- anvarpaga-anlocfsufA person, place or thing will be the location of an action performed by someone.The range of meaning of this locative focus affix includes what is generally called beneficiary focus.Pwīdi na taw'an mu si Birtu ning tināpay.It is appropriate that Berto will be given some bread by you.San'u ku baya matāpus 'ang 'ākun hugasan?When, I wonder, will the [utensils] that will be washed by me be able to be finished?Bakyan ku kamu ning bāru' kag sapātus.You will have a dress and shoes bought for [you] by me.Kung mag'ugduk ning halīgi sa bag'u nga bayay dāpat padagā'an 'ānay.When erecting the foundation posts for a new house, first [the house] should be allowed to have a blood-letting ceremony performed for [it].cfgina-an gina-an gina-i gina-i giN-an -i -in-an1-in-an4ka-an1na-anna-anpag-an pag-i recipsufTwo or more do something to or witheach other.Marks a verb for reciprocal action or state. Stem 'inum with agent focus verb prefix mag- plus length and reciprocal suffix -an.'Ūras nang kasay, 'inanunsyu nang hāri' sa tanan nga 'ang 'iya pagataw'an nang 'iya kurūna hay waya' ning 'iba kundi' si Prinsipi 'Adūnis.During the wedding ceremony, [it] was announced by the king to everyone that the one who would be given his crown by him would be no other than prince Adonis.'Ang 'iya hambay sa magūyang, "Lūlu, ma'āyu baya mag'inūman 'ānay kita, 'agud malīpay 'ang 'ātun pag'inisturyāhan."He said to the old man, "Grandfather, maybe it is good that we drink with each other first, so that our telling stories to each other will be delightful."syn-in-an4cfgina-an giN-an -i -in-an4pag-an
-aneg gfsufSomeone or something is not or was not acted upon by someone else.The affix -a inflects verbs found in negative sentences. Negatives, however, are expressed in the verb context.Ma'āyu da kay nagpāti da sa 'ākun 'ang 'ākun maguyang; waya' na da niya kadtu'a 'ang 'upirītur.It is good because my older sister agreed with me; the [music] operator [at the dance] was not approached by her.cfgiN- giN- giN- ginagina- giN-a giN-a gina-agina-a-in-1pag-a pag-a pag-unpag-unpag-un-un -un imper gfsufSomeone or something must or should be acted upon by someone else.The affix -a inflects imperative goal-focus verbs.Kung puydi lang pati' 'inang banig buy'a na lang kag 'imaw 'inang 'itābun sa 'indu.If possible that mat should just be gotten and that is what will be used to cover yourselves.neg imper gfsufSomeone or something must or should not be acted upon by someone else; an action must or should not be accomplished by someone.With casusative affix pa-.Naghambay 'aku sa 'iya nang pagbakay ku sa 'iya ning tuba' nga "Pabakya 'ābi 'aku ning tuba'."I said to him upon my buying coconut wine from him, "I should be allowed to buy coconut wine."'Ayaw na kunu 'ina' tapūsa 'ang pagbu'uy nang sāyap.Getting the small-mesh fishnet must not be completed, someone said.cfgiN-a gina-apag-a pag-un-un
-an2var. of-in-an1Marks a gerund, infinitive or verb for reciprocal action or state; two or more do something to or witheach other.
-ānann dervsufCommonly derives a noun from a root or stem.handum think about; handumānan souvenir, remembrance; sala' mistake; kasal'ānan grievance; sūgut agree kasugtānan agreement; tūbu' plant shoot; tubu'ānan coconut fruit with shoot'Ang 'āmun ning kasugtānan hay kwatru syintus pīsus 'ang bāyad.Our agreement is that four hundred pesos is the payment.syn-an1