Zapoteco de San Dionisio Ocotepec – Ingles


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r-gwayRelated tor-ayvput (a skirt, etc.) on (another person)Ù-gááy Màríí fààld xì'ny=nì'Maria put the skirt on her daughter.Rgway bi zu'dy bdo'She puts the diaper on the baby.
r-gwazRelated tor-azvbathe (another person)Ù-gààz Màríí xì'ny=nì'Maria bathed her child.5.6.2Bathe
r-gwi'MZ ruhuiinivseeRr-cà'z Juáàny ìgwíì' là'á=rébyJuan wants to see them2.3.1See2.1.1.1Eye
r-gwi' dzitsvstare at
r-gya'nvfeed
r-i1v1be piled upRíì bzyàà lòò mèèsThe beans are piled up on the table.2be putRíì bzyàà lòò mèès.
r-i2irreg. infl.byo'nwe wentchiwill gocho'nwe will go za'ago away from home:1sgcfbyo'nirreg. infl. ofr-i2chiirreg. infl. ofr-i2vgoÍíty=chà’ Juáàny níì lòò gyè’Maybe Juan didn't go to the market
r-i3vbe (of groups of things massed together)Ù-ríí réé=bè'z lòò mèès.The pumpkin seeds were on the table.
r-i'MZ rä'nicfr-de'dy dudunspec. comp. form ofr-de'dydudv1drink2nurse, suckleCáyí' bdóò' dúúd.The baby is nursing.2.6.4.1.1Care for a baby
r-i'tyiiəʔtjRelated tor-si'tycfr-si'tyvbe folded; be crooked; be twistedÁ-b-ìì'ty réé=x-pántlòòn=à'My pants are foldedN-íí'ty=nì.It is folded.pairpair
r-i'uRelated tor-si'uvbe extinguished, go outR-íí'ú cándéèlThe candle goes out.5.5.3Extinguish a fire
r-ia'chv1fail to (do something)R-ià’ch quíìby Màríì làjdyMaria failed to wash the clothes.2lack enoughBèèyny=dù'úxh Màrìì dzììny té pàjrr ííty yá'ch réé=xhí'ny=bìMaria worked a lot so that her children would lack nothing.
r-ia'xhRelated tor-lda'axhvbe pulled out by the rootsBíà'xh lèchùgThe lettuce was pulled out by its roots.
r-ia'zyRelated tor-sia'zyvbe stuck, ingrownR-ìáá'zy clàjvThe nail is stuck in.N-íà'zy tòby bxhùùg Màrìì.Maria has an ingrown fingernail.pairpair5.4.7Care for the fingernails8.2.7.3Wedged in, stuckr-ia'zy di'dxder.vbe offensiveR-íáá'zy x-tìì'dx JuáànyJuan's words are offensive.This verb is used with a possessed form of the idiomatic subject dìì'dx 'word'.
r-ia'zy di'dxder. ofr-ia'zybe offensive
r-iabvfallB-iàjb nììsgìì'Rain fell.B-iàjb géy'Snow fell.B-yàjb tòyby gòòt.A drop fell.r-iab nisgider.vrain1.1.3.3Rainr-yab lader.vbe (someone's) birthdayR-yàjb làà JuáànyIt is Juan's birthday.Náá dxìì ryàjb làà JuáànyToday is Juan's birthdayThe subject of this idiom is the possessor of laa 'name'
r-iab nisgider. ofr-iabder. ofr-iabrain
r-iaccfr-syacvcure (oneself), healpairpair
r-iachcfr-ach1vbe infected, be filled with pusR-yàjch lòò gè'dx.The pimple is infected.
r-ialoirreg. infl.chalowill finishchalowill finishv1stop, be completeÁ=byàlòò èstùùd xtè MàrììMaria's studies are completed2finishÁ=b-yàlòò ù-yà'á JuàànyJuan finished dancing
r-ie'cfr-ze'vbe spread on/overN-ié' màntèquíì lòò gèèt xtíìlyThe butter is spread on the bread.Bí'è zàà lààdyGrease is smeared on the cloth.
r-ie'dda'Come! (imperative)irreg. infl.da'Come! (imperative)sp. var.zì'dMZ riäädnicfzi'dvcome; returnÍíty réé=bíín ùnàà ny-èèd.The women didn't comeLà'áb íítírù g-yé'd= bà.He's not going to come backrie'd gedx lyuder.rjèʔd gèèjdʒ ljùùvbe bornGyéè'd bdòò gèèych lyùù.The baby will be born
r-ie'nirreg. infl.ye'nwill remain ye'nwill remain cfye'nirreg. infl. ofr-ie'nvremainTòyby=bá zéè; s-tôyby=bà b-yà'n.One went and one remained.Despwes ni-guty chel Mari, bie'n-ti-by byud.After the death of her husband, Maria remained a widow.
r-iel1Related tor-sielvburpR-yèèl Juáàny dèspuèès dè ni=rì'íby rèfrèèscwJuan burps after drinking a soda.
r-iel2vbloom (of flowers)B-íél giè' lòò yààg.Flowers bloomed on the tree.1.5.6Growth of plants