ch-1VpfxitChiga chake chaluma./ Chaluma.His leg hurts. / It hurts.Ch- is used before vowels; otherwise chi-.Third person subject and object marker referencing NG4 singular.
ch-2Vpfx1weChelumiza.We hurt ourselves.ch- is used before vowels; otherwise chi-.2us
cha (-a, che)PrepNG41ofChiga che chiti chivunika.The leg of the chair broke.Chirowo changu ni cha chuma.My fishhook is [made] of metal.Cha + i > che.2for3fromKila chintru cha mwe bahari chadika.Everything from the ocean is edible.4onKila chintru cha mwe duniya ni cha Mnungu.Everything on the earth is God's.5inKila chintru cha mwe nyumba ni changu.Everything in the house is mine.
cha (chi)Prepin the style ofSee: kusika cha vindi.
cha mahengoPPgapper (one with gaps between the teeth)cha mahengo, so hano!Gapper, come here!Mwanangu ni cha mahengo.My child is a gapper.This phrase is used as a nickname for someone with obvious gaps between their teeth.
chabachabaNG5puddle(s)Ukadyinkha hadya, pirika kwasabu hana chabachaba.When you pass there, jump because there's a puddle.Bada ye fula a wana wose waseziga mwe zi chabachaba.After the rain all the kids are playing in the puddles.
chachi (hachachi, kuchachi, machachi, mchachi, michachi, vichachi, wachachi)1Quantfew, a fewWantru wachachi wahalowa. NG1A few people left.miti michachi NG2a few treesKaniletera magari machachi. NG3He brought me a few cars.Shirika dino dina magari machachi.This company has a few cars.Kaniletera viya vichachi. NG4He brought me a few items.viti vichachia few chairsnyumba chachi NG5a few housesRaisi dyero kalonga mbuli chachi.The president today said a few words.nyuzi chachi NG6a few stringswabuga wachachi NG7a few rabbitsmahali hachachi NG9a few placeshachachia few nearby placesChachi cannot be used with NG8 verbal nouns; see: wadyeche.2AdjsmallKusoma kwake ni kuchachi.His reading is small (= not good).
chachuAdj1astringentKwazu di chachu.Tamarind is astringent.2green (tasting)Yembe dino di chachu.This mango is green (tasting).See alternative pronunciation: chwachu.3sourChungwa dino di chachu.This orange is sour.Machungwa yano ye chachu.These oranges are sour.4acidicNdimu ino i chachu.This lemon is acidic.
chafu (machafu, mchafu, machafu, uchafu, wachafu)Adj1dirtySahani ziya ni chafu.Those dishes are dirty.Masahani yadya ni machafu.Those big dishes are dirty.Sikumwagira mazi machafu.I sprayed you with dirty water.Nguwo yako ni chafu.Your clothes are dirty.Meza ino ni chafu.This table is dirty.See: kuchafuka, kuchafula, kuchafulisa, kuchafulwa.2filthyMbwa idya ni chafu.That dog is filthy.Singano zino za dektari ni chafu.These doctor's needles are filthy.
chagala (vagala)NG4outside (as open space)Wana wadodododo wabwirana he chagala.Little kids get together (at the) outside.Wamwika bule he chagala.They set him outside naked.Kanika nguwo zake he chagala bila kubawigwa.She set her clothes outside without [them] being stolen.Sono ukaika mbuli zako mwe chagala!Don't set your things outside!This noun and its plural form are almost always used in a PP with he 'at the' or mwe 'in the', which are not translated in English.This outside is open space like a field or plane (cp., heise, kweise).
ChaimaNPropChaimaDektari ywangu kwe spitali etangwa Chaima.My doctor in the hospital is called Chaima.man's name
Chaina< EngNG9ChinaMigole ya ntrembo yaungiswa mwe Chaina.Elephant tusks are coveted in China.See alternate pronunciation: China.
chakachakaNG5rustling sound(s) of dry grass or leavesMiye nefisize mwe jimo, siva chakachaka.While I was hiding in the mango orchard, I heard the rustling of dry leaves.Chakachaka ino yalawa kuhi?Where is this rustling sound coming from?Chakachaka zino zalawa kuhi?Where are these rustling sounds coming from?
chake (-ake)PossPrnNG41hisKavuna chiga chake.He broke his leg.2her(s)Kila chintru cha mwe nyumba ni chake.Everything in the house is hers.3its
chako (-ako)PossPrnNG41your(s)Kila chintru cha mwe nyumba ni chako.Everything in the house is yours.Lete chitambulisho chako!Bring (= show) your ID!2nd person sg2thy3thine
chakwanzaPPfirst of allNigambira, chakwanza, nnyani akuletire hano?Tell me, first of all, who brought you here?
chama (vyama)NG4organizationNi miyaka minne nti wazengire chama chawo.It's been four years since they built their organization.Chama chetu si chama cha kudyamanya milawiro male.Our organization isn't an organization for making rallies at all.
chamagutwi (wachamagutwi)1NG1big-eared oneChamagutwi e kuhi?Where is the big-eared one?This is cursing someone with big ears.2Adjbig-earedWana wadya ni chamagutwi.Those kids are big-eared.Farasi ziya ni chamagutwi.Those horses are big-eared.Yuno ni chamagutwiThis one is big-eared.Obama ni chamagutwi.Obama is big-eared.
chamama1NG3grain (kind of)Chino ni chamama.This is "chamama".Jamame yamaanisha chamama; ni kaya nkhulu mwe Gosha.Jamame means chamama, a kind of grain; it's a big city in Goshaland.This noun is always singular; there is no plural form.The chamama grain grows on chamama grass.2NG3grass (kind of)Nanikasenge chamama diya.I'm going to cut that "chamama" grass.3NG9Jamame, SomaliaChamama kufigwa bada ya a mabomba amaidi.There was death in Jamame after two bombs.Mzi wa Chamama ugaluka wilaya. (Arbow)The village of Jamame became a central district town.Zengo dyangu naditagira Chamama.My lumber, I sell it in Jamame.Chamama hetangwa Jamame."Chamama" is called Jamame.4NG5
chamazoya (machamazoya)NG3mango (with lots of fibers in the fruit)Chamazoya sidikahata kwa sababu nnadya nasokola zaidi.The "chamazoya" mango, I hate it because when I eat it I'm picking my teeth too much.