Browse San Dionisio Zapotec – English


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r-gwayRelated tor-ayvponer (falda, etc.) a (otra persona)put (a skirt, etc.) on (another person)Ù-gááy Màríí fààld xì'ny=nì'María le puso la falda a su hija.Maria put the skirt on her daughter.Rgway bi zu'dy bdo'Ella le pone el pañal al bebéShe puts the diaper on the baby.
r-gwazRelated tor-azvbañar (a otra persona)bathe (another person)Ù-gààz Màríí xì'ny=nì'María bañó a su bebé.Maria bathed her child.5.6.2Bathe
r-gwi'vverseeRr-cà'z Juáàny ìgwíì' là'á=rébyJuan las quiere ver.Juan wants to see them2.3.1See2.1.1.1EyeMZ ruhuiini
r-gwi' dzitsvmirar fijostare at
r-gya'nvalimentarfeed
r-i1v1estar en montoncitobe piled upRíì bzyàà lòò mèèsLos frijoles están en la mesa.The beans are piled up on the table.2ponersebe putRíì bzyàà lòò mèès.
r-i2irreg. infl.byo'nwe wentchiwill gocho'nwe will go za'ago away from home:1sgcfbyo'nirreg. infl. ofr-i2chiirreg. infl. ofr-i2virgoÍíty=chà’ Juáàny níì lòò gyè’Maybe Juan didn't go to the market
r-i3vestarbe (of groups of things massed together)Ù-ríí réé=bè'z lòò mèès.Estuvieron las semillas de calabaza en la mesa.The pumpkin seeds were on the table.
r-i'cfr-de'dy dudunspec. comp. form ofr-de'dydudv1beber; tomardrink2mamarnurse, suckleCáyí' bdóò' dúúd.El bebé está mamando.The baby is nursing.2.6.4.1.1Care for a babyMZ rä'ni
r-i'tyiiəʔtjRelated tor-si'tycfr-si'tyvestar doblado; estar chueco; estar torcidobe folded; be crooked; be twistedÁ-b-ìì'ty réé=x-pántlòòn=à'Mis pantalones están doblados.My pants are foldedN-íí'ty=nì.Está doblado.It is folded.pairpair
r-i'uRelated tor-si'uvapagarsebe extinguished, go outR-íí'ú cándéèlSe apaga la vela .The candle goes out.5.5.3Extinguish a fire
r-ia'chv1faltar que (haga algo)fail to (do something)R-ià’ch quíìby Màríì làjdyFalta que Maria lave la ropa.Maria failed to wash the clothes.2faltarlack enoughBèèyny=dù'úxh Màrìì dzììny té pàjrr ííty yá'ch réé=xhí'ny=bìMaria trabajó mucho para que nada le falta a sus hijosMaria worked a lot so that her children would lack nothing.
r-ia'xhRelated tor-lda'axhvarrancarsebe pulled out by the rootsBíà'xh lèchùgLa lechuga se arrancó.The lettuce was pulled out by its roots.
r-ia'zyRelated tor-sia'zyvestar puesto; estar clavado, enterradobe stuck, ingrownR-ìáá'zy clàjvEl clavo está clavado.The nail is stuck in.N-íà'zy tòby bxhùùg Màrìì.Maria tiene una uña enterrada.Maria has an ingrown fingernail.pairpair5.4.7Care for the fingernails8.2.7.3Wedged in, stuckr-ia'zy di'dxder.vbe offensiveR-íáá'zy x-tìì'dx JuáànyJuan's words are offensive.This verb is used with a possessed form of the idiomatic subject dìì'dx 'word'.
r-ia'zy di'dxder. ofr-ia'zybe offensive
r-iabvcaerfallB-iàjb nììsgìì'Llovió.Rain fell.B-iàjb géy'Nevó.Snow fell.B-yàjb tòyby gòòt.Se cayó una gota.A drop fell.r-iab nisgider.vrain1.1.3.3Rainr-yab lader.vbe (someone's) birthdayR-yàjb làà JuáànyIt is Juan's birthday.Náá dxìì ryàjb làà JuáànyToday is Juan's birthdayThe subject of this idiom is the possessor of laa 'name'
r-iab nisgider. ofr-iabder. ofr-iabrain
r-iaccfr-syacvcurarsecure (oneself), healpairpair
r-iachcfr-ach1vestar pudriendobe infected, be filled with pusR-yàjch lòò gè'dx.El grano está pudriendo.The pimple is infected.
r-ialoirreg. infl.chalowill finishchalowill finishv1terminarse, completarsestop, be completeÁ=byàlòò èstùùd xtè MàrììSe completaron los estudios de Maria.Maria's studies are completed2terminarfinishÁ=b-yàlòò ù-yà'á JuàànyJuan terminó de bailarJuan finished dancing
r-ie'cfr-ze'vuntarse, embarrarsebe spread on/overN-ié' màntèquíì lòò gèèt xtíìlyLa mantequilla está untada en el pan.The butter is spread on the bread.Bí'è zàà lààdyLa tela está embarrada.Grease is smeared on the cloth.
r-ie'dda'Come! (imperative)irreg. infl.da'Come! (imperative)sp. var.zì'dcfzi'dvvenir; volvercome; returnÍíty réé=bíín ùnàà ny-èèd.Los mujeres no vinieron.The women didn't comeLà'áb íítírù g-yé'd= bà.El no va a volverHe's not going to come backMZ riäädnirie'd gedx lyuder.rjèʔd gèèjdʒ ljùùvbe bornGyéè'd bdòò gèèych lyùù.The baby will be born
r-ie'nirreg. infl.ye'nwill remain ye'nwill remain cfye'nirreg. infl. ofr-ie'nvquedarremainTòyby=bá zéè; s-tôyby=bà b-yà'n.Uno se fué y el otro se quedó.One went and one remained.Despwes ni-guty chel Mari, bie'n-ti-by byud.Despues de la muerte del esposo de Maria, ella quedó viuda.After the death of her husband, Maria remained a widow.
r-iel1Related tor-sielverutarburpR-yèèl Juáàny dèspuèès dè ni=rì'íby rèfrèèscwJuan eruta despues de tomar refresco.Juan burps after drinking a soda.
r-iel2vflorecerbloom (of flowers)B-íél giè' lòò yààg.El arbol floreció.Flowers bloomed on the tree.1.5.6Growth of plants