Browse San Dionisio Zapotec – English


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r-cwa dya'g di'dxder. ofr-cwa dya'gpay attention to; obey
r-cwa gider. ofr-cwa'light set on fire
r-cwa lovvigilar; proteger; cuidarwatch; guard againstCá-cuà+lòò+sérrc=ráb réé=sòspèchòjs.Vigilaban de cerca a los sospechososThey are watching the suspects closelyLááèby rrcuàlòò=éby lè'èby tén ííty gáác=bí xí'Ella se protege contra la gripa.She's being carefully to avoid getting the cold.À=cá-cwàlòò=èby lòòdè'Ella está cuidando el fuego.She is watching the fire.4.4.4.5Protect5.5Fire
r-cwa'kwaʔcfdi'dxr-ca1yagContrastr-cwa2v1tirar; ponerthrow; put2escribirwrite3.5.7.1Write3echar (tortillas)make (tortillas)Là’éby ííty=pà’c=sá rr-cuà’=tí=by gèèt.Ella nunca echa tortillas.She never makes tortillasÙ-cà' Juáàny yéès dèxh pàdéèrJuan enyesó la pared.Juan put plaster on the wallÙ-cà' Juáàny bgùù lòò dù'ù.Juan hizo un nudo en el mecate.Juan tied a knot in the rope.cwader.vbe sharpenedÁ=cuà' lòò gùchíílyThe knife is sharpenedr-cwa gider.vlight; set on fireÙ-càà+gíí Juáàny vèlàdóórrJuan lit the candle.non-projnon-projr-cwa' di'dxder.vinsult indirectlyRr-cuà' Màríì dìì'dx Juáàny.Maria indirectly insults Juan.idiomidiomThis sense of the verb requires the idiomatic object dìì'dxr-cwa' loder.vsharpenCá-cuàà' bííny ngìw lòò gùchíìly.The man is sharpening the knifer-cwa' yagder.v1tieÙ-cá' x-pè'cw=á' yààgI tied my dog.idiomidiomThis verb requires the idiomatic object yààg. Although yààg means 'wood, stick, tree', it is used with this verb regardless of what the object is tied to.2spank, hitRr-cuà'+yààg Juáàny xhììny=nì'.Juan spanked his child.r-cwa' xtyugunspec. comp. formvpeck atRr-cùa'+xtyúúg dèjdy xóób.The chicken pecks at the corn.
r-cwa' descanskwaʔvdescansartake a restB-cà' Juáàny dèscàànsJuan descansó.Juan rested2.4.5Rest
r-cwa' di'dxder. ofr-cwa'insult indirectly
r-cwa' du'ukwàʔdṵ̀vagarrar con mecatecatch with a rope; rope (an animal); lassoRr-cuà+dù'ú=réby gù'nAgarran el toro con el mecate.They lasso the bull.
r-cwa' loder. ofr-cwa'sharpen
r-cwa' na'vempujar con la manopush with the hand
r-cwa' ni'vpatearkicknon-projnon-proj
r-cwa' xtyugunspec. comp. form ofr-cwa'xtyugpeck at
r-cwa'nycfr-banyvdespertar (a alguien)wake (someone) upÙ-cá'ny Màríí Juáàny.Maria despertó a Juan.Maria woke Juan up.
r-cwa'tsventerrarburyB-cà'ts Juáàny xnáán=nì'Juan enterró su mamá.Juan buried his mother2.6.6.5Bury
r-cwatsRelated tor-gatsvtostartoastÌ-cwájts Màríí gíí'nyMaria va a tostar los chiles.Maria will toast the chiles.
r-cwe'cyRelated tor-be'cy1vponerle (pantalones, etc.) en (otra persona)put (pants, etc.) on (another person)B-cwè'cy Juáàny xpàntlòòn xì'ny=nì'Juan le puso pantalones en su hijo.Juan put pants on his son.
r-cwe't1vsordodeafRr-cuè't dyàjg Juáàny.Juan está sordo.Juan is deaf.2.5.4.3Deaf2adj^sordo (en frases compuestos)deaf (in compounds)Ù-sè'n+güé't rwííèd dyàjg Juáàny.The noise left Juan deaf.
r-davnacer (de aguas)have as its source (of water), come from (of water)R-dáá nìjs lè'èn bzyè'El agua viene del pozo.The water comes from the well.
r-da'1vgatearcrawl
r-da'2v1llenarfillÙ-dà' Juáàny nìjs lè'èn rì'.Juan puso el agua en el cántaro.Juan filled the jug with water2estar en, servirsebe in, lie inRr-dá' bzyàà lè'èn plájtLos frijoles se sirven en la plata.The beans fill the plateÙ-xhì'=á nìjs ní=dá' lè'èn bàjsTiré el agua que estaba al bajo del vaso.I poured out the water that was in the bottom of the glass.MZ r-da'=ni
r-dae'by na'vacariciar; asobarstroke; rub; caressÙ-dàè'by+náá' Juáàny dèjts Màrìì.Juan acarició la espalda de Maria.Juan rubbed Maria's back.MZ rrdäbnnaa
r-dalvaumentar; multiplicarseincrease in number; multiplyÙ-dàjl bííchSe multiplicaron los gatos.The cats multiplied.
r-dawcfr-awvsabertaste (a particular way)Níílààzy rr-dàw còmííèdLa comida no sabe bien.The food tastes bad.2.3.3Taste
r-de'vcuajarthickenCá-dè' quèjs.El queso está cuajando.The cheese is thickening.
r-de'dyContrastr-ni'dxv1dargiveRùùny Juáàny pròméés ì-dé'dy lííèbrr lòò Màrìì.Juan promete dar el libro a Maria.Juan promises to give the book to MariaÙ-dè'dy tòyby ííès.Pasó un año.A year passed2pasarpass (a location)Ùdè'dyà tièènd.Pasé a la tienda.I passed the store.3pasar (de tiempo)pass (of time)r-de'dy dudunspec. comp. formcfr-i'vnurse, breast-feedCá-dè'dy=bí dùùd lòò bdùù.She is breast-feeding the baby.