Sama Bajaw - English


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PSB*-ifr. var.-in1topic marker-itopic markeraku-yme (as topic)AB-iindefiniteness markerYK-idiscourse markeraku-ime in particularlumaʔ itu-ithis specific housekohap-iinprevious afternoonCSincase-marking particleTsg
iapronoun, 3rd pers sing, Set III
PSL*iakinon guard; alertiakinaware of something unexpectedYKiakinon guardWSJMyakinlook forward to, hope forTsg
PSL(*)ian1speak; inquireian-ianassume wronglyNSianspeak (limited contexts)CSianask for detailsSSiyanspeakTsg
PSL*ian2fr. var.iʔandeictic: that near hearer-yunthat yonderABianthat yonderYK-yanthat yonderNSCS.8SSiʔanthat yonderWSyanthat near hearerTsg
PSB*iaŋmotheriaŋmotherNBiahmain part of something (e.g. drill bit of boring tool or middle finger of hand)iah taŋaŋmiddle fingerIBəŋgoʔ + HAND/FOOTthumb/great toeuaŋrelative in parent's generation
PSL*iasmaggot; larvaiasmaggotNSYKiasmaggot of small flyCSiasfly eggsNSJMiyassmall maggotsTsg
PSB*iaʔshame; embarassmentiaʔshame; embarrassment; humiliationZBYKNSWSCSSSJMIBiaʔ-iaʔshame; embarrassment; humiliationNB
PSL*ibaʔfruit sp; carambola or starfruitAverrhoea sp.ibaʔstarfruit; carambolaYKNSCSibaʔfruit sp; carambola or starfruitTsg
PSB*ibɤgdesireibug ~hibugdesireABibegeager forYKibɤgcovetWS.1ebogdesireCSibugenvious of someone's beautyTsgibegwantMwa
PSL*ibɤtdo diligently; remember to doibɤt-ibɤturge; imploreWS.1ebot-ebotdo without failCSebotdo without failSSibot-ibotdo without failJMibut-ibutwithout failTsg
PSL*ibislanternfishibislanternfishCSJMibisa barb (fish sp)Tsg
PSB*ibuthousandibuthousandZBYKNSWSCSSSlibuthousandJMributhousandNBsabbuthousandIBibuthousandTsgributhousandMly
PSB*iburwhorl of hair on head; cowlickibudrice stookYKbuibudancowlickYKibud ~ebodcowlickCSibudcowlickSSJMibul-ibulcrown of headNB
idalantarget; military objectiveiralantarget; objectiveCSirahantarget; objectiveJM
PSL*idasspouse of spouse's siblingidasspouse of spouse's siblingWSCSJMidasspouse of spouse's siblingTsg
PSL*iddaspecify a timeiddaspecify a timeYKCSiddafuture useNSiddaimpose a sentenceWSiddaimpose a time period; limit limitJMiddadeadlineTsg??????Ara
idɤm1brown complexionirum-irumolive complexionNSeromolive complexionCS
PSB*idɤm2unspec. var.idamperiod of conceptionidamconception, first phaseYKNSWSCSJMedomconceive; crave certain foodsSSidomconceiveNBidaŋconceiveIBidamcraving for certain foods, as in early pregnancyMly
PSB*idoʔdogiduʔdogABedoʔ ~idoʔdogNSedoʔdogWSCSSSidoʔdogJMiduʔdogTsg
iʤiʔ1despiseuʤuʔ
PSB*13rd person singular pronoun, Sets I & II; he, him, she, her, that oneiya3rd person singmaŋa iyathey, 3rd person pluralABiathey, 3rd person pluralZBNSCSWSSSJMiethey, 3rd person pluralYKIB.9sigeyatheySSio3rd person sing. and pluralNBia ~ie3rd person sing. and pluralIBsigalathey
PSB*2topic marker, the oneitopic markerABietopic markerYKiatopic markerNSWSCSSSJM
PSL*iə dulikewiseie dulikewiseYKia dualikewiseNSia dulikewiseCSSSJM
PSB*iə nəthat's so; exactlyiyathat's so; right onABie nethat's so; right onYKia nathat's so; right onNSCSia nethat's so; right onIB