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Pacoh - English

a


a1ʔaːvtsay; declare; judge; argue a caseCư a may pê.I declare you lost.
a2ʔaːprepDative to/for9.5.1.1Beneficiary of an event9.5.3.2Recipient (of a patient)9.5.3.1Beneficiary (of a patient)
a-1ʔaː1n.kin.pfxprefix for kin termsAvóuq: Vóuq Hiên cốh ivóuq Dưc tưi.Grandfather: Grandfather Hien is Dưc’s grandfather too.As seen in the example, the parvóuq 'grandfather title' drops the a- while the possessive form replaces it with i-. Kinterms usually occur with a-, except when they are used as titles, or when replaced by i- indicating possession.2n.pfxprefix for body partsAnáq dyoat dyưng, lâyq châm tarlúq; anáq apúq ti lâyq châm tarteic,...Although crippled leg, so can't pull each other; although swollen arm so can't carry each other,...Most nouns that begin with a- never drop the a-, making it questionable whether it is a prefix for them. However, others, such as kinterms and body parts often do, but never as citation forms. Some rules for dropping a- still need to be worked out.
a-2ʔa:v.pfxcausative prefixVaih > Avaih.Appear > Create (cause to appear).Cf. abôn ‘get’ with bôn ‘have’synpa-
a-3ʔaːnum.pfxordinalAmoui, Achít.No.1 son, No.10 son.8.1.1.2Ordinal numbers
a-4ʔa:v.pfxnegationMay ính cha lâyq? Abéinh.You want to eat? No.Cf. avaih ‘PA neg’ with vaih ‘appear’
a=1ʔaːpro.clitdative to/forIdóng ado cun kin amêng cun kin.They give to him half and to me half.Mêng pachou, mêng bôn amêng.Self takes home, self takes to-one’s-self.Precedes one-syllable pronoun. ado precedes two-syllable pronouns.; Sometimes found written separately in texts, as either a or o. acưunspec. comp. formʔakɯːproto meDyoun acư au.Give to me.1SG dative.cfaday9.2.3Pronounsamayunspec. comp. formʔamajproto you2SG Dative9.2.3Pronouns
a=2ʔaːadv.clitso as; resultative state; adverbializerA–o i–at au; A–o ipôc au!Stay well! Go well!Lư ahôi téng.Keep on really well.Contraction/clitic form of o before one-syllable verbs.
a aliaqʔaː ʔaliəhvtaccuse; denounceÊ lư callong ngai tông a rliaq may.They accuse you of many things.
a angoar ay angoarʔa ʔaŋṵar ʔaj ʔaŋṵaridiomthin because of illness, gaunt
a axán ay axánʔaː ʔasan ʔaj ʔasanidiombad cold; cough2.5.1Sick
a âp eap ay âp eapʔa ʔɤp ʔḭap ʔaj ʔɤp ʔḭapidiomseriously (hurt), deathly (sick)
a công ouiqʔaː koːŋ ʔṵjʔidiomrooster; cocksyncôngcl: lám
a khot ứmʔaː khɔːt ʔɯmidiomcook corn with rice
a liqʔaː liːʔvpargue a case
a rliêhʔaː ʔər.liəhvaccusesyncaoqrecp: tarcaoqnưqpi thoar
Aaʔaaːexclexclamation of endearmentAa, a–em achai parláng bư! Ipe acâp liêu tou bôm.Do not be deceived, my dear friends.
abarʔabaːrcardnumsecondCốh do ân abar dyeal campay amoui cốh ma do cốh cucheit tưi.So the second (brother) took the wife of the first, but he died too.8.1.1.2Ordinal numbers
abayh1ʔabasnfishing poleDyê píq tuloui, dyeal abayh, pôc babayh tốq daq clóung.After digging worms, take fishing pole, go fishing at a pool in river.synabéihredup: babéih abéihtaoq6.4Hunt and fish
abayh2ʔabasvtfish with poleCư át abayh dáng clóung lư pưt.I was fishing at a very large pool.6.4Hunt and fish
abángʔabaŋnbamboo shoots, sproutscfcammúc1.5Plant1.5.5Parts of a plant
abáng pheoʔabaŋ phɛːwnbamboo shoots, sprouts
abâmʔabɤmnstart of shoot before tassel of bananas1.5.5Parts of a plant
abârʔabɤrvtspin threads together, make ropesynxárcfcléinh1nomi: calléinhvéinhnomi: parvéinh; invol: tavéinh; pk dial.: vánh6.6.1.2Spinning thread
abaơtʔabɯ̰ːtviexaggerate; slanderAcâp tông abaơt ado do cốh.Don’t exaggerate about him.synapiênsit: tông apiên