a=₁ [ʔaː] pro.clit dative to/for cho Idóng ado cun kin amêng cun kin. They give to him half and to me half. Mêng pachou, mêng bôn amêng. Self takes home, self takes to-one’s-self. [Precedes one-syllable pronoun. ado precedes two-syllable pronouns.; Sometimes found written separately in texts, as either a or o. ] acư Dyoun acư au. Give to me. , amay
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ca= [kaː] 1v.clit collective cả Keat-cakeat. To cut around-to cut all the way around. [clitic form of ca ‘all’; Occurs on some one-syllable verbs.] cf: DUP.Ca₁. 2num.clit collective Cabar, cape, capoan. All two, all three, all four. [clitic form of ca ‘all’; Occurs on one-syllable numerals.; These are synonymous with the reduplicative collectives, i.e., babar, pape, papoan, xaxông, chachít.]
ta= [ta] pa; pc; pk 1prep.clit from tới; đến Ngai bôn cha te tacốh. They get to eat from there. Te tamo ipe chou? From where did you return? He xáng parhanh ngai tartáq te tanéh te tarâh. We heard a message that they were fighting each other from here and from there. [Clitic required when following te and preceding a demonstrative, as in te_tacốh ‘from there’.] 2prep.clit to tới; đến Nốh cư la Vơng deng pôq ta lat. My name is Vơng going to market. [Clitic form of tốq when preceding a low vowel, as in ta_lat ‘to market’.] syn: tu= pl dial.: tốq
DUP.Ca₁ [Ca] num.pfx collective; all inclusive cả Pape ngcốh dye cha. All three of those have already eaten. [This prefix reduplicates the first C (consonant) of a one-syllable number and adds the concept of ‘all of’ to the number. (The quantifier ca ‘all’ is used for this function preceding two-syllable numbers.)] spec: babar, pape, papoan, xaxông, chachít ‘all two; all three; all four; all five; all ten’ cf: ca= 1. In this case, C only stands for b, ch, p, and x.