Browse San Dionisio Zapotec – English


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r-ac...xi'vtener la gripahave a coldCáyàjc Màríí xì'Maria tiene la gripa.Maria has a cold.
r-ach1cfr-iachv1enfectarse; tener (parasitos)be infected (with something); be affected by (some kind of parasite)R-àjch Juáàny bè'tsJuan tiene piojosJuan has lice.Cáy-àjch=bí gè'dxEl tiene sarnaHe has scabies2salir de cáscara (de pollos)hatchR-àjch bèèdy.Los pollitos salen de la cáscara.The chicks are hatching.
r-ach2vrompersebreakB-yàjb=tà' Juáàn dèjts càbáày nì'íng=ní' gúúch cù'dy=bì.Juan se cayó de su caballo y por eso se rompió la pierna.Juan fell off his horse and his leg broke.Gúúch yààgEl palo se quebró.The stick broke
r-acha'vromperse, explode, burst
r-acwRelated tor-gwa'cwcfn-acwn-u'u1r-ayr-be'cy1r-ca2v1ponerse (ropa)put on (clothes)R-àjcw Juáàny cùtóònyJuan se pone una camisa.Juan puts on a shirt.2vestirsedress (oneself)R-àjcw=bí làà=ébyEl se viste.He dresses himselfR-àjcw=bí xààb=bì.El se viste.He gets dressed.The object of this verb can either be a pronoun referring to the subject or a noun referring to clothes.3coverR-acw Mari xabni' Maria se pone su ropaMMZ rajcwni
r-adcfr-gidvperforarsebe pierced; be punctured; have holesGùùd gìè'ts cùn lààpyEl papel se perforó con un lapiz.The paper was pierced with a pencilÌrájté réé=xcùtóòny Juáàny náád=réény gè'èty.Hay hoyos en todas las camisas de JuanAll Juan's shirts have holesNáád tòyby gè'dy xmèdyá.Mis medias tienen hoyos.My socks have holes.pairpair
r-adxRelated tor-guadxcfn-adxvestar mojadobe wet
r-alvnacerbe bornGúúl bè'cw.El perro nació.The dog was bornRáál nìjsNace el agua.The water is bubbling up
r-aldv1colgarsehangRááld gèèsgiè' yá'La piñata se cuelga arriba.The piñata is hanging up.2occurirfall on, occur on (of a date)chì'í rààld mìèrrcù cèníìscuando es miercoles de cenizasr-za'by naldunspec. comp. formRelated tor-sa'by naldvhang, be hangingRr-záá'by+nááld gèèsgyè'The piñata is hanging (from a cord)
r-an1cfnan2vespesarsethickenR-áán nìjsyàjbEl atole se espesaThe atole thickens
r-an2vverseeR-áám=bí fàntáàsmEl ve fantasmasHe sees ghostsR-áán=dù'úxh=bá cònèjw lè'èn dààny.El mira muchos conejos en el cerro.He watches lots of rabbits on the mountain.
r-andzi'vquerer; cuidarlove; be devoted to; take care of4.3.3Love
r-apvtenerhaveR-àp=réby bè’lTienen carne.They have meat
r-asvmasticarchewR-às Maríí chííclMaria mastica el chicle.Maria chews gum.
r-asyvdormirsleepLè'èby rrlì'w zì'cy ííty=bí nyáàjsy=sà'c=bì.El parece como no durmió bien.He looks like he didn't sleep well.
r-atvestar acostadolier-at bixhder.MZ rabijxh=ni.cfr-bixh3r-gixhvroll overG-ùùt+bììxh bè'cwThe dog rolled over.r-at ga'der.vlie (on the ground or on a low place)R-ààt+gà'+xù'ny bììch.The cat is lying down rolled up.
r-at bixhMZ rabijxh=ni.der. ofr-atroll over
r-at ga'der. ofr-atlie (on the ground or on a low place)
r-atyRelated tor-u'tyvmorirdie...byù' chè'lbá, gùùty chè'lbátuvo su esposa y se murió su esposahe had a wife, and his wife died.Ííty xpàrò' Juáàny nìàty.No se murio el abuelo de JuanJuan's grandfather didn't die.2.6.6Die
r-awcfr-chag ru'1r-dawvcomereatBììn ngìw cáy-àw bzyàáLos hombres están comiendo frijoles.The men are eating beans.r-aw... ru'der.vkissÙ-dàw Juáàny rù' Màríí.Juan kissed Mary.4.1.8Show affectionThis is the normal word for 'kiss'. To kiss a saint is rrchàjg+rù'r-awdxucunspec. comp. formvhave a cavity (of a tooth)Ràw+dxúúc lààjy Màríí.Maria's tooth has a cavity.Tyóóp lààjy Màríí cáy-àw+dxùùcTwo of Maria's teeth have cavities.r-awlayunspec. comp. formvgrind the teethRàw+lààjy MàrííMaria grinds her teeth.
r-aw... ru'der. ofr-awkiss
r-awya'vmorderbiteÙdàwyá' bè'cw nì' Juáàny.El perro mordió el pie de Juan.The dog bit Juan's leg.R-àwyà' Màrìì bxhùg nnà=ní'.Maria muerde las uñas.Maria bites her fingernails.
r-axhRelated tor-gixhvser pagadobe paid
r-ayRelated tor-gwaycfn-acwn-u'u1r-acwr-be'cy1r-ca2ri'ayvtener puesto (faldas, pañales)wear (skirts, diapers, etc.)Nááy Màríí fààldMaría tiene puesto una falda.Maria is wearing a skirt.Nááy bdòò zù'údyEl bebé tiene puesto un pañal.The baby is wearing a diaper.
r-ay'Related tor-guy'vcocerse; hornearsebe cooked; be bakedGíít r-ày' lè'èn dèè.La calabaza se coce adentro de las cenizas.The pumpkin is baked in the ashes.