is) what you’re sad about?”Deictic or anaphoric.; N- is speculated to have been grammaticalized from n= clitic of the relativizer ân. cfntíhdh: ntóh; rt: tíhntóhuh:ntíh9.2.3Pronouns8.5.2Direction220.127.116.11Demonstrative pronouns