Zapoteco de San Dionisio Ocotepec – Ingles


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r-cwa dya'g di'dxder. ofr-cwa dya'gpay attention to; obey
r-cwa gider. ofr-cwa'light set on fire
r-cwa lovwatch; guard againstCá-cuà+lòò+sérrc=ráb réé=sòspèchòjs.They are watching the suspects closelyLááèby rrcuàlòò=éby lè'èby tén ííty gáác=bí xí'She's being carefully to avoid getting the cold.À=cá-cwàlòò=èby lòòdè'She is watching the fire.4.4.4.5Protect5.5Fire
r-cwa'kwaʔcfdi'dxr-ca1yagContrastr-cwa2v1throw; put2write3.5.7.1Write3make (tortillas)Là’éby ííty=pà’c=sá rr-cuà’=tí=by gèèt.She never makes tortillasÙ-cà' Juáàny yéès dèxh pàdéèrJuan put plaster on the wallÙ-cà' Juáàny bgùù lòò dù'ù.Juan tied a knot in the rope.cwader.vbe sharpenedÁ=cuà' lòò gùchíílyThe knife is sharpenedr-cwa gider.vlight; set on fireÙ-càà+gíí Juáàny vèlàdóórrJuan lit the candle.non-projnon-projr-cwa' di'dxder.vinsult indirectlyRr-cuà' Màríì dìì'dx Juáàny.Maria indirectly insults Juan.idiomidiomThis sense of the verb requires the idiomatic object dìì'dxr-cwa' loder.vsharpenCá-cuàà' bííny ngìw lòò gùchíìly.The man is sharpening the knifer-cwa' yagder.v1tieÙ-cá' x-pè'cw=á' yààgI tied my dog.idiomidiomThis verb requires the idiomatic object yààg. Although yààg means 'wood, stick, tree', it is used with this verb regardless of what the object is tied to.2spank, hitRr-cuà'+yààg Juáàny xhììny=nì'.Juan spanked his child.r-cwa' xtyugunspec. comp. formvpeck atRr-cùa'+xtyúúg dèjdy xóób.The chicken pecks at the corn.
r-cwa' descanskwaʔvtake a restB-cà' Juáàny dèscàànsJuan rested2.4.5Rest
r-cwa' di'dxder. ofr-cwa'insult indirectly
r-cwa' du'ukwàʔdṵ̀vcatch with a rope; rope (an animal); lassoRr-cuà+dù'ú=réby gù'nThey lasso the bull.
r-cwa' loder. ofr-cwa'sharpen
r-cwa' na'vpush with the hand
r-cwa' ni'vkicknon-projnon-proj
r-cwa' xtyugunspec. comp. form ofr-cwa'xtyugpeck at
r-cwa'nycfr-banyvwake (someone) upÙ-cá'ny Màríí Juáàny.Maria woke Juan up.
r-cwa'tsvburyB-cà'ts Juáàny xnáán=nì'Juan buried his mother2.6.6.5Bury
r-cwatsRelated tor-gatsvtoastÌ-cwájts Màríí gíí'nyMaria will toast the chiles.
r-cwe'cyRelated tor-be'cy1vput (pants, etc.) on (another person)B-cwè'cy Juáàny xpàntlòòn xì'ny=nì'Juan put pants on his son.
r-cwe't1vdeafRr-cuè't dyàjg Juáàny.Juan is deaf.2.5.4.3Deaf2adj^deaf (in compounds)Ù-sè'n+güé't rwííèd dyàjg Juáàny.The noise left Juan deaf.
r-davhave as its source (of water), come from (of water)R-dáá nìjs lè'èn bzyè'The water comes from the well.
r-da'1vcrawl
r-da'2MZ r-da'=niv1fillÙ-dà' Juáàny nìjs lè'èn rì'.Juan filled the jug with water2be in, lie inRr-dá' bzyàà lè'èn plájtThe beans fill the plateÙ-xhì'=á nìjs ní=dá' lè'èn bàjsI poured out the water that was in the bottom of the glass.
r-dae'by na'MZ rrdäbnnaavstroke; rub; caressÙ-dàè'by+náá' Juáàny dèjts Màrìì.Juan rubbed Maria's back.
r-dalvincrease in number; multiplyÙ-dàjl bííchThe cats multiplied.
r-dawcfr-awvtaste (a particular way)Níílààzy rr-dàw còmííèdThe food tastes bad.2.3.3Taste
r-de'vthickenCá-dè' quèjs.The cheese is thickening.
r-de'dyContrastr-ni'dxv1giveRùùny Juáàny pròméés ì-dé'dy lííèbrr lòò Màrìì.Juan promises to give the book to MariaÙ-dè'dy tòyby ííès.A year passed2pass (a location)Ùdè'dyà tièènd.I passed the store.3pass (of time)r-de'dy dudunspec. comp. formcfr-i'vnurse, breast-feedCá-dè'dy=bí dùùd lòò bdùù.She is breast-feeding the baby.